Chapter 12

Report
The Cultural Landscape:
An Introduction to Human
Geography
10th Edition
Classroom Response System
Questions
Chapter 12
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-01 Where do service industries contribute the smallest
portion to the regional economy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Africa
Australia
Eastern Europe
North America
Western Europe
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-01 Where do service industries contribute the smallest
portion to the regional economy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Africa
Australia
Eastern Europe
North America
Western Europe
Explanation: Workers in LDCs remain concentrated in the
primary and secondary sectors of the economy.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-01
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-02 In contrast to the United States, most people in the
world live in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
clustered rural settlements.
dispersed rural settlements.
small cities.
large cities.
moderate-sized towns.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-02 In contrast to the United States, most people in the
world live in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
clustered rural settlements.
dispersed rural settlements.
small cities.
large cities.
moderate-sized towns.
Explanation: Villages and hamlets surrounded by
agricultural fields are common throughout Europe, Latin
America, Africa, and Asia.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-03 The enclosure movement in Great Britain was
carried out primarily to:
A. advance democracy.
B. encourage rural citizens to move to clustered rural
settlements.
C. increase agricultural efficiency.
D. quell labor unrest.
E. squash the revolutionary spirit of the peasantry.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-03 The enclosure movement in Great Britain was
carried out primarily to:
A. advance democracy.
B. encourage rural citizens to move to clustered rural
settlements.
C. increase agricultural efficiency.
D. quell labor unrest.
E. squash the revolutionary spirit of the peasantry.
Explanation: Using force, the British government
consolidated small rural landholdings into large farms.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-04 A central place is located in order to maximize
consumer:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
agricultural production.
access to raw materials.
access to services.
political control.
religious control.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-04 A central place is located in order to maximize
consumer:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
agricultural production.
access to raw materials.
access to services.
political control.
religious control.
Explanation: Sites are selected in order to minimize the
range and achieve the necessary threshold.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-05 According to the gravity model, the optimal location
for a business is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
independent of distance from customers.
directly related to the number of people in the area.
next to businesses offering similar services.
in the Central Business District.
adjacent to large government facilities.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-05 According to the gravity model, the optimal location
for a business is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
independent of distance from customers.
directly related to the number of people in the area.
next to businesses offering similar services.
in the Central Business District.
adjacent to large government facilities.
Explanation: Additionally, the gravity model assumes that
the optimal location for a service is inversely related to the
distance people must travel to access it.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-06 Complete the following analogy. Bartender is to
consumer services as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
auto mechanic is to business services.
county clerk is to public services.
librarian is to consumer services.
corporate attorney is to public services.
zoning regulator is to consumer services.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-06 Complete the following analogy. Bartender is to
consumer services as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
auto mechanic is to business services.
county clerk is to public services.
librarian is to consumer services.
corporate attorney is to public services.
zoning regulator is to consumer services.
Explanation: Although the distinctions among service
workers are not absolute, the classifications are useful for
discussing different spatial distributions.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-07 A market area associated with a central place is an
example of a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
contagious region.
formal region.
functional region.
gravity region.
vernacular region.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-07 A market area associated with a central place is an
example of a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
contagious region.
formal region.
functional region.
gravity region.
vernacular region.
Explanation: Central place market areas are arranged like
functional or nodal regions.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-08 Which of the following is an example of a basic
industry?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
automobile assembly plant
dance studio
dentist
restaurant
supermarket
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-08 Which of the following is an example of a basic
industry?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
automobile assembly plant
dance studio
dentist
restaurant
supermarket
Explanation: Basic industries are those whose primary
customers live elsewhere.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-09 CBD retail services are least likely to have the
following characteristic:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
primarily rural customers.
high threshold.
high range.
services for office workers.
None of these are typical of CBD retail services.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-09 CBD retail services are least likely to have the
following characteristic:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
primarily rural customers.
high threshold.
high range.
services for office workers.
None of these are typical of CBD retail services.
Explanation: Three types of retail services concentrate in
the CBD: high threshold, long range, and cater to office
workers.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-09
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-10 In the United States, services are predominately
moving to locations:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
in scenic rural areas far from cities.
in the Central Business District.
dispersed evenly throughout cities.
in malls near suburbs.
with the lowest labor costs.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-10 In the United States, services are predominately
moving to locations:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
in scenic rural areas far from cities.
in the Central Business District.
dispersed evenly throughout cities.
in malls near suburbs.
with the lowest labor costs.
Explanation: Service providers have moved to the suburbs
to be near their customers.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
12-10
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

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