Chapter 6- The School Health Program: A Component of Community

Report
Chap 6: The School Health Program: A
Component of Community Health
Anita Sego
Spring, 2005
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Chapter Objectives
• Define coordinated school health
program.
• List the ideal members of a school health
team.
• Explain why a school health program is
important.
• Identify the major foundations of a
coordinated school health program.
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Chapter Objectives
• Define written school health policies and
explain their importance to the school
health program.
• Explain processes for developing and
implementing school health pollicies.
• List eight major components of a
coordinated school health program.
• Describe the role of the school health
coordinator.
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Chapter Objectives
• Identify those services offered as apart
of school health services and explain
why schools are logical places to offer
such services.
• Describe three models for offering
school health services.
• Explain what is meant by healthy school
environment and discuss two major
environments.
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Chapter Objectives
• Define health education.
• List three major instructional patterns for
teaching health.
• Explain the U. S. Department of
Education and the CDC’s Programs that
Work projects.
• Identify and briefly explain four issues
that are faced by school health
advocates.
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Introduction
•
The school health program is an
important component of community
health because every citizen must pass
through this institution.
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Definition
• Coordinated School Health Program
– An organized set of policies, procedures, and
activities designed to protect, promote, and improve
the health and well-being of students and staff, thus
improving the student’s ability to learn.
• Components
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school health education - physical education
health services
- school nutrition
school environment
- family and community
counseling
- health promotion
psychological and social services
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Coordinated School Health Program
Health
Education
Parent/
Community
Involvement
Physical
Education
Health
Services
Health
Promotion for
Staff
Healthy School
Environment
Nutrition
Services
Counseling,
Psychological, and
Social Services
Chap 6: The School Health Program
School Health Team
Students
Teachers
Medical personnel
Social workers
Counseling
Parents
Administrators
Maintenance workers
Food service workers
Personnel
Primary role is to provide coordination of the
various component of the coordinated school
health program.
Chap 6: The School Health Program
School Health Team
• School nurse
–
–
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maintain and review birth records
dispense medications
train others
conduct health follow-ups
help develop school health policies
identify students with medical problems
identify community health resources
Chap 6: The School Health Program
School Health Team
• Teacher’s role
–
–
–
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instruction
services
school living
coordination
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Need for School Health
• Health of children and their learning are
reciprocally related.
– Unhealthy child has a difficult time learning
– unhealthy child can be disruptive to others
– school programs included in Health People
2010
– not a panacea
Chap 6: The School Health Program
School Program Foundations
Support of school
administration
Well-organized
school health team
Written school
health policies
Chap 6: The School Health Program
School Health Policies
• Written statements that provide a
framework to guide.
• Describe the nature of the program and
procedures for its implement-ation.
– Development
– Implementation
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Comprehensive School Health
Components
• Administration and Organization
• School Health Services
– Health appraisals
– Emergency services
– Prevention & control of communicable diseases,
• Healthful School Environment
– Physical
– Psychosocial
• Health Education
– includes all health education in the schools
Chap 6: The School Health Program
School Health Instruction
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Community health
Consumer health
Environmental health
Family life
Mental & emotional health
Injury prevention & safety
Nutrition
Personal health
Prevention & control of disease
Substance use & abuse
Growth and development/sexuality
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Instructional Approaches
• Direct
– health is taught as a separate discipline
• Correlated
– health is taught as part of other disciplines,
i.e., science, home economics or physical
education
• Integrated
– health is the vehicle through which other
disciplines are taught
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Science
Math
Home
Economics
Language
Arts
HEALTH
Physical
Education
Social
Studies
Music
Art
Integrated Instructional Approach
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Concerns & Issues
• Comprehensive school health programs
– research shows programs work - however they are
not in place in all schools although the need is strong
• Controversy
– based on differing values & religious teachings & over
the proper implementing of the curriculum
• School-based clinics/School linked clinics
– offer comprehensive health services, have met with
resistance in certain communities
• Violence in Schools
– risk factors need to be identified
Chap 6: The School Health Program
Chapter 6
The School Health Program:
A Component of Community
Health

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