Introduction to APA Style Created for Introduction to Management (MG 101) Why APA Style? When you go to McDonald’s in Russia or in Windham, you know what a Big Mac is. Why APA Style? The APA (American Psychological Association) style consists of rules used by writers in the social sciences to ensure that certain elements found in a paper are uniform, regardless of who wrote the paper. Examples of those elements: In-text citations Handling long quotations References list Using signal phrases Use an in-text citation with direct quotations “Lately, the oil sector has been the focus of deregulatory reforms that have been undertaken by the GOP. Steps undertaken have paved the way for fierce competition, compelling OMC`s to adopt better marketing practices so as to retain market share” (Rani, 2011, p. 88). **Direct quotations are enclosed in quotation marks. Use an in-text citation when paraphrasing Strong economies in China and India led to increases in world-wide oil demand (Rani, 2011, p. 90). APA encourages writers to use page number with intext citations for paraphrased material, but they are not required. References list • A References list should be included at the end of your paper. • A References list entry should be created for all resources you cite in your paper. • The References list is arranged alphabetically by the first word in the entry. • The References list uses a hanging indent. APA Format for Academic Journal or Other Periodical With a DOI Retrieved from an Online Database Rani, I. (2011). Attock Petroleum Limited under swot analysis. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 2(12), 75-98. doi:10.1037 /0278-6184.108.40.2069 APA Format for Academic Journal or Other Periodical Without a DOI Retrieved from an Online Database Rani, I. (2011). Attock Petroleum Limited under swot analysis. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 2(12), 75-98. Retrieved from http://www.ijcrb.webs.com APA Format for Newspaper Retrieved from an Online Database Hogan, J. (1998, December 18). Performance and pay: Experiments conducted 70 years ago shed light on today’s fixation with incentives. Financial Times. Retrieved from www.ft.com **Give Year, Month and Day for daily and weekly newspapers.