Conner ghsgt ela review

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Gruzia tiếng Anh tốt nghiệp
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GA DOE GHSGT ELA
Your English Test!
Tips

Read everything carefully.

Remember that there are no trick questions.

Consider every choice.

Guess intelligently.

Spend test time wisely.
Susan B. Anthony article

Read

Underline main idea (and or supporting
sentences)

Circle words you do not know
Susan B. Anthony article
For which audience does Ms. Anthony address
the above speech?
A. all of the citizens of her hometown
B. the female citizens of the United
States
C. members of the federal government
D. all of the citizens of the United
States
Click for response
Susan B. Anthony
Which best describes how this speech is
structured?
A. an opinion followed by supporting
details
B. a list of the speaker’s best
characteristics
C. a problem followed by several solutions
D. a sequence of historical events
 Click for response
Susan B. Anthony
Throughout the speech, the speaker uses
examples to
A. convince the people that she is right
B. compare two different ideas
C. help support her own opinion
D. explain an opposing viewpoint
 Click for response
Susan B. Anthony
What is the most likely reason Ms. Anthony
gave this speech?
A. She wanted to prove that she didn’t
commit a crime when she voted
B. She wanted to show that women
have as much right to vote as men
C. She wanted to convince other
women to send letters of protest
D. She wanted to demand an apology
for the way she was treated
Answer
Susan B. Anthony
As used in the passage, organic most
nearly means
A. just
B. great
C. basic
D. former
 Click for response
Susan B. Anthony
The point of view used in the passage
reveals the speaker’s
A. distrust of government
B. feelings of superiority
C. frustration with unjust laws
D. desire to prove her innocence
Click for response
The Odyssey

Read

Underline main idea (and or supporting
sentences)

Circle words you do not know
The Odyssey

As used in the passage, talisman most
nearly means
A. guide
B. charm
C. cure
D. symbol

Click for response
The Odyssey
Circe most likely turned the men into pigs
A. to hurt Ulysses
B. to anger Mercury
C. so they looked funny
D. so they had to stay with her

Click for response
The Odyssey
Which best describes the way in which the
passage is structured?
A. a problem followed by a solution
B. main idea with the supporting details
C. details describing a character
D. a sequence of events

Click for response
The Odyssey
The point of view in the passage reveals
A. Ulysses’ loyalty to his men
B. Mercury’s anger toward Circe
C. Circe’s faith in Ulysses
D. Ulysses’ love for Circe

