Colibacillosis - University of Arizona Cooperative Extension

Report
Swine Feeding
(monogastric)
Robert D Glock
University of Arizona
The Plan
• You don’t JUST feed them
• Pigs need a good environment or they won’t
respond to good nutrition
• Pigs respond to gentle treatment
• Make your wants easy for them
Pig Comfort
• Shade - “they sunburn”
• Good ventilation – no draft
• STABLE temperature
– Desert temps fluctuate 30 degrees
– 70-ish ( bedding, enclosure)
– Dry at night
• Nonstop good clean water
• Consistent feed supply
Consistent Feed
• Same time, same place, same thing
– Ulcers etc
– No hot sauce
• Gradual changes
• Fresh
– Taste
– Vitamins etc
– How to know
What’s in Feed?
• Corn
– Or milo, some wheat, barley
• Soybean meal
– VS meat and bone
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Vitamins
Minerals
Additives
Hay???
Age Changes
• Preweaning
– Creep feed?
• Weaning = 2-4 weeks
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Lack enzymes
High milk products
High protein
Fish meal / Plasma
Age Changes - 2
• Nursery
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Environment
Frequent feeding / easy access
Several ration changes
Medication?
• Grower
– Lower protein
– Less expensive
Age Changes - 3
• Finisher
– Protein about 12 %
– High energy
• Sows
– Limit feed = about 5 or 6 Lbs
– Feed to “condition”
– Maximize consumption when nursing
Tips
• Water = 1-2 gal / 100 Lbs
• Feed = 5-6 % body weight
• Usual “full feed” but limit feed is OK if ---Consistent
Feed Source
• Leave formula to the Pros
• Buy where sales cause turnover so fresh
• Read the label
– Additives must follow label
– Believe the suggestions
• Avoid Witchcraft
Mycotoxins
• What are they?
– Mold, fungus
– Varies with source and year
– From field or bin
• Commercial feeds
– Considerable mixing
• Home grown
• Can’t judge by appearance
QUALITY
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Clean feed
Follow labels (or appropriate Rx)
Injection sites
No bruising
Some References
• Swine Care Handbook
– National Pork Board
– Addresses all criteria
• Space, feed, water, environment
• On Farm Euthanasia
– National Pork Board
– Consult DVM
Pork Quality Programs
NPB Programs
• Pork Quality Assurance (PQA)
– Critical Control Points (CCP)
– Ten criteria
– Levels I, II, III
• Swine Welfare Assurance program (SWAP)
– On farm evaluation and education by trained
professionals with swine experience
– Audits later
– Third party ??

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