Subfields of Psychology Presented by the Psych Society Social Psychology • According to psychologist Gordon Allport, social psychology is a discipline that uses scientific methods "to understand and explain how the thought, feeling and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of other human beings" (1985). • Therefore, social psychologists deal with the factors that lead us to behave in a given way in the presence of others. They look at the conditions under which certain behavior, actions, and feelings occur. Career Paths in Social Psychology • Human behavior expertise leads to Career opportunities in virtually every type of employment setting • educational institutions, non profit organizations, corporations, government, and hospitals. • Some specific examples: • • • • Professor and/ or Researcher Marketing director Manager Consultant Degree Needed for Social Psychology •Most social psychologists pursue a PhD • usually needed to become a professor at a college or university •There are Masters programs in social Psychology • Acceptance of degree depend on employer/ specific job • Less common then PhD route Developmental Psychology What is it? ● Developmental psychologists mainly focuses on the process of developmental growth throughout a person’s lifespan - Early childhood development - Intellectual development - Cognitive development - Aging ● Usually developmental psychologists focus on specific age groups (infancy, adolescence, elderly) Career Paths in Developmental Psychology Where? ● Primarily in schools, learning centers, children’s homes, and retirement homes ● Universities - May be asked to teach or conduct research Salary Prospects ● In 2010, the median salary was $86,510 ● Depending on the location of where they work, their salaries vary Degree Options for Developmental Psychologists ● Master’s programs ● Doctoral programs - PhD or PsyD If you want to go toward counseling patients with developmental disorders then it is best to get a PsyD *If you want to conduct research then it is best to get a PhD Clinical Psychology ● APA: “Clinical psychologists assess, diagnose, predict, prevent and treat psychopathology, mental disorders and other individual or group problems to improve behavior adjustment, adaptation, personal effectiveness and satisfaction.” ● While all clinical psychologists are interested in mental health, there are actually a wide variety of sub-specialties within this field. • • • • Child and/or Adult Mental Health Learning Disabilities Emotional Disturbances Substance Abuse Career Paths in Clinical Psychology • Clinical Psychologists often work in hospitals, private practice or, academic settings. Other settings include performing research, teaching university-level courses and offering consultation services. • Specific Examples include: -Assessment and diagnosis of psychological disorders -Treatment of psychological disorders -Consultations and therapy -Conducting research -Creating and administering programs to treat and prevent social problems Degree Options for Clinical Psychology ● Master’s Degree can be suitable training for many industrial positions and for clinical or counseling positions but, career opportunities are more limited. ● Ph.D ● Emphasizes the role of research and science ● Educate students about issues related to mental health and treatment ● Psy.D train to be clinicians able to work in a wide range of clinical settings Focuses on clinical and practitioner work Counseling Psychology • Counseling psychology is a field specializing in treating mental illness and psychotherapy • Counseling psychologists offer similar services as clinical psychologists but treat traditionally less severe mental/emotional problems • It is more general as counselors help individuals solve problems related to a number of issues and adjust to life’s everyday challenges • They emphasize the individual’s strengths, cognitive elements, and personality difficulties, through service that is available throughout the life span Career Paths in Counseling Psychology • Counseling psychology is found in numerous career settings such as, educational/school, government agencies, private businesses, and mental health clinics • Specific examples include: • • • • • • School/academic counselors Career counselors Mental health counselors Researchers & Professors Marriage & Family counselors Substance abuse counselors Degree Options for Counseling Psychology • There are many Master’s programs available for counseling psychology • Less research focused and more applied focused • Takes 2-3 years • This degree allows graduates to gain limited licensure to practice • A Ph.D or Psy.D is required in order to be a licensed “counseling psychologist” • More research focused • Takes 4-8 years • Allows private practice • Licensing requirements vary by state Forensic Psychology APA Definition: • “ application of clinical specialties to the legal arena” Broader Definition: • Applying research and experimentation in other fields of psychology to the legal system What does a forensic psychologist do? Routes • Ph.D - Must have Doctorate’s degree to become a licensed Forensic Psychologist. • Dual degree in Psychology and Law - Adds competitiveness • Master’s Programs - May not be the best route due to the amount of people with Ph.D’s competing in the field. Career Options • Steady job growth has been seen over the last 20 years • Anticipated growth in the field of Forensic Psychology. • Growth is predicted to be seen in areas such as: - research work - clinical practice in forensic psychology - working with an attorney and courts* Tips for pursuing Forensic Psychology • Internships • Classes • Research Neuropsychology What is Neuropsychology? • • • • • Neuropsychology is the study of brain-behavior relationships Various career paths Commonly mistaken careers Training Future of the field The Modern-Day Sherlock • The relationship between brain-functioning and human behavior is enormously complex • Investigating the origins of behavior • With understanding, comes applicability • Exciting opportunities and a rewarding career The Journey • Getting into the field of neuropsychology begins during undergrad • Building a strong interest in the Brain and its effects on Human Functioning • Receiving Specialized Training and Mastery of the science The Career Neuropsychologist • • • • • Graduate training in Neuropsychology Assessment and Diagnosis of Brain Disorders Evaluation of Current Functioning Treatment Planning Remediation / Solutions to Challenges Many careers are available when Studying the Brain • • • • • • • Frequent Overlap Significant Difference Neurology Psychiatry Neuroscience Neurosurgeon Others.. Clinical Neuropsychologists • Specialized Competencies of structure and the function of the CNS • • • • Extensive Training in Assessment, Evaluation, and Intervention Techniques Employment Settings Salary Industrial/Organization Psychology • Overview • APA: “Industrial and organizational (I/O) psychologists study and assess individual, group and organizational dynamics in the workplace. They apply that research to identify solutions to problems that improve the well-being and performance of organizations and their employees.” • In Other Words… – – – – – – – Testing/Assessment Leadership Development Staffing (H.R.) Management Teams/Teamwork Work-Life Balance Diversity I/O Psychology: The Data • Degrees: • 48% Doctoral • 47% Master’s • 5% Post-doctoral • Median Wages (2013) • $80,330/yr • Projected Growth (2012-2022) • >22% • Related Occupations – HR Managers / HR Specialists – Training & Development Managers / Training & Development Specialists – Market Research Analysts & Marketing Specialists I/O Psychology: At UCF • Staff: • • • • Dr. Dipboye Dr. Fritzsche* Dr. Salas Dr. Smith-Jentsch* • Ph.D. Program • 4th in research productivity • 2nd at SIOP Applied Experimental and Human Factors Psychology • Overview • APA: “Human factors and engineering psychologists study how people interact with machines and technology. They use psychological science to guide the design of products, systems and devices we use every day. They often focus on performance and safety.” • In Other Words… • • • • Training Simulation Virtual Reality Hardware Design (architecture – product) • Graphic Design • Perception HF Psychology: The Data • Degrees: • 71% Master’s • 13% Bachelor’s • 8% Post-Master’s • Median Wages (2013) • $80,300/yr • Projected Growth (2012-2022) • 3-7% • Related Occupations – Manufacturing (69%) – Human Factors Engineer – Research Analysts – UI/UE Design HF Psychology: At UCF • Staff: • • • • • • • • Dr. Bowers Dr. Hancock Dr. Jentsch Dr. Mouloua* Dr. Salas Dr. Sims Dr. Smither Dr. Szalma Further Resources APA Careers in Psychology • http://www.apa.org/careers/resources/guides/careers.aspx Online Psychology Career Center • http://www.socialpsychology.org/career.htm UCF Undergraduate Advising • http://psychology.cos.ucf.edu/undergraduate/advising/ The Sky is The Limit! • • • • There are endless possibilities within Psychology Do your research Find your niche and go after it We believe in you!