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• WHICH GOVERNMENT AGENCY IS DIRECTLY
RESPONSIBLE FOR HIRING MOST FEDERAL
EMPLOYEES?
A. THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE
B. THE OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET
C. THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE
D. THE OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT
E. THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE
• CONGRESS DETERMINES THE ACTUAL
AMOUNT AVALIABLE FOR GOVERNMENT
AGENCIES TO SPEND IN A FISCAL YEAR WHEN
IT SETS
A. APPROPRIATIONS
B. AUTHORIZATIONS
C. SCHEDULES FOR MARKING UP BILLS
D. PIGEONHOLES
E. RULES FOR DEBATE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING POSITIONS
WOULD NOT BE AFFECTED IF THE MAJORITY
PARTY LOST ITS MAJORITY IN CONGRESS?
A. SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE
B. PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE
C. PARTY WHIPS IN THE SENATE
D. PARTY WHIPS IN THE HOUSE
E. PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE IN THE SENATE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING POWERS IS NOT
GIVEN TO THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE?
A. APPOINTING CHAIRMEN OF STANDING
COMMITTEES
B. EXERCISING CONTROL OVER WHICH BILLS GET
ASSIGNED TO WHICH COMMITTEES
C. APPOINTING THE PARTY’S LEGISLATIVE LEADERS
D. DIRECTING BUSINESS ON THE FLOOR
E. RECOGNIZING MEMBERS WHO WISH TO SPEAK
ON THE FLOOR
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF
COMMITTEES IS SET UP TO HAMMER OUT THE
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HOUSE AND SENATE
VERSIONS OF SIMILAR BILLS?
A. CONFERENCE COMMITTEES
B. JOINT COMMITTEES
C. PARTY COMMITTEES
D. SELECT COMMITTEES
E. STANDING COMMITTEES
• THE PRACTICE OF DRAWING THE BOUNDARIES
OF POLITICAL DISTRICTS IN UNUSUAL SHAPES
TO MAKE IT EASY FOR CANDIDATES OF THE
PARTY IN POWER TO WIN ELECTIONS IS
KNOWN AS
A. MALAPPORTIONMENT
B. GERRYMANDERING
C. IMPOUNDMENT
D. FRONTLOADING
E. PIGEONHOLING
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING INTEREST
GROUPS WOULD BE LEAST LIKELY TO
SUPPORT A REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE FOR
PRESIDENT?
A. AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION
B. NATIONAL RIFLE ASSOCIATION
C. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COLORED PEOPLE
D. CHRISTIAN COALITION
E. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MANUFACTURERS
• THE CABINET LEVEL OFFICIAL MOST DIRECTLY
CHARGED WITH SETTING AND CARRYING OUT
U.S. FOREIGN POLICY IS THE
A. SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
B. SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY
C. SECRETARY OF STATE
D. ATTORNEY GENERAL
E. PRESIDENT’S CHIEF OF STAFF
“NO STATE SHALL…DENY TO ANY PERSON WITHIN
ITS JURISDICTION THE EQUAL PROTECTION OF THE
LAW”
• THE QUOTE COMES FROM
A. FEDERALIST #10
B. THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964
C. THE 1ST AMENDMENT
D. THE MAJORITY OPINION OF MARBURY V. MADISON
E. THE 14TH AMENDMENT
• A COURT ORDER ISSUED FROM THE SUPREME
COURT TO A LOWER STATE OR FEDERAL
COURT THAT CALLS UP A CASE IS CALLED A(N)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
EX POST FACTO DOCUMENT
WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS
BILL OF ATTAINDER
AMICUS CURIAE BRIEF
WRIT OF CERTIORARI
• WHICH EXECUTIVE ACTION DOES NOT HAVE
TO BE CONFIRMED BY THE SENATE?
A. TREATIES WITH OTHER NATIONS
B. APPOINTMENTS TO THE SUPREME COURT
C. APPOINTMENT OF AMMBASSADORS
D. EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS
E. APPOINTMENTS OF CANINET MEMBERS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING EXPENDITURES
ARE TREATED AS ENTITLEMENTS WHEN
CONSTRUCTING THE NATIONAL BUDGET?
A. NATIONAL DEFENSE
B. SALARIES FOR MEMBERS OF THE WHITE
HOUSE OFFICE
C. HOMELAND SECURITY
D. INTEREST TO LOANS TO THE NATIONAL
GOVERNMENT
E. SOCIAL SECURITY PAYMENTS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS A PROVISION
OF THE CAMPAIGN FINANCE REFORM ACT OF
2002?
A. ELIMINATION OF SOFT MONEY TO NATIONAL
PARTIES
B. REMOVAL OF THE LIMITATIONS ON
CONTRIBUTIONS TO INDIVIDUAL CAMPAIGNS
C. PLACEMENT OF A CEILING FOR TOTAL
EXPENDITURES FOR PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGNS
D. CREATION OF THE FEDERAL ELECTION
COMMISSION TO REGULATE CAMPAIGN FINANCING
E. LIMITATION ON THE NUMBER OF POLITICAL
CAMPAIGN ADS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A POWER
EXPRESSLY GRANTED TO THE PRESIDENT IN
ARTICLE II OF THE CONSTITUTION?
A. EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE
B. THE LINE ITEM VETO
C. IMPOUNDMENT OF FUNDS
D. THE RIGHT TO INITIATE LEGISLATION
E. COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE ARMED FORCES
• AN EXAMPLE OF AN INDEPENDENT
REGULATORY COMMISSION IS THE
A. U.S. POSTAL SERVICE
B. FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD
C. NASA
D. CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
E. SOCIAL SECURITY AGENCY
• UNITED STATES V. NIXON MOST DIRECTLY
SHAPED THE POWERS OF
A. THE PRESIDENT’S USE OF EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE
B. THE PRESIDENT’S USE OF IMPOUNDMENT
C. THE SUPREME COURT JUSTICES IN
IMPLEMENTING THEIR DECISIONS
D. CONGRESS IN CONTROLLING EXECUTIVE
ACTIONS
E. CONGRESS IN LIMITING FEDERAL GRANTS TO THE
STATES
• IN CONTRAST TO CATEGORICAL GRANTS,
BLOCK GRANTS ALLOW CONGRESS
A. MORE CONTROL OVER HOW STATES SPEND
FEDERAL GRANT MONEY
B. LESS CONTROL OVER HOW STATES SPEND
FEDERAL GRANT MONEY
C. TO MAKE LARGER OVERALL GRANTS TO STATES
D. MORE DISCRETION IN TERMS OF WHETHER OR
NOT MANDATES RECEIVE FEDERAL FUNDING
E. MORE CONTROL OVER HOW STATES FUND
EDUCATION PROGRAMS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A CHECK THAT THE
PRESIDENT HAS ON THE JUDICIARY?
A. HE MAY ALTER THE STRUCTURE OF THE COURT
SYSTEM
B. HE HAS THE POWER TO APPOINT FEDERAL JUDGES
C. HE HAS THE POWER TO REMOVE FEDERAL JUDGES
D. HE DECIDES THE LENGTH OF THEIR TERMS OF
OFFICE
E. HE MAY CHALLENGE JUDICIAL DECISIONS BY
REFERRING THEM TO CONGREE FOR A VOTE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A CONCURRENT
POWER OF BOTH THE NATIONAL AND STATE
GOVERNMENTS?
A. REGULATION OF INTERSTATE COMMERCE
B. THE RIGHT TO MOBILIZE AN ARMY
C. TAXATION OF EXPORTS
D. ESTABLISHMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF COURT
SYSTEMS
E. DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH FOREIGN
NATIONS
• THE RULES THAT GOVERN THE CONDUCT OF
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ARE
A. LESS RESTRICTIVE THAN THE SENATE
B. MORE RESTRICTIVE THAN THE SENATE
C. MOSTLY DESIGNED TO RESTRICT THE POWER
OF THE HOUSE LEADERSHIP
D. MOSTLY DESIGNED TO RESTRICT THE POWER
OF THE PRESIDENT
E. ALMOST IDENTICAL TO THE RULES OF THE
SENATE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE BEST
DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AN
INTEREST GROUP AND A PAC?
A. INTEREST GROUPS RUN CANDIDATES FOR OFFICE,
PACs DON’T
B. INTEREST GROUPS AND PACs COMPETE FOR FEDERAL
MONEY TO SUPPORT THEIR CAUSE
C. PACs ARE REGULATED BY THE FEDERAL ELECTION
COMMISSIONS; INTEREST GROUPS ARE NOT
D. PACs ARE THE POLITICAL ARMS OF INTEREST GROUPS
THAT RAISE FUNDS FOR CANDIDATES OR POLITICAL
PARTIES
E. INTEREST GROUPS HIRE PACs TO COORDINATE
POLITICAL STRATEGIES
• MIRANDA V. ARIZONA, GIDEON V.
WAINWRIGHT, AND MAPP V. OHIO WERE ALL
CASES DECIDED BASED ON THE
A. 1st AMENDMENT
B. DUE PROCESS CLAUSE OF THE 5th AMENDMENT
C. EQUAL PROTECTION CLAUSE OF THE 14th
AMENDMENT
D. DUE PROCESS CLAUSE FO THE 14th AMENDMENT
E. PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES CLAUSE OF THE
14th AMENDMENT
“DEALIGNMENT” IS A POLITICAL PROCESS IN
WHICH
A. VOTERS SHIFT THEIR ALLEGIANCE FROM ONE PARTY TO
ANOTHER
B. INTEREST GROUPS GIVE MONEY TO CANDIDATES FROM
BOTH POLITICAL PARTIES
C. STATE AND LOCAL PARTY OFFICIALS DO NOT SUPPORT
DECISIONS MADE BY NATIONAL PARTY OFFICIALS
D. THIRD PARTIES TAKE VOTES AWAY FROM THE TWO
MAJOR PARTIES
E. PARTY IDENTIFICATION WEAKENS AND VOTERS PREFER
TO CALL THEMSELVES INDEPENDENTS
• MANY ANTI-FEDERALISTS CRITICIZED THE
CONSTITUTION BECAUSE THEY BELIEVED THAT IT
A. DID NOT CREATE A STRONG CENTRAL
GOVERNMENT
B. SHOULD INCLUDE A BICAMERAL LEGISLATURE
C. DID NOT ADEQUATELY PROTECT INDIVIDUAL
LIBERTIES
D. SHOULD BE MORE SPECIFIC ABOUT THE
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STATE AND LOCAL
GOVERNMENTS
E. DID NOT SPECIFICALLY DEFINE THE POWERS OF
JUDICIAL REVIEW
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING POWERS DOES
THE CONSTITUTION GRANT TO THE HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES?
A. TO RATIFY TREATIES SIGNED BY THE PRESIDENT
B. TRY THE PRESIDENT AFTER THE SENATE HAS
IMPEACHED HIM
C. TO CONFIRM MAJOR PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTMENTS
D. TO ORIGINATE ALL BILLS OF REVENUE
E. TO VOTE ON LAWS DECLARED UNCONSTITUTIONAL BY
THE COURTS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING INDIVIDUALS IS
MOST LIKELY TO VOTE IN A NATIONAL ELECTION?
A. AN 18 YEAR OLD COLLEGE STUDENT
B. A WHITE MALE WITH A HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION
C. A CHURCH-GOING FEMALE WITH A COLLEGE
EDUCATION
D. A 60 YEAR OLD NON-CHURCHGOER WITH AN 8th
GRADE EDUCATION
E. A 21 YEAR OLD FACTORY WORKER IN THE MIDWEST
• WHERE IS A BILL MOST LIKELY TO BE
CHANGED/REWRITTEN?
