Fall Protection

Your life depends on it
Understand the purpose for fall protection
Identify fall protection locations
Understand and be familiar with how to use
fall protection equipment
Understand employee’s responsibilities
Understand the regulations
Answer questions
Practice proficiency
Purpose of Fall Protection
Training is a part of this process
Protection at WBI Holdings may include:
◦ Guardrails with toeboards,
◦ Handrails
◦ Personal fall arrest systems
Anchor points
Full body harness
Restraint system
Shock absorbing lanyard
Fall limiter lanyard
Retractable lifeline
Rope grabs with vertical lifeline
◦ Engineered horizontal lifelines
Flat and sloped roof locations when within 6 feet of
the edge
Exterior and interior equipment, equipment or
working platforms, catwalks, antennas/towers etc.
Exterior and interior fixed ladders above 20 feet
Open excavations or pits
Required use of articulating man lifts
When leaning outside the vertical rails of ladders and
when performing work where 3 points of contact
can’t be maintained
Scaffolding erection
Whenever there is a fall hazard above 6 feet or more
Guardrails may be required on stairways (4 or more
steps) and walkways over 38 inches (4 feet)
Engineering controls
Fall prevention system
◦ Can the task be done remotely?
◦ Could it be redesigned?
◦ Engineered systems can be
designed with 2 to 1 safety
◦ Guardrails (4 or more stairs and
above 38 inches/4 ft)
Open walkways
Open pits
Open wall openings
Stairways (don’t forget the
 Work platforms
◦ Restraint System
 Harness attached to a line or
 Line or lanyard attached to anchor
 Prevents fall beyond edge of
working surface
Feasible Controls
Types of controls
Fall Arrest System
◦ Full body harness
◦ Lanyard or self retracting lifeline
◦ Anchor point
5000 pound anchor point for free fall
situations or
◦ not part of an engineered fall arrest system
Engineered horizontal lifelines can have a
safety factor of 2 to 1
◦ 350 pound person and equipment = 450 pounds
◦ Anchor points need to hold 900 pounds
Self Retracting Life Lines – not part of an
engineered system
◦ Engage within 2 ft – 3,000 pound
◦ Engage at or above 2 ft – 5,000 pound anchor
4 ft
1 ft
5 ft
3 ft
Know your distance! Don’t forget your connectors
Total Estimated
Fall distance
16.5 ft
2 ft
3 1/2 ft*
1 ft
5 ft
3 ft
Know your distance! Remember to add your
* 39 inches is required by code probable stop
is 2 to 6 inches
Will the PPE keep you from falling a great
Will the PPE keep you from hitting equipment?
Will the PPE lessen the damage or injury?
Consider what the PPE will do – stabilize,
prevent injury, prevent death
Permanent and Temporary solutions
◦ Designed by an engineer
◦ Installed and used as designed
Have to know how many workers are allowed
Have to understand the tension on the line
Work as directly under
the anchor point as
possible to prevent
swing back
Even with a retractable
life line – consider the
swing should you fall
When using the crane
trolley remember to
pull it so it is right
above you
Think it out
Before you snap it in
Examine and verify the nylon
webbing to ensure there are no
burn marks, or torn, frayed,
broken fibers, pulled stitches or
frayed edges
Examine D-ring for excessive
wear, pits deterioration or cracks
Verify the buckles are not
deformed, cracked and operate
correctly – and easily
Grommets (if present) must be
secure and not deformed
Rivets must be tight and not
Tongue/straps should not have
excessive wear
Front and Back
Six steps to save your life
Check for cuts, burns,
abrasions, kinks, knots,
broken stitches, and
excessive wear
Inspect snaphooks for
hook, locks and eye
Check carabiner for
excessive wear, distortion,
and lock operation
All locking mechanisms
must seat and lock properly
and prevent hook from
Visually inspect shock
absorber for signs of
damage – look closely
where it attaches to the
Verify points where
lanyard attaches to the
snaphook is free of
Shock Absorbing Lanyards
Inspect for hook and eye
Verify there are no cracks,
pitted surfaces or eye
Ensure the keeper latch is
not bent, distorted or
obstructed and seats within
the nose without binding
Ensure the spring
mechanism closes the latch
securely and locks properly
Inspect for integrity
and attachment to
solid surface
Visually inspect to ensure
no physical damage to the
body of the unit
Ensure all back nuts or
rivets are tight
Ensure the entire length of
strap is free of any cuts,
burns, abrasions, kinks,
knots, broken stitches, or
excessive wear and it
retracts freely
Test unit to ensure it locks
correctly with a sharp pull
on the lanyard
Self Retracting Lanyards
Articulating Manlift
Horizontal Lifelines –
line and anchors
◦ Visual inspection for
structural integrity
◦ Follow manufacturer’s
Never store personal fall
arrest equipment in the
bottom of a tool box, on
the ground, or exposed
to the elements
Equipment should be
hung up to retain its
Hanging equipment in a
compressor building,
warehouse, or locker is
Your life
Equipment should be
kept relatively clean
◦ Clean with a mild soap
and water
◦ Hang to dry
Equipment should not
be stored near
corrosives, excessive
heat, chemicals,
moisture or sunlight
Is on the line
Means of getting the
person down or up
depending on the space
and the work
◦ Rope to bring down
employee at 3 ft per
second decent (Rescumatic
or Rollgliss systems)
◦ Self rescue or assisted
Use of Relief Step Safety
Fall protection is both
Up and down situations
Documented inspection required annually for all
◦ Documented monthly inspection required for selfretracting lanyards
Annual training required
Harnesses, lanyards, snaphooks, carabineers,
tie-off adaptors and anchorages must be
destroyed if involved in a fall
Self-retracting lanyards must be inspected after a
◦ Manufacturer’s may have additional servicing and
maintenance requirements – consult the user’s manual
Recognizing fall hazards
Controlling fall hazards
◦ General overview of fall protection
◦ Identify fall hazards at company facilities and work areas
General overview of equipment
Means of control at our facilities
Ensuring co-workers and contractors control fall hazards
Inspection and maintenance of equipment
Installation of equipment
Use of equipment
Employee responsibilities
Review of Company policy
Hands on performance observation
Go to a location where a harness, lanyard,
anchor points are needed for fall protection
Determine what equipment is necessary
Inspect equipment
Determine anchor points
Prepare to perform a climb
Discuss the rescue plan should a fall occur
Don equipment and perform a climb
After all the class has performed a climb
consider a rescue operation

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