Santeria

Report
SANTERIA
Hcom 301
Leanna Calderon, Karissa Cedillo, Jaquelyn Gallardo, Brittainie Gomez, Nahayeli Juarez
HISTORY
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Cult of the Saints
Syncretic Religion (combined)
African slaves entered Cuba
Syncretization of Afro-Caribbean Religions
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Population in 1800 - 1850
Yoruba to Cuba
• Black, Red, White
Rags, & Machete
BASIC INFORMATION
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Storytelling
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Most Cubans are 'Catholic‘
Santeria's Human Objective
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Respect for 1 God
Many ways of traditions
KEY BELIEFS THAT COMPRISE
THE GROUP’S WORLDVIEW
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Central Creative force
Olddumare or Olorun
"Owner of Heaven"
KEY BELIEFS THAT COMPRISE
THE GROUP’S WORLDVIEW
Orisha
KEY BELIEFS THAT COMPRISE
THE GROUP’S WORLDVIEW
Orisha "Head Guardian"
Babalz Ayi became St. Lazarus (patron of the sick)
Shangs became St. Barbara (controls thunder lighting, fire)
Eleggun or Elegba became St. Anthony (controls road, gates etc.)
Oggzn became St. peter (patron of war)
Oshzn became our Lady of Charity (controls money, sensuality)
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KEY BELIEFS THAT COMPRISE
THE GROUP’S WORLDVIEW
Ritual Sacrifices:
KEY BELIEFS THAT COMPRISE
THE GROUP’S WORLDVIEW
Possession:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_emb
edded&v=qSyKtv9iRtA
SANTERIAN PRACTICES
Secrecy
Very little information about beliefs, rituals,
symbolism, practice are released to the general
public.
Tradition
Santeria is not a religion of book
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EARTH-CENTERED RELIGION
www.examiner.com/article/earww.examiner.com/article/earth-day-every-dath-day-every-day-2
SACRED TEXT?
Corpus of Ifa
Corpus of Ifa
“Where there is
no human, there
is no divinity." "Where
Yoruba
Proverbthere
is no
human, there is no
divinity." - Yoruba
Proverb
www.scoopweb.com/Odu_Ifa
ETHICS - SEEKING HARMONY
"Santeria does not teach that misfortune is punishment, as a result of angering
God or the gods. It is better described as the natural outcome of disregarding
the laws inherent in nature."
EGUN: THE DEAD
www.earthenvesseljournal.com/issue04+/articles/Kent/SanteriaSlaverySlavery.html
IKU
www.deidadorisha.tripod.com/id30.html
ILE-IFE
fineartamerica.com/featured/rumba-bakua-samuel-lind.htm
http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/places/cul
ture-places/beliefs-and-traditions/saturno-mayalecture-nglive/
Syncretic ReligionCultural system
Language
Influence of Catholicism and
YorubanTraditions
Lucumi language
Second language
Liturgical language
a language that is cultivated for
religious reasons by people who
speak another language in their
daily life.
Cuba
Multiracial society with a population of mainly Spanish and African origins
The official language of Cuba is Spanish
US State Department officially identifies Cuba as 62% black.
Black population recorded growing impoverishments over the past 25 years.
Cuba ́s total civil and public leadership is predominantly white (71%), despite a
Black population of somewhere between 62-72%.
Privately owned land is 98% white; only 2% of the private sector in land is in the hands
of Blacks.
In 2009, 70% of Cuban Blacks were estimated to be unemployed
Religion and Government
Cuba is a totalitarian
communist state
headed by General
Raul Castro
Fidel Castro
President from
1976 to 2008.
Religion = Downfall
of Government
Fidel Castro seized
and shut down
more than 400
Catholic schools
Secular State (1992)
Atheist State
A marginalized Religion,
a Religion of the Marginalized
United States
* Victims of racism and stereotypes
* “Institutionalized way of dehumanizing
African people by labeling their religious
practices as barbaric or demonic.”
Dr. Ernesto
* One million practitioners
* Force of resistance
* Religion Dominated by people of color
* Religious-cultural practice as a way of
coping with discrimination
Women and Santeria
• Religion that honor women.
• Yemayá is the mother of all living things
• In Youruba women held great power in the fuction
of their culture and politics.nction of their culture
and politics
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• Rama de Ma Monserrate "Oba Tero"
• partially responsible for the joining of Ifa and Ocha adherents in Cuba
• Women consolidated Santeria’s practices from the fragments of various
tribal religious traditions into one cohesive religion.
CURRENT CONCERNS &
CHALLENGES
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Animal Sacrifices:
• Criticism and legal issues
Witchcraft:
• White magic commonly used
• Black magic rarely used
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• Misconception generates stigma
Cult Religion:
• Mislabeled in entirety
REFERENCES
1. http://religiousfreedom.lib.virginia.edu/court/luku_v_hail.html
2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=exSc8U8fBgs
3. http://www.4truth.net/fourtruthpbnew.aspx?pageid=8589952648
4. https://sites.google.com/site/blackmagicandspellsremedy/what-is-white-magic
5. http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/places/culture-places/beliefs-and-traditions/cuba-santeriapp/
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/145542/Cuba/54412/Cultural-life
Book: Santeria: The Beliefs and Rituals of a Growing Religion in America
http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-18563_162-57404832/pope-has-tough-fight-against-santeria-in-cuba/
http://cuban-exile.com/doc_326-350/doc0337.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/santeria/

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