Types of PLAGIARISM?

Report
Student Ethics in
Academic Work
Module Outcomes
At the end of this session, students
will be able to:
1) recognize types of plagiarism.
2) use proper citation and referencing
in their academic works.
Plagiarism
Funny
What is PLAGIARISM?
“… copying portion of the writing of others
with only minor changes in wording with
inadequate footnotes, quotes, or other
reference forms or citation”
[UniKL URR, (Ed. 7 Amendment), p. 22]
“… copying someone else’s words,
information or even ideas without
acknowledging the source (the person and
the work)”
[Handbook for Post Graduate Students, UM, p. 7]
Penalty for PLAGIARISM?
Plagiarism is categorized under Academic
Misconducts (URR, p. 22).
The penalty can be any one or combination
of two or more of the following penalties
ranging from:
a) Reprimanding students in writing;
b) Redoing of assignment with reduce
marks;
Penalty for PLAGIARISM? (cont.)
c) Student’s work is given zero (“0”) mark;
d) Reducing 50% marks for students
coursework.
e) Suspension for 1 semester;
f) Expulsion from the university.
(Source: URR Ed. 7 Amend., p. 27)
Types of PLAGIARISM?
Total /
Partial
Copying
Inappropriate
paraphrasing
i.e. Copied totally or
partially from a
website, a friend’s
work, or some other
sources, without
acknowledgement.
TYPES OF
PLAGIARISM
i.e. Altered only slightly
from the original
sources and no
acknowledgment of the
original author is given.
Cut and
Paste
i.e. Copying large
chunks of text
from one or more
original sources
and inserting
them into the
assignment.
Some PLAGIARISM Examples
• Choose topic/title for your report/
coursework same as some other
completed work.
• Submit as your own someone else’s
unpublished work, either with or without
permission.
• Use graphs, diagrams, charts, drawing,
image, etc. of others without citing the
source.
Some PLAGIARISM Examples (Cont.)
• Submit the same paper for more than
one class.
• Submit your own previous work again.
• Do a course work, write an article,
answer examination questions, for other
people.
How to avoid PLAGIARISM
1) Direct / Indirect Citation
2) Paraphrase
3) Summarize
What is CITATION/QUOTATION?
“…is when you refer to the work of other
authors in your work……”
[UniKL FYP Handbook (Version 2), p. XX]
Each citation will require a detail
reference of the source and it should be
able to be traced.
[UniKL FYP Handbook (Version 2), p. XX]
Types of CITATION/QUOTATION
Citation is categorized into 2:
1) DIRECT CITING:
=When you copy the exact words of
another author, then provide the page
number.
Example: As one author argues that “the
entrepreneurship enhances the country’s
wealth” (Hisham, 2010, p. 45)
Types of CITATION/QUOTATION (Cont.)
2) INDIRECT CITING:
=When you rephrase the statements of
other author.
Example: Hisham (2010) found that there
is link between entrepreneurship and
country’s economy.
How to do CITATION ?
There are many citation styles, but UniKL
uses either APA or Harvard styles:
1) American Psychological Association
(APA)
Example: Refer to APPENDIX 1.
2) Harvard
Example: Refer to APPENDIX 2.
What is PARAPHRASING?
= rewording of other author’s
statement in your own words.
How to PARAPHRASE?
Example:
Original Text - UniKL is the first technical
university in Malaysia embedding
entrepreneurial elements into its programs.
Rephrase – Malaysia’s first technical
university adopting entrepreneurial
elements into its programs is UniKL.
What is SUMMARIZING?
= write a shortened version of the
original source without changing
the contextual meaning.
How to SUMMARIZE?
Example:
Original Text - Entrepreneurship education
can sharpen individual skills and develop
unseen potentials, as well as provides
opportunities for development of teamwork, leadership, communication, problem
solving, thinking ability, and other skills that
are so demanding to organization today and
useful for their career advancement.
How to SUMMARIZE? (Cont.)
Summarize – Entrepreneurship brings out
students’ hidden potential and nurture
their soft skills that are useful for business.
MODULE SUMMARY
1) Plagiarism is a serious Academic
Misconduct as per University’s Rules &
Regulation.
2) 3 common types of plagiarism are
total/ partial copying, cut and paste,
and inappropriate paraphrasing.
3) 2 common citation styles adopt by
UniKL is APA and Harvard.
Self Check Exercise
For each of the situation below, identify which
type of plagiarism it falls into?
Situation 1:
You have been given an assignment on the topic
-“Quality Control”. You do a search on the
internet and discover information on the
Wikipedia website. Since it gives a clear and
interesting explanation about quality control,
you highlight the whole text, press Ctrl-V, and
paste it into your assignment.
Self Check Exercise (Cont.)
Situation 2:
You are doing the assignment on “Product
design” and you include a few sentences
from an article related to your topic without
quoting/citing the original source.
Thank you

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