A. IN FULL COMMITTEE
B. IN SUB-COMMITTEE
C. BY THE RULES COMMITTEE
D. BY THE COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE
• A CLOSED RULE FOR DEBATE ON THE FLOOR OF
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES WOULD MEAN
THAT
A. ONLY THE BILL’S SUPPORTERS WILL BE RECOGNIZED
TO SPEAK
B. A DISCHARGE PETITION HAS RESULTED IN A BILL’S
APPEARANCE FOR FLOOR DEBATE
C. AMENDMENTS FROM THE FLOOR ARE PERMITTED
D. THE BILL HAS STRICT TIME LIMITS FOR DEBATE
E. THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE DOES NOT LEAD
DEBATE
• THE INFORMAL NETWORKS THAT GROUP
MEMBERS OF CONGRESS SHARING THE SAME
INTEREST ARE CALLED
A. CAUCUSES
B. SELECT COMMITTEES
C. BUREAUCRACIES
D. SUBCOMMITTEES
E. LINKAGE GROUPS
• WESBERRY V. SANDERS, THE “ONE MAN ONE
VOTE” SUPREME COURT DECISION
ADDRESSED THE PROBLEM OF
A. GERRYMANDERING
B. MINORITY-MAJORITY DISTRICTING
C. INCUMBENCY
D. PORK BARREL LEGISLATION
E. MALAPPORTIONMENT
• EASLEY V. CROMARTIE RULED THAT RACE MAY
NOT BE A “DOMINANT AND CONTROLLING”
FACTOR IN
A. REDISTRICTING
B. SETTING WHO WILL RUN FOR CONGRESS
C. SELECTING CHAIRMAN FOR STANDING
COMMITTEES
D. LOGROLLING LEGISLATION
E. PASSING CIVIL RIGHTS LEGISLATION
• CLOTURE IS A TECHNIQUE USED IN THE
SENATE TO
A. DISCHARGE A BILL FROM COMMITTEE
B. CONTROL NONGERMANE AMENDMENTS
C. STALL A BILL FROM PASSING
D. STOP A FILIBUSTER
E. SEND A STRONG MESSAGE TO THE PRESIDENT
• A POCKET VETO IS A TECHNIQUE THAT ALLOWS
THE PRESIDENT TO
A. KILL LEGISLATION PRESENTED TO HIM WITHIN 10
DAYS OF THE ADJOURNMENT OF CONGRESS
B. KILL LEGISLATION WITHOUT CALLING ATTENTION
TO HIS POINT OF VIEW
C. COMMUNICATE HIS DISLIKE FOR A BILL BEFORE IT
LEAVES COMMITTEE
D. SEND THE BILL BACK TO BOTH HOUSES FOR
CONSIDERATION
E. VETO PART OF A BILL, BUT ALLOW OTHER PARTS TO
BECOME LAW
• THE 2005 CONSOLIDATED APPROPRIATIONS
ACT WAS CRITICIZED BY MANY AS AN
EXAMPLE OF
A. MALAPPORTIONMENT
B. GERRYMANDERING
C. MISUSE OF THE POWER OF INCUMBENCY
D. PORK BARREL LEGISLATION
E. FAVORTISM TOWARD THE MISWEST
• AN EXECUTIVE AGREEMENT WITH A FOREIGN
HEAD OF STATE IS DIFFERENT FROM A TREATY IN
THAT
A. AN EXECUTIVE AGREEMENT MUST BE RATIFIED BY
THE SENATE
B. A TREATY MUST BE RATIFIED BY THE SENATE
C. AN EXECUTIVE AGREEMENT IS NOT LIMITED TO THE
PRESIDENT WHO SIGNED IT
D. AN EXECUTIVE AGREEMENT ADDRESSES ISSUES
THAT ARE NOT VERY IMPORTANT
E. A TREATY INVOLVES SEVERAL COUNTRIES, AN
EXECUTIVE AGREEMENT INVOLVES ONLY TWO
• A PRESIDENTIAL VETO OF A LEGISLATIVE BILL
MAY BE OVERRIDDEN BY
A. A 2/3 VOTE OF EITHER HOUSE OF CONGRESS
B. 5 OF 9 SUPREME COURT JUSTICES
C. A MAJORITY OF BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS
D. A 2/3 VOTE OF BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS
E. A LEGISLAIVE VETO
• ONE MAJOR PURPOSE THAT CONGRESS HAD IN
PASSING THE BUDGET REFORM AND
IMPOUNDMENT ACT OF 1974 WAS TO
A. GIVE THE PRESIDENT MORE SAY IN DEVELOPING
THE BUDGET
B. REQUIRE THE PRESIDENT TO SPEND ALL
APPROPRIATED FUNDS
C. LIMIT THE PRESIDENT’S POWER UNDER EXECUTIVE
PRIVILEGE
D. LIMIT THE PRESIDENT’S POWER UNDER EXECUTIVE
ORDERS
E. SPECIFY HOW BUDGET SURPLUSES SHOULD BE
SPENT
• THE 10th AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION
HAS BEEN INTERPRETED BY THE SUPREME COURT
TO
A. PREVENT STATES FROM TAXING AGENCIES OF THE
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
B. RESERVE POWERS TO THE STATES
C. RESTRICT THE APPLICATION OF JUDICIAL REVIEW
D. ALLOW FOR THE BURNING OF THE FLAG AS AN
EXPRESSION OF PROTEST
E. LIMIT THE USE OF THE LEGISLATIVE VETO
• WHEN A LOWER COURT DECISION IS APPEALED TO
THE SUPREME COURT, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
IS MOST LIKELY TO OCCUR?
A. THE SUPREME COURT WILL RECONSIDER THE CASE,
AND OVERTURN THE LOWER COURT DECISION
B. THE SUPREME COURT WILL REPRIMAND THE
LOWER COURT JUDGE FOR IMPROPERLY DECIDING
THE CASE
C. THE PLAINTIFFS OR DEFENDENTS WILL FILE
MOTIONS FOR A CHANGE OF VENUE.
D. THE CASE WILL BE RETRIED AT THE LOWER COURT
LEVEL
E. THE SUPREME COURT WILL NOT HEAR THE APPEAL
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE OF AMICUS
CURIAE BRIEFS?
A. THEY ARE USED BY INTEREST GROUPS TO LOBBY
COURTS
B. THEY ARE USED EXCLUSIVELY BY LIBERAL INTEREST
GROUPS
C. THEY ARE USED EXCLUSIVELY BY CONSERVATIVE
INTEREST GROUPS
D. THEY ARE NOW UNCONSTITUTIONAL
E. THEY ARE THE MEANS BY WHICH A LITIGANT SEEKS
SUPREME COURT REVIEW OF A LOWER COURT
DECISION
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING COMMITTEES OF
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTITIVES SETS THE
CONDITIONS FOR DEBATE AND AMENDMENT
OF MOST LEGISLATION?
A. WAYS AND MEANS
B. APPROPRIATIONS
C. JUDICIARY
D. RULES
E. GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS
• OF THE FOLLOWING, WHICH HAS BEEN USED
THE MOST TO EXPAND THE POWER OF THE
NATONAL GOVERNMENT?
A. THE COMMERCE CLAUSE OF THE CONSTITUTION
B. THE HABEAS CORPUS CLAUSE OF THE
CONSTITUTION
C. THE BILL OF ATTAINDER CLAUSE OF THE
CONSTITUTION
D. THE FIRST AMENDMENT
E. THE FIFTH AMENDMENT
• THE PROCEDURE FOR FORMALLY AMENDING THE
CONSTITUTION BEST ILLUSTRATES WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING?
A. THE DOMINANCE OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
OVER THE STATE GOVERNMENTS
B. THE DOMINANCE OF THE STATE GOVERNMENTS
OVER THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
C. THE FOUNDING FATHERS’ DESIRE TO FACILITATE
RAPID CONSTITUTIONAL REVISIONS
D. THE SUPREME COURT’S POWER TO REVIEW
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS
E. THE FEDERAL STRUCTURE OF THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
• CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT BOUNDARIES ARE
USUALLY REDRAWN EVERY 10 YEARS BY THE
A. BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
B. STATE LEGISLATURES
C. PRESIDENT
D. HOUSE RULES COMMITTEE
E. FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION
• THE FRANKING PRIVILEGE REFERS TO THE
A. FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD’S CONTROL OVER
INTEREST RATES
B. PRACTICE OF PEMITTING SENATORS TO PREVIEW
LISTS OF JUDICIAL NOMINEES
C. PRACTICE WHEREBY LEGISLATORS WITH THE MOST
SENIORITY SELECT THE COMMITTEES ON WHICH
THEY WANT TO SERVE
D. RIGHT OF THE CHAIR TO CONTROL THE SCHEDULE
OF HIS OR HER CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE
E. RIGHT OF THE MEMBERS OF CONGRESS TO SEND
MAIL TO THEIR CONSTITUENTS AT THE
GOVERNMENT’S EXPENSE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS GENERALLY TRUE
OF THE GERRYMANDERING OF CONGRESSIONAL
DISTRICTS?
A. IT RESULTS IN MORE DEMOCRATS BEING ELECTED
TO THE HOUSE
B. IT RESULTS IN MORE REPUBLICANS BEING ELECTED
TO THE HOUSE
C. IT GUARANTEES THAT ALL MINORITY PARTIES WILL
BE EQUALLY REPRESENTED
D. IT CREATES DISTRICTS THAT FAVOR ONE POLITICAL
PARTY OVER THE OTHER
E. IT VIOLATES THE PRINCIPLE OF ONE PERSON ONE
VOTE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS ONE OF THE
CENTRAL CONCERNS OF THE FIRST
AMENDMENT?
A. THE SUPREMACY OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
OVER THE STATES
B. THE RIGHT OF THE CITIZENS TO BEAR ARMS
C. THE DIVISION OF POWERS AMONG THE THREE
BRANCES OF GOVERNMENT
D. THE RIGHT OF CITIZENS TO PETITION THE
GOVERNMENTFOR REDRESS OF GRIEVANCES
E. THE PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF THOSE
ACCUSED OF COMMITTING A CRIME
• THE “WALL OF SEPARATION” DOCTRINE
REFERS TO THE
A. DIVISION BETWEEN LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT
B. UNIQUE POWERS POSSESSED BY EACH BRANCH OF
GOVERNMENT
C. DIVISION OF CHURCH AND STATE
D. BARRIER BETWEEN LEGISLATIVE CHAMBERS
E. DIFFERENTIATION OF MUNICIPAL POWERS FROM
COUNTY POWERS
• LOBBYISTS TRY TO INFLUENCE LEGISLATORS
MAINLY THROUGH
A. “WINING AND DINING” LEGISLATORS
B. ORCHESTRATING PETITIONS DRIVES AND
LETTER-WRITING CAMPAIGNS
C. PLACING PERSUASIVE ADVERTISEMENTS IN THE
MEDIA
D. THREATENING TO HELP THE LEGISLATOR’S
OPPONENT IN THE NEXT ELECTION
E. PROVIDING LEGISLATORS WITH INFORMATION
ON TECHNICAL ISSUES
• STATES AND LOCALITIES HAVE THE MOST
DISCRETION IN ESTABLISHING POLICY WHEN
FEDERAL FUNDING IS DERIVED FROM
A. CATEGORICAL GRANTS
B. MATCHING FUNDS
C. BLOCK GRANTS
D. PROJECT GRANTS
E. GRANTS-IN-AID
• IN MIRANDA V. ARIZONA, THE SUPREME COURT
DECIDED THAT
A. ILLEGAL ALIENS HAVE THE SAME RIGHTS TO AN
EDUCATION AS UNITED STATES CITIZENS
B. EVIDENCE SEIZED DURING AN ILLEGAL SEARCH
CANNOT BE USED IN COURT
C. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAMS CANNOT
EMPLOY NUMERICAL QUOTAS
D. POLICE MUST INFORM CRIMINAL SUSPECTS OF
THEIR CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS BEFORE
QUESTIONING THEM
E. THE DEATH PENALTY IS CONSTITUTIONAL SO LONG
AS JURYS ARE SUPPLIED WITH SENTENCING
GUIDELINES
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A
PRESIDENTIAL ROLE AUTHORIZED BY THE
CONSTITUTION?
A. COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE ARMED
FORCES
B. TO LEAD THE POLITICAL PARTY OF THE
PRESIDENT
C. TO NEGOTIATE TREATIES WITH FOREIGN
NATIONS
D. TO BE CHIEF EXECUTIVE
E. TO PRESENT THE STATE OF THE UNION
ADDRESS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE UNDER THE
SYSTEM OF CHECKS AND BALANCES?
A. THE SUPREME COURT CAN OVERRULE THE PRESIDENT’S
POLICY PROPOSALS
B. THE SENATE MUST RATIYFY TREATIES NEGOTIATED BY
THE PRESIDENT BEFORE THEY BECOME LAW
C. A BILL BECOMES LAW WHEN THE HOUSE AND SENATE
PASS IT, AND THE SUPREME COURT DECLARES IT
CONSTITUTIONAL
D. THE SUPREME COURT CAN REMOVE MEMBERS OF
CONGRESS, AND CONGRESS CAN IMPEACH THE
PRESIDENT
E. THE HOUSE APPOINTS THE JUSTICES TO THE SUPREME
COURT AND THE SENATE APPROVES THE APPOINTMENTS
• THE PRESIDENT CAN DO WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING WITHOUT SEEKING THE CONSENT
OF EITHER THE HOUSE OR THE SENATE?
A. RATIFY A TREATY
B. APPOINT AMBASSADORS
C. APPOINT DISTRICT COURT JUDGES
D. DEPLOY TROOPS
E. DECLARE WAR
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE ABOUT
THE LINE-ITEM VETO?
A. IT IS SPECIFICALLY GRANTED TO THE PRESIDENT
BY THE CONSTITUTION
B. IT IS USED BY MANY STATE GOVERNORS
C. IS BASICALLY THE SAME AS A POCKET VETO
D. ITS USE WAS UPHELD BY THE SUPREME COURT
E. IT WOULD, IF INSTITUTED, STRENGTHEN THE
POWER OF CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS
• THE SUPREME COURT ESTABLISHED THE
INCORPORATION DOCTRINE WHEN THE COURT
A. INTERPRETED THE 14th AMENDMENT AS EXTENDING
MOST OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE BILL OF RIGHTS
TO THE STATES AS WELL AS THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
B. INTERPRETED THE 9th AMENDMENT AS REQUIRING
NATIONAL HEALTH AND WORKER-SAFETY STANDARDS
C. STRIPPED THE ARMEND FORCES OF THEIR
DISCRETIONARY POWERS REGARDING MILITARY
SERVICE FOR GAY MEN
D. STRENGTHED LOCAL POLICE FORCES BY GRANTING
THEN THE POWER TO INVESTIGATE AND PROSECUTE
FEDERAL OFFENCES
E. GRANTED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THE POWER TO
DECLARE ACTS OF CONGRESS UNCONSTITUTIONAL
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS THE MOST
IMPORTANT EFFECT OF REPLACING THE
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION WITH THE
CONSTITUTION OF 1787?
A. THE PROTECTION OF FREE SPEECH
B. THE GUARANTEE OF STATES’ RIGHTS
C. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF DIRECT DEMOCRACY
D. THE CREATION OF A STRONG CENTRAL
GOVERNMENT
E. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF JUDICIAL REVIEW
• A MAJOR DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE HOUSE
OF REPRESENTATIVE AND THE SENATE IS THAT
A. FILIBUSTERS ARE ONLY POSSIBLE IN THE HOUSE
B. REVENUE BILLS MUST ORIGINATE IN THE
SENATE
C. JUDICIAL NOMINATIONS ORIGINATE IN THE
HOUSE
D. EACH STATE HAS EQUAL REPRESENTATION IN
THE HOUSE BUT NOT THE SENATE
E. THERE IS UNLIMITED DEBATE IN THE SENATE
BUT NOT THE HOUSE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A CORE
VALUE OF UNITED STATES POLITICAL
CULTURE?
A. LEGAL EQUALITY
B. POLITICAL EQUALITY
C. ECONOMIC EQUALITY
D. FREEDOM OF RELIGION
E. FREEDOM OF SPEECH
• THE CONCEPT OF “CRITICAL ELECTIONS” IS
MOST CLOSELY ASSOCIATED WITH
A. THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE PROCESS
B. ELECTIONS DURING WARTIME
C. THE NOMINATION PROCESS
D. ECONOMIC RECESSION
E. PARTY REALIGNMENT
• FEDERAL BENEFITS THAT MUST BE FUNDED BY
CONGRESS AND MUST BE PAID TO ALL
CITIZENS WHO MEET ELIGILBILITY CRITERIA
ARE CALLED
A. DISCRETIONARY APPROPRIATIONS
B. INDIVIDUAL ENTITLEMENTS
C. TAX EXPENDITURES
D. DISTRIBUTIVE BENEFITS
E. CONTINUING APPROPRIATIONS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXAMPLE OF CHECKS
AND BALANCES, AS ESTABLISHED BY THE
CONSTITUTION?
A. A REQUIREMENT THE STATES LOWER THEIR LEGAL
DRINKING AGE TO 18 AS A CONDITION FOR RECEIVING
FEDERAL FUNDS THROUGH FEDERAL HIGHWAY GRANT
PROGRAMS
B. MEDIA CRITICISM OF PUBLIC OFFICIALS DURING AN
ELECTION CAMPAIGN PERIOD
C. THE SUPREME COURT’S ABILITY TO OVERTURN A LOWER
COURT DECISION
D. THE REQUIREMENT THAT PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTMENTS
TO THE SUPREME BE APPROVED BY THE SENATE.
E. THE ELECTION OF THE PRESIDENT BY THE ELECTORAL
COLLEGE RATHER THAN BY DIRECT ELECTION
• A PRIMARY ELECTION IN WHICH VOTER ARE
REQUIRED TO IDENTIFY A PARTY PREFERENCE
BEFORE THE ELECTION AND ARE NOT
ALLOWED TO SPLIT THEIR TICKET IS CALLED
A. AN OPEN PRIMARY
B. A BLANKET PRIMARY
C. A CLOSED PRIMARY
D. A RUNOFF PRIMARY
E. A PRESIDENTIAL PREFERENCE PRIMARY
• WHEN SELECTING A VICE-PRESIDENTIAL
CANDIDATE, A PRESIDENTIAL NOMINEE IS
USUALLY CONCERNED PRIMARILY WITH
CHOOSING A RUNNING MATE WHO
A. HAS SIGNIFICANT PERSONAL WEALTH
B. ADDS BALANCE AND APPEAL TO THE NATIONAL
TICKET
C. COMES FROM THE SAME IDEOLOGICAL WING OF
THE PARTY AS THE PRESIDENT
D. CAN SERVE AS THE MOST IMPORTANT DOMESTIC
POLICY ADVISOR TO THE PRESIDENT
E. CAN EFFECTIVELY PRESIDE OVER THE SENATE
• THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF POLITICAL ACTION
COMMITTEES (PAC’s) IS TO
A. SERVE AS FUND-RAISING ORGANIZATIONS FOR
CHALLENGERS
B. PROVIDE MEMBERS OF CONGRESS WITH
UNBIASED INFORMATION REGARDING PROPOSED
LEGISLATION
C. CONSULT WITH THE PRESIDENT REGARDING
DOMESTIC POLICY
D. ENCOURAGE BROADER PARTICIPATION IN POLITICS
AMONG THE ELECTORATE
E. RAISE CAMPAIGN FUNDS TO SUPPORT FAVORED
CANDIDIATE
• REGISTERED VOTERS DIRECTLY ELECT WHICH OF
THE FOLLOWING?
I. THE PRESIDENT AND THE VICE PRESIDENT
II. SUPREME COURT JUSTICES
III. MEMBERS OF THE SENATE
IV. MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
A. I ONLY
B. IV ONLY
C. I AND II ONLY
D. III AND IV ONLY
E. II, III, AND IV ONLY
• THE ROLE OF A CONFERENCE COMMITTEE IS
TO
A. HOLD HEARINGS ON PROPOSED LEGISLATION
B. OVERSEE THE ACTIONS OF THE EXECUTIVE
BRANCH OF THE GOVERNMENT
C. DECIDE WHICH BILLS SHOULD BE CONSIDERED
BY THE FULL SENATE
D. CONDUCT HEARINGS THAT MAKE
INFORMATION AVALIABLE TO THE PUBLIC
E. RECONCILE DIFFERENCES IN BILLS PASSED BY
THE HOUSE AND SENATE
• SUPREME COURT JUSTICES WERE GIVEN TENURE
SUBJECT TO GOOD BEHAVIOR BY THE FRAMERS
OF THE CONSTITUTION IN ORDER TO ENSURE
A. JUSTICES ARE FREE FROM DIRECT POLITICAL
PRESSURE
B. JUSTICES REMAIN ACCOUNTABLE TO THE PUBLIC
C. JUSTICES ARE ENCOURAGED TO MAKE POLITICALLY
POPULAR DECISIONS
D. COOPERATION BETWEEN THE JUDICIAL AND
LEGISLATIVE BRANCHES IS ASSURED
E. PRESIDENTS ARE ENCOURAGED TO SEEK YOUNGER
NOMINEES FOR THE SUPREME COURT
• THE COMMITTEE SYSTEM IS MORE IMPORTANT IN
THE HOUSE THAN THE SENATE BECAUSE
A. THE SENIORITY SYSTEM PLAYS NO ROLE IN THE
HOUSE AND THEREFORE COMMITTEES MUST PLAY A
LARGER ROLE
B. THE CONSTITUTION MANDATES THE TYPE OF
COMMITTEE STRUCTURE IN THE HOUSE
C. COMMITTEE MEMBERS ARE APPOINTED BY THE
PRESIDENT
D. THE HOUSE IS SO LARGE THAT MORE WORK CAN BE
ACCOMPLISHED IN COMMITTEES THAN ON THE
FLOOR
E. THE MAJORITY IN THE HOUSE PREFERS TO GIVE
PRIORITY TO THE WORK OF THE COMMITTEES
• THE MOST IMPORTANT SOURCE OF THE
SUPREME COURT’S CASELOAD IS
A. ITS ORIGINAL JURISDICTION
B. ITS APPELLATE JURISDICTION
C. INSTRUCTION FROM THE SOLICTOR GENERAL
D. THE SPECIAL MASTER’S CERTIFICATION OF
CASES FOR REVIEW
E. CONGRESS’ CERTIFICATION OF CASES FOR
REVIEW
• A PRESIDENT ATTEMPTING TO INFLUENCE CONGRESS
TO PASS A LEGISLATIVE PROGRAM MIGHT EMPLOY ALL
OF THE FOLLOWING STRATEGIES EXCEPT
A. USING THE MEDIA TO DRAW ATTENTION TO THE
LEGISLATIVE PROGRAM
B. ASSIGNING LEGISLATIVE LIAISONS IN THE EXECUTIVE
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT TO LOBBY LEGISLATORS
C. DENY CAMPAIGN REELECTION FUNDS TO LEGISLATORS
WHO OPPOSE THE PRESIDENT’S POLICY STAND
D. EXPLOITING A PARTISAN MAJORITY FOR THE
PRESIDENT’S PARTY IN BOTH THE HOUSE AND SENATE
E. REMINDING LEGISLATORS OF HIGH POPULARITY RATINGS
FOR THE PRESIDENT IN PUBLIC OPINION POLLS
• PRESIDENTS HAVE HAD THE MOST SUCCESS IN
CHANGING THE DIRECTION OF DECISIONS OF THE
FEDERAL JUDICIARY BY
A. THREATENING TO ASK CONGRESS TO IMPEACH
SPECIFIC JUDGES
B. USING THE MEDIA TO BUILD CONSENSUS FOR THE
PRESIDENT’S POSITION
C. REQUESTING THAT CONGRESS REDUCE THE TERM
OF OFFICE THAT JUDGES MAY SERVE
D. USING THE APPOINTMENT PROCESS TO SELECT
JUDGES WITH JUDICIAL PHILOSOPHIES SIMILAR TO
THOSE OF THE PRESIDENT
E. PRESSURING CONGRESS TO PASS THE APPROPRIATE
LEGISLATION TO OVERRIDE JUDICIAL OPINION
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DID THE MOST TO
EXPAND CIVIL RIGHTS IN THE 1950’s?
