Youth Challenges and solutions

Report
Brief introduction;
With definitions
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A young person
Young people as a whole
The time between maturity and childhood
Early maturity; the state of being young, immature
or inexperienced
An early period of development
The freshness and vitality characteristic of a young
person
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The youth really face problems
Every generation has offered varying magnitudes of
problems to the youth
This particular era of generation has offered much
more problems than the former ones
Everywhere the youth are confused, frustrated,
involved in riots, in rebellion against authority,..
And in most cases the end result is suicide or
something worse!
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This is not the case with all the youth, but it is true
for a distressingly large number of them
Juvenile delinquency - characterized by gross
misconduct reached epidemic levels decades ago
In April 7 1982, one explanation for a decrease in
crime rate was that there were fewer young
people!!!!
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Many fine youth!
The home and parents; source of love,
security, provision, guidance, standards,
discipline, hope and example… in most cases
there are always the opposite
Children learn to disrespect their parents
because sometimes they are not themselves
respectable – sometimes busy making money,
relieving their own youth and having a good
time as parents at the expense of their
children’s morals.
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Divorce has played a major role in the
development of vices among the young
people
Children learn to disrespect the authority at
home. It carries on to schools, against civil
government and divine authorities.
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The government;
The ambitious and unscrupulous politicians
are in effect a ‘stumbling block’ for the youth,
turning them off from being responsible
citizens
Power, popularity and profit have rather than
service have dominated our governments
As a result the young have always set targets
beyond their means.?? So to achieve them….
 Case
 Uganda
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study – Uganda
currently is of over 34 million people
70% are 30 years and below, of these 51% are 15
and below.
Even with efforts to allow access to education at
the most essential levels (UPE and USE Programs)
to achieve literacy, there are still many school drop
outs
These group needs programs to provide them with
skills to get a job, start a business and make it
possible to provide for themselves and their
families.
Change of attitude;
A more vital means to target school drop outs is
through providing them vocational training, yet
vocational training is not always a priority in the
national budget (1% in 2005/6 national budget of
Uganda)
 Youth leaders have turned to be more political, and
have little time for youth issues. However they are
more active in promoting recreational programs
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such as football, and many other sports
activities than in promoting entrepreneurship
skills, which is the basis of economic welfare
 Career guidance at every level of education,
as many young people do not assume their
ability to exploit their skills to provide for
themselves – many think that career guidance
is essential only at a higher level of study
 (actionaid Denmark, Uganda – Uganda
newsletter)
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Case study; continued
On July 25th 2010 was the AU Summit in Kampala,
Uganda
A group of 100 youth had met on 19th prior to the
AU Summit to discuss issues they would present
for appropriate action by the Heads of States who
would attend the Summit
3 days of meeting they presented maternal, infant
and child health, which were also the main focus of
the AU Summit
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They also tackled such topics as gender-based
violence and the role of poverty in child mortality
Promoting youth participation;
 The AYF urged the governments to; integrate, scale
up and regularly update life skills and sexual
reproductive health education in school curricula
as well as out of school programmes in line with
article 16 of the African Youth Charter; invest in
capacity development of peer educators and youth
volunteers; and to fund youth-led initiatives and
youth centers to promote participation in life skills
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and Sexual Reproductive Health research, advocacy,
training and monitoring.
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The UNICEF regional director of E and S Africa,
Elhadj As Sy and UNICEF Googwill Ambassador Mia
Farrow both said “be the change you wish to see in
this world. you can do it. The youth is the majority.
The world will belong to you.”
 The youth elected two representatives who read
the key points from their meeting to the AU
Summit ceremony of Heads of States of 25th July.
THE AFRICAN YOUTH CHARTER
The first legal framework in favor of youth
development
 The formation of AYC followed a proposal by the
African Heads of States in their meeting ‘The
African Union Strategic Planning 2004/2007’,
 Following the need to ensure that youth issues are
embedded in a legal framework and taken
seriously with the deserved attention and care
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ROLES
 Facilitates the institutionalization of youth
participation in political debates, decision making
and development processes at national, regional
and continental levels; on a regular and legal basis
for positive and constructive contribution
 Contributes to the strengthening of capacity
building programmes for young leaders in Africa
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It opens the possibility of dialogue and more
opportunity for exchange on youth development
issues and facilities relevant for improvement
through education, training and skills development
MISSION
The AYC, and thus its mission are established and
taken care of by the UNESCO (UN Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization)
“To advance knowledge, standards and intellectual
cooperation in order to facilitate social
transformations conducive to the universal values
of justice, freedom and human dignity”
UNESCO addresses five major areas:
 International migration and multiculturalism
 Urban development
 Physical education and sport
 Ant-doping, and
 youth
LIFE SKILLS
 Communication(interpersonal & listening)
 Negotiation and assertion
 Problem solving and decision making
 Anger and stress control
 Literacy
 Numeracy
Needed in their basic levels.
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Education is the most vital tool that can be used to
change the world
It begins with you
Exemplary lives
Et cetera
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http://aburningfire.net/home/Sources.htm
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http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/uganda_55191.html
http://www.tigweb.org/youth
media/panorama/article.html?ContentID=1087
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http://jar.sagepub.com/content/27/2/256.short
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UNICEF, UNESCO, AU….
THANK YOU
JOEL OGWANG
DEPT OF AGRICULTURE 2012/2013.

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