MasboiStudi di Belanda

Report
STUDI DI
BELANDA
 Holland atau sebutan resminya Netherlands
adalah negara yang berorientasi internasional
dan inovatif yang terletak di tengah benua
Eropa.
 Beberapa alasan studi di Belanda, diantaranya:
 Masyarakat yang multikultur dan terbuka
 Lingkungan studi yang internasional
 Pendidikan dan riset yang berkualitas dan beraneka
ragam
 Terletak di tengah benua Eropa
 Value for money
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Budaya Mahasiswa
Komunitas pendidikan tinggi Belanda berupaya menjadi bagian dari
masyarakat dan tidak ingin terpisah dari masyarakat sekitarnya.
 Komunitas pendidikan tinggi Belanda berupaya menjadi bagian dari
masyarakat dan tidak ingin terpisah dari masyarakat sekitarnya.
Universitas/institut tersebar di seluruh negeri, dan hanya sedikit di
antaranya yang memiliki kampus. Bisa juga gedung-gedung satu
universitas tersebar di berbagai lokasi. Akan tetapi kehidupan
mahasiswa tetap dapat dijumpai. Di lingkungan setiap
universitas/institut terdapat jaringan perhimpunan mahasiswa untuk
melakukan aktivitas yang berkaitan dengan studi, olahraga, ataupun
kegiatan rekreasi. Perhimpunan ini dikelola oleh mahasiswa sendiri,
bahkan beberapa perhimpunan memiliki orientasi
internasional. Mereka juga memiliki cafe-cafe, restoran, dan tempattempat pertemuan favorit lainnya. Secara umum dapat dikatakan
bahwa komunitas pendidikan tinggi Belanda ingin menjadi bagian dari
masyarakat dan tidak terisolasi.
Dokumen
Sistem Pendidikan Belanda

Pendidikan tinggi Belanda telah diakui reputasinya di dunia.

Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mereka yang pernah studi di universitas atau
institusi pendidikan tinggi Belanda memiliki kinerja yang sangat baik di
manapun mereka berada. Untuk negara kecil seperti Belanda, orientasi
internasional, termasuk pendidikan dan pelatihan merupakan keharusan untuk
dapat bertahan di tengah arus dunia yang semakin internasional.

Pendidikan internasional berbahasa Inggris

Belanda merupakan negara non berbahasa Inggris pertama yang menawarkan
program studi berbahasa Inggris. Lebih dari 1400 program studi internasional
untuk berbagai bidang ditawarkan oleh pendidikan tinggi Belanda.
Kurikulumnya intensif pada level yang lebih tinggi, lebih maju, berorientasi pada
praktek dan dirancang untuk memenuhi kebutuhan dan sesuai harapan
mahasiswa yang mencari pengetahuan khusus. Program-program studi ini
menggantikan teori dengan praktek di dunia kerja yang sebenarnya atau situasi
simulasi kerja. Sebagian besar program-program studi tersebut dirancang untuk
memperoleh gelar sarjana (S1), master, PhD atau doktor, diploma atau
bersertifikat.
 Sistem pendidikan Belanda
 Di Belanda tersedia dua jenis pendidikan tinggi
reguler yang utama: universitas dan University of
Applied Sciences. Universitas melatih para
mahasiswanya untuk menggunakan ilmunya
secara mandiri. University of Applied Sciences, yang
di Belanda dikenal dengan sebutan Hogeschool,
lebih berorientasi ke praktek; para mahasiswa
langsung diarahkan untuk meraih jenjang karir di
bidangnya. Belanda juga memiliki lembaga
Institut Pendidikan Internasional yang sudah sejak
lama menawarkan program-program yang
dirancang khusus bagi mahasiswa asing.
Institusi
 Universitas Riset (Universiteit)
 Ada 14 universitas riset yang didanai pemerintah di
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Belanda, tiga diantaranya memiliki spesialisasi di
bidang teknik, satu di bidang pertanian, dan satu
institusi lain merupakan Universitas Terbuka.
Universitas Ilmu Terapan
Program studi yang ditawarkan oleh universitas ilmu
terapan (hogescholen) berorientasi pada penerapan
praktis ilmu pengetahuan.
Institut Pendidikan Internasional
Sejak lebih dari 50 tahun lalu Belanda telah
menawarkan bentuk pendidikan tinggi yang berbeda
atau yang dikenal dengan “Pendidikan Internasional”.
Gelar

