Introduction to ERP/SCM

Report
제1주차 강의
• 1강: ERP/SCM in Industrial Engineering
– CEO, COO, CIO, CTO, CFO, CGO, CSO,
– 산업공학의 인재상
– Curriculum 비교
• 2강: ERP/SCM 개요
– mrp, MRP, ERP
– Future of Our Society, Manufacturing Industries
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
Seoul National University
1
COO의 필요조건?
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
시스템 마인드, Heart
작업관리, 생산관리, 품질관리, 제조공정,
OR(최적화,Reliability,시뮬레이션,수요예측,스케줄링)
회계 지식- 재무제표 및 원가관리 항목
ERP/SCM
데이터베이스
산업공학 전반에 대한 지식
경영,경제,인문학 일반 + 공학 일반
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
Seoul National University
2
ERP/SCM 의 교육내용은 어떤 것이 바람직할까?
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MIT 의 SCM 교육
• 참고문헌들의 내용
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–
–
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Manufacturing Planning and Control
SCM 교재
Operations Research
Data Base
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
Seoul National University
3
Introduction to
ERP/SCM
Text books and references
•
Text books: Handouts
•
References:
– Manufacturing Planning and Control for Supply Chain Management(6 th Ed.) or
previous editions of the book.
– Supply Chain Management and Advanced Planning, H. Sadtler and C. Kilger, Eds.,
Springer, 2008.
– Operations Research in Production Planning , Scheduling and Inventory Control,
L.A. Johnson and D.C. Montgomery, Wiley, 1974
– Understanding SAP R/3 Based on Business Scenario(비즈니스 시나리오를 통한
SAP R/3 이해), 황재훈 外 4명 공저(SAP코리아 감수), 어람출판사, 1999.
– Fundamentals of Database Systems (6th ed.) by Elmasri & Navathe, Addison
Wesley, 2011.
– Enterprise Solutions, 대표저자 김은,박진우, 박준호,유세열,어람출판사, 2004.
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
Seoul National University
5
IT as a tool for increasing competitiveness
•
Korean industries have made great strides in many ways after the IMF
crisis but…
•
Weakness:
– in the utilization of information technology and internal process(except some
world class companies)
– Human resource development and business culture
•
We need industrial innovation – ERP and EERP( Extended ERP ) are
some examples of such innovations.
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
Seoul National University
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The growth of information workers*
Type of Worker
1950
2000
Knowledge Worker
8
15
Data Worker
29
44
Service Workers
11
14
Goods Producers
52
24
*) Statistics based on 267 occupations in 64 industries, Communications of the ACM, October,
2005 in the U.S.
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
Seoul National University
7
Future of Mfg
• “The end of work”, by Jeremy Rifkin, 1999
• Time of Symbolic Analyst? In-production Service, Inperson Svc.
• Social Problem, Political Problem, Wisdom?
• We can do something….
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
Seoul National University
8
Esprit CIM-OSA Model
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Seoul National University
9
e-Manufacturing, Virtual Enterprise Model, Rosettanet,
XML …
Relevant Standards
(The B2B Standards War: Connect or Die!, Bill Harrelson, Oct., 2000)
Copyright ⓒ IntelligenceWare, Inc. 2000
All rights reserved.
