The Eastern Africa High Level Forum on EFA meeting

Report
MONITORING AND MEASURING PROGRESS IN
EDUCATION FOR ALL (EFA) SINCE DAKAR:
NATIONAL ASSESSMENT IN KENYA
Paper Presented by
HON. AMB. PROF SAM K. ONGERI, EGH, MP
MINISTER FOR EDUCATION KENYA
Tuesday 13th September, 2011
Mombasa Continental Resort
Kenya
Introduction
• World Conference on Education held in
Jomtien, Thailand in 1990 and Dakar
2000
• Governments resolved to provide
equitable and quality education to the
entire population
• Six goals and targets were set to be
achieved by the target year 2015
2
Introduction Cont’
• EFA Global Monitoring Reports have
indicated that many countries particularly
sub- Saharan Africa and some countries in
the Asia Pacific region may be at the risk of
not attaining the EFA targets by 2015
• Sharing of experiences among countries in
development of strategies to meet EFA in the
remaining year until 2015 is considered
critical
3
Introduction
• Hence the organization of this meeting-The
Eastern Africa HL Forum on EFA which is
the first meeting of its kind in the region
• The need to measure and monitor progress
of all EFA goals cannot be overemphasized
- it helps to guide in developing focused
policies for targeted interventions
4
Kenya’s Initiatives for monitoring
progress in attainment of EFA, since Dakar
• In 2001, Kenya developed a national action plan
on EFA –the Kenya’s EFA handbook (2001)
which articulated issues and strategies of
achieving EFA goals
• In 2005, Kenya developed a Sessional Paper No.
1 on a Policy Framework for Education, Training
and Research which provides strategies for the
attainment of EFA by 2015.
5
Initiatives Cont’
• The Kenya Education Sector Support Programme
(KESSP) 2005-2010 was prepared in pursuit of
the Millennium Development goals (MDGs) and
Education for All , and coordinated through a
Sector wide Approach (SWAP). The programme
has an inbuilt monitoring system
• KESSP prioritized twenty three (23) investment
programme areas to ensure delivery of quality
education and address relevant issues from other
sectors which may jeopardize the provision of
education to all.
6
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
KESSP 23 Investment programmes
1. Primary Education
2. Early Childhood Development Education
3. Non Formal Schools and Non Formal Education
4. Special Needs Education
5. HIV and AIDS (OVCs)
6. Adult & Basic Education
7. School Health, Nutrition and Feeding
8. School instructional materials
7
KESSP Investment programmes Cont’
• 9. Pre-Service Primary Teacher Education
• 10 .In-Service Primary Teacher Education
• 11. Expanding Educational Opportunities in Arid and
Semi Arid Lands
• 12. Capacity Building
• 13. Education Management Information System
• 14. Information and Communication Technology in
Education
• 15. Guidance and Counseling
• 16. Secondary Education
8
KESSP Investment programmes Cont’
• 17. Secondary INSET
• 18. Quality Assurance and Standards
• 19. Technical, Industrial, Vocational and
Entrepreneurship Education
• 20. University Education
• 21. Teacher Management
• 22. Gender and Education
• 23. Monitoring and Evaluation
9
Kenya EFA End-Decade Assessment (EDA)
• Kenya launched EFA EDA in May 2010 and
process is successfully completed. A draft
report has been produced (copies of executive
summary distributed)
• The National EFA EDA was primarily aimed at:
Capacity building
 Assessing the progress made on
Education For all Goals since 2000
10
Kenya EFA EDA Process Cont’
Specific objectives were to:
i. review progress made in EFA interventions since
2000;
ii. identify challenges in the implementation of EFA
commitments;
iii. take a closer look at the issue of the
unreached/marginalized populations; and
iv. recommend appropriate interventions to
enhance achieving EFA goals by 2015 .
11
Kenya EFA EDA Process Cont’
• Ministry of Education constituted a technical
team drawn from line Ministries implementing
related education programmes, civil society,
NGOs as well as the development partners
• Formed a Steering Committee made of
permanent secretaries and senior officers from
these organizations to oversee the process
• The assessment process is currently on going in a
few Eastern Africa countries (Uganda, Eritrea,
and Rwanda).
12
Core Indicators Evaluated
Kenya team identified 51 core indicators to be
evaluated from the original 18
Goal 1. ECCE
7 ( additional 4)
Goal 2. UBE
11 (additional 2)
Goal 3. LIFE SKILLS 7 (additional 6
Goal 4. LITERACY 4 (additional 1)
Goal 5. GENDER 10 (additional 7)
Goal 6. QUALITY 12 (additional 4)
13
Some Key Findings
• Enrolment and participation rates have
increased at all levels due to various
interventions(i.e. FPE, FDSE)
• Near gender parity at primary and
secondary school levels.
• Increased opportunities for life skills and
lifelong learning(TIVET, peace education…).
14
Increase in enrolment in pre-primary, primary and secondary between
2000 and 2010 from 1.3m to 2.2m, 6.2 m to 9.4 m and 0.8 m to 1.7 m
by 76%, 52%, 114% respectively
10
Preprimary
Primary
Secondary
9
Enrolment(Millions)
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
-
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Year
15
Higher participation at preprimary, primary and secondary education
levels, improved GER from 44.8% to 60.9%, 92.7% to 109.8% and
25.5% to 47.8% in 2000 and 2010 respectively.