Program pendidikan tinggi Belanda memberikan gelar Bachelor bagi
mereka yang berhasil menamatkan pendidikan setingkat sarjana dan gelar
master bagi yang menamatkan pendidikan paskasarjana.

Universitas riset dan universitas ilmu terapan keduanya memberikan gelar
yang sama; namun untuk program pendidikan internasional hanya
memberikan gelar pada tingkat paskasarjana dan tidak di tingkat sarjana.
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Bachelor (S1)

Menyelesaikan program bachelor di universitas riset membutuhkan waktu
tiga tahun penuh (180 kredit). Lulusannya akan memperoleh gelar Bachelor
of Arts or Bachelor of Science (BA/BSc), tergantung dari disiplin ilmu.
Sementara di universitas ilmu terapan membutuhkan masa studi selama 4
tahun penuh (240 kredit). Gelar yang diperoleh dari lulusan universitas ilmu
terapan mengindikasikan bidang studi yang di ambil (contoh, Bachelor of
Engineering, B Eng)
 Master (S2)
 Program master di universita riset membutuhkan 1, 2, atau
terkadang 3 tahun (60-180 kredit). Lulusannya akan memperoleh
gelar Master of Arts atau Master of Science (MA/MSc). Gelar master
untuk applied arts dan sciences membutukan 60-120 kredit.
Lulusannya akan memperoleh gelar yang mengindikasikan bidang
studinya (contoh, Master of Architecture, M Arch).
 Doktoral atau PhD
 Program doktoral ditawarkan oleh universitas riset dan memakan
waktu empat tahun. Salah satu institut pendidikan internasional (IE)
diperbolehkan memberikan program doktoral, institusi lainnya
harus mempersiapkan mahasiswa-nya untuk mendaftar program
doktoral di universitas riset. Seluruh universitas riset dapat
memberikan gelar PhD berdasarkan lowongan. Informasi lengkat
mengenai PhD di Belanda dapat di lihat di website www.euraxess.nl.
PhD Candidate
 Research Assistant (AIO)
 Sandwich PhD candidates
 Staff
 Guest Phd candidates
 External PhD candidates
PhD Categories

Research Assistant (AIO)
PhD candidates are temporary employees of University, usually for a period of 4 years. This
category was in the past known as AIO or OIO, the Dutch abbreviation for Research
Assistant.

Sandwich PhD candidates
Have a grant and in general only spend the initial and last 6-8 months of the 4-year PhD
Programme in NL. The first period is spent elaborating on the proposal, studying literature
and following courses. The last period is spent finishing the thesis. In the intermediate
period the PhD candidate performs research in the country of origin.

Need to have the support of both their home institute and supervisor at University. The
actual research takes place in the PhD candidate’s own country under local supervision.
During this period, contact with the supervisor in NL is by e-mail and annual visits.

Research proposal should preferably be linked to the applicant's country of origin, or of
interest to research organisations in the applicant's country of origin. The preliminary
research proposal must demonstrate that the applicant is competent in independent
scientific research and has the qualities necessary to be enrolled in the PhD programme.
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University will evaluate: Financial support of the home-institute
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Academic supervision of the home-institute
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The curriculum vitae of the supervisor in the home country
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Staff
Already employees of University and are given the opportunity to conduct PhD
research. This category of PhD candidates will not be charged any fees. Registration at
the Central Student Administration is also not necessary.

Guest PhD candidates
Guest PhD candidates are PhD candidates who perform their research at University but
are not employed by University. This category of PhD candidate has to pay a tuition fee
and departmental fees. When applying to the PhD Programme, the PhD candidate
must be able to demonstrate at an early stage that he/she has secured appropriate
financial support as well as commitment from the relevant department / institute in NL.

