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Report
Thomas Deml
Principal Program Manager
Microsoft Corp
WIA 302
Agenda
The Problem with Web Hosting
The IIS7 Hosting Platform
The IIS7 Hosting Extensions
Hosting Best Practices
Resources
The Problem with Web Hosting
As a Web Hoster you provide a solution to run
untested, buggy and fragile code in a cost
effective manner
Requirements:
Prevent web applications from monopolizing the
system
Isolate web applications from each other
Offer your hosting solutions at very low cost
Troubleshoot issues caused by differences between
the developers coding environment and the hosting
environment
Be able to grow beyond a single machine
The IIS 7 Platform – Tuned for Hosting
The IIS Process Model
On-demand architecture tuned for hosting web
applications
A powerful new configuration system
Bye, bye Metabase
Compelling administration options
Command-line, scripts, APIs
First class troubleshooting
Provides transparency what’s going on inside IIS
IIS 7 On-Demand Architecture
Service Host
(SVCHost.EXE)
Configuration
(applicationhost.
config)
Worker Process (W3WP.EXE)
Worker Process (W3WP.EXE)
Worker Process (W3WP.EXE)
Worker Process (W3WP.EXE)
Windows Process
Activation Service
(WAS)
World Wide Web
Service (W3SVC)
HTTP.SYS Kernel-Mode Listener
Request Flow
Service Host
(SVCHost.EXE)
Bindings:
http://*:80:site1
Worker Process (W3WP.EXE)
Windows Process
Activation Service
(WAS)
Applicationhost.config
World Wide Web
Service (W3SVC)
HTTP Protocol Host
HTTP Listener
Channel
HTTP.SYS Kernel-Mode Listener
Request
Queue
Response
Cache
Provisioning Web-Sites with the IIS
Powershell Snap-in
The IIS Process Model Offers…
Hosting for 1000’s of web sites and applications
Efficient Resource Management
On demand activation
Timeout of worker processes when no requests
Health Monitoring of web applications
Rapid Fail Protection
Recycling of IIS Application Pools
Based on certain parameters, e.g. lifetime, number of requests, schedule
etc.
Prevents resource exhaustion, e.g. by limiting number of worker processes
that can be active at the same time.
Isolation of Web Sites
IIS 7.5 Application Pools run under different virtual accounts by
default
IIS7: A New Configuration Stack
Metabase is gone
The IIS Configuration System is
Delegated
Configuration an live with the content
IIS settings can be stored in web.config files together with
ASP.NET configuration
XCopy deployment of application configuration
Discoverable
Well-schematized, readable XML
Portable
Can be xcopied or shared between multiple machines
Flexible
Configuration sections or even individual attributes can be locked
Adding configuration easy – changes picked up immediately
Microsoft Confidential
Configuration
 Readable, extensible, delegateable, distributed, centralized
Readable
XML file
Global configuration file: ApplicationHost.config
Contains all sites, appPools, default settings…
Location determined by redirection.config
Allows configuration “locking” to distribute config
Support XCopy deployment of web server configuration
Distributed configuration file: Web.config
Lives with content
Can be local or remote UNC path
Support XCopy deployment of application configuration
Metabase available as optional component
Can provide compatible APIs for existing scripts
Only writes to applicationHost.config
Only supports existing IIS6 properties
IIS7 Shared Configuration
Shared Config is great for…
Simple redirection of configuration to UNC location
Quickly moving sites, applications, or servers
Keeping the configuration in sync
Staging and rolling back server changes
IIS7 Administration
User Interface
A New, Extensible User Interface
Remotable via HTTP(S)
Delegatable
Command-line
APPCMD command-line tool
Single tool to change every IIS setting and more
Replaces ADSUTIL.VBS
PowerShell Snap-In and commandlets
Scripted Administration
WMI Provider
PowerShell Snap-In and commandlets
AhAdmin
COM interfaces
To learn more: http://blogs.iis.net/ksingla/archive/tags/Ahadmin/default.aspx
Microsoft.Web.Administration
.NET API
To learn more:
http://learn.iis.net/page.aspx/165/how-to-use-microsoftwebadministration/
Configuration Editor
Programmatic Administration Made Easy
First Class Troubleshooting
What’s going on inside IIS?