Click for response
The Odyssey
The author depicts Circe’s singing as
sounding beautiful to the men’s ears to show
Circe’s
A. generous hospitality
B. sweet nature
C. enchanting powers
D. musical talent
AnswerX
The Odyssey
Which word best describes Mercury’s tone
in paragraph 5?
A. hostile
B. defensive
C. astonished
D. sympathetic
AnswerX
The Odyssey
Which assertion is best supported by the evidence in the
passage?
A. Circe has as much power as the gods and
goddesses
B. Ulysses cannot be tricked as easily as his
men
C. A true hero will always remain loyal to his
friends
D. Gods and goddesses were unconcerned
with humans
Answer X
Vocabulary
Words in Context
Using Context Clues
• Read the following
sentences and try
to choose the best
definition for the
italicized word by
searching for
context clues in
each sentence.
Look for:
•
•
•
•
Synonyms
Antonyms
Details
Clear Definition
1. The designer window treatments
in her house, installed 17 years ago,
were outmoded.
a.
b.
c.
d.
unnecessary
pointless
out-of-date
worthless
1. The designer window treatments
in her house, installed 17 years ago,
were outmoded.
a. unnecessary
b. pointless
c. out-of-date – to be outmoded is to be oldfashioned or out-of-date. The designer window
treatments may also be unnecessary, pointless,
or even worthless. However, the key to the
meaning is the context-that I, the phrase
installed 17 years ago.
d. worthless
2. Although the professor’s lectures
were regarded by many as so wearisome
that they regularly put students to sleep,
he ignored all criticism and refused to
make any changes.
a. modest
b. unpleasant
c. boring
d. objectionable
2. Although the professor’s lectures
were regarded by many as so wearisome
that they regularly put students to sleep,
he ignored all criticism and refused to
make any changes.
a. modest
b. unpleasant
c. boring Something that is wearisome is
tiresome or boring. The key to the meaning
here is the phrase they regularly put
students to sleep.
d. objectionable
3. The baseball player’s malice
toward the referee was revealed in
his spiteful remarks to the media,
which almost ruined the referee’s
career.
a.
b.
c.
d.
vindictive
crazy
rude
unpleasant
3. The baseball player’s malice
toward the referee was revealed in
his spiteful remarks to the media,
which almost ruined the referee’s
career.
a. vindictive To be spiteful is to be
vengeful or vindictive. The keys
here are the word malice and the
phrase almost ruined the referee’s
career.
b. crazy
c. rude
d. unpleasant
4. Although Zachary is much too
inexperienced for the managerial
position, he is a willful young man and
obdurately refuses to withdraw his
applications.
a.
b.
c.
d.
foolishly
reluctantly
constantly
stubbornly
4. Although Zachary is much too
inexperienced for the managerial
position, he is a willful young man and
obdurately refuses to withdraw his
applications.
a. foolishly
b. reluctantly
c. constantly
d. stubbornly
When something is done
obdurately, it is done in an inflexible or
intractable manner, or stubbornly.
The key here are the words willful
young man.
5. His neighbor’s superficial
remarks trivialized the property line
dispute and infuriated Malcolm.
a. enraged
b. petty
c. insulting
d. misleading
5. His neighbor’s superficial
remarks trivialized the property line
dispute and infuriated Malcolm.
a. enraged
b. petty A superficial remark is
insignificant and shallow, or petty.
The key here are is the word
trivialized.
c. insulting
d. misleading
6. When Katya refused to lie to her
parents about where she was
spending the night, she was
completely ostracized by her usually
loyal friends.
a.
b.
c.
d.
excluded
hurt
cheered
helped
6. When Katya refused to lie to
her parents about where she was
spending the night, she was
completely ostracized by her usually
loyal friends.
a. excluded To be ostracized is to
be banished or excluded. The key
here is the phrase usually loyal
friends, who had never shunned her
before.
•
•
•
b. hurt
c. cheered
d. helped
7. Her fashion sense was usually
described as flamboyant, but on
the night of the party, Tanya’s
outfit was uncharacteristically
modest.
a. impeccable
b. showy
c. sloppy
d. unassuming
7. Her fashion sense was usually
described as flamboyant, but on
the night of the party, Tanya’s
outfit was uncharacteristically
modest.
a. impeccable
b. showy Something that is flamboyant
is flashy or showy. The keys here are
the words usually described as
flamboyant and but…uncharacteristically
modest.
c. sloppy
d. unassuming
8. Mr. Powers was so gullible that
he believed even the most
outlandish excuses of his
insincere employees.
a. intelligent
b. naive
c. dishonest
d. critical
8. Mr. Powers was so gullible that
he believed even the most
outlandish excuses of his
insincere employees.
a. intelligent
b. naïve To be gullible means to be
easy to fool or naïve. The keys here
are the words outlandish excuses and
insincere employees.
c. dishonest
d. critical
9. One cannot become a certified
teacher without completing the
prerequisite student teaching assignment.
a. required
b. optional
c. preferred
d. advisable
9. One cannot become a certified
teacher without completing the
prerequisite student teaching assignment.
a. required A prerequisite is something
