National passenger mobility surveys

Report
Collecting Passenger Mobility and
Road Traffic Data – the need for
EU Harmonised national surveys
Ştefania PANAITESCU
Forum for Sustainable Mobility and Metropolitan Development
13-14 November 2013, Oradea
Passenger mobility
Transport of passengers by any mode
of transport and irrespective of
purpose of travel or distance travelled
Forum for Sustainable Mobility and Metropolitan Development
13-14 November 2013, Oradea
2
Recent developments in EU's Transport policy
the White Paper Targets
• DG MOVE is the policy DG of the EC with regard to the
Transport Policies of the Union. The 2011 White Paper on
Transport - Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport
system sets clear targets regarding the reduction of GHG
and congestion by 2030 and then by 2050.
Forum for Sustainable Mobility and Metropolitan Development
13-14 November 2013, Oradea
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The 2011 White Paper strategy
4 “i”s, 40 actions and 10 goals
nternal market:
Create a genuine Single European Transport Area
by eliminating all residual barriers between modes
and national systems.
nnovation:
EU research needs to address the full cycle of
research, innovation and deployment in an
integrated way.
nfrastructure:
EU transport infrastructure policy needs a common
vision and sufficient resources.
The costs of transport should be reflected in its
price in an undistorted way.
nternational:
Opening up third country markets in transport
services, products and investments continues to
have high priority.
Actual challenges for transport sector
Growing congestion
(not only in Urban areas)
Oil scarcity and
corresponding price
increase
Greenhouse Gases and
climate change
If we stick to the business as usual…
In 2050:
- The oil dependence of transport might still be little below
90%;
- Renewable energy sources use would only marginally
exceed 10% use;
- CO2 emissions would remain one third higher than their
1990 level;
- Congestion costs could increase by about 50%;
- Accessibility gap between central and peripheral areas
might widen;
- Social costs of accidents and noise would increase.
A change is needed!
Transport has to use less and cleaner energy, better exploit
(a more modern) infrastructure.
How to do it?
• New technologies for vehicles and traffic management
to lower transport emissions and reduce congestion;
• Greater integration between modal networks to
provide efficient multimodal travel options.
While in urban environments
Cities suffer most from congestion, poor air quality and
noise exposure. Urban transport is responsible for a
quarter of CO2 emissions!
- A higher share of travel by collective transport will allow
for increasing density and frequency of service, thus
generating a virtuous circle for public transport modes!
- Smaller, lighter, more specialized road vehicles, with new
engine technologies (electric, hydrogen, hybrids) should
be encouraged!
Both leading to halving the use of "conventionally fuelled"
vehicles in cities by 2030 (phase out by 2050).
The role of monitoring
Given the relevance of those challenges it's extremely
important to have statistical indicators to assess the actual
situation and its future evolution:
- How can we measure passenger mobility in urban areas?
- How can we measure the use of non-conventionally fuelled cars
like hybrids, electric and hydrogen cars, that are considered
fundamental to overcome our future challenges?
- How can we assess the modal split in the urban environment?
- How can we assess the modal split for the medium distance?
- How can we monitor those future trends on transport?
Statistical needs for policy
making
Transport
Current statistical needs
•
- Activity-based statistics on GHG emissions broken down
for all modes of transport.
•
- Statistics on Passenger mobility and road traffic data
and performance – HARMONISED AT UNION LEVEL – role of
EUROSTAT to harmonise the National Travel Surveys
•
- Data on transit passenger in all modes in order to have a
complete view of transport activity within European Countries.
The role of EU in harmonisation of surveys
on the example of data collection on passenger
mobility and road traffic
Strategic Context
• Policy Goals:
The 2011 White Paper on Transport
Transport planning, safety, environment
• Needs:
and
Monitoring trends in passenger mobility (PM)
road traffic (RT) volume
• Problem:
Intensified demand for data about PM and RT
to be able to solve congestion and
pollution
Challenge:
Comparability at union level
Forum for Sustainable Mobility and Metropolitan Development
13-14 November 2013, Oradea
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Modes of travel
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
5 76
5
4
3
2
1
0
Duration of stay at destination
Car owned by respondent or not
14
Number of survey variables
12
8
Number of stages
8
10
8
8
Sequence of modes
13
6
18
17
All travel
17
Distance
Purpose
17
15Start location
15
11
11
10
10
10
10
Other
9
4
9
11
Destination
9
8
11
7
6
13
Number of co-passengers
2
7
6
15
6
6
Travel time
5
4
3
Certain types of travel
Status of respondent
2
2
2
CZ
SK
BG
0
CH
DK
FR
NO
ES
SE
BE
FI
DE
HU
NL
UK
AT
CY
LI
RO
EE
LV
Forum for Sustainable Mobility and Metropolitan Development
13-14 November 2013, Oradea
PT
13
Number of survey variables covered by each country
14
Number of survey variables
12
10
8
13
6
11
10
10
10
10
9
9
9
4
8
7
7
6
6
6
6
5
2
4
3
2
2
2
CZ
SK
BG
0
CH
DK
FR
NO
ES
SE
BE
FI
DE
HU
NL
UK
AT
CY
LI
RO
EE
LV
PT
14
SHANTI – Survey HArmonisation with New Technologies Improvement
•
•
•
•
•
20 European countries + IL + AUS
WG1 Methods and tools
WG2 Use of new technologies
WG3 Vehicle-based surveys
WG4 Household travel surveys
Overview of EU NTSs
„There is a mobility data treasure in
Europe…“
Agenda
„There‘s
a mobility data
treasure in Europe….
 Overview of EU NTSs
…waiting to seized with  The great potential of exsuitable approaches.
post harmonization
However, information
gaps remain or
emerge….
…asking for new
surveys, methods, &
technologies.“
 Challenges in the data
scape
 Recommendations for
future activities
In large parts of Europe, recent
NTS data is available.
Most recent
NTS
After 2005
2000 – 2005
Before 2000
In large parts of Europe, long NTS
time series exist.
First NTS
before 1980
1981-1990
1991-2000
after 2000
Thank You for Your attention
20
National passenger mobility surveys
Country
Responsible organisation
Austria
Federal Ministry of Transport,
Innovation and Technology
Belgium
Year of most
recent
implementation
Survey covers all
modes of transport
(car, bus, etc.)
Austrian mobility survey
1995

