Agronomy master plan - N2Africa

Report
Objectives of the planning workshop
- Explain the Agronomy Master Plan
- Identify main actions in each cluster
- Organize each actions (provide a planning table)
- Assign responsibilities (to each of the actions identified)
- Fix time lines (to ensure timely deliver of outputs)
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
N2Africa project- D to R model
The Development-to-Research concept
driving the agronomy activities of N2Africa.
- ‘D&D’ refers
Dissemination’
to
‘Delivery
and
- ‘R&D’ to ‘Research and Development’,
- ‘A&A’ to ‘Adaptation and Adoption’, and
- ‘M&E’ to ‘Monitoring and Evaluation’.
The dotted line within the D&D circle
indicates that agronomy activities are
driven by learning from D&D.
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Agronomy Master Plan
The N2Africa Phase II has five major objectives
– AMP addresses all the three
AMP consists of four interlinked activity clusters:- The Diagnosis activity clusters
- The Researcher-managed Agronomy activity cluster
- The Demonstration activity cluster
- The Adaptation activity cluster evaluates
Each activity cluster contains a number of specific tasks/actions
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Agronomy Master Plan
Objectives of the planning workshop
- Explain the AMP
- Identify main actions in each cluster
- Organize each actions (provide a planning table)
- Assign responsibilities (to each of the actions identified)
- Fix time lines (to ensure timely deliver of outputs)
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Bridging year -Target Regions/Action Sites (Woreda)/Location
Target legumes
- Chickpea
- Faba bean
- Common bean
- Soybean
Amhara
Oromia
Bichena
Jama
Yilmana Densa
Bako-Tibe
Gubu-Seyo
Sianana/Goba
Shalla
Adea/Chefe
SNNRS
Boricha
Damot Gale
B-Gumuz Mandura
1
2
-
10 Woredas; 30 Kebeles; 170 plots
3
1 - 4 Woredas
4
K1 (district)
K
K
2
3
F
F
F
F
F
1
2
3
4
5
Input
F F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
Var.
FTC
1
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
FTC
2
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Protocols – Bridging year
I. Demo/ dissemination (Baby trials )- on individual
farmers plot , non replicated
Treat.
1
2
3
4
Legume
Chickpea
Chickpea
Chickpea
Chickpea
Variety
DAP
Inoc.
V1*
V2
V1
V2
+
+
+
+
II. Input trail (on FTC) -information generation but also dissemination & demo
Treatment Legume
1
Chickpea
2
Chickpea
3
Chickpea
4
Chickpea
Variety
DAP
Inoculant
V1*
V1
V1
V1
+
+
+
+
III. Varietal trail (on FTC) -replicated , -information generation but also dissemination & demo
Treat.
1
2
3
4
n
Legume
Chickpea
Chickpea
Chickpea
Chickpea
Chickpea
Variety
V1
V2
V3
V4
V(n)
DAP
+
+
+
+
+
Inoc.
+
+
+
+
+
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Agronomy Master Plan
The N2Africa Phase II has five major objectives
– AMP addresses the three
AMP consists of four interlinked activity clusters:- The Diagnosis activity clusters
- The Researcher-managed Agronomy activity cluster
- The Demonstration activity cluster
- The Adaptation activity cluster evaluates
Each activity cluster contains a number of specific tasks/actions
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Interactions between activity clusters
Diagnosis
(25-100/action site)
Adaptation
(200-1000/act. site)
Demonstration
(25-50/action site)
Agronomy
Research
(5)
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Demonstrations- bridging year
4650
3950
3600
3250
2900
2550
Nasir(-P+ -R)
2200
Nasir(+P+ +R)
1850
Anger(+P+ +R)
1500
Anger (-P+ -R)
1150
3
800
450
100
100
450
800
1150
1500
1850
2200
2550
2900
3250
3600
3950
Yield with +P +I (t/ha)
yield (kg/ha) CB with -ve and +ve inputs
4300
2.8
2.6
2.4
CONTROL
2.2
+DAP,+I
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
Nasir / Ibado
1
1
1.5
2
2.5
Grain yield of control plot (t/ha)
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
3
The Diagnosis activity cluster
Aims to identify main biophysical causes for existing yield gaps
10m / 14 rows
Actions for country teams
 Variety choice
 Establish need for inoculants (faba bean)
Plot 1.
10m / 14
rows
 Site selection- (trial locations) (25 – 100/Woreda
(action site)
Plot 2.
0.75m
Plot 3.
Plot 4.
 Procurement of materials for trial
establishment (seed, fertilizer and inoculant…)
 Engagement of farmers for establishing onfarm trials
 Collecting of associated observations (soil,
weather etc.)
