Tiny Houses What does this mean for our communities? KRCC Housing Advisory Team Kitsap County: Commissioner Charlotte Garrido City of Bainbridge Island: Council Member Val Tollefson City of Bremerton: Mayor Patty Lent City of Poulsbo: Mayor Becky Erickson City of Port Orchard: Mayor Tim Matthes e.g. Zoning? Fire Code? Incentivize? Knowledgeable Resources Elected Officials Local Government Staff Citizen Advocates Local Building & Planning Staff A Discussion within Our Community and Look Who’s Here! Building Community Housing Authorities Social Service Agencies Why Tiny Houses? Average Home Size 1,780 square feet (1978) 2,479 square feet 1973 1987 (2007) “Getting away from it all” 1997 The Not So Big House Sarah Susanka Architectural & social movement Living simply In small houses But what are Tiny Houses? Micropod Tiny House Micro Housing Park Model Home Cottage Housing Accessory Dwelling Units 32 ft2 80 – 999 100 – 400 117 – 874 43 – 107 100 – 200 220 + Key design factors: Built to RV specs or … Anchored vs. Wheels Assembled vs. Pre-fab Wikipedia Tiny Life.com Tumbleweed Tiny Houses n/a No kitchen Kitchen City of Seattle < 400 RV reqs, moveable, tie-downs 800 – 1100 Design guidelines, Clustered < 3000 Co-located, Accessory use What’s the Cost of Tiny Homes? Under 400 ft2 RV rules $60,000 - $80,000 Up to 200 ft2 $30,000 - $40,000 With shared kitchen Up to 200 ft2 Kit w/ optional install $4,000 - $14,000 (kit) + Optional Install 200 ft2 Shipping Containers $29,000 - $36,000 130-172 ft2 DIY/Plans → Kit → Fully Assembled $60,000 (custom) $15,000 (partial build) $6,000 (DIY) Offers financing 100 ft2 Very modern $23,000 - $28,000 ($42,400) Custom features (off-grid) 98 ft2 Volunteer labor $5,000 12 on order today Sold 50 in a year Who wants Tiny Houses? Empty Nesters Aging in Place Vacation Homes New Homeowners Income Challenged Farm Workers Guest Cottages Retired Couples Studios Young People Young People wanting “off the grid” Young Boomerang Professionals College Kids People Who Are Homeless Where are Tiny House Villages & Communities? New Zealand What are Challenges of Tiny Homes? Neighborhood reactions to in-fill clusters of low income people e.g. Tent Cities Group Homes Permitting Utility Hook-ups Occupant Health & Safety Not cost-effective for developers to “do it right” By the time you deal with code restrictions & requirements, no longer affordable housing 5 Secrets They Don’t Want You to Know 1. Most cities are “complaint driven enforcement” meaning if your neighbors don’t say anything, they don’t seek you out. 2. In 2012 and 2013, most cities started cutting back their code enforcement staff and they’d rather leave you alone. 3. If you maintain an address at a traditional home, it’s hard for them to prove you live in the tiny house. 4. They won’t say it, but they think tiny houses are awesome and the wave of the future. 5. Most campgrounds limit your stay to 14-21 days, but if you have two campgrounds in town, you can alternate until one of them likes you enough to invite you to stay. Private campgrounds are more willing to do this. From: Cracking the Code: A Guide to Building Codes & Zoning for Tiny Houses ~ The Ins & Outs of Living Small ~ Brad Lansing, Superior Structures NW via SKYPE: Ross Beck, Tumbleweed Sharon Read, Seattle Tiny Homes Some perspectives from local architects & builders: Miriam Villiard, Heritage Builders NW Randy Biegenwald, Kitsap HBA Jonathan Davis, Davis Studio Some perspectives from local planners & regulators: Jeff Rowe-Hornbaker, Kitsap County xxx 1 hour 15 Minute Break Quixote Village ~ Olympia, WA Jill Severn, Board Member, Panza Foundation Steve Friddle, Principal Planner, City of Olympia Raul Salazar, Quixote Village Program Manager Discussion & More Discussion 1 hour up to 1 hr What does this mean for our communities?