NCARE - IUCN

Report
Regional Knowledge Network on
Systemic Approaches to Water Resources
Management
R-KNOW
Location: Amman, Jordan
Date 17/04/2014
Approach
Methodology
Granting phase
Project
progress
: From
granting
till now
Kick-off meeting
(Morocco)
Regional planning
meeting
(Jordan)
IUCN-AWO
meetings national level
Preparation
phase and data
collection
Stakeholder
analysis
Reporting
Steering
committee
approvals
Here we are
Preparing for
next phase
(evaluation
phase)
Methodology
What the IUCN & AWO did for now?
ONE (Preparatory phase):
Establish a project management unity PMU to
run the project (IUCN, AWO & stk.
representatives) and accordingly conducting
several brain storming sessions & meetings.
THREE (Implementation Phase)
3.1. Stakeholder identification
3.2. Arrange and then conduct meetings,
interviews, collecting data, and
correspondences
3.3. Data entry and interviews
transcription
TWO (Planning Phase):
Develop the study related
tools: i.e. data collection
tools (forms, letters,
interview guides, etc)
FOUR (Analysis & reporting):
The collected data were analyzed
and the below arte the main
products:
STK identification; STK categorising;
STK matrix ; STK needs; STK related
projects
Stakeholders & Project Selections
Stakeholders
selection
(Criteria !!!)
Project Selection
(Criteria !!!)
Any entity, body or organization
in Jordan that has interest or
concern (affect or affected by)
(-ve/+ve) in the 4 thematic area
Done fully or partially in Jordan
Fresh project (No before 5 years)
Project related to the 4 thematic
areas
Examples:
MOA, MWI, JOHUD,
JVA, IUCN, AWO, etc.
AFTER the above mentioned
criteria … there other criteria
used such as: Participatory,
integrated, capacity building,
awareness, etc
R-KNOW
Key Findings
Main key Findings
 STK identification
 STK categorising
 STK matrix
 STK needs
 STK related projects
STK identification
R-KNOW Key Findings:
Stakeholder identification
NCARE
MEMR
MWI
MOA
JRF
HCST
With regards to water
governance and the 4 thematic
areas there are 10s of active
stakeholders in Jordan
MOH
MOPIC
JVA
IUCN
MOE
JOHUD
R-KNOW Key Findings:
Stakeholder identification: sample
#
Title
Ministry of Water and Irrigation
Ministry of Environment
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Planning & International Cooperation
Jordan Valley Authority
Water Authority of Jordan
The National Center for Research and
Development (NCRD)
The IUCN Regional Office for West Asia (ROWA)
The Jordanian Hashemite Fund for Human
Development
Arab Women Organization
Water User Associations
The European Union
The Millennium Challenge Corporation
The USAID Water and Environment Office
German technical cooperation
Acronym
MWI
MOE
MOA
MOP
JVA
WAJ
NCRD
Type
Government
Government
Government
Government
Government
Government
Government
IUCN-ROWA
JOHUD
INGO
NGO
AWO
WUA
EU
MCC
USAID
GIZ
NGO
NGO
Donor
Donor
Donor
Donor
STK categorizing
R-KNOW Key Findings:
Stakeholder categorizing 1
 The preliminary investigation found 10s of Jordanian
organizations that influence water Governance in Jordan
 These stakeholders may vary in their typology, field of
action, function, interest, experiences, objectives & goals,
and other major issues however they integrate each other
to achieve water governance.
 Two methods of categorization has been chosen:
1. Based on their typology
2- Based on their function of field of action
R-KNOW Key Findings:
Stakeholder categorizing 2
Categorizing stakeholder (organizations) based on
their TYPE & (FUNCTION)
Based on their function
Based on
their type
1. governmental
2. nongovernmental
3. Private sector
1- Policy and planning
2- Implementation & steering sector
3- Standardizations, certification & monitoring
4- Community development & empowerment
5- Awareness, extension and technology transfer
6- Academia organizations; Research &
development
7- Donors
Stakeholders based on typology
R-KNOW Key Findings:
Stakeholder categorizing 2
Government
Non-governmental
Organizations
(NGOs; INGOs; Donor)
Private
Ministries (MOA, MOWI, MOE, MEMR, MOPIC,);
Academic, Research and Development
(Universities; NCARE;); Implementation & sector
steering (WAJ, JVA, etc)
Non-governmental Organizations (RSS, JOHUD,
JRF, RBG, AWO); International Non-governmental
Organizations: (IUCN,ICARDA, MC,); Donor
(USAID, MCA, EU, JICA, GIZ, UNDP, etc)
Water Corporations (LEMA, BOT, Consulting
Companies, etc); Universities; etc
R-KNOW Key Findings:
Stakeholder categorizing 2
The water governance relevant stakeholder based on
their (function)
Stakeholders based on function/field of action
Examples
Policy & planning
Implementation & sector steering
(guiding the sector progress)
MOA, MOWI, MOE, MEMR, MOPIC, etc
MOA, MOWI, MOE, MEMR, MOPIC, LEMA,
BOT, JVA, WAJ, etc
Standardizations, certification and monitoring
JISM, RSS, MOA, MOWI, MOE, MEMR,
MOPIC, etc
ICARDA, JOHUD, JRF, RBG, NCARE, etc
Community development & empowerment
Awareness, extension and technology transfer NCARE,
Academia organizations; Research &
development
Donation (financial, technical & logistical
support)
Universities, Research centers, NCARE, etc
USAID, MCA, EU, JICA, GIZ, UNDP, etc
Stakeholder matrix
Sum Up … template
Summary of what we use in our reports …
Introduction …. XXX XXX
Field of interest XXX XXX
General experiences XXX XXX
Water governance related experiences XXX XXX
Water governance seven pillars: XXX XXX
Project Example (s) ….
