Presentation - 14 Agriculture - Food Production

Review of
Policies and
Relating to Local
Food Production
August 18, 2014
Presented by:
Sharon Verzal, MPH, LEHP, REHS/RS
Environmental Health Supervisor
Jackie Forbes, MS
Health Planner
Growing for Kane HIA
The Kane County Health Department
should lead a multi-department review
of policies and regulations relating to
local food production by June, 2014
In progress
What can I sell without a permit?
Fresh fruits and vegetables(only minimally
rinsed to remove visible soil, but otherwise
Grains, seeds, beans, nuts(whole, unprocessed
and unsprouted) .
Popcorn(kernels can be removed from cob but
popped corn is not exempt from
What can I sell without a permit?
Fresh herb sprigs; dried herbs in bunches(only cut
for harvesting, minimally rinsed to remove visible
The above items are allowed to be in unsealed
bags or containers, or bagged at the time of sale by
the vendor.
Additionally, honey in the comb or that is removed
from the comb and in an unadulterated condition is
exempt from restrictions if the producer packs or
sells less than 500 gallons per year.
Prohibited Items
Wild-type mushrooms harvested from the
Home-canned foods except jam, jellies and
preserves that are allowed under cottage
food operations;
Raw milk or any dairy products made with
raw milk;
Prohibited Items
Ice cream made in an uninspected facility;
Home-butchered meat, poultry or wild game;
Home vacuum-packaged products; and
Sandwiches prepared at home.
Bottled Goods
Herb Vinegars
Maple and Flavored Syrups
Juice and Cider
Garlic in Oil Mixture
All must be made in a licensed and inspected
Milk and cheese products shall be processed
in a Department/state-licensed facility.
Only products that have been pasteurized,
processed and packaged in a licensed dairy
plant may be sold at farmers markets.
Ice cream may be sold if it comes from a
licensed and permitted facility.
Illinois Department of Agriculture license is
required for those who transport and sell
Must be candled and graded.
All packaging must be labeled according to
the Illinois Egg and Egg Products Act.
Cartons may not be reused.
Meat, Poultry and Fish
Meat, meat products, poultry and poultry
products must be derived from livestock or
poultry, which were slaughtered under IDOA
or USDA inspection.
Includes exotic meats such as American bison
(buffalo), catalo, cattalo, domestic deer, domestic
elk, domestic antelope, domestic reindeer, water
buffalo, domesticated rabbits and
domesticated birds.
Home butchered meats are not
A commercial fishing license is required for
anyone selling or distributing fish.
Cottage Food
A “cottage food operation” means a person who
produces or packages a non-potentially
hazardous food (i.e., baked goods, jellies, jams,
preserves, fruit butter, dry herbs, dry herb
blends, or dry tea blends intended for end-use
only) in the kitchen of that person’s primary
domestic residence, for direct sale by the owner
or an immediate family member to the
consumer, and stored in the
residence where the food is made.
Cottage Food
The cottage food operation shall register with
the local health department where the
operation resides;
A cottage food placard must be prominently
displayed at point of sale that states:
“This product was produced in a home
kitchen not subject to public
health inspection that may
also process common food
Cottage Food
These specific items are allowed for sale:
Fruit butters
Jams, Jellies, Preserves
If the food item is not on the list it is not
allowed to be sold without documentation
that laboratory testing indicates it is
non-potentially hazardous and
has a pH below 4.6.
Cottage Food
Must register in the county where the
operator resides.
Cannot sell product wholesale.
Cannot sell product over the internet.
Cannot sell take and bake items.
Samples must be pre-packages; otherwise a
permit is required.
Other Products
Lotions/creams/cosmetics— Contact the Food
and Drug Administration (FDA) Chicago District
Office at 312-353-5863 for specific regulations.
Pet food is regulated by the IDOA. The Bureau
of Agricultural Products Inspection is responsible
for overseeing compliance with the Illinois
Commercial Feed Act, including the licensing of
manufacturers or distributors of pet
foods and registration of their
products before distribution in
the state.
Kane County Requirements
Cutting of fruits and vegetables for sampling
requires a permit.
Sampling of food or drink requires a permit.
Extensive preparation of food such as grilling
and preparation of hotdogs, hamburgers,
chicken, etc. requires a permit.
Mechanical refrigeration is
Common Scenarios
Farm Stands
Can they offer samples?
School Gardens
Can produce from a school garden be served
in the school cafeteria?
In the classroom?
Northern Illinois Food Bank
A farm donates produce to the Northern Illinois
Food Bank. Can they prepare it in their
demonstration kitchen and give out samples? Part
of a cooking classes for clients?
Helpful websites

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