Half Yearly Revision

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How to nail the exam
GRADE A DESCRIPTORS
 The student has an extensive
knowledge and understanding of the
content and can readily apply this
knowledge. In addition, the student has
achieved a very high level of competence
in the processes and skills and can
apply these skills to new situations.
TIPS
 STUDY. YOU CANNOT DO WELL WITHOUT IT
 MAKE STUDY NOTES BY READING,
HIGHLIGHTING AND SUMMARISING YOUR CLASS
NOTES
 USE THE POWERPOINTS. THEY ARE MORE
VALUABLE THAN A TEXTBOOK.
 REMEMBER ONE GOOD QUOTE FOR EACH TOPIC
TIMING IS EVERYTHING
 ALLOW 15-20 MINUTES FOR THE MULTIPLE
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CHOICE depending on the length of source reading
5-6 MINUTES EACH FOR THE 5 MARK QUESTIONS (
make sure you reference the source at least twice)
25 MINUTES FOR THE EXTENDED RESPONSE.
The average writing speed is 30 words per minute. You
should be aiming for 600 words. This may exceed the
space given. Do not listen to any supervisor who
tells you to only use the given space.
There is usually a back page. Use this!!!!!!!!!!!
•2008 5 MARK
QUESTION ON SUPPORT
FOR VIETNAM WAR
•2007 5 MARK
QUESTION ON IMPACT
ON VETERANS
•2006 15 MARK
QUESTION ON
CHANGING ATTITUDES
TO AUSTRALIA’S
INVOLVEMENT
Students learn about:
Students learn to:
Australia’s response to the threat of communism
in Asia after WWII including:
Korean War
ANZUS Treaty
SEATO Alliance
sequence the key events in Australia’s response
to the threat of communism in Asia after
WWII
explain the purpose of the treaties Australia
contracted during this period
the response to the threat of communism within
Australia including:
referendum to ban the Communist Party
the Petrov Affair
outline the key developments in Australia’s
response to communism within Australia
Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War
explain the reasons for Australia’s involvement in
the Vietnam War
differing views of Australia’s involvement in the
Vietnam War eg:
supporters of the war
conscientious objectors
the moratorium movement
explain the reasons why different groups within
Australia supported or opposed Australia’s
involvement in the Vietnam War
the impact of the war on ONE of the following:
Vietnam veterans and families
Indo-Chinese refugees
Australian culture
Australia’s relations with Asia
assess the impact of the war on the chosen study
select appropriate sources that reflect different
perspectives about Australia’s involvement in
the Vietnam War
LOWER ORDER SKILLS
 Describe
 This requires you to describe the attributes or
characteristics of a subject.
 Eg Describe the Social and Cultural features of a
decade
 The Decade of the 60’s in Australia was a time of dynamic
and rapid change, manifesting itself in fashions, music
behaviours and values.
date
date
date
 Outline
 This requires a methodical and chronological narrative
of the period , event, or issue, supported by specific
detail of dates, names and places
 Eg Outline the response to the threat of Communism
within Australia
 Australia’s response to Communism in the post War period
spanned the period from 1949, with the election of
Menzies’ Liberal Party, through the 50’s Petrov scandal,
culminating in the decision to enter the Vietnam War in
1965
Higher order skills
 Explain
 This questions require not only an understanding of
what happened but also of why it happened and what
were the results
 Eg Explain the varying experiences of the Stolen
Generation
 The experiences of the stolen generation varied from
babies given up for adoption to foster families to young
children placed in mission and state run homes.
Experiences were both positive and negative but a sense of
personal and cultural loss underpins all experiences
 When asked to ‘assess’ anything you are being asked to
‘make a judgement of value, quality, outcomes’ (Board of
Studies Key Words definitions).
 Do not be afraid to use phrases such as
 ‘Australia’s contribution cannot be under-rated because . . .’
 ‘The value of Australia’s contribution cannot be ignored
despite . . .’
 ‘The quality of the contribution Australia made had a profound
affect on the overall outcome because it . . .’
 ‘The outcome of Australia’s involvement in the war was
profound as it . . .’
 ‘Australia’s contribution was extremely important because . . .’
TOPIC 1
AUSTRALIA AND THE VIETNAM
WAR
 explain the purpose of the treaties Australia contracted
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during this period
outline the key developments in Australia’s response to
communism within Australia
explain the reasons for Australia’s involvement in the
Vietnam War?
explain the reasons why different groups within
Australia supported or opposed Australia’s
involvement in the Vietnam War?
assess the impact of the war on Vietnam Refugees
Outline the key events in Australia’s response to
Communism
 MALAYAN INSURGENCY 1949 TO SUPPORT
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BRITAIN
UN LED FORCE TO KOREA IN 1950
SIGNING OF ANZUS 1951
SIGNING OF SEATO 1954
COMMITMENT TO VIETNAM 1965
AUSTRALIAS RESPONSE WAS UNDERPINNED BY
THE IDEOLOGY OF FORWARD DEFENCE AND THE
BELIEF IN THE DOMINOE THEORY
PURPOSE OF TREATIES
 The principle purpose was to bind ourselves to more
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powerful allies for purposes of defence within the Asia
Pacific Area
ANZUS April 29 1952
Treaty bound signatories to “recognize that an armed
attack in the Pacific would endanger safety of others. It
committed them to consult…to meet common danger.”????