Request Tracing
Generate a detailed request trace based on the rules you
specify
Run-time State and Control
See what requests are in flight
Detailed Errors
More information for a local user
Troubleshooting Web Server Issues
The Hosting Extensions
Web Deployment Tool
Synchronization of content
Application packaging
Application Request Router 2.0
Fail-over and host-based routing to increase availability of your sites
FTP Server 7 and 7.5
Secure FTP Access with FTP over SSL
Host multiple FTP sites – no separate IP address needed
Integrated site management
Extensible Authentication and Logging
Database Manager
Lightweight, remoteable database management
Web Deployment Tool
Simplified Web Site and Web Farm Management
Synchronize servers or sites on IIS 6.0 or IIS 7.0
Differential Sync
Updates only changed properties and objects
Site or Server Snapshots
for later restore, versioning or offline deployment,
automation of deployment tasks
Provider-based
IIS6 and 7 configuration
Directory and file content
SSL certificates
.NET Assemblies,
Registry keys and more
IIS6-to-7 Migration
MICROSOFT CONFIDENTIAL
Deploying to a Live Web Server
Application Request Router 2.0
Proxy based HTTP request routing module
Makes routing decisions on application layer (layer 7)
Provides high availability and scalability for servers
Supports SSL-offloading
Does not support SSL tunneling
Works with other IIS7 modules to provide higher
throughput
Can be run on Server Core for a lightweight appliance
server
and…
ARR is free!
Scale out using ARR
ARR Hostname Affinity
ARR affinitizes the requests for a site to the same
server for the lifespan of the site’s worker process
Prerequisites:
Shared Configuration
Shared Content
More Information:
http://learn.iis.net/page.aspx/490/overview-of-sharedhosting-deployment-using-application-requestrouting/
Traditional Hosting
10.10.10.11
www.site11.com
…
www.site20.com
10.10.10.12
www.site21.com
…
www.site30.com
Config
Config
Config
Content
Content
Content
10.10.10.10:
www.site1.com
…
www.site10.com
Internet
User
Without Hostname Affinity
No redundancy among sites
Underutilization
Administrator has to manually load balance the
traffic by limiting the number of sites per server
Server resources may not be utilized evenly across
servers
The administrator has to manage multiple
configuration files
Hosting with ARR Hostname Affinity
Shared Content
www.site1 to
www.site30.com
Shared Config
10.10.10.10:
10.10.10.11
10.10.10.12
Internet
User
Benefits of ARR Hostname Affinity
Requests are dynamically load balanced
Horizontal scale by adding new servers without
predefined site allocations
Resources are more evenly distributed
High Availability
Only one configuration to manage
Hosting Best Practices
Constraining Resource Consumption
Site Isolation
Improving Scalability
Misc
Constraining Resource Consumption
CPU
Application Pool Configuration
WSRM
http://learn.iis.net/page.aspx/449/using-wsrm-to-manage-iis-70apppool-cpu-utilization/
Memory
Recycling
Private or Virtual Memory Consumption
DynamicIdleThreshold
Bandwidth
Media Pack Bandwidth Throttling
Disk
In W2K8: Disk Quotas now per directory!
File System Resource Manager COM object
FSRM.FsrmQuotaManager
Site Isolation
Use one Application Pool per site
Virtual Application Pool Identities
Default in IIS 7.5, available in Windows Server 2008 SP2
(IIS 7.0)
ACL for “IIS AppPool\<AppPool identity>”
Doesn’t work for Shared Content!
No need for a per-site anonymous user
Username can be set to “” and current Application
Pool identity is used
Improving Scalability
DynamicIdleThreshold
Will dynamically reduce idle timeout of Application
Pools if memory gets tight
Run 32-Bit Application Pools on 64-Bit
Use less memory
Enable32BitAppOnWin64 property
Enable Dynamic Compression to reduce
Bandwidth Consumption
Additional Hosting Best Practices
Server Core
Administration by scripting on IIS 7.0
IIS 7.5 (Windows Server 2008 R2) supports full
admin stack including Remote UI and Powershell
Database Manager
Lightweight way to allow customers to manage
their databases
Troubleshooting
Custom Errors setting can be delegated
http://learn.iis.net/page.aspx/405/delegatingerrormode-in-httperrors/
Summary
IIS 7 provides a reliable, secure and cost
effective platform to host 1000’s of web sites
IIS Extensions like the Application Request
Router and the Web Deployment Tool
complement the IIS7 feature set and enable
new hosting scenarios
Resources
www.microsoft.com/teched
www.microsoft.com/learning
Sessions On-Demand & Community
Microsoft Certification & Training Resources
http://microsoft.com/technet
http://microsoft.com/msdn
Resources for IT Professionals
Resources for Developers
Related Content
SVR304 Extend Your Web Server: What's New in Internet Information Services (IIS)
Wednesday 10:45 – David Lowe
WIA203 Streaming with Internet Information Services (IIS) and Windows Media Services
Tuesday 9:00 – Bernhard Frank
WIA201 Microsoft Web Platform Overview
Tuesday 10:45 – Bill Staples
Track Resources
IIS Community Portal: http://www.iis.net
IIS Forums: http://forums.iis.net
Learn about IIS: http://learn.iis.net
IIS Extensions: http://www.iis.net/extensions
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© 2009 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries.
The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should
not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS,
IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

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