that is necessary or required. The fact
that one can’t become a certified
teacher without completing the student
teaching assignment means that it is
required. The other choices do not imply
a hard and fast rule.
b. optional
c. preferred
d. advisable
10. Charles, aware of his
susceptibility to gum disease, is
diligent about flossing.
a. uncomfortable
b. excited
c. thorough
d. ambivalent
10. Charles, aware of his
susceptibility to gum disease, is
diligent about flossing.
a. uncomfortable
b. excited
c. thorough To be diligent is to be
painstaking or thorough.
d. ambivalent
11. Even though she’d read her
supervisor’s memo four or five times,
she still found his rambling message
ambiguous.
a. profound
b. inspiring
c. ridiculous
d. unclear
11. Even though she’d read her
supervisor’s memo four or five times,
she still found his rambling message
ambiguous.
a. profound
b. inspiring
c. ridiculous
d. unclear to be ambiguous is to be
vague or unclear.
12. Excited about winning the
award, Marcia walked up to the
podium and delivered an animated
acceptance speech.
a. abbreviated
b. courteous
c. reserved
d. lively
12. Excited about winning the
award, Marcia walked up to the
podium and delivered an animated
acceptance speech.
a. abbreviated
b. courteous
c. reserved
d. lively Something that is animated
is energetic or lively.
13. The intermittent rain soaked
the garden many different times
during the day.
a. protracted
b. periodic
c. incredulous
d. light
13. The intermittent rain soaked
the garden many different times
during the day.
a. protracted
b. periodic When something is
intermittent, it is periodic or
starts and stops at intervals.
c. incredulous
d. light
14. In order to get their votes in
the next election, the senator
responded to all the complaints of
her constituents in a diplomatic
manner.
a. tactful
b. dismissive
c. delaying
d. elaborate
14. In order to get their votes in
the next election, the senator
responded to all the complaints of
her constituents in a diplomatic
manner.
a. tactful To be diplomatic is to be
sensitive in dealing with others or
tactful.
b. dismissive
c. delaying
d. elaborate
15. After several small brushfires
at the campground, officials felt the
need to augment the rules pertaining
to campfires.
a. criticize
b. retract
c. consider
d. expand
15. After several small brushfires
at the campground, officials felt
the need to augment the rules
pertaining to campfires.
a. criticize
b. retract
c. consider
d. expand
To augment something is to
add or expand it. Although c., consider,
is not out of the question, since officials
are responding to several fires that
have already occurred, it is more
pronounced and definitive than just
considering the existing rules.
16. As soon as the details of the
election were released to the media,
the newspaper was inundated with
calls - far too many to be handled
effectively.
a. provided
b. bothered
c. rewarded
d. flooded
16. As soon as the details of the
election were released to the media,
the newspaper was inundated with
calls - far too many to be handled
effectively.
a. provided
b. bothered
c. rewarded
d. flooded To be inundated is to be
overwhelmed or flooded.
17. The Marion Police Department’s
policy of aggressively recruiting women
officers is unmatched, unique in
every way.
a. rigorous
b. admirable
c. unparalleled
d. remarkable
17. The Marion Police Department’s
policy of aggressively recruiting women
officers is unmatched, unique in
every way.
a. rigorous
b. admirable
c. unparalleled
To be unique is to
be one of a kind or unparalleled.
d. remarkable
18. When people heard that Timid
Bob had taken up skydiving, they
were incredulous.
a. fearful
b. outraged
c. convinced
d. disbelieving
18. When people heard that Timid
Bob had taken up skydiving, they
were incredulous.
a. fearful
b. outraged
c. convinced
d. disbelieving
When one is
incredulous, one is skeptical or
disbelieving.
19. The technical department
enthusiastically hired MS. Long
because she was proficient in the use
of computers.
a. sincere
b. adequate
c. competent
d. skilled
19. The technical department
enthusiastically hired MS. Long
because she was proficient in the use
of computers.
a. sincere
b. adequate
c. competent
d. skilled
When one is proficient
at something, one is an expert or
skilled at it.
20. Even under tremendous public
pressure, the planning committee
would not commit itself
wholeheartedly to the proposal and
gave only tentative approval to the
waterfront development plan.
a. provisional
b. ambiguous
c. unnecessary
d. total
20. Even under tremendous public
pressure, the planning committee
would not commit itself
wholeheartedly to the proposal and
gave only tentative approval to the
waterfront development plan.
a. provisional
When
something is tentative, it is
of an uncertain or provisional
nature.
b. ambiguous
c. unnecessary
d. total
21. Regarding the need for more
free refreshments, the group’s
opinion was enthusiastic
and unanimous.
a. divided
b. uniform
c. adamant
d. spirited
21. Regarding the need for more
free refreshments, the group’s
opinion was enthusiastic
and unanimous.
a. divided
b. uniform When a group’s opinion
is unanimous, it is in accord
(agreement) or uniform.
