Fall Protection

Report
Your life depends on it
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Understand the purpose for fall protection
Identify fall protection locations
Understand and be familiar with how to use
fall protection equipment
Understand employee’s responsibilities
Understand the regulations
Answer questions
Practice proficiency
Purpose of Fall Protection
Training is a part of this process
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Protection at WBI Holdings may include:
◦ Guardrails with toeboards,
◦ Handrails
◦ Personal fall arrest systems
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Anchor points
Full body harness
Restraint system
Shock absorbing lanyard
Fall limiter lanyard
Retractable lifeline
Rope grabs with vertical lifeline
Connectors
◦ Engineered horizontal lifelines
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Flat and sloped roof locations when within 6 feet of
the edge
Exterior and interior equipment, equipment or
working platforms, catwalks, antennas/towers etc.
Exterior and interior fixed ladders above 20 feet
Open excavations or pits
Required use of articulating man lifts
When leaning outside the vertical rails of ladders and
when performing work where 3 points of contact
can’t be maintained
Scaffolding erection
Whenever there is a fall hazard above 6 feet or more
Guardrails may be required on stairways (4 or more
steps) and walkways over 38 inches (4 feet)
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Engineering controls
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Fall prevention system
◦ Can the task be done remotely?
◦ Could it be redesigned?
◦ Engineered systems can be
designed with 2 to 1 safety
factor
◦ Guardrails (4 or more stairs and
above 38 inches/4 ft)
Open walkways
Open pits
Open wall openings
Stairways (don’t forget the
handrails)
 Work platforms
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◦ Restraint System
 Harness attached to a line or
lanyard
 Line or lanyard attached to anchor
point
 Prevents fall beyond edge of
working surface
Feasible Controls
Types of controls
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Fall Arrest System
◦ Full body harness
◦ Lanyard or self retracting lifeline
◦ Anchor point
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5000 pound anchor point for free fall
situations or
◦ not part of an engineered fall arrest system
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Engineered horizontal lifelines can have a
safety factor of 2 to 1
◦ 350 pound person and equipment = 450 pounds
◦ Anchor points need to hold 900 pounds
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Self Retracting Life Lines – not part of an
engineered system
◦ Engage within 2 ft – 3,000 pound
◦ Engage at or above 2 ft – 5,000 pound anchor
4 ft
3.5
1 ft
5 ft
3 ft
Know your distance! Don’t forget your connectors
Total Estimated
Fall distance
16.5 ft
2 ft
3 1/2 ft*
1 ft
5 ft
3 ft
Know your distance! Remember to add your
connectors.
* 39 inches is required by code probable stop
is 2 to 6 inches
14’
1/2
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Will the PPE keep you from falling a great
distance?
Will the PPE keep you from hitting equipment?
Will the PPE lessen the damage or injury?
Consider what the PPE will do – stabilize,
prevent injury, prevent death
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Permanent and Temporary solutions
◦ Designed by an engineer
◦ Installed and used as designed
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Have to know how many workers are allowed
Have to understand the tension on the line
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Work as directly under
the anchor point as
possible to prevent
swing back
Even with a retractable
life line – consider the
swing should you fall
When using the crane
trolley remember to
pull it so it is right
above you
Think it out
Before you snap it in
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Examine and verify the nylon
webbing to ensure there are no
burn marks, or torn, frayed,
broken fibers, pulled stitches or
frayed edges
Examine D-ring for excessive
wear, pits deterioration or cracks
Verify the buckles are not
deformed, cracked and operate
correctly – and easily
Grommets (if present) must be
secure and not deformed
Rivets must be tight and not
deformed
Tongue/straps should not have
excessive wear
Harness
Front and Back
Six steps to save your life
http://www.millerfallprotection.com/fa
ll-protection-products/videos/howto-put-on-a-harness-six-easy-stepsthat-could-save-your-life-2
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Check for cuts, burns,
abrasions, kinks, knots,
broken stitches, and
excessive wear
Inspect snaphooks for
hook, locks and eye
distortion
Check carabiner for
excessive wear, distortion,
and lock operation
All locking mechanisms
must seat and lock properly
and prevent hook from
opening
Lanyards
and
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Visually inspect shock
absorber for signs of
damage – look closely
where it attaches to the
lanyard
Verify points where
lanyard attaches to the
snaphook is free of
defects
Shock Absorbing Lanyards
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Inspect for hook and eye
distortions
Verify there are no cracks,
pitted surfaces or eye
distortions
Ensure the keeper latch is
not bent, distorted or
obstructed and seats within
the nose without binding
Ensure the spring
mechanism closes the latch
securely and locks properly
Snaphooks/Carabineers
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Inspect for integrity
and attachment to
solid surface
Tie-off
adaptors/Anchorages
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Visually inspect to ensure
no physical damage to the
body of the unit
Ensure all back nuts or
rivets are tight
Ensure the entire length of
strap is free of any cuts,
burns, abrasions, kinks,
knots, broken stitches, or
excessive wear and it
retracts freely
Test unit to ensure it locks
correctly with a sharp pull
on the lanyard
Self Retracting Lanyards
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Articulating Manlift
Horizontal Lifelines –
line and anchors
Guardrails
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Conduct
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◦ Visual inspection for
structural integrity
◦ Follow manufacturer’s
recommendations
Other
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Never store personal fall
arrest equipment in the
bottom of a tool box, on
the ground, or exposed
to the elements
Equipment should be
hung up to retain its
shape
Hanging equipment in a
compressor building,
warehouse, or locker is
acceptable
Your life
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Equipment should be
kept relatively clean
◦ Clean with a mild soap
and water
◦ Hang to dry
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Equipment should not
be stored near
corrosives, excessive
heat, chemicals,
moisture or sunlight
Is on the line
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Means of getting the
person down or up
depending on the space
and the work
◦ Rope to bring down
employee at 3 ft per
second decent (Rescumatic
or Rollgliss systems)
◦ Self rescue or assisted
rescue
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Use of Relief Step Safety
Device
Fall protection is both
Up and down situations
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Documented inspection required annually for all
equipment
◦ Documented monthly inspection required for selfretracting lanyards
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Annual training required
Harnesses, lanyards, snaphooks, carabineers,
tie-off adaptors and anchorages must be
destroyed if involved in a fall
Self-retracting lanyards must be inspected after a
fall
◦ Manufacturer’s may have additional servicing and
maintenance requirements – consult the user’s manual
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Recognizing fall hazards
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Controlling fall hazards
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◦ General overview of fall protection
◦ Identify fall hazards at company facilities and work areas
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General overview of equipment
Means of control at our facilities
Ensuring co-workers and contractors control fall hazards
Inspection and maintenance of equipment
Installation of equipment
Use of equipment
Employee responsibilities
Review of Company policy
Hands on performance observation
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Go to a location where a harness, lanyard,
anchor points are needed for fall protection
Determine what equipment is necessary
Inspect equipment
Determine anchor points
Prepare to perform a climb
Discuss the rescue plan should a fall occur
Don equipment and perform a climb
After all the class has performed a climb
consider a rescue operation

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