Energy Management Cell - Greenhouse Gas Protocol

Report
“GHG Protocol” – India Experience
CII – Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre, India
© Confederation of Indian Industry
CII – Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre,
Hyderabad
A unique Public – Private Partnership
( CII, Govt of Andhra Pradesh, USAID and Pirojsha Godrej Foundation )
Centre of “Excellence” for Energy, Environment, Green Buildings,
Renewable energy, Water & Climate change activities in India
© Confederation of Indian Industry
Mission on Sustainable growth
 Core Purpose - “To promote and
champion conservation of Natural
resources in Indian Industry”,
without compromising on
high and accelerated growth
© Confederation of Indian Industry
CII Code for Ecologically Sustainable business growth..
Being cognizant of the need of sustainable growth and dwindling stock of natural capital, we commit
ourselves to the attainment of the following Ten - Natural Capital Commandments.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Reduce specific consumption of water and energy by 2 - 6% every year over next ten years.
Reduce specific generation of waste and reduce the quantum of waste going to land fills by 26% every year over next ten years
Increase use of renewables including renewable energy by 2- 10 % every year in place of
non-renewables over next ten years
Reduce emission of green house gas emissions and other process emissions by 2 - 6% every
year over next ten years and explore opportunities through Clean Development Mechanism
(CDM) and other Carbon Exchange Programs
Increase use of recyclables and enhance recyclability of resources embedded in the product
by 2 – 10 % every year over next ten years
Increase the share of harvested rain water in overall annual use of water by 2 – 10 % every
year over next ten years
Incorporate life cycle assessment criteria for evaluating new and alternative technologies &
products
Strive to adopt green purchase policy and incorporate latest clean technologies
Take lead in promoting and managing product stewardship program, by forging partnerships
with businesses and communities
Reduce depletion of natural capital which is directly attributable to company’s activities,
products and services by 2 – 10 % every year over next ten years.
We also commit to demonstrate attainment of these commandments in our pursuit to certifications
such as ISO 9001, ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001, SA 8000, Green Buildings, Eco Labels and the like.
Date :
Signature :
© Confederation of Indian Industry
CII’s Experience with GHG
Protocol
 India GHG Program
 Corporate GHG Accounting & Reporting standard
 GHG Emission Inventorization in Indian industry
 Facilitating Inventorization in several sectors
 Cement, Power, Engineering, Chemical industries
 24 Facilities, 35 Million T of GHG inventorized
 Capacity building programs
© Confederation of Indian Industry
Lessons learnt
© Confederation of Indian Industry
1. Commitment from Top Management
 Voluntary commitment from the Chief
Executive for GHG Intensity reduction
 Facilitates – Quicker implementation
 Paradigm shift
 ‘Projects not possible approach’ to ‘How to
make it possible’
© Confederation of Indian Industry
2. Identification of focus areas
 Structured system / tool
for GHG emission
inventorisation
 Holistic approach for
emission reduction
 Easy for top management
to identify Focus areas
 E.g Cement companies –
more focus on blended
cement
© Confederation of Indian Industry
A Cement plant - GHG Emission data
820
7
kg CO2 per MT of cement
800
32
780
760
740
817
778
720
700
Scope1
Scope2
© Confederation of Indian Industry
Scope3
Total
GHG Emission Reduction
opportunities
© Confederation of Indian Industry
Increasing Blended Cement
1 % increase in blended cement = 2.1 kg CO2 /MT cement reduction
840.0
820.0
817
800.0
kg CO2 / MT Cement
781
780.0
760
760.0
739
740.0
718
720.0
697
700.0
680.0
660.0
640.0
43.0
60.0
70.0
80.0
% Blended Cement Production
© Confederation of Indian Industry
90.0