c. adamant
d. spirited
22. Since the townspeople were so
dissatisfied, various methods to
alleviate the situation were debated.
a. ease
b. tolerate
c. clarify
d. intensify
22. Since the townspeople were so
dissatisfied, various methods to
alleviate the situation were debated.
a. ease
To alleviate
something is to make it more
bearable or to ease it.
b. tolerate
c. clarify
d. intensify
23. The assistant was fast becoming
an indispensable member of the
department, so they had no choice but
to offer him a higher salary to remain.
a. determined
b. experienced
c. essential
d. creative
23. The assistant was fast becoming
an indispensable member of the
department, so they had no choice but
to offer him a higher salary to remain.
a. determined
b. experienced
c. essential
To be indispensable is
to be necessary or essential.
d. creative
24. The attorney wanted to
expedite the process, because her
client was becoming impatient.
a. accelerate
b. evaluate
c. reverse
d. justify
24. The attorney wanted to
expedite the process, because her
client was becoming impatient.
a. accelerate To expedite a
process is to hurry it up or
accelerate it.
b. evaluate
c. reverse
d. justify
25. The suspect gave a plausible
explanation for his presence at he scene,
so the police decided to look elsewhere
for the perpetrator of the crime.
a. unbelievable
b. credible
c. insufficient
d. apologetic
25. The suspect gave a plausible
explanation for his presence at he scene,
so the police decided to look elsewhere
for the perpetrator of the crime.
a. unbelievable
b. credible
If something is
plausible, it is believable or
credible.
c. insufficient
d. apologetic
26. He based his conclusion on what
he inferred from the evidence, not
on what he actually observed.
a. predicted
b. imagined
c. surmised
d. implied
26. He based his conclusion on what
he inferred from the evidence, not
on what he actually observed.
a. predicted
b. imagined
c. surmised
To infer something is to
surmise it or deduce it from the
evidence.
d. implied
27. The neighborhood-watch group
presented its ultimatum at the
town board meeting: Repave the
streets or prepare for protests.
a. earnest plea
b. formal petition
c. solemn promise
d. non-negotiable
27. The neighborhood-watch group
presented its ultimatum at the
town board meeting: Repave the
streets or prepare for protests.
a. earnest plea
b. formal petition
c. solemn promise
d. non-negotiable
An ultimatum is a
final statement of terms or non-
negotiable demand.
28. The editor of the newspaper
needed to be sure the article
presented the right information, so
his review was meticulous.
a. delicate
b. painstaking
c. superficial
d. objective
28. The editor of the newspaper
needed to be sure the article
presented the right information, so
his review was meticulous.
a. delicate
b. painstaking To be meticulous is
to be extremely careful or
painstaking.
c. superficial
d. objective
29. The general public didn’t care
about the trial and was apathetic
about the verdict.
a. enraged
b. indifferent
c. suspicious
d. saddened
29. The general public didn’t care
about the trial and was apathetic
about the verdict.
a. enraged
b. indifferent To be
apathetic is to show little or
no interest or to be
indifferent.
c. suspicious
d. saddened
30. The doctors were pleased that
their theory had been fortified by
the new research.
a. reinforced
b. altered
c. disputed
d. developed
30. The doctors were pleased that
their theory had been fortified by
the new research.
a. reinforced
To be fortified is to
be strengthened or reinforced.
b. altered
c. disputed
d. developed
More Vocabulary!
Fiction - a narrative writing based on
imagination, usually the novel or the
short story.
Metaphor - a comparison of two unlike
things without using "like" or "as".
Narrator - The person telling the story
Novel - covering a wide range of prose
materials which have two common
characteristics: they are fictional
and lengthy
Point of view
the perspective from which the writer tells the story
(1st, 2nd, 3rd person; omniscient, limited omniscient)
1st person POV - Uses "I" - Narrator is IN the story
2nd person POV - refers to use of "you" in a story, used less
often, this type of POV work would be used in recipes or
instructions
3rd person POV - the narrator is telling the events from
"outside" the story using pronouns such as "he", "she" or
"they" . This point of view may be omniscient or limited.
Omniscient POV - an all-knowing narrator shares the
actions, thoughts, and dialogue of ALL characters
Limited Omniscient POV - speaker shares
actions/dialogue of all characters, but the
thoughts of ONE or TWO characters only
Setting - The time and place of a story, which
usually play an important role in the events
that occur
Theme - central idea or message in a work of literature
Main idea - A main idea is a writer's principal message.
It may be the central idea of an entire work or
thought expressed in a paragraph’s topic sentence.
Conflict - The problem or struggle that the characters
have to solve or come to grips with by the end of
the story
Resolution/denouement - The portion of a play or story
where the problem is solved
Anecdote - A short narrative that tells the particulars
