Slides

Report
Academic Career Paths
and Job Search
Margaret Martonosi, Princeton University
Susan Rodger, Duke University
Modified Slides from Mary Lou Soffa, Tiffani Williams and Erin Solovey
About this session…
• The slides will be online.
• We’d like this to be interactive!
• Please ask questions throughout!
Margaret Martonosi in One Slide
Intro #1: The Technical Me…
• Cornell BS EE ’86 -> Stanford PhD, 1994
• Princeton 1994-now: Assist., Assoc.,
Full…
• Research: Computer architecture and
mobile systems
Intro #2: Non-Technical Me
• Married 12 years to Kevin Burkman
• Met when we were both hike
leaders for the Appalachian
Mountain Club
• Other fun: Running, swimming,
travel
Research, Teaching and Service
• Research
– engage in scientific discovery, involve graduate
and undergraduate students, fund research
• Teaching
– active teaching, mentoring, advising
• Administration/Service
– Manage, committees, etc.
•
•
•
•
Departmental
School
University
Professional
Types of Colleges/Universities
Degree
Program
Ph.D.
Emphasize
Important
Research
Teaching &
Service
Colleges
/universities
M.S.
Teaching
Research &
Service
Selective
Liberal Arts
Colleges
Undergrad
oriented
B.S.
Teaching &
Scholarship
Service &
Research
B.S.
Teaching &
Service
Research
Type
Research
Universities
Example of Different Expectations
Faculty
• Research Institution:
– 60% - 80% Research
– 10% - 35% Teaching
– 5% - 10% Service
• M.S./ B.S. College or Teaching focused at R1:
– 50 - 80% Teaching
– 10 - 30% Professional Development
– 10 - 20% Service
Different Academic Positions within an
Institution and Expectations
Professorial Ranks
– Assistant
– Associate
– Full
– Chaired Professor – endowed
Instructor – teaching & service
Lecturer - teaching
Postdoctoral positions - research
Rest of talk
• Research Universities – Margaret
• Teaching-focused Positions - Susan
• Post Docs
Research Expectations: Research University
–
–
–
–
Publications – journal, conferences, workshops
Funding to support research group and summer salary
Graduate student training
Reputation and Impact
• Higher in rank: more visibility and international
reputation – talks, invited talks, involved in
conferences, letters
Maybe:
– Undergraduate research mentoring
– Patents, software artifacts,…
Teaching: Research University
– Teaching load: typically 1:1 to 1:2
– Mix of undergrad and grad courses
– Course material: intro undergrad up through
core grad course, seminar in research area.
– Teaching assistants for grading, office hours,
and overall help
Good research but bad teacher – harder to be promoted.
Good teacher but bad researcher – impossible.
Service Expectations: Research
University
– Department committees
– University committees
– External Professional Service
•
•
•
•
Program committees
Funding panels
Professional society involvement
Journal editorship; program chair, conf organization
• Higher in rank, more external service
• Pre-tenure: Favor research-oriented service
Life as a professor at a research university
Pros:
•
•
•
•
Freedom for research (within bounds)
Work on the frontier of computer science
Get to follow your dreams/passions
Get to teach/inspire/lead/mentor the
younger generation.
Cons:
• Must find funding for students/projects
• Must
judiciously
choose
balance
research/teaching and work/life
of
Some advice: What you can do right
now to start preparing
Research
• Read broadly: How does your research fit into a
bigger vision? Trends?
• Always on the lookout: Keep a list of potential
future research ideas.
• Publish!
• Cultivate your professional network: Seminars,
conferences, mentors, …
• Communication skills matter: Writing, speaking!
Teaching
• View TA as prep. Ask for chance to lecture.
General
• Make your own best opportunities: Ideas?
Opportunities? Awards? Fellowships? ASK!!
On Job Stress
• Common Quote: “I chose career path
X because I heard career path Y
would be too stressful.”
• To consider: Any job is stressful if the
job’s expectations do not align with
the resources available, OR if its
priorities do not match your
strengths/loves.