 Planting, managing, and harvesting the trials
Ex. Plot layout for a 4 treatment trial
R. Red (control) (-P-I)
G. Green, (-P+I)
Y .Yellow, (+P-I)
B. Blue, (+P+I)
 Data collection
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
The Agronomy research clusters
Aims to generate system recommendations (non responsive soils, trial of
untested varieties, input and management practices)
Based on data collected and analyzed :
 Define specific hypothesis about factors limiting legume productivity
 Define specific hypothesis about factors causing non-response to inputs
(missing nutrient?)
Researcher managed and minimum number of trials
- Assessment of the occurrence of non responsiveness - missing nutrient?
- Agronomic trials to establish recommendation for improved legume production
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
The Agronomy research clusters
Actions for country teams: (short –term; Missing Nutrient?)
 Site selection (Where?) few in number – where non responsiveness exists
 Determination of relevant treatments and experimental design
 Execution of trials and data collection
Actions for country teams: (long-term; systems research – rotation )
 Site selection and institutional/farmer engagement (FTC?), one per region?
 Establishment of trial (Treatments: control, rotation, pure legume, pure
cereal), 3-5 Rep
 Organize long term data collection
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
The Demonstration cluster
Aims for large scale on-farm demonstration of tested (best-bet)
technology options- legume intensification
Actions for country teams:
 Definition of basket of options
 Site selection
 Procurement of materials for trial establishment (seed, fertilizer and inoculant…)
 Engaging associations/kebeles [25 – 50/Woreda (action site)]
 Selection of demonstration fields and definition of subsets of options for each field
 Treatment structure and experimental design
 Design and planning of associated observations (soil, weather etc.)
 Execution of trials and data collection
 Organizing field days and communicating results
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
The Demonstration clusters
 Definition of basket of options ?
Do we have options/practices
currently farmers use? eg.
Application of manure in Uganda
Demo/ dissemination (Baby trials )- on
individual farmers plot , non replicated
Treat.
1
2
3
4
Legume
Chickpea
Chickpea
Chickpea
Chickpea
Variety
DAP
Inoc.
V1*
V2
V1
V2
+
+
+
+
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
The Adaptation cluster
Involves a large number (200 -1000 per site) of small fields that form
de-facto satellites of the demonstration
Actions for country teams:
 Site selection (trial location)(avoid extremely bad or good soil, Take market
access into account)
 Engagement and registration of participating farmers
 Procurement of materials for trial establishment (seed, fertilizer and inoculant…)
 Prepare farmer-specific technology packages, farmers interest
(Small scale experiments around the themes: variety, input, management, systems
agronomy. Always include farmers normal practice/variety as a control)
 Collection of farmer feed back
 Selection subsets of trials for detailed monitoring and measurement
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Table 4. Specific characteristics of the different tasks
Activity Cluster
Diagnosis
Site selection
Priority legumes, priority Representative soils and
areas; Representative
ecology
range of soil types.
Typical soil and
ecology.
Varieties used
Best improved
as required
No. of
treatments
Essential
treatments
2-4
as required
Approx no. reps
Researcher Managed Agronomy
control, inoculation, best control, as required
fertilizer, best fertilizer +
inocculation
25-100/site
as required
Demonstration
Adaptation
Based on
association/farmer
interest.
Best improved
1 demonstration for
each of 25-100
associations. Avoid
extremely poor or good
soils.
Improved and local
3
<=10
Continuous cereal,
continuous legume,
rotation
5/trial
Control, best practice,
Selection from a limited
set of options.
25-50
2-4 (subset of
demonstration)
Control (current farmer
practice or fixed)
Best improved
200-1000/site
Approx plot size 10 x 10 m
as required
>=10 x 10 m
10 x 10 m
10x10m
variables
measured
MPN, biomass, grain
yield, nodulation
(score+count), plant
tissue analysis.
as required
biomass, grain yield,
BNF (nodule
assessment), grain
nutrient analysis
grain yield (estimated
and measured for a
subset of farmers)
associated
variables
weather, pests, disease, as required
soil samples, field book
MPN, biomass,
grain yield,
nodulation
(score+count), plant
tissue analysis (N
fixation?)
weather, pests,
disease, soil
samples, trial
assessment form
Comments/
Weather, input/output
prices, Participatory
feedback on biotic and
a biotic stresses
(standard process), field
book.
measurements on
The number of trials of
Engage in an
Make sure to limit the
associated variables
this type should be kept to overall initiative on number of options as to
(such as pests, disease) a bare minimum and be
this; there will be an ensure sufficient
must be of very high
reserved for testing
overall planning
replication of treatments
quality.
promising solutions to
meeting on this
includes field days and
important problems
once we get funds;
input/output prices,
participatory feedback
(standard process), field
book
A subset of farmers
should be selected for
more precise and indepth evaluation.