A. STATE LEGISLATIVE DECISIONS DESEGREGATING
PUBLIC ACCOMODATIONS
B. STATE COURT DECISIONS OUTLAWING POLL TAXES
C. THE PASSAGE OF VOTING-RIGHTS LEGISLATION BY
CONGRESS
D. EXECUTIVE ORDERS MANDATING AFFIRMATIVE
ACTION
E. THE SUPREME COURT DECISION DECLARING STATEMANDATED SCHOOL SEGREGATION TO BE
UNCONSTITUTIONAL
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE ABOUT THE
RIGHTS OF FREE SPEECH, AS CURRENTLY
INTERPRETED BY THE SUPREME COURT?
A. IT PROTECTS THE RIGHT TO EXPRESS OPINIONS
EVEN WITHOUT THE ACTUAL USE OF WORDS
B. IT PROTECTS THE USE OF LANGUAGE DEEMED
OBSCENE BY THE COURTS
C. IT ALLOWS CITIZENS TO DISOBEY LAWS THEY
BELIEVE TO BE UNJUST
D. IT IS PROTECTED FROM INFRINGEMENT BY THE
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BUT NOT FROM
INFRINGEMENT BY STATE GOVERNMENTS
E. IT CANNOT BE LIMITED IN ANY MANNER
• THE IMPORTANCE OF SHAYS’ REBELLION TO THE
DEVELOPMENT OF THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION
WAS THAT IT
A. REVEALED THE NECESSITY OF BOTH ADDING THE BILL OF
RIGHTS TO THE CONSTITUTION AND CREATING A NEW
SYSTEM OF CHECKS AND BALANCES
B. DEMONSTRATED THE INTENSITY OF ANTIRATIFICATION
SENTIMENT WITHIN THE THIRTEEN STATES
C. INDICATED THAT A STRONG, CONSTITUTIONALLY
DESIGNED NATIONAL GOVERNMENT WAS NEEDED TO
PROTECT PROPERY AND MAINTAIN ORDER
D. CONVINCED THE DELEGATES ATTENDING THE
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION TO ACCEPT THE
CONNECTICUT PLAN
E. REINFORCED THE IDEA THAT SLAVERY SHOULD BE
OUTLAWED IN THE NEW CONSTITUTION
• IN A FEDERAL SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT,
POLITICAL POWER IS PRIMARILY
A. VESTED IN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
B. VESTED IN THE REGIONAL GOVERNMENTS
C. VESTED IN THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
D. DIVIDED BETWEEN THE CENTRAL
GOVERNMENT AND REGIONAL GOVERNMENTS
E. DIVIDED BETWEEN REGIONAL GOVERNMENTS
AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING GENERALIZATIONS
ABOUT GROUP VOTING TENDENCIES IS TRUE?
A. JEWISH VOTERS TEND TO VOTE REPUBLICAN
B. PROTESTANT VOTERS TEND TO BE MORE LIBERAL
THAN ROMAN CATHOICS ON ECONOMIC ISSUES
C. MORE WOMEN THAN MEN IDENTIFY THEMSELVES
AS REPUBLICAN
D. RURAL VOTERS ARE MORE LIKELY TO SUPPORT
DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATES THAN ARE URBAN
VOTERS
E. AFRICAN AMERICAN DEMOCRATS TEND TO
SUPPORT THE MORE LIBERAL CANDIDATES WITHIN
THEIR PARTY
• A CORPORATE LOBBYIST WOULD BE LEAST LIKELY TO
HAVE AN INFORMAL DISCUSSION ABOUT A PENDING
POLICY MATTER WITH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?
A. A MEMBER OF THE HOUSE IN WHOSE DISTRICT THE
CORPORATION HAS A PLANT
B. A MEMBER OF THE WHITE HOUSE STAFF CONCERNED
ABOUT THE ISSUE
C. A MEMBER OF THE STAFF OF THE SENATE COMMITTEE
HANDLING A MATTER OF CONCERN TO THE
CORPORATION
D. A FEDERAL JUDGE IN WHOSE COURT A CASE
IMPORTANT TO THE CORPORATION IS BEING HEARD
E. A JOURNALIST FOR A MAJOR NEWSPAPER CONCERNED
ABOUT THE ISSUE
• CONGRESSIONAL STANDING COMMITTEESARE
BEST DESCRIBED AS
A. SPECIALLY APPOINTED INVESTIGATIVE BODIES
B. JOINT COMMITTEES OF THE TWO HOUSES OF
CONGRESS
C. COMMITTEES CREATED FOR EACH SESSION
D. PERMANENT SUBJECT-MATTER COMMITTEES
E. ADVISORY STAFF AGENCIES
• ALL OF THE FOLOWING POWERS ARE
GRANTED TO THE PRESIDENT BY THE
CONSTITUTION EXCEPT
A. COMMISSIONING OFFICERS IN THE ARMED
FORCES
B. ADDRESSING THE CONGRESS ON THE STATE OF
THE UNION
C. RECEIVING AMBASSADORS
D. GRANTING PARDONS FOR FEDERAL OFFENSES
E. FORMING NEW CABINET-LEVEL DEPARTMENTS
• IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DID CONGRESS
MOVE TO REGAIN POWERS PREVIOUSLY LOST
TO THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH?
A. BUDGET AND IMPOUNDMENT CONTROL ACT
B. GRAMM-RUDMAN-HOLLINGS ACT
C. PRESIDENTIAL DISABILITY ACT
D. GULF OF TONKIN RESOLUTION
E. PERSIAN GULF WAR RESOLUTION
• WHICH THE FOLLOWING ACTIONS CAN
CONGRESS TAKE IF THE SUPREME COURT
FINDS A FEDERAL LAW UNCONSTITUTIONAL?
A. APPEAL THE COURT’S DECISION TO THE
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA’S COURT OF APPEALS
B. FORMALLY REQUEST THE PRESIDENT TO VETO
THE COURT’S DECISION
C. REMOVE CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE COURT
AND REPLACE THEM WITH NEW MEMBERS
D. TRY TO AMEND THE CONSTITUTION
E. REENACT THE SAME LAW
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS ARTICULATED IN
THE WAR POWERS RESOLUTION?
A. THE PRESIDENT MAY DECLARE WAR
B. THE PRESIDENT MUST FINANCE ANY WAR EFFORTS
FROM A SPECIAL CONTINGENCY FUND
C. THE PRESIDENT MUST BRING TROOPS HOME FROM
HOSTILITIES WITHIN 60 TO 90 DAYS UNLESS
CONGRESS EXTENDS THE TIME
D. THE PRESIDENT MAY NOT NATIONALIZE STATE
MILITIAS WITHOUT CONGRESSIONAL CONSENT
E. THE PRESIDENT MAY NOT SENT TROOPS INTO
HOSTILITIES WITHOUT A DECLARATION OR WAR
FROM CONGRESS OR A RESOLUTION FROM THE
UNITED NATIONS
• DISCRIMINATION IN PUBLIC ACCOMODATIONS
WAS MADE ILLEGAL IN THE UNITED STATES AS
A RESULT OF THE
A. SUPREME COURT DECISION IN BROWN V.
BOARD OF EDUCATION
B. SUPREME COURT DECISION IN SWEATT V.
PAINTER
C. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964
D. MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT
E. VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965
• MOST OF THE INDIVIDUAL PROTECTIONS OF
THE BILL OF RIGHTS NOW APPLY TO THE
STATES BECAUSE OF THE SUPREME COURT’S
INTERPRETATION OF THE CONSTITUTION’S
A. PREAMBLE
B. NECESSARY
C. SUPREMACY CLAUSE
D. 10th AMENDMENT
E. 14th AMENDMENT
• IN McCULLOCH V. MARYLAND, THE SUPREME COURT
ESTABLISHED WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING PRINCIPLES?
A. STATES CANNOT INTERFERE WITH OR TAX THE
LEGITIMATE ACTIVITIES OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
B. THE JUDICIAL BRANCH CANNOT INTERFERE IN POLITICAL
DISPUTES BETWEEN THE PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS
C. THE FEDERAL BILL OF RIGHTS PLACES NO LIMITATIONS
ON THE STATES
D. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAS THE POWER TO
REGULATE COMMERCE
E. IT IS WITHIN THE JUDICIARY’S AUTHORITY TO INTERPRET
THE CONSTITUTION
• POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION IS THE PROCESS BY
WHICH
A. THE USE OF PRIVATE PROPERTY IS REGULATED BY
THE GOVERNMENT
B. GOVERNMENTS COMMUNICATE WITH EACH OTHER
C. PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARDS GOVERNMENT ARE
MEASURED AND REPORTED
D. POLITICAL VALUES ARE PASSED TO THE NEXT
GENERATION
E. CHILDREN ARE TRAINED FOR SUCCESSFUL
OCCUPATIONS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE MOST
IMPORTANT INFLUENCE ON THE CHOICE MADE
BY VOTERS IN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS?
A. PARTISAN IDENTIFICATION
B. PARTY PLATFORM ADOPTED AT THE NATIONAL
CONVENTION
C. VICE-PRESIDENTIAL RUNNING MATE
D. ENDORCEMENT BY POLITICAL INCUMBENTS
E. APPEAL OF THE CANDIDATES’ SPOUSES
• THE ADVANTAGE OF INCUMBENCY IN CONGRESSIONAL
ELECTIONS INCLUDE WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?
I. INCUMBENTS RECEIVE MORE CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTIONS
THAN DO CHALLENGERS
II. INCUMBENTS ARE ABLE TO PROVIDE IMPORTANT SERVICES FOR
INDIVIDUAL VOTERS
III. THE GOVERNMENT PROVIDES CAMPAIGN FUNDS FOR
INCUMBENTS
IV. THE PRESIDENT USUALLY ENDORCES INCUMBENTS
V. MOST AMERICAN VOTERS BELIEVE CONGRESS DOES A GOOD
JOB
A. I AND II ONLY
B. III AND IV ONLY
C. I, IV, AND V ONLY
D. II, III, AND V ONLY
E. III, IV, AND V ONLY
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT
RULES OF PROCEDURE IN THE HOUSE AND SENATE IS
CORRECT?
A. DEBATE BY A DETERMINED MINORITY IN EITHER
CHAMBER CANNOT BE HALTED
B. THE RULES IN EACH CHAMBER ARE DETERMINED BY THE
MAJORITY WHIP
C. THE RULES ARE SPECIFIED IN ARTICLE I OF THE
CONSTITUTION
D. THE RULES CAN BE CHANGED BY THE PRESIDENT
DURING A NATIONAL EMERGENCY
E. THE HOUSE OPERATES MORE BY FORMAL RULES, WHILE
THE SENATE OPERATES MORE ON INFORM
UNDERSTANDINGS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING PROCEDURES RESULTS IN
THE REMOVAL OF THE PRESIDENT FROM OFFICE?