SEATO 1954
Formed after the withdrawal of the French from South East
Asia. Its principal was to sanction American presence in
Pacific- disbanded in 1977
Goals of economic, social and cultural cooperation
between members. Military forces of joint nations held
annual manoeuvres.
Outline the key developments in Australia’s response to
communism within Australia
 1949 MENZIES WINS THE ELECTION ON THE
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PLATFORM OF “ KICKING THE COMMUNIST CAN”
1951 COMMUNIST PARTY DISSOLUTION BILL
INTRODUCED
1951 HIGH COURT DECLARES IT UNCONSTITUTIONAL
1951 REFERENDUM TO THE BAN THE COMMUNIST
PARTY NARROWLY FAILS
1954 PETROV SPY Scandal, MENZIES REELECTED, SPLIT
IN LABOR PARTY FORMATION OF DLP
ROYAL COMMISION INTO SPYING
1955 FINAL REPORT VALIDATES PETROV CLAIM OF
SPYING “ WITNESSES OF TRUTH
EXPLAIN THE REASONS FOR
AUSTRALIA’S INVOLVEMENT IN
VIETNAM WAR
COLD WAR
CONTEXT
AUSTRALIAN
ISOLATION
WITHIN ASIA
PACIFIC
SUPPORT FOR
STH VIETNAM
DEMOCRACY
SHORT TERM
CAUSES
INVOLVEMENT
REGIONAL
INSTABILITY
?
EXTERNAL AND
INTERNAL
THREAT OF
COMMUNISM
INDONESIA/MAL
AYSIA/PAPUA
NEW GUINEA
ANZUS AND
SEATO ALLIANCE
COIMMITMENTS
COMMITMENT
TO FORWARD
CEFENCE
LONG
TERM
CAUSES
DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES???????
 “The takeover of South Vietnam would be a direct military threat
to Australia and all the countries of South and South East Asia. It
must be seen as part of a thrust by Communist China between the
Indian and Pacific Oceans.” ROBERT MENZIES
 “Australia's defence and foreign policy during the post war period
cannot be fully understood without reference to Indonesia." Greg
Pembarton ‘The Australian desire to see the United States actively
engaged in the security of South East Asia was
..understandable.” GARETH EVANS
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SUPPORT AND OPPOSITION
MENZIES
‘CALWELL
The Australian Government is now in
receipt of a request from the Government
of South Vietnam for further military
assistance.
We do not think it is a wise decision. We do
not think it is a timely decision. We do not
think it will help the fight against
Communism
OLDER AUSTRALIANS, CATHOLIC
CHURCH,DLP, RSL,LIVERAL
PARTY/SUPPORTERS/BUSINESS AND MEDIA
LABOR PARTY/TRADE UNIONS, JJIM
CAIRNS, UNIVERSITY AND SCHOOL
STUDENTS, LATER MEDIA, SOS, YAC, DRAFT
RESISTANCE MOVEMENT, MORATORIUM
MOVEMENT, SINGER SONG WRITERS
KNOW ONE PROTEST
GROUP
THOROUGHLY
EXPLAIN Changing Attitude to War
62% in 1967
49% in 1970
Critical year
1968- TET
Offensive
CONSCRIPTS
BEING SENT
OVERSEAS
65
Impact of Protest
Groups eg SOS,
Youth Against
Conscription and
Moratorium
Movement
Political Instability
in America and
Australia
Changing
leadership/loss of
faith in decisions
REASONS
FOR
CHANGE
66-70
MEDIA IMPACT
EVENTS
LOUNGE ROOM
WAR
MY LAI/LONG TAN
/TET OFFENSIVE
68 ONWARDS
68
A GOOD QUOTE
 “It was not until the Tet Offensive dramatically
exposed the spurious 'we will win, we are winning'
rhetoric of the US and its allies in February 1968,
that Australian public opinion began to dramatically
shift against involvement in the War. Expediently, the
Whitlam ALP leadership began to harden its general
opposition to the War, promising in October 1969 to
bring Australian troops home and in 1971 to repeal
the National Service Act.” Rowan Cahill
IMPACT ON VIETNAM VETS
INJURY
ONGOING
REJECTION BY
GOVERNMENT RE
COMPENSATION
LONG TERM
LIFE THREATENING
ILLNESSES
CANCERS
DEATH
IMPACT
POST TRAUMATIC
STRESS DEISORDER
REHABILITATION
REJECTION BY
AUSTRALIA
MARRIAGE
BREAKDOWN
IMMEDIATE
BANK OF PHRASES
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REPLACEMENTS FOR I THINK
It can be concluded from the evidence that……………
Events suggest that ………………………………….
Anecdotal evidence provides conclusive pro0f that…….
ALLUDING TO DEBATE
Varying opinions exist about the reasons for our
involvement
 The causes of the war are considered contentious.
 Despite the conflicting evidence of historians it can be
seen that…………………….
REFER TO THE SOURCE!!!!!!!!!!
You cannot get more that 3/5 if you do not refer to the source
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The above source alludes ( makes reference to…) to…..
The given supports the idea that…………………
This fact is graphically illustrated in the source…..
Supporting this opinion , the above source emphasizes
……….
Also shown in the source is…………
The 1966 election poster highlights the reasons…….
The photo of Mrs Petrov hauntingly symbolizes the Cold
War climate of fear and intrigue
This point is reiterated in the passage by Calwell when he
says…………
15 MARK QUESTION
2 COMMANDMENTS
“QUOTES ARE
GOOD”
WRITE A LOT

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