Susan Rodger in One Slide
Intro #1: The Technical Me…
• NCSU BS Math & CS ’83 -> Purdue PhD,
’89 (algorithms, data structures)
• Rensselaer 89-94 – Assist Prof
• Duke ‘94-now - Professor of the
Practice (assist, assoc, full)
• Research: Visualization, algorithm
animation, computer science education
Intro #2: Non-Technical Me
• Married to Thomas Narten (met in
graduate school, CS – Networking)
• Kids: Erich (17), Markus (14)
– Always trying to keep up with them
• 3 cats, over 200 fish
• Other fun: swimming, running,
baking, write Wikipedia pages
What happens when your hobby and
your career collide…
Teaching Position
Expectations
• Teach 2-4 classes per semester
• Have busy office hours
• Teach out of your specific area (e.g.
intro programming sequence, nonmajors)
• Involve undergrads in research projects
• Attend meetings (dept., campus)
• Serve on campus committees
(technology, etc.)
Teaching Position
Research
• Fewer institutional resources
• No graduate RAs
• Get undergraduates involved
– Distributed Research Experience for
Undergraduates
– Collaborative Research Experience for
Undergraduates
– REU through NSF
– Local programs at undergraduate
institution
Teaching Position Getting
Hired/Cover Letter Essentials
• Your focus is on teaching.
• You can document relevant experience
related to teaching.
– Teaching Assistant
– Center for Teaching programs
– Instructor of Record for a course
• You can teach intro CS courses and
courses for non-majors.
• Your teaching focus (e.g., systems)
matches what is advertised.
Teaching Position:
Challenges
• Perception that less prestigious than
research focused/university
• Intense focus on students
• Staying engaged in research
• Infrastructure (e.g., computer
services, grant administration)
• Small dept. (~5 profs) or small group
in a large research department
• Salary: possibly lower?
Teaching Position: Rewards
• Close relationship with undergrads
• Be a member of the university
culture
• Chance for leadership and influence
• Matches beliefs/lifestyle
– Teaching is your gift and you want to
share it with others
– Possibly less travel
– Flexible schedule for families
Post-Docs
• Transitional period into another career
path
– Teaching post-docs & research post-docs
both available
• Funding
– Fellowship you apply for, OR
university/department, OR professor’s
research grants.
• Best-case Scenario
– 2 years, good mentor, high-ranked school
that will help you transition to long-term job
of your dreams.
Job Search in ~2 years?
What to do now?
• Publish great work!!
• Go to Conferences, meet researchers in your area
• Figure out if you want Research/or teaching
focused
– If you want a teaching focused position – attend a
SIGCSE conference, think about teaching
• Attend CRA or CRA-W Career Mentoring
Workshops
– At SIGCSE or elsewhere
– http://craw.org/ArticleDetails/tabid/77/ArticleID/50/CareerMentoring-Workshop-CMW.aspx
Job Search –
Closer to getting out
• Prepare CV and research/teaching
statements
• Get these materials reviewed
• Talk to advisor/other faculty about
where to apply
• Apply to several places
• Prepare/Practice interview talk
How to get a post-doc
• Can be posted in same venues as
other academic jobs
• Not always advertised
– Use Your Network!
– Give talks as you get closer to
graduating
• Remain in PhD lab
– Usually for timing reasons only
Resources
•
CRA-W Career Mentoring Workshops:
–
•
On Academic Life:
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–
•
http://cra.org/resources/bpview/best_practices_memo_computer_science_postdocs_best_practices/
Tips on doing an academic job search:
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•
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2013/07/21/the-awesomest-7year-postdoc-or-how-i-learned-to-stop-worrying-and-love-the-tenure-trackfaculty-life/
http://dynamicecology.wordpress.com/2014/02/04/you-do-not-need-to-work80-hours-a-week-to-succeed-in-academia/
On Post-Docs:
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•
http://www.cra-w.org/ArticleDetails/tabid/77/ArticleID/50/Career-MentoringWorkshop-CMW.aspx
http://matt.might.net/articles/advice-for-academic-job-hunt/
http://people.mills.edu/spertus/job-search/job.html
https://homes.cs.washington.edu/~mernst/advice/academic-job.html
Job Ads:
–
http://cra.org/ads/
Academic Career Paths and Job
Search:
Time for Open Discussion!!

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