A. THE HOUSE AND SENATE VOTE FOR IMPEACHMENT,
AND THE SUPREME COURT REACHES A GUILTY VERDICT
B. THE HOUSE VOTES FOR IMPEACHMENT, AND THE
SENATE CONDUCTS A TRIAL AND REACHES A GUILTY
VERDICT
C. THE HOUSE AND SENATE BOTH VOTE FOR A BILL OF
IMPEACHMENT
D. ONLY THE HOUSE VOTES FOR A BILL OF IMPEACHMENT
E. A CRIMINAL COURT FINDS THE PRESIDENT GUILTY OF
“HIGH CRIMES AND MISDEMEANORS”
• INTEREST GROUPS AND POLITICAL PARTIES
BOTH PROMOTE UNITED STATES DEMOCRACY
BY
A. EXPRESSING DETAILED, IDEOLOGICALLY
DISTINCT PROGRAMS
B. CENTRALIZING PUBLIC AUTHORITY
C. LINKING CITIZENS TO THE POLITICAL PROCESS
D. INCREASING DOMINATION OF THE POLITICAL
PROCESS BY ELITES
E. LOBBYING MEMBERS OF CONGRESS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ACCURATELY
DESCRIBES THE SELECTION OF THE CASELOAD FOR THE
UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT
A. THE CONSTITUTION SPELLS OUT ALL OF THE CATEGORIES
OF CASES THAT THE SUPREME COURT MUST HEAR
B. THE CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT HAS THE
AUTHORITY TO SELECT THE CASES THAT THE COURT WILL
HEAR
C. THE SOLICITOR GENERAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF
JUSTICE DETERMINES THE SUPREME COURT’S AGENDA
D. THE SUPREME COURT IS FREE TO CHOOSE THE CASES IT
HEARS WITH ONLY FEW LIMITATIONS
E. THE ATTORNEY GENERAL SCREENS CASES FOR
CONSIDERATION BY THE COURT
• THE BOUNDARIES OF THE UNITED STATES
CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS ARE USUALLY
DETERMINED BY
A. THE FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION (FEC)
B. THE STATE LEGISLATURES
C. THE HOUSE RULES COMMITTEE
D. A CONFERENCE COMMITTEE OF THE HOUSE
AND SENATE
E. THE DIRECTOR OF THE UNITED STATES CENSUS
BUREAU
• PUBLIC MONIES ARE USED TO FINANCE WHICH
OF THE FOLLOWING CAMPAIGNS?
I. PRESIDENTIAL
II. CONGRESSIONAL
III. GUBERNATORIAL
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
I ONLY
II ONLY
I AND II ONLY
II AND III ONLY
I, II, AND III
• ALL OF THE FOLLOWING HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO AN
INCREASE IN PRESIDENTIAL POWER IN THE POST 1945
ERA EXCEPT
A. TENSIONS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE
SOVIET UNION DURING THE COLD WAR PERIOD
B. AN INCREASE IN PUBLIC EXPECTATIONS FOR SERVICES
FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
C. ECONOMIC AND DOMESTIC PROBLEMS SUCH AS
INFLATION, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND CIVIL RIGHTS ISSUES
D. INCREASING UNITED STATES INVOLVEMENT IN
INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
E. LEGISLATION GRANTING THE PRESIDENT THE POWER TO
IMPOUND FUNDS APPROPRIATED BY CONGRESS
• ONE OF THE FORMAL TOOLS USED BY
CONGRESS FOR THE OVERSIGHT OF THE
BUREAUCRACY IS
A. THE LINE-ITEM VETO
B. AUTHORIZATION OF SPENDING
C. IMPOUNDMENT BILLS
D. PRIVATE BILLS
E. SENATORIAL COURTESY
• DECISIONS REACHED BY THE SUPREME COURT
UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OF CHIEF JUSTICE EARL
WARREN (1953-1969) DID ALL OF THE
FOLLOWING EXCEPT
A. RULE AGAINST MALAPPORTIONMENT IN STATE
LEGISLATURES
B. VOID STATE STATUTES THAT PERMITTED SCHOOL
SEGREGATION
C. INVALIDATE STATE ABORTION STATUTES
D. EXPAND THE RIGHTS OF CRIMINAL DEFENDANTS
E. INCREASE PROTECTION FOR 1st AMENDMENT
FREEDOMS
• THE “MIRANDA WARNING” REPRESENTS AN
ATTEMPT TO PROTECT CRIMINAL SUSPECTS
AGAINST
A. UNFAIR POLICE INTERROGATION
B. BIASED JURY SELECTION
C. IMPRISONMENT WITHOUT TRIAL
D. ILLEGAL WIRETAPPING
E. UNJUSTIFIED POLICE SURVEILLANCE
• THE RESERVED POWERS OF THE STATE
GOVERNMENTS CAN BEST BE DESCRIBED AS
THOSE POWERS
A. NOT SPECIFICALLY GRANTED TO THE NATIONAL
GOVERNMENT OR DENIED TO THE STATES
B. IMPLIED IN THE 5th AMENDMENT
C. LISTED SPECIFICALLY IN THE 10th AMENDMENT
D. EXERCISED BY BOTH NATIONAL AND STATE
GOVERNMENTS
E. GRANTED TO STATES AS PART OF THE IMPLIED
POWERS DOCTRINE
• CRITICAL ELECTIONS IN THE UNITED STATES
TYPICALLY HAVE OCCURRED
A. AS A RESULT OF A TEMPORARY SHIFT IN THE
POPULAR COALITION SUPPORTING ONE OR BOTH
PARTIES
B. WHENEVER A THIRD PARTY HAS SECURED MORE
THAN 15 PERCENT OF THE PRESIDENTIAL VOTE
C. EACH TIME A REPUBLICAN HAS BEEN ELECTED
PRESIDENT
D. WHEN VOTER TURNOUT HAS DECLINED
SIGNIFICANTLY FROM THE PREVIOUS ELECTION
E. WHEN GROUPS OF VOTERS HAVE CHANGED THEIR
TRADITIONAL PATTERNS OF PARTY LOYALTY
• WHEN 18 TO 21 YEAR OLDS RECEIVED THE RIGHT
TO VOTE IN 1971, IN THE 1972 NATIONAL
ELECTION THE DID WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?
A. VOTED OVERWHELMINGLY FOR REPUBLICAN
CANDIDATES
B. VOTED OVERWHELMINGLY FOR DEMOCRATIC
CANDIDATES
C. VOTED OVERWHELMINGLY FOR RADICAL
CANDIDATES
D. TURNED OUT AT A LOWER RATE THAN THE REST OF
THE ELECTORATE
E. TURNED OUT AT THE SAME RATE AS THE REST OF
THE ELECTORATE
• THE LARGEST AMOUNT OF POLITICAL
COVERAGE IN NEWSPAPERS DURING
PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGNS IS DEVOTED TO
A. DAY-TO-DAY CAMPAIGN ACTIVITES
B. THE PLATFORM OF MAJOR PARITES
C. CANDIDATES’ POLICY STANDS ON DOMESTIC
ISSUES
D. CANDIDATES’ STAND ON FOREIGN POLICY ISSUES
E. CANDIDATES’ EXPERIENCE AND QUAIFICATIONS
• A STATE HAS 11 ELECTORAL VOTES. IN A PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION,
THE DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE RECEIVES 48% OF THAT STATE’S
POPULAR VOTE, THE REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE RECEIVES 40% OF
THE VOTE, AND AN INDEPENDENT CANDIDATE RECEIVES 12% OF
THE VOTE.
IF THE STATE IS SIMILAR TO MOST OTHER STATES, HOW WILL THE
ELECTORAL VOTES LIKELY BE ALLOCATED?
A. THE DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE WILL RECEIVE 5 ELECTORAL
VOTES, THE REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE WILL RECEIVE 4, AND
THE INDEPENDENT WILL RECEIVE 2
B. THE DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE WILL RECEIVE 6 ELECTORAL
VOTES AND THE REPUBLICAN 5
C. THE DEMOCRAT WILL GET ALL 11 ELECTORAL VOTES
D. THERE WILL BE A RUNOFF ELECTION BETWEEN THE
DEMOCRAT AND THE REPUBLICAN
E. THE HOUSE WILL DETERMINE THE ALLOCATION OF
ELECTORAL VOTES
• THE CONGRESSIONAL POWER THAT HAS BEEN
CONTESTED MOST FREQUENTLY IN THE
FEDERAL COURTS IS THE POWER TO
A. ESTABLISH POST OFFICES
B. COIN MONEY
C. LEVY TAXES
D. REGULATE COMMERCE WITH FOREIGN NATIONS
E. REGULATE INTERSTATE COMMERCE
• THE REQUEST OF RECENT PRESIDENT FOR THE
LINE-ITEM VETO IS A CHALLENGE TO WHICH
OF THE FOLLOWING PRINCIPLES?
A. SEPARATION OF POWERS
B. SENATORIAL COURTESY
C. EMINENT DOMAIN
D. EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE
E. CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHT
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FORM AN “IRON
TRIANGLE”?
A. PRESIDENT, CONGRESS, SUPREME COURT
B. PRESIDENT, HOUSE MAJORITY LEADER, SENATE
MAJORITY LEADER
C. INTEREST GROUP, SENATE MAJORITY LEADER,
HOUSE MAJORITY LEADER
D. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, HOUSE MAJORITY
LEADER, PRESIDENT
E. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, CONGRESSIONAL
COMMITTEE, INTEREST GROUP
• AN ELECTION INVOLVING MORE THAN 2
CANDIDATES IN WHICH THE PERSON WHO
RECEIVES THE MOST VOTES IS THE WINNER IS
CALLED
A. A MAJORITY ELECTION
B. A PROPORTIONAL ELECTION
C. A PLURALITY ELECTION
D. A SIMPLE ELECTION
E. AN INDIRECT ELECTION
• CABINET MEMBERS OFTEN DO NOT HAVE A
DOMINANT INFLUENCE ON PRESIDENTIAL DECISIONMAKING BECAUSE
A. CABINET MEMBERS GENERALLY MAINTAIN CLOSE
INDEPENDENT TIES TO CONGRESS
B. CABINET MEMBERS GENERALLY VIEW THEIR POSITION
ONLY AS A STEPPING-STONE TO FURTHER THEIR OWN
POLITICAL AMBITIONS
C. CABINET MEMBERS ARE NOT PERMITTED TO PUBLICLY
DISAGREE WITH THE PRESIDENT
D. PRESIDENTIAL GOALS OFTEN CONFLICT WITH THE
INSTITUTIONAL GOALS OF INDIVIDUAL CABINET-LEVEL
AGENCIES
E. ONLY HALF OF ALL CABINET MEMBERS CAN BE
MEMBERS OF THE PREIDENT’S PARTY
• THE ESTABLISHMENT CLAUSE OF THE FIRST
AMENDMENT DOES WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING?
A. GUARANTEES FREEDOM OF SPEECH TO ALL
CITIZENS
B. PREVENTS PRIOR RESTRAINT OF THE PRESS
C. PROHIBITS THE SETTING UP OF A STATE CHURCH
D. DEFINES THE CONCEPT OF DUAL CITIZENSHIP
E. ALLOWS CITIZENS TO ENTER FREELY INTO
CONTRACTS WITH OTHER CITIZENS
• GRISWOLD V. CONNECTICUT AND ROE V.
