Academic Career Paths and Job Search Margaret Martonosi, Princeton University Susan Rodger, Duke University Modified Slides from Mary Lou Soffa, Tiffani Williams and Erin Solovey About this session… • The slides will be online. • We’d like this to be interactive! • Please ask questions throughout! Margaret Martonosi in One Slide Intro #1: The Technical Me… • Cornell BS EE ’86 -> Stanford PhD, 1994 • Princeton 1994-now: Assist., Assoc., Full… • Research: Computer architecture and mobile systems Intro #2: Non-Technical Me • Married 12 years to Kevin Burkman • Met when we were both hike leaders for the Appalachian Mountain Club • Other fun: Running, swimming, travel Research, Teaching and Service • Research – engage in scientific discovery, involve graduate and undergraduate students, fund research • Teaching – active teaching, mentoring, advising • Administration/Service – Manage, committees, etc. • • • • Departmental School University Professional Types of Colleges/Universities Degree Program Ph.D. Emphasize Important Research Teaching & Service Colleges /universities M.S. Teaching Research & Service Selective Liberal Arts Colleges Undergrad oriented B.S. Teaching & Scholarship Service & Research B.S. Teaching & Service Research Type Research Universities Example of Different Expectations Faculty • Research Institution: – 60% - 80% Research – 10% - 35% Teaching – 5% - 10% Service • M.S./ B.S. College or Teaching focused at R1: – 50 - 80% Teaching – 10 - 30% Professional Development – 10 - 20% Service Different Academic Positions within an Institution and Expectations Professorial Ranks – Assistant – Associate – Full – Chaired Professor – endowed Instructor – teaching & service Lecturer - teaching Postdoctoral positions - research Rest of talk • Research Universities – Margaret • Teaching-focused Positions - Susan • Post Docs Research Expectations: Research University – – – – Publications – journal, conferences, workshops Funding to support research group and summer salary Graduate student training Reputation and Impact • Higher in rank: more visibility and international reputation – talks, invited talks, involved in conferences, letters Maybe: – Undergraduate research mentoring – Patents, software artifacts,… Teaching: Research University – Teaching load: typically 1:1 to 1:2 – Mix of undergrad and grad courses – Course material: intro undergrad up through core grad course, seminar in research area. – Teaching assistants for grading, office hours, and overall help Good research but bad teacher – harder to be promoted. Good teacher but bad researcher – impossible. Service Expectations: Research University – Department committees – University committees – External Professional Service • • • • Program committees Funding panels Professional society involvement Journal editorship; program chair, conf organization • Higher in rank, more external service • Pre-tenure: Favor research-oriented service Life as a professor at a research university Pros: • • • • Freedom for research (within bounds) Work on the frontier of computer science Get to follow your dreams/passions Get to teach/inspire/lead/mentor the younger generation. Cons: • Must find funding for students/projects • Must judiciously choose balance research/teaching and work/life of Some advice: What you can do right now to start preparing Research • Read broadly: How does your research fit into a bigger vision? Trends? • Always on the lookout: Keep a list of potential future research ideas. • Publish! • Cultivate your professional network: Seminars, conferences, mentors, … • Communication skills matter: Writing, speaking! Teaching • View TA as prep. Ask for chance to lecture. General • Make your own best opportunities: Ideas? Opportunities? Awards? Fellowships? ASK!! On Job Stress • Common Quote: “I chose career path X because I heard career path Y would be too stressful.” • To consider: Any job is stressful if the job’s expectations do not align with the resources available, OR if its priorities do not match your strengths/loves. Susan Rodger in One Slide Intro #1: The Technical Me… • NCSU BS Math & CS ’83 -> Purdue PhD, ’89 (algorithms, data structures) • Rensselaer 89-94 – Assist Prof • Duke ‘94-now - Professor of the Practice (assist, assoc, full) • Research: Visualization, algorithm animation, computer science education Intro #2: Non-Technical Me • Married to Thomas Narten (met in graduate school, CS – Networking) • Kids: Erich (17), Markus (14) – Always trying to keep up with them • 3 cats, over 200 fish • Other fun: swimming, running, baking, write Wikipedia pages What happens when your hobby and your career collide… Teaching Position Expectations • Teach 2-4 classes per semester • Have busy office hours • Teach out of your specific area (e.g. intro programming sequence, nonmajors) • Involve undergrads in research projects • Attend meetings (dept., campus) • Serve on campus committees (technology, etc.) Teaching Position Research • Fewer institutional resources • No graduate RAs • Get undergraduates involved – Distributed Research Experience for Undergraduates – Collaborative Research Experience for Undergraduates – REU through NSF – Local programs at undergraduate institution Teaching Position Getting Hired/Cover Letter Essentials • Your focus is on teaching. • You can document relevant experience related to teaching. – Teaching Assistant – Center for Teaching programs – Instructor of Record for a course • You can teach intro CS courses and courses for non-majors. • Your teaching focus (e.g., systems) matches what is advertised. Teaching Position: Challenges • Perception that less prestigious than research focused/university • Intense focus on students • Staying engaged in research • Infrastructure (e.g., computer services, grant administration) • Small dept. (~5 profs) or small group in a large research department • Salary: possibly lower? Teaching Position: Rewards • Close relationship with undergrads • Be a member of the university culture • Chance for leadership and influence • Matches beliefs/lifestyle – Teaching is your gift and you want to share it with others – Possibly less travel – Flexible schedule for families Post-Docs • Transitional period into another career path – Teaching post-docs & research post-docs both available • Funding – Fellowship you apply for, OR university/department, OR professor’s research grants. • Best-case Scenario – 2 years, good mentor, high-ranked school that will help you transition to long-term job of your dreams. Job Search in ~2 years? What to do now? • Publish great work!! • Go to Conferences, meet researchers in your area • Figure out if you want Research/or teaching focused – If you want a teaching focused position – attend a SIGCSE conference, think about teaching • Attend CRA or CRA-W Career Mentoring Workshops – At SIGCSE or elsewhere – http://craw.org/ArticleDetails/tabid/77/ArticleID/50/CareerMentoring-Workshop-CMW.aspx Job Search – Closer to getting out • Prepare CV and research/teaching statements • Get these materials reviewed • Talk to advisor/other faculty about where to apply • Apply to several places • Prepare/Practice interview talk How to get a post-doc • Can be posted in same venues as other academic jobs • Not always advertised – Use Your Network! – Give talks as you get closer to graduating • Remain in PhD lab – Usually for timing reasons only Resources • CRA-W Career Mentoring Workshops: – • On Academic Life: – – • http://cra.org/resources/bpview/best_practices_memo_computer_science_postdocs_best_practices/ Tips on doing an academic job search: – – – • http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2013/07/21/the-awesomest-7year-postdoc-or-how-i-learned-to-stop-worrying-and-love-the-tenure-trackfaculty-life/ http://dynamicecology.wordpress.com/2014/02/04/you-do-not-need-to-work80-hours-a-week-to-succeed-in-academia/ On Post-Docs: – • http://www.cra-w.org/ArticleDetails/tabid/77/ArticleID/50/Career-MentoringWorkshop-CMW.aspx http://matt.might.net/articles/advice-for-academic-job-hunt/ http://people.mills.edu/spertus/job-search/job.html https://homes.cs.washington.edu/~mernst/advice/academic-job.html Job Ads: – http://cra.org/ads/ Academic Career Paths and Job Search: Time for Open Discussion!!