Adjectives and Adverbs Spicing up your language! I’ll take your writing from “blah” to FIESTA! The first time you might have learned: Adjective – a word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun Is it an adjective? What kind? (e.g. spicy pepper) Which one/ones? (e.g. first taste) How much/many? (e.g. 500 degrees) Write a sentence that describes this chili pepper using adjectives that answer each one of the questions! Articles are adjectives! Articles are adjectives because they answer the question: _____?_______ Indefinite articles – don’t tell us anything specific (A and An) Mom: What did you do in school today, Pete? Pete: Nothing much, Mom. We sang a song in music, we read a book in language arts, and I ate an apple. Definite articles – tells us which specific noun (The) Mom: What did you do in school today, Pete? Pete: The day began when we sang “The Lion Sleeps Tonight” in music, we read the book The Breadwinner in language arts, and I traded my lunchable for the reddest apple I’ve ever seen! Nouns can become adjectives too! Remember how nouns can be c______ or P________? Adjectives can be too! C______ adjectives storm stormy * P______ adjectives __?__ musical * Shakespeare Shakespearean *__?__ Asian beauty __?_ *Spain __?__ Spice it up on your own! Practice and apply, p. 128, evens! Do the challenge! Alphabet adjectives paragraph. Make it spicy! Predicate adjectives I hope you didn’t forget about me, Master Grammarians! I’m back! Car (noun) blue is (linking verb) (adjective) Predicate adjectives mastery – Write the predicate adjective(s) in each sentence. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Because of a trolley rider’s fear, windshield wipers are common today. To Mary Anderson electric trolleys seemed dangerous. The windshields looked blurry and cloudy. Anderson was creative, so she invented a windshield wiper. Because of Mary Anderson’s invention, transportation work here is became safer than it had been. Mydone. Adios! Other words used as adjectives We already know that n_______ can be transformed into adjectives…but did you know that n______ can be used as adjectives without being transformed? Even p______ can be used as adjectives! All of the parts of speech want to be as popular and fun as adjectives, and here’s how they try… Pronouns used as adjectives Demonstrative pronouns - demonstrate by using the adjective question: w_____ o______? This, that, these, those This magazine shows those man-Uggs Jon is wearing! Possessive pronouns – show that a noun possesses (owns) something by answering the adjective question: w_____ o______? My, our, your, her, his, its, and their Her dog used to live in my house until its fleas got all over your pillow. Indefinite pronouns – modify nouns by answering the adjective question h______ m___/m___? Most, each, some, all, both, few, etc. All students should be able to use most of these adjectives, but each of you might have a few questions. Nouns used as adjectives Cherry pie Computer class ____________ ____________ When nouns are used as adjectives, they answer the adjective question: w_____ k_____? Spice it up on your own! Practice and apply, p. 133, exercise B. Revising, copy the paragraph! Adjective scavenger hunt Directions: 1. 2. 3. In partners, select a magazine from which to compete. Using your notes, a highlighter, and your brains, scan the magazine for each round’s randomly selected “Fiery adjectives.” The team that finds the widest assortment of fiery adjectives in the two minute round wins a prize! Adjective mad lib! Compose a paragraph that uses at least one: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Common adjective Proper adjective Noun as an adjective Predicate adjective Indefinite article Definite article Demonstrative pronoun Possessive pronoun Indefinite pronoun Write the answers on a separate page. Erase the answers from the paragraph. Indicate what type of adjective goes into the space. Trade with a partner and complete one another’s mad lib! Can you unpack your adjectives? 1-2. Adjectives answer four questions. Name two. 3. Write a sentence with an indefinite article. Underline it. 4. Write a sentence with a definite article. Underline it. 5. Write a sentence with a demonstrative pronoun. 6. Write a sentence with a possessive pronoun. 7. Write a sentence with an indefinite pronoun. 8. Write an example of a proper adjective. 9. Write an example of a common adjective. 10. Write an example of a noun used as an adjective. 11. Write a sentence with a predicate adjective. Adverbs want to help everything (except nouns)! What you probably already know: An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Making comparisons Special forms of adjectives and adverbs are used to compare people or things. The _________ form of an adjective or adverb compares one person or thing to one other person or thing. For one syllable adverbs and adjectives, add an _____ to make them comparative. For two or more syllable adverbs and comparisons, add “_______.” Mr. Hoffmann’s example: “Alien” is scarier than “E.T.!” Some people think the beach is more peaceful than the city. Your example: Making comparisons The _________ form of an adjective or adverb to compare a person or thing to two or more people or things. Add _______ to most one syllable adjectives and adverbs to make them superlative. For two or more syllables, just use _______. Mr. Hoffmann’s examples: Steel Force is the fastest ride at Dorney Park. Mrs. Colby is one of the most intelligent people I know. Your examples: Try it on your own! Practice and apply, p. 139, odds Writing: Creating comparisons, p.139 Is it an adjective or an adverb? Good vs. well Adjective – “Good” has to modify a _________ Your example: Adverb – “Good” becomes “______” when it modifies a v____, a_______, or other a______. Your example: Is it an adverb or an adjective? Real vs. Really Adjective - ________ is ALWAYS an adjective and has to modify a noun or pronoun. Your example: Adverb - _________ is ALWAYS an adverb and has to modify a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Your example: Is it an adjective or an adverb? Badly vs. Bad Adjective - ______ is ALWAYS the adjective. It has to modify a noun or a pronoun. Your example: Adverb - ________ is ALWAYS the adverb. It has to modify a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Your example: Negative words Negative word: implies that something does not e______ or h_____. Example: Mr. Hoffmann does not have any hair. Common negative words include: Barely Hardly Never Not Nothing Can’t No one No where Nobody None Neither Hasn’t Double negatives Double negatives: using two (2) or more negative words when only one is needed. Example: I don’t never get no homework done when Cletus is cooking possum stew. Think of it like this… When you’re using integers in math, two negatives equals a p________. What you’re REALLY saying when you use a double negative is t_____ o__________ of what you mean. (-6 - -4 = _?_) A master grammarian challenge! Directions: Double negatives are all around us! Listen to these famous songs and find the double negatives. Write what you hear, then change it to eliminate the double negative. The Rolling Stones 1. “I Can’t Get No Satisfaction” Pink Floyd 2. “We don’t need no education/We don’t need no thought control” Uncle Kracker 3. “You won’t find nobody else like me” Bill Withers 4. “Ain’t No SunshineWhen She’s Gone” Beyonce 5. “It’s like I’ve been awakened/ Every rule I had you breakin’/ It’s the risk that I’m takin’/ I ain’t never gonna shut you out” Try it on your own! Practice and Apply Exercise B. (Proofreading: Eliminating Double Negatives) pp. 143 Write the sentence with the double negative the way it is, then re-write it with the correction! Bluestar is hungry!