WADE ARE SIMILAR SUPREME COURT CASES IN
THAT BOTH CASES ARE BASED ON THE
A. RIGHTS OF GAY MEN AND LESBIAN WOMEN
B. RIGHT OF PRIVACY
C. RIGHT TO AN ABORTION
D. RIGHT TO FREEDOM FROM CRUEL AND
UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT
E. RIGHT OF WOMEN TO EQUAL PROTECTION
BEFORE THE LAW
• THE FRAMERS OF THE CONSTITUTION ALL
BELIEVED THAT ONE OF THE PRIMARY
FUNCTIONS OF GOVERNMENT IS
A. EDUCATING CITIZENS
B. PROTECTING INDIVDUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
C. PROTECTING NEW IMMIGRANTS FROM
PERSECUTION
D. EXPANDING THE BORDERS OF THE NATION
E. ENSURING THAT ANYONE ACCUSED OF A CRIME
HAS THE RIGHT TO LEGAL REPRESENTION
• IN THE FEDERALIST PAPERS, JAMES MADISON
EXPRESSED THE VIEW THAT POLITICAL FACTIONS
A. SHOULD BE NURTURED BY A FREE NATION
B. SHOULD PLAY A MINOR ROLE IN ANY FREE NATION
C. ARE CENTRAL TO THE CREATION OF A FREE NATION
D. ARE UNDESIRABLE BUT INEVITABLE IN A FREE
NATION
E. ARE NECESSARY TO CONTROL THE MASSES IN A
FREE NATION
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE OF
NOMINEES FOR FEDERAL JUDGESHIPS?
A. THEY ARE RECRUITED FROM THE CURRENT POOL
OF UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS
B. THEY ARE NOMINATED BY THE SENATE AND
APPROVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
C. THEY ARE ELECTED IN POPULAR ELECTIONS IN
INDIVIDUAL STATES
D. THEY MUST RECEIVE THE APPROVAL OF THE
AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION UPON NOMINATION
E. THEY ARE APPOINTED FOR LIFE BY THE PRESIDENT
WITH THE ADVICE AND CONSENT OF THE SENATE
• AGREEMENT AMONG 4 JUSTICES ON THE
SUPREME COURT IS ALWAYS SUFFICIENT TO
A. DECIDE THE OUTCOME OF THE CASE
B. WRITE A MAJORITY OPINION
C. SET A PRECEDENT
D. OVERTURN A LOWER COURT’S OPINION
E. ACCEPT A CASE FOR CONSIDERATION
• IN SELECTING MEMBERS OF THE WHITE
HOUSE STAFF, PRESIDENTS PRIMARILY SEEKS
PEOPLE WHO
A. GIVE THE WHITE HOUSE IDEOLOICAL BALANCE
B. ARE PERSONALLY LOYAL TO THE PRESIDENT
C. HAVE EXTENSIVE GOVERNMENTAL EXPERIENCE
D. WILL HELP THE PRESIDENT DEVELOP A GOOD
WORKING RELATIONSHIP WITH CONGRESS
E. CAN BRING A NONPARTISAN PERSPECTIVE TO
POLICY DELIBERATIONS
• ALL OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS
PERTAINING TO THE PRESIDENTIAL VETO ARE
TRUE EXCEPT
A. CONGRESS OVERRIDES FEWER THAN 10 % OF
PRESIDENTIAL VETOES
B. A VETOED BILL IS OFTEN REVISED AND PASSED IN
ANOTHER FORM
C. PRESIDENTS OFTEN THREATEN TO VETO BILLS TO
INCREASE THEIR LEVERAGE WITH CONGRESS
D. A PRESIDENT MAY VETO PART OF A BILL
E. CONGRESS OFTEN PLACES PROVISIONS THE
PRESIDENT WANTS INO A BILL THE PRESIDENT
DISLIKES TO MAKE A VETO LESS LIKELY
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A CORRECT STATEMENT
ABOUT POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEES (PAC’s)?
A. THE NUMBER OF PAC’s HAS REMAINED STABLE OVER
THE PAST DECADE
B. MOST PAC MONEY IS DISTRIBUTED TO CHALLENGERS IN
AN EFFORT TO UNSEAT HOSTILE INCUMBENTS
C. THE AMOUNT OF MONEY THAT PAC’s CAN CONTRIBUTE
DIRECTLY TO AN INDIVIDUAL CANDIDATE IS LIMITED BY
LAW
D. PAC’s ARE ILLEGAL IN MOST STATES
E. PAC’s RARELY ATTEMPT TO INFLUENCE LEGISLATION
THROUGH LOBBYING ACTIVITIES
• A “CLOTURE MOTION” PASSED IN THE SENATE
DOES WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?
A. RETURNS A BILL TO A COMMITTEE
B. CUTS OFF DEBATE ON A BILL
C. CRITICIZES A SENATOR GUILTY OF
IMPROPRIETIES
D. REMOVES A PRESIDENT WHO HAS BEEN
IMPEACHED BY THE HOUSE
E. BRINGS A BILL DIRECTLY TO A VOTE WITHOUT
FORMAL COMMITTEE APPROVAL
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING BEST
CHARACTERIZES THE INFLUENCE OF THE NEWS
MEDIA ON PUBLIC OPINION IN THE UNITED
STATES?
A. THEY ALTER THE PUBLIC’S VIEWS ON ISSUES
B. THE AFFECT WHICH ISSUES THE PUBLIC THINKS
ARE IMPORTANT
C. THEY DETERMINE HOW CITIZENS WILL VOTE
D. THEY ARE MOST ABLE TO INFLUENCE PEOPLE WITH
THE HIGHEST LEVEL OF EDUCATION
E. THEY ARE MOST ABLE TO INFLUENCE THE URBAN
SECTORS OF SOCIETY
• OF THE FOLLOWING, WHICH GROUP VOTED
MOST HEAVILY DEMOCRATIC IN PRESIDENTIAL
ELECTION BETWEEN 1964 AND 1992?
A. MEXICAN AMERICANS
B. CHINESE AMERICANS
C. JEWISH AMERICANS
D. BLACK AMERICANS
E. ROMAN CATHOLIC AMERICANS
• TO ENFORCE THE 14th AMENDMENT MORE
CLEARLY, CONGRESSED PASSED THE
A. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964
B. GRAMM-RUDMAN-HOLLINGS ACT
C. SOCIAL SECURITY ACT
D. 26th AMENDMENT
E. WAR POWERS RESOLUTION
• IN THE UNITED STATES, MOST CRIMINAL
CASES END IN
A. A PLEA BARGAIN NEGOTIATED BY THE DEFENSE
AND PROSECUTION
B. AN APPEAL TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF
APPEALS
C. AN APPEAL TO A STATE COURT OF APPEALS
D. A TRIAL BY JUDGE
E. A TRIAL BY JURY
• THOSE WHO BELIEVE THAT THE SUPREME
COURT IN ITS RULINGS SHOULD DEFER TO THE
ELECTIVE INSTITUTIONS OF GOVERNMENT ARE
ADVOCATING
A. SOCIAL DARWINISM
B. JUDICIAL ACTIVISM
C. JUDICIAL RESTRAINT
D. INCORPORATION
E. NULLIFICATION
• IN GENERAL, CONGRESS IS MOST LIKELY TO
DEFER TO THE PRESIDENT
A. IN THE AREA OF FOREIGN POLICY
B. IN THE AREA OF FISCAL POLICY
C. IN THE AREA OF SOCIAL POLICY
D. LATE IN THE PRESIDENT’S TERM
E. WHEN THE ECONOMY IS STRONG
• IN TRYING TO INFLUENCE LEGISLATION, THE
PRESIDENT IS GENERALLY MORE SUCCESSFUL
THAN CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS IN
A. USING THE LEGISLATIVE SCHEDULE TO POLITICAL
ADVANTAGE
B. ENFORCING PARTY DISCIPLINE
C. SATISFYING INTEREST GROUP DEMANDS FOR
ACCESS TO THE POLICY PROCESS
D. EFFECTIVELY USING FORMAL PARLIAMENTARY
POWERS RATHER THAN PERSUASION
E. USING THE MEDIA TO SET THE POLICY AGANDA
• SUPPORTERS OF GRANTING THE PRESIDENT A
LINE-ITEM VETO WOULD MOST LIKELY ARGUE
THAT THIS POWER WOULD INCREASE A
PRESIDENT’S ABILITY TO
A. WORK EFFECTIVELY WITH THE CABINET
B. NEGOTIATE UNDERSTANDINGS WITH FOREIGN
HEADS OF GOVERNMENT
C. CONTROL FEDERAL SPENDING
D. AVOID COSTLY DISPUTES WITH THE JUDICIARY
E. PROVIDE EFFECTIVELY FOR NATIONAL DEFENSE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE OF AN EXECUTIVE
AGREEMENT MADE BETWEEN A UNITED STATES
PRESIDENT AND ANOTHER HEAD OF STATE?
A. IT DOES NOT REQUIRE SENATE APPROVAL, BUT MAY
REQUIRE CONGRESSIONAL ALLOCATION OF FUNDS FOR
IMPLEMENTATION
B. IT DOES NOT REQUIRE CONGRESSIONAL FUNDING
BECAUSE THE PRESIDENT CAN USE THE POWER OF THE
PURSE TO RAISE IMPLEMENTATION FUNDS
C. IT HAS MORE LEGAL FORCE THAN A TREATY
D. IT IS BINDING ON ALL SUCCEEDING PRESIDENTS AND
CONGRESSES
E. IT HAS BEEN USED EXTENSIVELY TO END ARMED
CONFLICTS
• ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE REASONS INCUMBENTS
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ENJOY AN
ELECTORAL ADVANTAGE OVER CHALLENGERS EXCEPT
THAT INCUMBENTS
A. GET SUBSTANTIAL FINANCIAL SUPPORT FROM THEIR
PARTY’S NATIONAL COMMITTEE
B. ARE BETTER KNOWN TO VOTES THAN ARE
CHALLENGERS
C. FIND IT MUCH EASIER TO RAISE CAMPAIGN FUNDS
THAN DO CHALLENGERS
D. CAN USE STAFF MEMBERS TO DO CONSTITUENT
SERVICE
E. OFTEN SERVE ON COMMITTEES THAT ENABLE THEM TO
HELP THE COMMUNTY
• THE OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET
HAS THE PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITY FOR
DOING WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?
A. IMPLEMENTING FEDERAL UNEMPLOYMENT
POLICY
B. PREPARING THE BUDGET
C. AUDITING THE BUDGET
D. APPROPRIATING FUNDS FOR THE BUDGET
E. APPROVING THE BUDGET
• THE BOUNDARY LINES FOR CONGRESSIONAL
DISTRICTS ARE DRAWN BY
A. THE UNITED STATES HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES
B. THE UNITED STATES SENATE
C. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTS
D. STATE GOVERNORS
E. STATE LEGISLATURES
• THE MOST COMMON FORM OF POLITICAL
ACTIVITY UNDERTAKEN BY UNITED STATES
CITIZENS IS
A. LOBBYING TO INFLUENCE DECISIONS BY PUBLIC
OFFICIALS
B. CAMPAIGNING FOR CANDIDATES FOR OFFICE
C. CONTRIBUTING MONEY TO A POLITICAL PARTY
D. VOTING IN LOCAL ELECTIONS
E. VOTING IN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS BEST
DESCRIBES HOW U.S. CITIZENS REGARD THE
RIGHTS OF FREE SPEECH AND ASSEMBLY?
A. A MAJORITY AGRESS IN PRINCIPLE WITH THESE
RIGHTS, BUT IN PRACTICE MANY PEOPLE ARE OFTEN
INTOLERANT OF VIEWS THEY DO NOT SUPPORT
B. A MAJORITY ACTIVELY SUPPORT THESE RIGHTS
WITHOUT RESERVATIONS.
C. A MAJORITY OPPOSE THESE RIGHTS IN PRINCIPLE
D. THE AVERAGE CITIZEN IS MORE SUPPORTIVE OF
THESE RIGHTS THAN ARE MEMBERS OF THE ELITE
E. CONSERVATIVES HAVE TRADITIONALLY BEEN MORE
SUPPORTIVE OF THESE RIGHTS THAN HAVE
LIBERALS
• THE 14th AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION
HAS BEEN INTERPRETED BY THE SUPREME
COURT TO
A. EXPAND PRESIDENTIAL POWER
B. RESTRICT THE APPLICATION OF JUDICIAL
REVIEW
C. MAKE MOST RIGHTS CONTAINED IN THE BILL
OF RIGHTS APPLICABLE TO THE STATES
D. PREVENT STATES FROM TAXING AGENCIES OF
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
E. LIMIT THE USE OF THE LEGISLATIVE VETO
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE ABOUT
DIVIDED PARTY CONTROL OF THE PRESIDENCY
AND CONGRESS?
