Surah Baqarah (Ayahs 11-16)

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Surah Baqarah
Lesson #4B
Ayahs 11-16
November 13th, 2013
RECAP
 Traits of the hypocrites (ayahs 8-10)
 They try to deceive the believers
 They lie
 Have a disease in their hearts
 They are not actually believers
Verse 11
Verse 11
 Fasaad – literally: when something goes bad;
technically: to cause corruption/disorders so
things are not normal
 Ard – applies to earth/area (not literally IN the
earth); corruption on the earth is caused by acts
of disobedience
 1. Physical earth: people lie to each other;
famine, pollution etc.
 2. Ahlul earth: dwellers of the earth; lying to
each other, killing, ruining relationships
Verse 11
 Sawlih – to put things right after they’ve
been corrupted
 Hypocrites are unaware of their deeds;
they consider their wrong actions to be
correct
Verse 12
 A word that begins a sentence to:
 alert the listener
 exclamation
 Prove authenticity
 Hum – mentioned twice for emphasis and for
confining only these people
Fasaad (Corruption)
Verse 13
 Similar to; the people refers to
the sahabas and the Prophet
SAW; the hypocrites are calling
the sahabas the “foolish ones”
 An-Naas- refers to the sincere
believers
 –
 it’s a rhetorical question for the
purpose of negation; meaning
we’re not going to believe and
also to belittle proper imaan
Verse 13
 Literally when something in weight and can be blown
away easily
 Technically: a foolish person can be swayed easily; light in
their position and determination;
 WHY did the hypocrites call the believers foolish?
 Because of the sacrifices the believers made
 Losing out on the dunya; losing worldly benefits
 They listened to everything Allah SWT commanded them
 However, Allah SWT calls the hypocrites the foolish ones
Characteristics of Hypocrites
 They think they are very high and proud, however, they will be in the
lowest depths of hell fire
 Good manners and understanding of the deen are not present in a
hypocrite (Prophet SAW)
 They are actually foolish because they only look at the temporary
benefit and lose out on the hereafter
 When he speaks, he tells a lie
 When he makes a promise, he breaks it
 When he is trusted with something, he breaks the trust
 Two-faced
 They make fun of other people, especially the believers
Ayah 14
Ayah 14
 Laquu – coming face to face with someone; when
the hypocrites see the believers they immediately
profess their religiosity and say we are believers
 Khalaw – when they have secluded themselves with
their evil ones; in order to take counsel and advice
 Shaitaan – not only limited to Iblees; also from
among the jinns and humans; anyone who is of evil
nature; they command evil, incite evil and wrong.
 Over here it refers to their evil leaders because they
command the masses to disobey Allah SWT
 Hypocrites are lowly and scared all the time because
they tell the Muslims they’re with them and when they
are with the disbelievers , they say they are with him
Verse 14 (continued…)
 Istihzaa
 to make fun of someone upon
considering them to be of little
importance and value.
 Laughing at someone because of
something they’re doing that doesn’t
make sense to you.
Characteristics of Hypocrites
 Hypocrites are scared to have their own identity
and of standing out in the crowd
 Hypocrites are not sincere to anyone (to others or
even to their own group, or to Allah SWT)
 When they come to their leaders they say “We
were just joking, we’re actually with you”
 Hypocrites make fun of others behind their back
Verse 15
Verse 15
 Allah mocks at them – Mushaakila: the
word that is used to describe the offence
is also used to describe the punishment
for the offence
 Allah SWT has the power to take revenge
on them, therefore, Allah SWT is
defending the believers
Verse 15 (Continued)…
 Literally the hypocrites will be mocked at in the
Hereafter
 Madda Yamaddu: extending something
 Tug’yaaneehim: crossing the bounds of
something; the person doesn’t care about the
limits
 Allah SWT lets them do whatever they want to do,
doesn’t punish them immediately so they think
they’re right
 Connection with sealing of the hearts
Verse 15 (Continued)…
 Blindness of the heart; a state of
confusion/lost. Their state of being
engrossed in wrong deeds
 “I don’t care” attitude
 Not caring about any limits
 The believers, however, do care 
Verse 16
Verse 16
To show how far the hypocrites are from the sight of Allah
SWT
 they have purchased misguidance; if you give your
money to buy something you’re giving that something
more value than your own hard worked money (you
don’t mind spending $200/$300 for example)
 The hypocrites prefer disbelief over belief
 Preferring doubt over certainty and imaan
Verse 16 (Continued)…
 Rabaha – to gain some profit
 This transaction gave them no benefit at
all because they were neither on the
side of the believers or disbelievers
REFLECTIONS!
Homework
 HYPOCRITES VS BELIEVERS
comparison/contrast chart
 Reflect, share and review the word for word
translation
 Analyze yourself in light of these verses

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