Preprimary
120.0
Primary
Secondary
100.0
Percent
80.0
60.0
40.0
20.0
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
Year
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
16
Improved NER and hence less school going age population to
stand at 41.8%, preprimary, 91.4%, primary and 32.0 % in
secondary in 2010
Preprimary
Primary
Secondary
100
90
80
Percent
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Year
17
Challenges
• Existence of out of school children
• Regional disparities
• Quality and relevance of education is
still a concern
• Inadequate resources
• Lack of comprehensive data
18
WAY FORWARD
1. Finalize the report
2. Present report to Steering
Committee for adoption
3. Present findings to stakeholders
4. Publish final report and widely
disseminate findings
5. Draw up a road map to 2015 and
beyond
19
THE END
Thank you
for
your attention
20
ANNEX
KENYA EFA EDA
CORE INDICATORS
21
Goal 1 ECCE
1. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in ECCE
programmes
2. % of new entrants to primary Grade 1 who have
attended some form of organized ECCE
programme
3. Enrolment in private ECCE centres as a % of total
enrolment in ECCE programmes
4. % of children under age 5 suffering from stunting
5. % of HHDs consuming Iodized salt
6. % of trained teachers in ECCE programmes
7. Public expenditure on ECCE programmes as a % of
total public expenditure on education
22
Goal 2. Achieving Universal Primary/Basic
Education
• 8. Gross Intake Rate (GIR) in primary education
• 9. Net Intake Rate (NIR) in primary education
• 10. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in- i. primary
education, ii. secondary education
• 11. Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) in: i. primary
education, ii. Secondary education
• 12. Repetition Rate (RR) by grade in primary
education
• 13. Survival Rate to Grade 5
23
• 14. Primary Cohort Completion Rate
• 15. Transition Rate (TR) from primary to
secondary education
• 16. % of trained teachers in primary
education
• 17. Pupil/Teacher Ratio (PTR) in primary
education
• 18. Public expenditure on primary
education as a % of total public
expenditure on education
24
Goal 3: Life Skills & Lifelong Learning
• 19. Number and % distribution of the adult
population by educational attainment
• 20. Number and % distribution of young
people aged 15-24 years by educational
attainment
• 21. Youth Literacy Rate (age 15 to 24)
• 22. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) for
technical and vocational education and
training
• 23. Number and % distribution of lifelong
learning/continuing education centres and
programmes for young people and adults
25
Goal 3: Life Skills & Lifelong Learning Cont’
• 24. Number and % distribution of young
people and adults enrolled in lifelong
learning/continuing education
programmes
• 25. Number and percentage distribution
of teachers/facilitators in Lifelong
learning/continuing education
programmes for young people and
adults
26
Goal 4: Literacy
• 26. Adult literacy rate (age 15+)
• 27. Youth literacy rate (age 15 to 24)
• 28. Gender Parity Index for Adult
Literacy
• 29. Public expenditure on adult literacy
and continuing education as a
percentage of total public expenditure
on education
27
Goal 5: Gender Parity & Equity
• 30. Gender Parity Index for: adult
literacy
• 31. Gender Parity Index for: GER in ECCE
• 32. Gender Parity Index for: GIR in
primary education
• 33. Gender Parity Index for: NIR in
primary education
28
Goal 5: Gender Parity & Equity Cont’
• 34. Gender Parity Index for:
GER in primary education
GER in secondary education
• 35. Gender Parity Index for:
• NER in primary education
• NER in secondary education
• 36. Gender Parity Index for: Survival
Rate to Grade 5
29
Goal 5: Gender Parity & Equity Cont’
• 37. Gender Parity Index for:
• Transition Rate from primary to secondary
education
• 38. Percentage of female enrolment in:
• ECCE
• Primary education
• Secondary education
• Technical and vocational education and
training
• Literacy and continuing education
• Higher education
30
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•
•
•
•
•
•
Goal 5: Gender Parity & Equity Cont’
39. Percentage of female teachers in:
ECCE
Primary education
Secondary education
Technical and vocational education and
training
Literacy and continuing education
Higher education
31
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Goal 6: Quality Education
40. Survival Rate to Grade 5
41. Primary Cohort Completion Rate
42. % of primary school teachers having the
required academic qualifications
43. % of school teachers who are certified to
teach according to national standards for:
ECCE
Primary education
Secondary education
Literacy and continuing education
32
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Goal 6: Quality Education
44. Pupil/Teacher Ratio (PTR) for:
Primary education
Secondary education
45. Pupil/Class Ratio (PCR) for:
Primary education
Secondary education
46. Pupil/Textbook Ratio (PBR) for:
Primary education
Secondary education
33
•
•
•
•
•
Goal 6: Quality Education
47. Public expenditure on education as a % of
total government expenditure
48. Public expenditure on education as a % of
Gross National Product (GNP)
49. Public expenditure on primary/
secondary education per pupil as a % of GNP
per capita
50. % of schools with improved water
sources
51. % of schools with improved sanitation
facilities
34
END
35

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