100.0
Additives in Blended Cement
1 % increase in Additives = 4.1 kg CO2 /MT cement reduction
840.0
kg CO2 / MT Cement
820.0
817
800
800.0
784
780.0
768
760.0
740.0
720.0
22.0
26.0
30.0
% Additives in Blended Cement Production
© Confederation of Indian Industry
34.0
Specific fuel consumption
10 kcal /kg clinker reduction = 3.2 kg CO2 /MT cement reduction
840.0
830.0
kg CO2 / MT Cement
820.0
817
810
810.0
803
796
800.0
790
790.0
783
780.0
770.0
760.0
800.0
780.0
760.0
740.0
% Blended Cement Production
© Confederation of Indian Industry
720.0
700.0
Specific power consumption
1 kW /MT cement reduction = 0.9 kg CO2 /MT cement reduction
85.0
80.0
79
kg CO2 / MT Cement
75.0
68
70.0
63
65.0
59
60.0
54
55.0
50
50.0
45.0
40.0
88.0
75.0
70.0
65.0
Specific power consumption kWh / MT cement
© Confederation of Indian Industry
60.0
55.0
Other Reduction opportunities
 Increasing the addition of filler
1 % addition of filler =
5 kg CO2 /MT cement reduction
 Use of Alternate fuel / waste fuel in kiln
1 % replacement of fossil fuel =
1.9 kg CO2 /MT cement reduction
 Application of Waste heat recovery
1 MW CPP power replaced with WHR =
30 kg CO2 / MT cement reduction
© Confederation of Indian Industry
Long term GHG emission target
 Based on the present technology
 100 % Blended Cement
 32 + 5 % additives
 700 kcal / kg Clinker
 65 kW / MT Cement
Equivalent financial benefits – $ 4.5 Million
© Confederation of Indian Industry
Overall Reduction potential
1000
900
955
kg CO2 / MT of cement
800
918
700
817
600
500
578
400
300
200
100
274
176
79
59
0
CO2 from kiln fuel
CO2 from power
consumption
Current level
Total emission - kg CO2
per ton of clinker
Best Possible
© Confederation of Indian Industry
Total emission kg CO2 per
ton of cement
Emission Levels - Global values
kg CO2 / MT Cement
800
750
700
650
600
550
783
733
698
682
706 662
660
668
646
500
ACC
Heidelberg
Lafarge
Cemex
Holcim
Siam
Cimpor
Italicementi
Taiheiyo
Source : Respective CSR websites , 2007 data
© Confederation of Indian Industry
3. Development of an Ecosystem
 Hand-holding signatory
companies & developing
eco-system to facilitate
implementation
 Training & Awareness
 Sharing of Best Practices
 Service providers – Green
& Clean Tech
© Confederation of Indian Industry
4. Long term focus
 Voluntary Long term
Mahindra Group Sustainability Roadmap
Sr.
commitment / target
No
from corporate
1
Commitment
Reduction in Energy
Consumption
2011-12 (
2013-14 (
3yr)
5yr)
2%
5%
2%
5%
Reduction in resource
 Energy intensity, GHG
2
emission reduction
 Reduction target 3 - 5
consumption (
Paper/Water/Wood/Waste
etc)
3
Years
Green IT/Green
Procurement Policy
Draft,
Release &
Implement
Review &
Update
Certifications ( IGBC-
 Implementation of
projects having higher
payback period
4
Green Buildings
10
15
50%
100%
2%
5%
10%
20%
18001/ ECOTEL
5
6
 Renewable Energy,
GRIHA/ ISO 14001/OHSAS
7
Sustainability Awareness to
Significant Stakeholders
Reduction in GHG/CO2
emission intensity
Enhance Employee
Engagement in ESOPS
© Confederation of Indian Industry
4. Long term Focus..
 Clear shift towards Green by
several corporate
 Examples
 Wipro Technologies – All
buildings - minimum Gold Rated
LEED building
 Kirloskar Brothers Ltd – 100%
green Power by 2015
 Presently 32% power
generation through Wind form
© Confederation of Indian Industry
What companies need
 Identification of low carbon technologies
 Best practices sharing, case studies
 Protocol development for sectoral benchmarking
 How to prioritize projects for maximum GHG mitigation
 Develop software tools to enable decision making
 Converting GHG reduction measures to financial
benefits
 Document on market opportunities for GHG reduction
 Linking with Carbon markets
 Low cost financing
 Carbon Neutrality - Protocol
© Confederation of Indian Industry
Thank You
K.S. Venkatagiri
Principal Counsellor
CII – Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre
Email: [email protected]
website www.greenbusinesscentre.com
© Confederation of Indian Industry

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