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Nutrition and Gender loops – also points for group work
Nutrition aspect:
Recipe preparations, supplementary food (food processing) and
awareness creation on nutritive value of the legumes, at least in
collaboration with partners (e.g, Hawassa University: in collaboration
with Food Science Department, etc.) for demonstration activity cluster
or also others.
Gender mainstreaming:
Women participation in project activities (technology development,
food quality and market attributes of legumes), business development
for women groups (village level collective marketing), etc.
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Thank you!
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
SNNPRS - Work Plan, Team, Roles and Responsibilities
Target legumes: Common Bean and Chickpea
Project sites (Woredas) :• Common bean:- Boricha, Halaba (?)
• Chickpea : - Damote Gale, Meskan (?)
Diagnosis Activity Cluster
A. Boricha: Project location (Kebele), Trial location (Farmers plot) & Team
1. Shelo Abore; 2. Shelo Elancho; 3 Belela 4. Sedomo Chala 5. ???
2. Trial Locations (famers plots) = 50 (10/Kebele)
3. Team
- Tulu Degefu
- Galfato Gabiso
- #1 Woreda expert ??
- #2 DAs (In the Kebele 1,2,3,4,5)
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Work plan: Diagnosis Activity cluster – Boricha
Actions:
1. Procurement of inputs (seeds, fertilizer, inoculant required)
- Calculate amount of each needed/trial location (farmer plot) and
then for 50 formers plot
- Total Trial locations (Farmers Plots) = 50 (10 farmers per Kebele)
- Variety = Nasir
- Treatment 4 (+P+R, +P-R, -P+R, -P-R) but NPS/DAP?
- P rate= 25kg/ha (DAP)
2. Selection of trials locations (10 farmers /kebele)
3. Engagement of farmers for establishment of trials
4. Collecting of associated observations (soil, weather etc.)
5. Planting, managing, and harvesting the trials
6. Data collection
7. Reporting
8. Budget
9. MoU
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Work plan – Diagnostic cluster (Boricha)
Quantity
Action
Boricha
1. Selection of Kebeles (project locations)
2. Selection of farmers (Trial locations, 10/Kebele)
3. Procurement of Input (calculate now!)
- Seeds
- Fertilizer (NPS?)
- Inoculant
4. Prepare budgets sending out to ILRI
5. Prepare research agreement (MoU) and sending
out to partners for comment
6. Trial establishment
- Land preparation
- Planting
- Management (weeding….
- Harvesting
5
50
? Kg
? Kg
? Kg
-
- Farmers field days
7. Data collection
- Associated observations (soil, weather)
- Plant growth, Nodulation and N fixation
- Soil and plant analysis
8. Reporting
Putting
nitrogen fixation to work for
When
Who is responsible
16 April 2013
Team
????
Team?
TULU/Galfato
?
?
?
By date??
By 15/5/2014
Country coordinator +
N2Africa Team
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
smallholder
?
?
?
?
?
farmers in
?
?
?
?
Africa
A. Halaba: Trial location (Farmers plot) & Team
Kebeles (Project location)
1. ???; 2. ????; 3 ???
4. ???? 5. ???
2. Famers plots (Trial Locations ) = 50 (10/Kebele)
3. Team
- HU/SARI (Tulu Degefu/Galfato Gabiso/SARI ?)
- #1 Woreda expert ??
- #2 DAs (In the Kebele 1,2,3,4,5)
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Work plan – Diagnostic cluster (Halaba)
Action
Halaba
1. Selection of Kebeles (project locations)
2. Selection of farmers (Trial locations, 10/Kebele)
3. Procurement of Input (calculate now!)
- Seeds
- Fertilizer (NPS?)
- Inoculant
4. Prepare budgets sending out to ILRI
5. Prepare research agreement and sending out to
partners for comment
6. Trial establishment
- Land preparation
- Planting
- Management (weeding….
- Harvesting
7. Data collection
- Associated observations (soil, weather)
- Plant growth, Nodulation and N fixation
- Soil and plant analysis
8. Reporting
Quantity
5
50
? Kg
? Kg
? Kg
-
When
Who is responsible
16 April 2013
Team
????
Team?
TULU/Galfato
?
?
?
By
By 15/5/2014
Country coordinator +
N2Africa Team
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Putting
nitrogen
fixation
to work
smallholder farmers in Africa
Work
Plan for
Chickpea
– Damot
Gale, for
Meskan?
Thank you!

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