Literacy in E9, Nigeria

Moving towards universal
literacy in E9 countries
Following up on
the Abuja Framework for Action, 2010
The Ninth E-9 Ministerial Review Meeting,
New Delhi, India, 9-10 November 2012
About this presentation
This presentation is based on the National Progress Reports received from Nigeria, India, Pakistan,
Bangladesh, Mexico , Brazil and Egypt. The data on literacy rates is based on UIS database and the
statistics furnished by the E-9 countries in their progress reports. The presentation follows the structure
adopted in the Abuja Framework for Action,2010. It maps out broad trends and progress made during the
last two years based only on the seven country reports received.
The good news:
There are fewer non literates in E9 countries today as compared to 1990 and 2000
The challenges remain as we race to the finish line
The framework that guided our actions during the last two years
Mobilize stronger
commitment to literacy
Reinforce effective
literacy programme
Harness new resources
for literacy
E-9 Cooperation
There is a stronger commitment
to literacy
New laws are being enacted, old laws are being implemented
National Education Policy, 2009 of Pakistan
One of the aims: Literacy rate shall be increased up to 86% by 2015
Right to Education Act enacted in India in 2010 giving impetus to universalizing primary
Fundamental Principles of State Policy in Bangladesh Constitution talk of ‘removing illiteracy’
and new law on Non Formal Education is on the anvil
– The National Action Plan aims to reach 100% literacy rate by 2014
Programmes have been launched in India, Egypt, Brazil and Nigeria and planned to be
launched in, Bangladesh, Mexico and Pakistan
Intensive advocacy efforts in all countries:
– 2010 and 2011 declared as National Literacy years by the Prime Minister of Pakistan
– Mass mobilization and community level action, literacy song and literacy flag (India)
– Literacy ambassadors initiative: involving legislators in setting up Community Literacy
Centres (CLC) (Nigeria)
– Session of Parliamentarians on literacy in Pakistan
– 30 minute weekly programme on literacy on Nigerian national TV
– Media campaigns in Egyptian villages
Almost all the countries are
scaling up literacy programmes
Egypt’s National Literacy Campaign launched in September 2011
Nigeria has launched a programme for revitalizing adult and youth literacy and is
to launch a literacy campaign in November 2012.
Saakshar Bharat Mission launched by the Prime Minister of India in 2009 aims to
achieve 80% literacy rate by imparting literacy skills to 70 million non-literates out
of which 60 million are women
Mexico has an action plan to cover indigenous populations and reduce the
illiteracy rate to 5.5 % from the current 6.9% by 2015
The ‘Literate Brazil programme’ targets to reduce illiteracy rate from the current
9.62% to 6.5% by 2015
In Pakistan, National Commission for Human Development(NCHD) established
83,599 adult education centres and imparted literacy skills to around 2 million
learners during the last 3 years and has a three pronged strategy:
– Enhance literacy rate in under-developed districts(57 districts with less than 50 %
– Involvement of provincial stakeholders to play their role
– Ensure 100% enrollment and reducing dropout rate in primary education at the level
below 10 %
Programme delivery is improving
Focus is on equity: reaching out to women, girls, marginalized, rural, indigenous
populations and low literacy areas
– India’s focus in the literacy programme is mainly on rural women
– Egypt’s specific strategies for improving women literacy in its National Campaign
– Nigeria’s model centres for girls and the development of primers in 22 minority
languages in Nigeria
– Mexico’s focus on the learning needs of illiterate indigenous groups
All the countries are looking at literacy across the lifespan and are, therefore,
integrating literacy learning in school and literacy acquired by youth and adults in
non-formal settings
The quality of literacy materials and their delivery is being monitored
Literacy is being linked to income generation and vocational skill development
Multi-functional Community Learning Centres are being set up
Capacity building of instructors and other personnel: Now, an integral part of all
the plans
Decentralized implementation and
more community involvement
• Implementation is increasingly being decentralized
– Pakistan’s devolution of management to provincial level with oversight by the
National Commission for Human Development
– India’s decentralized approach actively involving local governments under the
direction of the National Literacy Mission
– Nigeria’s Community based management committees (CBMC) under the
direction of the National Mass Education Commission
• The partnership base is being widened: Programmes implemented
increasingly with support and active involvement of NGOs, CBOs and
private sector companies
– For example: Non governmental Association for Literacy Support Services
(NOGALSS) in Nigeria, Corporate houses in India, NGOs like Dhaka Ahsania
Mission in Bangladesh and Buniyad in Pakistan
Assessment, accreditation, certification and
equivalency systems are being put in place
• India has put in place a systematic assessment of literacy
– National Institute of Open Schooling, India assesses literacy skills as
well as general awareness and empowerment through participation in
various activities.14,438,004 learners have been certified as literate
• Building bridges between formal, non-formal and informal
• National qualification framework being developed integrating
formal, non formal and informal learning(Nigeria)
• Equivalency frameworks are in place in quite a few countries
like Nigeria, India and Bangladesh
– For example, in Nigeria, adult learners could join Junior Secondary
Schools after completion of the literacy course
Many countries are exploring new
resources for literacy
• Augmenting state funding:
• The budget for Adult education in India has gone up from
US$250 million(2002-2007) to US$1.2billion(2007-12)
• Private sector participation
• Private sector establishing literacy centres
• New mechanisms
• Launch of Mass Literacy Trust funds ( Nigeria, Egypt)
• Community organizations, philanthropists
• Voluntary community donations(Pakistan)
• Businessmen forum(Egypt)
E-9 has emerged as a useful platform for
sharing knowledge and accelerating action
• Sharing of experiences: Workshops hosted by Indonesia, India, China and
• Possible collaboration:
– For example: Nigeria with Indonesia and India in the use of ICTs for literacy
– Many such collaborative arrangements can be thought of
– Twinning between E-9 and other countries: An idea that has been mooted but
yet to take a concrete shape
• A new institutional base for E9 collaborative efforts:
– India’s proposal for setting up an International Centre for policy
research and training in adult education to promote adult education in
E9 and SAARC countries
Let us, together, make a difference
• 525 million out of the total non-literate population of 775
million are in the E9 countries which translates to two thirds
of the world’s problem of illiteracy
• We should strengthen our collaborative endeavour and
become a learning community of practice
• The High level International Round Table on Literacy held on
6-7 September this year at UNESCO headquarters brought
together 41 countries including the E-9 countries that have
high literacy challenges
• The Paris Communiqué on scaling up literacy was endorsed
by all the countries participating in the Round Table. 35
countries have shared their action plans to scale up literacy in
the next three years
• We have made progress but there seems to be
a lot more to be done
• What is required now is to prioritize literacy in
each of our countries, take decisive action on
ground and establish a sustainable system of
literacy learning
• Equally important is the need to harness
additional resources both from within our
countries and also from organizations like
Global Partnership for Education
• Let us make this mission happen.
Thank you for your attention

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