Project Example XXX XXX
Project Name: XXX XXX (see annex number XXX XXX for full
details)
Objective: XXX XXX
Budget: XXX XXX Duration: XXX XXX ; Donor: XXX XXX
Governance related output: XXX XXX
Stakeholder /Organization identity: XXX XXX
The next slides
illustrates some examples
for our findings
Stakeholders based on function/field
of action
Policy & planning
Awareness, extension and technology
transfer
……………
Examples
MOA, MOWI, MOE, MEMR, MOPIC,
etc
NCARE,
……………
From the above table, NCARE is an example for the
organizations responsible for the awareness, extension and
technology transfer activities
In the next slide the template we use to
illustrate the information about NCARE and
its water governance relevant projects ….
Stakeholder matrix …
Stakeholders
Acron Role level Typol Field of Action
ym
ogy
Ministry of Water and Irrigation
MWI
Primary
GOV
Ministry of Environment
MOE
Primary
GOV
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources
MEMR Primary
GOV
Ministry of Planning & International MOPIC Primary
Cooperation
Ministry of Agriculture
MOA
Primary
GOV
Royal Scientific Society
National Center for Research &
Development
The Jordanian Hashemite Fund for Human
Development
The National Center for Agricultural
Research and Extension
German
Society
for
International
Cooperation (the same thing for MCC,
USAID, UNDP and other donors)
The Committees of Agriculture, Water &
Energy at Jordan Parliament
Millennium Challenge Corporation
RSS
NCRD
GOV
Secondary NGO
Secondary GOV
Policy & planning/Supporting and monitoring
the sector progress
Policy & planning/Supporting and monitoring
the sector progress
Policy & planning/Supporting and monitoring
the sector progress
Policy & planning/Supporting and monitoring
the sector progress
Policy & planning/Supporting and monitoring
the sector progress
Control, Analysis & Accreditation
Research, Development & Planning
JOHUD Primary
NGO
Community Development
NCARE Primary
GOV
Research, Development & Extension
GIZ
Primary
INGO
Donor, Community Development, executing
agency
N/A
Secondary GOV
MCC
Primary
INGO
Water Authority of Jordan
WVHA
Primary
GOV
Jordan Valley Authority
JVA
Primary
GOV
Legislations and regulations
Water resources planning and monitoring,
construction, operations, and maintenance
Development, utilization, protection and
conservation of water resources.
The same thing done for the other
stakeholders (MOA, MWI, IUCN, AWO,
etc) under the title progress
PLEASE, have a look to the distributed
documents
(See Annexes)
Annex 2;
Annex 3;
Annex 4
Stakeholder needs
The IUCN/AWO investigations for the related
stakeholders reveal that these needs are among the most
important needs
Problem
Many existing policies
and legislations are not
active
Limited/Lack of resources
to run activities (actions,
strategies, plans) – not
sustainable
Some of the policies are
not
based
on
participatory approach
Weak government role in
controlling water sector
Related Needs
Activate the already exists policies and legislations in
the field of water governance and the other thematic
areas
Allocate the needed resources to run the different
initiatives or activities (sustainable resources i.e.
financial resources, human resources, technical, etc)
Engage the local community in designing &
implementing the related policies, laws, bylaws,
regulations, etc
Strengthen the role of the government in controlling
the water sector on one hand and activate the
penalty’s system (punishment) for illegal actions on
the other hand
Problem
Poor knowledge &
experience share
Related Needs
Facilitate the knowledge share between the different
stakeholders and figure out some solutions and tools for
experience share
Donors & inefficient
Donations should be based on real needs and donors
donation + lack of
should be directed by national priorities. Not to forget, to
coordination
coordinate between donors.
