TWELVE TABLES ESSENTIAL SKILL: 1) ASSESS INFORMATION ABOUT ANCIENT ROMAN LAW AND U.S. LAW TODAY, AND DRAW CONCLUSIONS ABOUT COMPARISONS AND CONTRASTS. 2) DEMONSTRATE AN UNDERSTANDING OF HOW TO PROPERLY CONTRAST. Comparisons between 12 Tables and U.S. Bill of Rights Twelve Tables Innocent until proven guilty U.S. Bill of Rights 5th Amt: Rights of the Accused Right to face accusers & defend self 6th Amt: Right to face witnesses against you Judges must make fair decisions 5th & 6th Amts: procedures for fair trial People have rights no government can take away 9th Amt: People have other protected rights How to WRITE about Contrasts (You must mention both places. Use a transition.) Americans have freedom of speech and religion, but Romans do not have those rights. Americans cannot be forced to house soldiers. By contrast, Romans had to allow soldiers in their homes if ordered to do so. Americans are protected from unreasonable searches and seizures, whereas Romans could have their land taken away if the emperor wanted to build a temple in his honor. More Contrasts: Ancient Rome & U.S. (Practice: Explain it as you would write it.) Ancient Rome United States Today 2 Chief Executives (consuls) 1 Chief Executive (President) Chief Exec. chosen by Legislature Chief Exec. chosen by citizens (via EC) Senators have life terms Senators have 6 year terms 8 Judges – 1 year term 9 Justices – life term Full citizens must be male landowners Women are citizens & don’t need to own land Venn Diagram - Comparisons & Contrasts Directions: Use a pencil to place all terms in the Venn diagram. Be ready to explain your answers as if practicing for a short answer question. 17 Items: Freedom of Speech / Freedom of Religion / Republic Women vote & hold office / Jury Duty / Banned Slavery / Democracy Freedom from Cruel & Unusual Punishment / Direct Democracy Right to a fair trial / Citizens can serve in Govt. / Legislators serve life terms Legislators serve limited terms / 3 Branches of Government Legislature has 2 Houses / Women can’t vote / Military leaders ruled Govt.