Federal services of the Scientific,
Technical and Cultural Affairs
Belgian national mobility survey
2011

Bulgaria
National Statistical Institute
National survey on passenger
traffic by buses and coaches
2010

Cyprus
Statistical services of Cyprus
Short
distance
mobility in Cyprus
passenger
2008

Czech
Republic
Czech Statistical Office
Population and Housing Census
2001

Denmark
Danish
Institute
National Travel Survey (TU)
2008

Use of passenger cars
2006

Finish National Travel Survey
2005

Transport
Research
Estonia
Statistics Estonia
Finland
Ministry of
Transport
Communications
and
Title of survey
21
National passenger mobility surveys
Country
Title of survey
Year of most
recent
implementation
Survey covers all
modes of transport
(car, bus, etc.)
National survey on transport
and displacements
2007-2008

Follow-up of
the tourism
demand of French people
-

Mobility in Germany (MiD)
2008

German Mobility Panel (MOP)
2007

Kraftverkehr in Deutschland
2002

Hungarian Central Statistical
Office
Passenger mobility survey
2009

Ireland
Central Statistics Office
National Travel Survey
2009

Latvia
Central Statistical Bureau of
Latvia
Mobility survey
population
2008

France
Responsible organisation
INSEE for MEEDDAT
-
Germany
Ministry
for
Transport,
Building and Housing
Hungary
of
Latvian
22
National passenger mobility surveys
Country
Responsible organisation
Title of survey
Year of most
recent
implementation
Survey covers all
modes of transport
(car, bus, etc.)
Liechtenstein
Amt für Statistik
Census 2000
2000

Netherlands
Statistics Netherlands
Dutch Travel Survey (OViN)
2010

Norway
Institute
of
Economics
Norwegian
survey
travel
2009

Portugal
National Statistical Institute
Portuguese medium and long
distance mobility survey
1998

Romania
Romanian National Institute
of Statistics
Transport by passenger cars
2009

Passengers’ mobility survey
2005

Residents’ touristic demand
2006

National
Statistics
Transport
Institute
of
personal
23
National passenger mobility surveys
Country
Responsible organisation
Slovakia
Statistical Office
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
UK
Year of most
recent
implementation
Survey covers all
modes of transport
(car, bus, etc.)
Annual survey of transport
2005

Quarterly sampling survey of
trips
2006

Ministry of transport, post
and telecommunication of
the Slovak Republic
Annual survey of passenger
transport by bus via territory
Slovakia
2006

Ministry of Public Works
MOVILIA
2007

Transport analysis
Swedish
National
Survey (RES)
Travel
2005-2006

travel
2010-2011

Swiss
Office
Federal
of
the
Statistical
Title of survey
Mircocensus
behaviour
on
TURKSTAT
Passenger Mobility Survey
2010

Department for Transport
National Travel Survey (NTS)
2009

24

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