External PhD candidates
PhD candidates in this category are not employed by University and conduct (or have
conducted) their research at an institute other than University. The link with University
is primarily via the supervisor. These PhD candidates do not pay a University Fee and
are not entitled to an education budget. If the PhD candidate follows an education
programme, it is paid for by the PhD sponsor.
Application for a PhD Position
Step 1:
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Choose a Graduate School of Wageningen University which can facilitate your PhD
research. The research subject must fit in the research programme of the Graduate
School. Contact that Graduate School and send the documentation listed below.
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Letter motivating the application.
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Preliminary research proposal (about two A4), that includes a problem definition,
research questions, the proposed methodology linked to the research questions and
up-to-date literature references.
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References from at least two supervisors/professors, with information regarding your
performance on the Masters programme and the prospects for finishing a PhD in the
area of application.
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Curriculum Vitae, including information on education, research experience and list of
publications.
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PhD candidates from non-Anglophone countries are required to submit an
internationally recognised Certificate of Proficiency in the English Language
(TOEFL or British Council, IELTS). This certificate is not a requirement for
PhD candidates who have completed their higher education with English as
the language of instruction.
Requirements: IELTS: 6.5 , with a minimum of 6.0 for each (academic)
module.
TOEFL: 580 points for the written TOEFL, 237 points for the computer based
TOEFL and 92-93 points for the Internet based TOEFL.
Test results must be dated within 24 months prior to an application to the
PhD Programme.
Photocopy of a diploma of higher education; minimum requirement:
equivalent of a Masters degree.
Also include transcripts of academic records.
If not in English or Dutch, an additional official translation is required.
Photocopy of your (valid) passport.
Information on the funding you have arranged. Wageningen University and
the Graduate Schools will usually not assist in finding funding sources. By
arranging your own funding you get much better chances of being accepted.
Step 2
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The Graduate School evaluates your qualifications and checks if your proposal fits it’s
research programme. After a positive evaluation, your application is forwarded to a
prospective Supervisor (Professor within a Chair group) from University for further
evaluation. Evaluation criteria are:
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education level (at least at MSc)
experience as an independent researcher
the publications already written
the scientific quality of the preliminary proposal
the originality of the preliminary proposal
the strategic fitting of research topic in the area of interest of the Supervisor and in the research field of Supervisor's
research group
the capacity and expertise that the Graduate School and research group have available
fluency in English
the available funding
for Sandwich PhD candidates: the CV of the Supervisor in the home country.
You cannot proceed further until the application has been approved by a Supervisor. This
may take some weeks as Wageningen University receives many PhD applications. If you and
a Supervisor have a mutual wish for a new PhD project; proceed with the steps in the
Timetable.
NFP Admission

Letter of acceptance from Wageningen University:
An applicant must have been admitted at a Dutch university or institute. Wageningen
University however, cannot formally admit a PhD candidate before the actual start of
the PhD programme (i.e. after having evaluated the PhD candidate's qualifications). At
this time the needed docuements are not available. This impasse can be overcome by
providing an applicant with a provisional letter-of-acceptance. A professor of
Wageningen University can write this letter. This letter must state the following:

Acceptance of the PhD candidate under the condition that he/she can live up to the
qualitative requirements of Wageningen University and fulfil the financial obligations at
the start of the PhD programme
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Support of the research proposal
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The PhD degree will be pursued according to a Sandwich model
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Guarantee that the PhD candidate will receive a PhD degree upon successful completion
of the research and defence of the dissertation
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If the candidate is awarded the fellowship, the secretary of the Dean Wageningen
Graduate Schools can start arranging the formal admittance to the PhD Programme,
and the central Student Administration can provide help with the visa and arrange
suitable housing. Of course a complete file of the candidate is necessary.
Beasiswa NFP
Website penting
 http://www.nesoindonesia.or.id
 http://www.nuffic.nl
 http://www.academictransfer.com

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