ecos - BiogasIN

Report
Predstavitev bioplinarne ECOS
Primer dobre prakse
Jože Pavlinjek, univ.dipl.gosp.inž.
G. Radgona, 22. avg. 2011
www.ecos.si
Fossil Energy Sources
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The sustainable cycle of biogas plants
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Biogas – renewable fuel able to substitute fossil fuels
For a wide range of organic substances from agriculture,
foodstuff or feed industries, anaerobic fermentation is a
superior alternative to composting.
Biogas …
• results from anaerobic fermentation of organic materials
• is a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide
• serves as a high-energy, CO2-neutral fuel
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BIOGAS BASICS
1m3 BIOGAS
20% METHANE
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Principles of rural biogas reactor types:
a) Chinese type
b) Indian type
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Anaerobic degradation of organic matter
Organic matter
Hydrolysis
HYDROLYSIS
Proteins, Carbohydrates, Fat
Soluble organic compounds
ACID FORMATION
Acidogenesis
Amino acids, sugar, fatty acids
Acetogenesis
NH4+
Volatile acids,
Lactic acids, ethanol
H2, CO2
Methanogenesis
ACETIC ACID
Acetic acid
Biogas
CH4, CO2
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METHANE FORMATION
For the Farmer:
improvement of manure properties: odor reduction, elimination of acid
components, viscosity decrease, mineralization of organic nitrogen,
reduction of pathogenic germs and weed seeds
additional incomings from heat and power production
waste water treatment without costly sewer connection
For the Environment:
reduction of methane and ammonia emissions from manure
reduction of nitrate wash-out into groundwater
recycling of fertilizer compounds from organic wastes
reduction of carbon dioxide emissions by substitution
of fossil resources
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Biogas yields of suitable organic materials
waste wheat
waste bread
grease trap contents
corn-cob-mix
corn silage
grass silage
food waste
municipal biowaste
minimum
variation
brewery
beet
grass cuttings
potato peelings
pig manure
cattle manure
0
100
200
300
400
Standard m³ biogas / ton
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500
600
700
Za financiranje projektov potrebujemo:
Jože Pavlinjek, univ.dipl.gosp.inž.
www.ecos.si
Four types of gas engines
2
Type
•
•
•
Electrical output
from 250 to 330KW
•
8 cylinder
•
1,500 rpm (50Hz) /
1,800 rpm (60Hz)
•
•
3
Type
Type
Electrical output
from 1.5 to 4MW
•
V12, V16, V20 and
V24 cylinder
•
Electrical output
from 800 to
1,500KW
1,500 rpm (50Hz,
60Hz with gearbox)
•
V12, V16 and V20
cylinder
Delivered engines:
more than 2,200
•
Since 1989 in the
product program
V12, V16 and V20
cylinder
1,500 rpm (50Hz) /
1,800 rpm (60Hz)
•
Delivered engines:
more than 5,000
Since 1988 in the
product program
•
•
6
•
Electrical output
from 500 to
1,100KW
•
•
4
Type
•
1,500 rpm (50Hz) /
1,800 rpm (60Hz)
Delivered engines:
more than 850
•
Delivered engines:
more than 750
Since 1976 in the
product program
•
Since 2002 in the
product program
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the most important things
by the Biogas Plants
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ø INPUT-materials
Ø use of the OUTPUT (fertilizer)
Ø use of the produced energy (biogas)
Ø economic criteria (feed in tariffs, subsidies)
Ø political framework conditions
Ø the (best) location
Ø communication procedure
www.ecos.si
Biogas Plant Lendava
• Case Study
ecos
Jože Pavlinjek, univ.dipl.gosp.inž.
www.ecos.si
General Data:
Biogas Plant Lendava
Petišovska ulica bb
Petišovci
9220 Lendava
Electrical Power:
Heating Power:
Nr. of employees:
Yearly Operation:
Biogas Production:
Substrate;
Input Material:
7.223 kW
6.750 kW
16
7.000 h
70.000 m3 / day
20.000 t Organic Wastes
50.000 t Biomass
ecos
Jože Pavlinjek, univ.dipl.gosp.inž.
www.ecos.si
www.ecos.si
www.ecos.si
•
Biogas potential EU
•
The existing biomass resources on our planet can give us an idea of the global
potential of biogas production.
This potential was estimated by different experts and scientists
Regardless the results of these estimations, the overall conclusion was always, that
only a very small part of this potential is utilised today, thus there is a real possibility
to increase the actual production of biogas significantly.
The European Biomass Association (AEBIOM) estimates that the European
production of biomass based energy can be increased from the 72 million tones
(Mtoe) in 2004 to 220 Mtoe in 2020.
The largest potential lies in biomass originating from agriculture, where biogas is an
important player. According to AEBIOM, up to 20 to 40 million hectares (Mha) of land
can be used for energy production in the European Union alone
•
•
•
•
www.ecos.si
Bioplinski potencial v Sloveniji
•
V Sloveniji je 16 bioplinarn, v Nemčiji pa že več kot 6.000
s skupno močjo več kot 2.000 megavatov.
•
V Sloveniji je po analizi kmetijskega inštituta dovolj potenciala, da bi zgolj z biomaso,
pridelano na 3 odstotkih obdelovalnih površin (670 tisoč hektarjev), lahko postavili
več kot 86 megavatov bioplinskih elektrarn. Pri tem proizvodnja hrane ne bi bila
ogrožena, kmetje pa bi imeli zagotovljen stabilen odkup.
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•
Thank you for your Attention
Jože Pavlinjek, univ.dipl.gosp.inž.
ECOS d.o.o.
Černelavci
Gorička ulica 150
9000 Murska Sobota
Slovenia
t. +386-25-252-100
f. +386-25-252-111
[email protected]
www.ecos.si

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