APA Types of Articles Dr. Gustafson Multiple Styles of Journal Articles • • • • • • Empirical Studies Literature Reviews Theoretical Articles Methodological Articles Case Studies Other Types of Articles Empirical Studies • • • • APA Manual 6th Edition 1.01 Reports of original research (quan. or qual.) Content not contained in previous reports Include distinct sections ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Introduction Method Results Discussion Literature Reviews • APA Manual 6th Edition 1.02 • Synthesis of previous research on a topic ▫ Meta-Analysis (sub-type of a literature review) • Purpose: ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ synthesize previous work define and clarify the problem identify relationships, gaps, inconsistencies suggest next steps • Various strategies of organization and structure Theoretical Articles • APA Manual 6th Edition 1.03 • Use existing research to advance theory ▫ Examine theory over time ▫ Examine external validly of theory ▫ Highlight flaws in theory • Various strategies of organization and structure Methodological Articles • APA Manual 6th Edition 1.04 • Present new methodological approaches to the study of a topic ▫ Modify existing strategies of inquiry ▫ Discuss methodological approaches – for research community • Should include enough detail to be well understood and accessible to the research community Case Studies • APA Manual 6th Edition 1.05 • Reports of case material (from work with an individual or group) • Purpose is to indicate a problem and provide a possible solution to the problem • Confidentially must be carefully considered • Although there are some parallels, this type of article should not be confused with the case study strategy of inquiry in the qualitative research design. Other Types of Articles • APA Manual 6th Edition 1.06 • The APA recognizes other types of articles included in journals. Examples include: ▫ Brief reports ▫ Comments and replies on previously published work ▫ Book reviews ▫ Obituaries ▫ Letters to the editor ▫ Monographs Additional Information • Included in this PowerPoint are the types of articles recognized by the APA as journal articles in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. • As a student, you will also be asked to engage in additional types of writing assignments that are not included here (response papers, online forums, book reports, annotated bibliographies, analysis papers, clinical reports, grant proposals, thesis, dissertations, etc.) • Regardless of assignment style, always follow the instructions provided by your instructor and in your course syllabus. This PowerPoint is only intended as a general guide of APA journal articles types.