A. IT IS A NATURAL OCCURRENCE DUE TO THE
CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM OF CHECKS AND
BALANCES
B. IT RARELY OCCURS IN UNITED STATES ELECTIONS
C. IT PROMOTES QUICK ACTION BY THE PRESIDENT
AND CONGRESS ON SUCH ISSUES AS THE FEDERAL
BUDGET
D. IT REFLECTS A FREQUENT ELECTION PATTERN OVER
THE PAST THREE DECADES
E. IT RESULTS FROM THE REAPPORTIONMENT OF
HOUSE SEATS AFTER THE DECENNIAL CENSUS
• THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT WAS
DESIGNED PRIMARILY TO GIVE
A. CONGRESS ACCESS TO INFORMATION FROM
CITIZENS
B. POLICE ACCESS TO INFORMATION FROM CRIMINAL
SUSPECTS
C. THE COURTS ACCESS TO INFORMATION FROM
REPORTERS
D. CITIZENS ACCESS TO INFORMATION FROM THE
EXECUTIVE BRANCH
E. CONGRESS ACCESS TO INFORMATION FROM THE
EXECUTIVE BRANCH
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE OF THE
ELECTORAL COLLEGE SYSTEM?
A. IT ENCOURAGES THE EMERGENCE OF THIRD
PARTIES
B. IT ENCOURAGES CANDIDATES TO CONCENTRATE
THEIR CAMPAIGNS IN COMPETITIVE, POPULOUS
STATES
C. IT ENSURES THAT THE VOTES OF ALL CITIZENS
COUNT EQUALLY IN SELECTING THE PRESIDENT
D. IT REQUIRES THAT A CANDIDATE WIN A MINIMUM
OF 26 STATES TO OBTAIN A MAJORITY IN THE COLLEGE
E. IT TENDS TO MAKE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS APPEAR
CLOSER THAN THEY REALLY ARE
• THE CONGRESSIONAL SYSTEM OF STANDING
COMMITTEES IS SIGNIFICANT BECAUSE IT
A. FOSTERS THE DEVELOPMENT OF EXPERTISE BY
MEMBERS
B. HELPS CONGRESS REDUCE STAFF COSTS
C. INSULATES DECISION-MAKING FROM THE
INFLUENCE OF SPECIAL INTERESTS
D. WEAKENS CONGRESS IN ITS DEALINGS WITH
THE PRESIDENT
E. PREVENTS CONGRESS FROM EFFECTIVELY
PROCESSING ITS LARGE LEGISLATIVE WORKLOAD
• ELECTIONS FOR THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
PROVIDE
A. APPROXIMATELY EQUAL REPRESENTATION FOR
EVERY VOTER
B. AN EQUAL CHANCE OF GETTING ELECTED FOR
BOTH INCUMBENTS AND CHALLENGERS
C. A SYSTEM IN WHICH ONLY THOSE CANDIDATES
WHO RECEIVE A MAJORITY OF THE VOTES CAST
WIN ON THE FIRST BALLOT
D. PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION BASED ON THE
PERCENTAGE OF VOTES CAST FOR EACH PARTY
E. PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION OF
RACIAL AND ETHNIC MINORITIES
• IN CONTRAST TO REVENUE SHARING,
CATEGORICAL GRANTS-IN-AID PROVIDE STATE
AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
A. SUBSTANTIAL DISCRETION IN DECIDING HOW TO
USE THE GRANTS TO SOLVE THEIR PROBLEMS
B. AID THAT REFLECTS TAX BASE AND POPULATION
C. THE POWER TO IMPOSE REGRESSIVE TAXES
D. FUNDS SUFFICIENT TO SUPPORT A HIGH LEVEL OF
LOCAL SERVICE
E. FUNDS TO ADMINISTER PROGRAMS CLEARLY
SPECIFIED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS IMPOWERED
TO CREATE NEW FEDERAL COURTS AND
SPECIFY THE NUMBER OF JUDGES WHO WILL
SIT ON THEM?
A. THE SUPREME COURT
B. CONGRESS
C. THE PREIDENT
D. THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
E. THE ATTORNEY GENERAL
• THE WAR POWERS RESOLUTION (1973) WAS DESIGNED
TO
A. ALLOW THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF TO ADVICE THE
PRESIDENT DURING PERIODS OF CONFLICT
B. ALLOW THE PRESIDENTS TO SUSPEND CERTAIN CIVIL
LIBERTIES DURING TMES OF WAR
C. REQUIRES A CONGRESSIONAL DECLARATION OF WAR
BEFORE ALLOWING MILITARY FORCES TO BE USED
OVERSEAS
D. ASSURES CONGRESSIONAL INVOLVEMENT IN DECISIONS
COMMITTING MILITARY FORCES IN HOSTILE SITUATIONS
OVERSEAS
E. ENSURES FUNDING FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS LASTING
MORE THAN 60 AYS
• THE PRIMARY REASON FOR THE CURRENT EXISTENCE
OF ONLY TWO MAJOR PARTIES IN THE UNITED STATES
IS THAT
A. THE CONSTITUTION PUTS SEVERE RESTRICTIONS ON
OTHER PARTIES
B. THIRD PARTIES ARE USUALLY FAR TO THE RIGHT OR
LEFT, AND AMERICANS ARE MODERATES
C. A WINNER-TAKE-ALL ELECTORAL SYSTEM MAKES IT
DIFFICULT FOR NEW PARTIES TO EMERGE AND SURVIVE
D. VOTERS NATURALY THINK OF THEMSELVES AS EITHER
LIBERALS OR CONSERVATIVES
E. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS CAN VOTE FOR ONLY TWO
CANDIDATES
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING HAS THE MOST
INFLUENCE ON THE OUTCOME OF A
CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION?
A.LOCAL PERFORMANCE OF A CANDIDATE’S PARTY IN
THE PRESIDENTIAL RACE
B. A CANDIDATE’S INCUMBENCY STATUS
C. THE AMOUNT OF A CANDIDATE’S CAMPAIGN
SPENDING RELATIVE TO THAT OF HIS OR HER
OPPONENT
D. THE LEVEL OF SUPPORT FROM LOCAL PARTY
LEADERS
E. THE LEVEL OF VOTER TURNOUT
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN ACCURATE
STATEMENT ABOUT THE VOTER TURNOUT RATE
IN THE UNITED STATES?
A. IT IS HIGH BECAUSE OF THE LARGE NUMBER OF
ELECTIVE OFFICES
B. IT IS SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER AMONG MEN THAN
AMONG WOMEN
C. IT IS LOWER THAN MOST OTHER WESTERN
DEMOCRACIES
D. IT INCREASED SHARPLY WHEN EIGHTEEN YEAR
OLDS WERE GIVEN THE RIGHT TO VOTE
E. IT HAS BEEN STAEDY OVER THE LAST THIRTY YEARS
• THE CLEAR-AND-PRESENT-DANGER TEST
DEVISED BY THE SUPREME COURT WAS
DESIGNED TO DEFINE THE CONDITIONS
UNDER WHICH PUBLIC AUTHORITIES COULD
A. BAN OBSCENE MATERIALS
B. SUSPEND HABEAS CORPUS PROTECTIONS
C. MOBILIZE THE NATIONAL GUARD
D. LIMIT FREE SPEECH
E. COMMIT TROOPS TO SITUATIONS OF
POTENTIAL FOREIGN COMBAT
• A COMMITTEE CHAIR IN THE HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES IS ALWAYS
A. THE MEMBER WITH THE LONGEST SERVICE ON
THE COMMITTEE
B. THE MEMBER WITH THE LONGEST SERVICE IN
THE HOUSE
C. A REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SPEAKER
D. A MEMBER OF THE MAJORITY PARTY IN THE
CHAMBER
E. A TRUSTED ALLY OF THE PRESIDENT
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE OF
INDEPENDENT REGULATORY AGENCIES?
A. THEY TEND TO HAVE LARGER BUDGETS THAN
CABINET DEPARTMENTS
B. THEY ARE DIRECTLY SUPERVISED BY CABINET
DEPARTMENTS
C. THEY PROVIDE A PRODUCT OR SERVICE DIRECTLY
TO THE PUBLIC
D. THEY ARE INSULATED FROM CONTACT WITH
INTEREST GROUPS
E. THEY TEND TO BE FREER FROM PRESIDENTIAL
CONTROL THAN ARE CABINET DEPARTMENTS
• COMMUNICATION BETWEEN
CONGRESSIONAL REPRESENTATIVES AND
CONSTITUENTS OCCURS MAINLY THROUGH
A. COMMITTEE HEARINGS
B. THE MEDIA
C. THE PERSONAL STAFF OF REPRESENTATIVES
D. THE FEDERAL BUREAUCRACY
E. STAFF MEMBERS OF CONGRESSIONAL
COMMITTEES
• THE SUPREME COURT’S DECISION IN ROE V.
WADE WAS BASED ON
A. THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY IMPLIED IN THE BILL OF
RIGHTS
B. GUARANTEES OF FREEDOM OF RELIGION
CONTAINED IN THE FIRST AMENDMENT
C. THE DUE PROCESS CLAUSE OF THE FIFTH
AMENDMENT
D. THE EQUAL PROTECTION CLAUSE OF THE
FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT
E. A FEDERAL STATUTE LEGALIZING ABORTION
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT
INCUMBENT SENATORS RUNNING FOR REELECTION IS
CORRECT?
A. THE SENATORS WITH THE BEST CHANCE OF REELECTION ARE
THOSE WHO HAVE SERVED THE LONGEST
B. THE AMOUNT OF MONEY SPENT BY A CHALLENGER HAS
LITTLE BEARING ON AN INCUMBENT’S REELECTION CHANCES
C. INCUMBENT SENATORS ARE LESS LIKELY TO BE REELECTED
THAN ARE INCUMBENT MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES
D. AN INCUNBENT SENATOR IS EQUALLY LIKELY TO BE REELECTED
OR DEFEATED
E. THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR INFLUENCING THE
REELECTION CHANCES OF SENATORS IS WHETHER THEY
BELONG TO THE PRESIDENT’S PARTY
• THE MOST COMMON CRITERION THAT PEOPLE
USE WHEN VOTING FOR A PRESIDENTIAL
CANDIDATE IS THE CANDIDATE’S
A. VIEWS ON SPECIFIC ISSUES
B. PARTY IDENTIFICATION
C. IDEOLOGICAL POSITION
D. PERSONAL APPEARANCE
E. FISCAL POLICY
• PROTECTION OF THE LEGAL RIGHTS OF WOMEN HAS
BEEN FACILITATED BY THE PASSAGE OF WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING?
I. THE EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT
II. THE EQUAL PAY ACT OF 1963
III. THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964
IV. THE EDUCATION AMENDEMENTS ACT OF 1972
A. II ONLY
B. I AND III ONLY
C. I AND IV ONLY
D. II, III, AND IV ONLY
E. I, II, III, AND IV
• WHICH IF THE FOLLOWING PRINCIPLES
PROTECTS A CITIZEN FROM IMPRISONMENT
WITHOUT A TRIAL?