Research and
The researches done at universities or research centers
development is not
should be in line with the national/local community needs
benefiting locals or
(applicable/with application) and not for the sake of
government
research (which is not helpful)
Poor awareness
More efforts should be done at the individual, local
programmes
community, and national level in the field of awareness
Capacity building
The different stakeholders expressed their need in the
field of capacity building related to water governance as
well as other related areas
Poor networking and Strengthen the relationship between the different
coordination between stakeholders and build/strengthen the trust between
different stakeholders them
Stakeholder related
projects
Project title
Execut Donor
Project description
ing
organi
zation
MCC USAID It is an ongoing program with $275.1 Million budget to (1)
& MCC restructure and rehabilitate water network; (2) Wastewater
network reinforcement and expansion project; (3) As-samra
wastewater treatment plant expansion project
Millennium
Challenge
Corporation
(MCC) Compact
Program
Social, Ecological IUCN /
& Agricultural
AWO
Resilience in the
Face of Climate
Change
Water User
Associations
(WUA)
MWI /
JVA
EU
GIZ
SEARCH is a three year regional project working in five countries
(Egypt, Morocco, Jordan, Palestine and Lebanon), funded by the
European Union, to develop and pilot a resilience framework for
local action planning capacities and methodologies to increase
climate change resilience through joint learning, planning and
testing by stakeholders through demonstration sites
With the support of MWI and giz, farmers in the Jordan Valley
(JV) organize themselves into Water User Associations (WUA)
and into a federation in order to represent their interests in front
of the Government and other institutions. Farmers take over the
tasks of retail water distribution management according to a
specific bylaw. The final phase (WUA sustaining phase) of this
project started on 2009 to achive the following: Prepare a bylaw
for the WUA; develop an institutional framework for WUA and a
WUA federation; extend the task transfer areas; and establish
new WUA
Which
themes fits
under this
project
Water
governance
Water
governance
+
Climate
change
Water
governance
Project title
Execut Donor
ing
organi
zation
Project description
Which
themes fits
under this
project
Badia Bench
Mark Project
Phase 2
NCARE ICARDA The project aims at finding ways to increase the adoption of
Water
improved technologies, and thus improve water productivity and governance
livelihoods, in environments where water is scarce. It is based on
+
community participation, integrating technical, socioeconomic
Water
and policies and institutions aspects in selected benchmarks. governance
Three benchmark sites and seven satellite sites are established
to cover the major agro ecosystems on the region, namely, the
irrigated, the rain fed and the badia agro ecosystems. Each
benchmark site has two to three satellites to complement the
benchmark activities and help disseminate its outputs.
Improved Water JOHUD EU
+ The purpose of the project is household water users in selected
Sustainable
Resources
GIZ
technologies
low income areas where piped supplies are irregular and/or do
Security for Low
not exist, have enhanced security for their supplies through the
Income Rural
establishment of effective WWW groups and alternative water
and Urban
demand structures beyond the classical piped water supply.
Communities
Project "WRAP"
The list of these projects is too long and we still in progress to finalize it all
Where We Are Now !!!
OUR PROGRESS
more than 70% is done
Are we done with data collection?
Since data collection is a continuous time
consuming process, still we are in progress and
it is expected to finish the data collection no
later than 2 months from now
DONE >>> Till now we are done with the following: MOA; NCARE;
NCRD; IUCN; JOHUD; GIZ; etc
IN PROGRESS >>> The data collection for the other organizations are
still in progress …
Lessons learned/Recommendations
Lessons learned from what has been done
Hereunder, some learnt lessons that we found during the data collection,
stakeholder analysis, etc
Networking (It Is All About Networking): Networking among the
relevant stakeholders has become a necessity to avoid many
common obstacles (e.g. the redundancy and reparation of projects
or ideas)
Documentation Is Needed: The poor documentation systems at the
different Jordanian organizations urge the need for good
documentation systems
Internal & External Coordination: Jordanian organizations should
focus on the internal coordination as well as the external
coordination (it was noticed that poor coordination occurs among
different departments within the same organization)
Lessons learned/Recommendations
Lessons learned from what has been done
Hereunder, some learnt lessons that we found during the data collection,
stakeholder analysis, etc
Be Systematic (Start Where Others End): As a result of poor/lack of
networking, coordination and documentation among stakeholders, it
was noticed that people/organizations are not building their efforts
systematically.
Donors Should Be In Line With Each Other: The poor management
or even weak follow up for donors in Jordan results in less efficiency
donation as well as poor projects that don'ts meet the beneficiaries
demand
Recommendations for
RKNOW next phase
Based on a comprehensive investigation done by IUCN ROWA
we recommend to adopt the following approaches for RKNOW
next phase (pilot selection criteria):
EMPOWERS approach
(7 recommendations or pillars)
the same approach adopted by the EMPOWERS project mentioned
under the 7 recommendations for Amman conference
Recommendations for RKNOW next phase
EMPOWERS
Approach
Based on what has been done at EMPOWERS
project, it is recommended to adopt the 7 pillars
of water governance in the evaluation and
selection criteria:
1- Integration; 2- Vulnerability; 3- Harmonization;
4- Building capacities; 5- Accessible information;
6- Developed solution; 7- Awareness
 Integration: The integrated participation of all stakeholders and end-users at all levels
 Vulnerability: Special efforts are made to include vulnerable groups.
 Harmonization: The efforts of all actors (government, partners in development, civil
society) should be harmonized
 Building capacities: Capacities of stakeholders should be developed at different levels to
enable them to participate in water resources planning and management.
 Accessible information: Water information should be considered a public good; and access
to information be enabled for all citizens.
 Developed solution: Locally appropriate solutions and tools should be developed.
 Awareness: Awareness must be developed for informed participation in water governance.

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