Poetry Repetition, Alliteration, Rhyme Repetition • Repetition refers to words or phrases that are repeated • Authors use repetition to: • Draw attention to important ideas, the author’s point of view/attitude, or themes • Make easy to remember • Affect rhythm by providing balance or structure Boulevard of Broken Dreams I walk a lonely road The only one that I have ever known Don’t know where it goes But it’s home to me and I walk alone I walk this empty street On the boulevard of broken dreams When the city sleeps And I’m the only and I walk alone I walk alone I walk alone I walk alone I walk a… My shadow’s the only that walks beside me My shallow hearts the only thing that’s beating Sometimes I wish someone up there will find me ‘til then I walk alone Boulevard of Broken Dreams • Circle words or phrases that are repeated in this song. • Why might the author have chosen to use this repetition? • The repetition of “I walk alone” focuses the song on the author’s loneliness and potential depression. The repetition also ties together the verses and chorus. Alliteration • Alliteration is the repetition of beginning consonant sounds • Authors use alliteration to: • • • • Draw attention to important words or phrases Provide pleasing sounds Reflect the tone (funny, sad, important) Create rhythm • Hard consonants create a beat • Soft consonants or vowels soothe Dying Day I’m living in a dark and dying day And everything is lost along the way The feeling in my heart is not the same So what’s to say? The pictures of the past are on the wall They’ll hang there in the dark until they fall Forever I’ve been lost in long ago And it seems so long to let live a life that I don’t live no more And in the saddened sun my life leaves a shadow that’ll soon be gone Dying Day • Underline examples of alliteration in this song. • Why might the author have chosen to use this alliteration? • The alliteration allows the song to have a forceful and quick beat. It sounds interesting and reinforces the author’s tone of desperation. Rhyme • Rhyme is the repetition of similar sounds at the ends of lines • Authors use rhymes to: • • • • • Provide pleasing sounds Make ideas easy to remember Mark the end of an idea Create rhythm Reflect the tone (funny, sad, important) • Rhyme schemes (or patterns) are identified in poems using letters Man in the Mirror I’m starting with the man in the mirror I’m asking him to change his ways And no message could have been any clearer If you want to make the world a better place Take a look at yourself, and then make a change Man in the Mirror • Identify the rhyme scheme in this chorus and label it with letters. • Why might the author have chosen this rhyme scheme? • The rhyme gives the song its musical quality and rhythm. The rhymes of “mirror” and “clearer” are said very quickly and themselves also have a sense of urgency that matches the message of needing to make a change. Somebody Told Me Breaking my back just to know your name Seventeen tracks and I’ve had it with this game I’m breaking my back just to know your name But heaven ain’t close in a place like this Anything goes but don’t blink you might miss Cause heaven ain’t close in a place like this I said heaven ain’t close in a place like this Bring it back down, bring it back down tonight Never thought I’d let a rumor ruin my moonlight Somebody Told Me • Circle words or phrases that are repeated in this song. Why might the author have chosen to use this repetition? • Underline examples of alliteration in this song. Why might the author have chosen to use this alliteration? • Identify the rhyme scheme in this chorus and label it with letters. Why might the author have chosen to use this rhyme scheme?