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
Seoul National University
10
Rosetta Net solution(made in Korea)
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11
e-Manufacturing
Scope of ee-Manufacturing
-Manufacturing
KMS
HR
SCM
Design & Manufacturing
CRM
Marketing
Quality Management
Virtual
Manufacturing
Product
Design
Production
Control
Design/Manufacturing
Information Management
Sales
Service
ERP
Production
Preparation
Product
Development
Manufacturing
& Assembly
Maintenance
PLM
Procurement
Logistics
Distribution
Finance
Account
한국과학기술연구원 C A D C A M 연구센터
 02 958 5647
하 성도
 136-791 서 울 시 성 북 구 하 월 곡 동 39-1
 02 958 5649
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
Seoul National University
 [email protected]
-4 -
한국과학기술연구원
CADCAM 연구센터
12
Work Flows in e-Manufacturing System
Flows in ee-Manufacturing
-Manufacturing System
information flow
suppliers
p
material flow
parts
F
SCM
o
customer
q
r
n
E
materials
ERP
a
m
l
B
A
CRM
b
D
C
Product
Development/Design
c
Production
Planning
Manufacturing
& Assembly
d
e
k
f
i
G
H
PLM
h
Operation
Management
products
waste
recyclables
g
j
customer
한국과학기술연구원 C A D C A M 연구센터
 02 958 5647
하 성도
 136-791 서 울 시 성 북 구 하 월 곡 동 39-1
 02 958 5649
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
Seoul National University
 [email protected]
-5 -
한국과학기술연구원
CADCAM 연구센터
13
Examples of Innovative Companies
•
American Companies in 1990s
1. Automation(CAD, CAM)
2. ICT(CIM)
3. Innovation(Quality, Customer Service)
4. Flexibility(Process, Labor Market)
5. Continuous Improvement
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
Seoul National University
14
Innovative Companies in Korea
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•
•
•
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S electronics: Semi-com
L elec.: DRM( Digital Recording Media) Division
M: ICT
S : Rice Cooker
Y : Plastic Parts
SH : Transformers
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Rice Cooker
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Seoul National University
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Y : Plastic Parts
종업원 15인 정도에 년간 매출액 15억 정도
플라스틱 사출성형제품의 판매
현장인원은 3인, 하루 24시간 가동
Single PPM(사출기계의 stroke data를 이용하여
interlock으로 불량예측)
5. 200여 협력사들 중 평균 품질 1위.
1.
2.
3.
4.
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Seoul National University
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Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
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SH: Transformer
• 이동 전화기용 부품
• 종업원 67명, 매출 20
억
순익 2억
• 종업원 중 50명이
비정규직
• 업무 특성과 업무 표
준에
대한 know-how
• 품질은 single PPM,
가격경쟁력은 중국
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
능가
Seoul National University
19
Gilbreth Family: Cheaper by the dozen
Frank B. Gilbreth, Junior and Ernestine Gilbreth
Carey’s Book, "Cheaper by the Dozen"
...After the cremation, Mother charted a boat
and went out into the Atlantic. Somewhere out there,
standing alone in the bow, she scattered his ashes.
That was the way Dad wanted it.
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
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20
There was a change in Mother after Dad died. A change in looks and
a change in manner. Before her marriage, all Mother's decisions
had been made by her parents. After the marriage, the decisions
were made by Dad. It was Dad who suggested having a dozen
children, and that both of them become efficiency experts. If his
interests had been in basket weaving or phrenology, she would have
followed him just as readily.
While Dad lived, Mother was afraid of fast driving, of
airplanes, of walking alone at night. When there was lightning, she
went in a dark closet and held her ears. When things went wrong at
dinner, she sometimes burst into tears and had to leave the table.
She made public speeches, but she dreaded them.
Now, suddenly, she wasn't afraid any more, because there
was nothing to be afraid of. Now nothing could upset her because
the thing that mattered most had been upset. None of us ever saw
her weep again....
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
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21
• Lillian Gilbreth, passed away in 1972 at the age of 94.
• 그녀는 1935~48년 인디애나 주 라파예트에 있는 퍼듀대학교에서
강의를 맡았고 1941~43년에는 뉴저지 주 네워크공과대학에서,
1955년에는 위스콘신대학교에서 강의를 했다.
• 길브레스 부부가 자신들의 능률이론을 그들 가정에 어떻게 적용
했는가는 12명의 자녀 가운데 프랭크 벙커 길브레스 2세와 어네스
틴 길브레스 케어리 두 사람이 기록한 회고담에 잘 나타나 있다.
재미있고 인기를 끌었던 이 2권의 회고담 가운데 하나는 〈한 다
스로 더 싸게 Cheaper by the Dozen〉(1949)라는 책으로, 1950년 에
영화화되었다. 또 하나는 〈발끝으로 선 미녀들 Belles on Their
Toes〉(1950)인데, 이 책 역시 1952년 영화로 제작되었다
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Seoul National University
22
• Someone once asked Dad: "But what do you want to
save time for? What are you going to do with it?"
• "For work, if you love that best," said Dad. "For
education, for beauty, for art, for pleasure." He looked
over the top of his pince-nez. "For mumblety-peg, if
that's where your heart lies."("남는 시간 가지고 무얼
할거지요?" "일..만약 당신이 일을 가장 사랑한다면...
교육, 아름다움, 예술, 인생을 즐기는 데", 그리고 잠시
뜸을 들인 후, "심심풀이 아무 일이던지 만약 당신의
마음이 거기에 쏠려 있다면...")
Mfg Automation & Integration Lab.
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23

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