of an interesting and/or humorous event
Irony - the contrast between what is
expected or what appears to be and what
actually is.
Hyperbole - a type of figurative language that
makes an extreme exaggeration for effect
and not meant to be taken literally
Symbolism - a literary device in which an object,
person, action, or place represents or stands
for something beyond its literal meaning
Personification - giving human or animate qualities
to nonhuman or inanimate things
Tone - the attitude a writer takes toward his or
her subject, characters, and audience. Tone
can be revealed through choice of words
or details.
“It is better to keep your mouth shut and appear
stupid than to open it and remove all doubt”
The above is an example of what literary term?
A.
B.
C.
D.
paradox
alliteration
proverb
pun
“It is better to keep your mouth shut and appear
stupid than to open it and remove all doubt”
The above is an example of what literary term?
A. paradox
B.alliteration
C. Proverb -proverb (a short, well-known
statement that expresses a common truth or
experience) Paradox is a contradictory or absurd
statement that has some truth to it. Alliteration is
the repetition of initial consonant sounds. A pun is
a play on words.
D. pun
“Buzz,” “Pop,” “Zoom”
The above are examples of what literary
device?
A.
B.
C.
D.
cliché
onomatopoeia
simile
alliteration
“Buzz,” “Pop,” “Zoom”
The above are examples of what literary
device?
A. cliché
B. onomatopoeia - the use of a word whose
sound imitates or suggests its meaning
C. simile
D. alliteration
What is the name for a poem that consists of
three lines: five syllables in the first and third
lines, and seven syllables in the second line?
A.
B.
C.
D.
sonnet
narrative poem
blank verse
haiku
What is the name for a poem that consists of
three lines: five syllables in the first and third
lines, and seven syllables in the second line?
A. sonnet
B. narrative poem
C. blank verse
D. Haiku - a sonnet is a 14-line poem which
ends in a rhyming couplet. A narrative poem
tells a story while blank verse has no rhyme
or meter.
Which sentence contains a grammatical error?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Cody spoke quiet so I could not hear him.
The salesperson aggressively tried to sell the car.
Margaret played the piano extremely well.
The swimmer slowly climbed onto the diving board.
Which sentence contains a grammatical error?
A. Cody spoke quiet so I could not hear him.
quiet should be changed to ―quietly (Quietly is an
adverb modifying “spoke”. It tells how the person
spoke.)
B. The salesperson aggressively tried to sell the car.
C. Margaret played the piano extremely well.
D. The swimmer slowly climbed onto the diving board.
What is the name for a poem that has only
fourteen lines?
A.
B.
C.
D.
sonnet
narrative poem
lyric poetry
haiku
What is the name for a poem that has only
fourteen lines?
A. sonnet - a 14- line poem
B. narrative poem
C. lyric poetry
D. haiku
A narrative poem is one which tells a story; lyric
poetry has musical quality, contains imagery, and
appeals to the senses. A haiku has only 3 lines
with 5, 7 and 5 syllables, respectively.
“dress and boss” – “slither and slather”
The above are examples of what literary
term?
A.
B.
C.
D.
consonance
alliteration
dialect
irony
“dress and boss” – “slither and slather”
The above are examples of what literary
term?
A. consonance repetition of the same or
similar final consonant sounds
B. alliteration
C. dialect
D. irony
Read the passage below and answer the
question that follows.
All the lions began to groom their fur. The
smallest cub started to lick its paws, too.
A.
B.
C.
D.
Change their to they’re
Change its to it’s
Change too to to
No revision is needed.
Read the passage below and answer the
question that follows.
All the lions began to groom their fur. The
smallest cub started to lick its paws, too.
A. Change their to they’re
B. Change its to it’s
C. Change too to to
D. No revision is needed. No revision is
needed. All homonyms are used in
the correct form.
NEXT
• Correction
• D. all of the citizens of the United
States
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• Correction
• A. an opinion followed by supporting
details
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• Correction
• C. help support her own opinion
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• Correction
B. She wanted to show that women
have as much right to vote as men
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• Correction
• C. basic
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• C. frustration with unjust laws
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• B. charm
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• D. so they had to stay with her
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• D. a sequence of events
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• A. Ulysses’ loyalty to his men
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• C. enchanting powers
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• D. sympathetic
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C. A true hero will always remain loyal
to his friends
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