A. REPRISENTATIVE GOVERNMENT
B. SEPARATION OF POWERS
C. DUE PROCESS
D. CHECKS AND BALANCES
E. POPULAR SOVEREIGNITY
• AT FIRST-TERM MEMBER OF THE HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES FROM NORTH DAKOTA
WHO WISHED TO MAXIMIZE OPPORTUNTIES
FOR CONSTITUENT SERVICE WOULD BE MOST
LIKELY TO SEEK PLACEMENT ON WHICH OF
THE FOLLOWING COMMITTEES?
A. JUDICIARY
B. AGRICULTURE
C. RULES
D. FOREIGN AFFAIRS
E. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
• IN THE LAST THIRTY YEARS, THE SINGLE MOST
IMPORTANT VARIABLE IN DETERMINING THE
OUTCOME OF AN ELECTION FOR A MEMBER OF
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES HAS BEEN
A. INCUMBENCY
B. PERSONAL WEALTH
C. PREVIOUS POLITICAL OFFICES HELD IN THE
DISTRICT
D. MEMBERSHIP IN THE POLITICAL PARTY OF THE
PRESIDENT
E. POSITIONS ON KEY SOCIAL ISSUES
• THE POWER OF THE RULES COMMITTEE
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESTATIVES RESTS
ON ITS AUTHORITY TO
A. CHOOSE THE CHAIRS OF OTHER STANDING COMMITTEES
AND ISSUE RULES FOR THE SELECTION OF
SUBCOMMITTEE CHAIRS
B. INITIATE ALL SPENDING LEGISLATION AND HOLD BUDGET
HEARINGS
C. PLACE A BILL ON THE LEGISLATIVE CALENDER, LIMIT
TIME FOR DEBATE, AND DETERMINE THE TYPE OF
AMENDMENTS ALLOWED
D. DETERMINE THE PROCEDURES BY WHICH NOMINATIONS
BY THE PRESIDENT WILL BE APPROVED BY THE HOUSE
E. CHOOSE THE PRESIDENT IF NO CANDIDATE WINS A
MAJORITY IN THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE
• IN MARBURY V. MADISON (1803), THE
SUPREME COURT ASSUMED THE POWER TO
A. DECIDE WHETHER INTERNAL CONGRESSIONAL
PROCEDURES ARE CONSTITUTIONAL
B. ADVISE CONGRESS ON THE
`
CONSTITUTIONALITY OF A PROPOSED LAW
C. REGULATE SLAVERY
D. DECIDE ON THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF A LAW
OR AN EXECUTIVE ACTION
E. APPROVE EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS
• THE ACTIVITIES OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD
HAVE THE MOST DIRECT INFLUENCE ON
A. BANK INTEREST RATES
B. GOVERNMENT SPENDING
C. OIL PRICES
D. TROOP-STRENGTH LEVELS OF THE ARMED
SERVICES
E. AVAILABILITY OF SCARCE MINERALS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS MOST
ACCURATELY COMPARES ELECTIONS IN THE UNITED STATES
WITH THOSE IN MOST OTHER WESTERN DEMOCRACIES?
A. UNITED STATES CITIZENS HAVE FEWER OPPORTUNITES TO
VOTE IN ELECTIONS
B. POLITICAL PARTIES EXERT A STRONGER INFLUENCE OVER
VOTING IN THE UNITED STATES
C. THERE ARE FEWER OBSTACLES TO VOTING IN THE UNITED
STATES
D. THERE ARE MORE POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE UNITED STATES
E. THE VOTER TURNOUT RATE IN THE UNITED STATES IS
USUALLY LOWER
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES OF AMERICAN
LABOR UNIONS IS RECOGNIZED BY LAW?
A. ENGAGING IN STRIKES
B. DENYING THE PUBLIC ACCESS TO A BUSINESS
C. REFUSING A SUBPOENA TO APPEAR BEFORE AN
INVESTIGATIVE COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS
D. DISOBEYING A COURT INJUNCTION TO RETURN TO
WORK
E. REQUIRING MEMBERS TO MAKE POLITICAL
CONTRIBUTION
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING BEST DESCRIBES THE
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS
AND PARTICIPATION IN POLITICS?
A. THE LOWER ONE’S SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, THE MORE
LIKELY IT IS THAT ONE WILL RUN FOR PUBLIC OFFICE.
B. THE HIGHER ONE’S SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, THE
GREATER THE PROBABILITY OF ACTIVE INVOLVEMENT IN
THE POLITICAL PROCESS.
C. ADULTS WHO ARE UNEMPLOYED HAVE A GREATER
PERSONAL INTEREST IN POLICY AND TEND TO
PARTICIPATE MORE ACTIVELY IN POLITICS THAN DO
EMPLOYED ADULTS.
D. PEOPLE IN THE LOWER MIDDLE CLASS ARE THE MOST
LIKELY TO PARTICIPATE IN POLITICS.
E. THERE IS NO RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIOECONOMIC
STATUS AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WERE LEAST
LIKELY TO HAVE BEEN PART OF THE NEW DEAL
ELECTORAL COALITION?
A. BLUE-COLLAR WORKERS
B. RACIAL MINORITIES
C. SOUTHENERS
D. NORTHERN BUSINESS LEADERS
E. FARM LABORERS
• THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION GUARANTEES
ALL OF THE FOLLOWING RIGHTS TO PERSON
ARRESTED AND CHARGED WITH SERIOUS
CRIME EXCEPT THE RIGHT TO
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
REMAIN SILENT
BE REPRESENTED BY A LAWYER
NEGOTIATE A PLEA BARGAIN
DEMAND A WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS
RECEIVE A SPEEDY AND PUBLIC TRIAL
• “THE CONSTITUTION LIMITS THE SIZE OF THE DISTRICT OF
COLUMBIA TO____”
-STATE OF ALABAMA LITERACY TEST. 1936
THE QUESTION ABOVE AND THE LITERACY TEST FROM WHICH
IT CAME WERE MOST LIKELY DESIGNED TO
A. DETERMINE THE LITERACY OF POTENTIAL
VOTERS
B. PREVENT BLACK PEOPLE FROM EXERCISING THEIR RIGHT TO
VOTE
C. ASSESS THE GENERAL POPULATIONS UNDERSTANDING OF THE
CONSTITUTION
D. PROMOTE OPPOSITION TO STATEHOOD FOR THE DISTRICT
OF COLUMBIA
E. STOP PEOPLE FROM MOVING TO THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
• THE DETAILS OF LEGISLATION ARE USUALLY
WORKED OUT IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
SETTINGS?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
A PARTY CAUCUS
THE MAJORITY LEADERS OFFICE
THE FLOOR OF THE HOUSE
LEGISLATIVE HEARINGS
A SUBCOMMITTEE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS RESPONSIBLE
FOR THE PREPARATION OF EXECUTIVE
SPENDING PROPOSALS SUBMITTED TO
CONGRESS?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT
COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVIDORS
FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET
• IN UNITED STATES V. NIXON THE SUPREME COURT
RULED THAT
A. THE JUDICIAL BRANCH SHOULD NOT INTERVENE IN
POLITICAL DISPUTES BETWEEN THE PRESIDENT AND
CONGRESS
B. PRESIDENTIAL POWER IS NOT AUTOMATICALLY
EXTENDED DURING TIMES OF NATIONAL SECURITY
C. PRESIDENTS MUST ACCOUNT TO THE COURT FOR
THE WAY IN WHICH THEY INPLEMENT POLICY
D. THERE IS NO CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEE OF
UNQUALIFIED EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE
E. THE PRESIDENT DOES NOT HAVE THE POWER OF AN
ITEM VETO OVER CONGRESSIONAL LEGISLATION
• “PORK BARREL” LEGISLATION HELPS THE REELECTION
CHANCES OF A MEMBER OF CONGRESS BECAUSE SUCH
LEGISLATION
A. GIVES THE MEMBER OF CONGRESS NATIONAL
STANDING AND COVERAGE ON NATIONAL TELEVISION
NEWS
B. HELPS EARN THE MEMBER OF CONGRESS A REPUTATION
FOR SERVICE TO HIS OR HER DISTRICT
C. ATTRACTS CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTIONS FROM
IDEOLOGICAL POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEES
D. PREVENTS OTHER CANIDATES FROM CLAIMING THAT
THE MEMBER OF CONGRESS IS TOO LIBERAL FOR HIS OR
HER DISTRICT
E. REQUIRES THE MEMBER OF CONGRESS TO TRAVEL
EXTENSIVELY
• AN ADVANTAGE THAT BUREAUCRATS IN FEDERAL
GOVERNMENT HAVE OVER THE PRESIDENT IN
THE POLICYMAKING PROCESS IS THAT
BUREAUCRATS
A. CONTROL THE BUDGETARY PROCESS
B. HAVE AN INDEPENDENCE FROM THE PRESIDENT
THAT IS GUARANTED BY THE CONSTITUTION
C. FIND IT EASIER TO MARSHALL PUBLIC SUPPORT
THAN DOES THE PRESIDENT
D. USUALLY HAVE A CONTINUITY OF SERVICE IN THE
EXECUTIVE BRANCH THAT THE PRESIDENT LACKS
E. HAVE BETTER ACCESS TO THE MEDIA THAN DOES
THE PRESIDENT
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE BEST
PREDICTOR OF THE DEPARTMENT OF
EDUCATION’S ANNUAL BUDGET?
A. THE PREFERENCES OF THE CHAIR OF THE
SENATE FINANCE COMMITTEE
B. THE BUDGET RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE
NATIONAL EDUCATION ASSOCIATION
C. THE RATE OF INCREASE OF TEACHERS’ SALARIES
D. THE NUMBER OF CHILDREN ENTERING
KINDERGARDEN
E. THE SIZE OF THE PREVIOUS YEAR’S BUDGET
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING GROUPS WOULD
BE LEAST LIKELY TO MAINTAIN A NATIONAL
LOBBYING ORGANIZATION IN WASHINGTON
D.C.?
A. ENVIRONMENTALISTS
B. PUBLIC HOUSING TENANTS
C. NURSES
D. AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURES
E. AUTOMOBILE ASSEMBLY-LINE WORKERS
• IN THE CONSTITUTION AS ORIGINALLY RATIFIED
IN 1788, THE PROVISIONS REGARDING WHICH OF
THE FOLLOWING MOST CLOSELY APPROXIMATE
POPULAR MAJORIATARIAN DEMOCRACY?
A. ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES
B. ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF THE SENATE
C. ELECTION OF THE PRESIDENT
D. RATIFICATION OF TREATIES
E. CONFIRMATION OF PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTMENTS
• BETWEEN 1964 AND 1984 WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING WOULD HAVE BEEN MOST LIKELY
TO VOTE FOR THE DEMOCRATIC PRESIDENTIAL
CANDIDATE?
A. A CUBAN –AMERICAN BUSINESS EXECUTIVE
FROM MIAMI
B. A BLACK TEACHER FROM LOS ANGELES
C. A WHITE DOCTOR FROM ATLANTA
D. A POLISH-AMERICAN TRUCK DRIVER FROM
PHOENIX
E. A METHODIST FARMER FROM IOWA
• MOST OF THE BILLS INTRODUCED IN THE
HOUSE AND THE SENATE ARE THEN
A. PASSED BY ONE CHAMBER BUT NOT THE
OTHER
B. PASSED BY BOTH CHAMBERS BUT VETOED BY
THE PRESIDENT
C. REFERRED TO COMMITTEE BUT NEVER SENT
TO THE FULL CONGRESS
D. VOTED DOWN DURING THE AMENDMENT
STAGE OF THE FLORR DEBATE
E. KILLED IN THE RULES COMMITTEE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING BEST DEFINES THE
TERM “JUDICIAL ACTIVISM”?
A. THE DEMANDS ON JUDGES TO HEAR LARGE
NUMBERS OF CASES
B. THE EFFORT OF JUDGES TO LOBBY CONGRESS
FOR FUNDS
C. THE ATTEMPS BY JUDGES TO INFLUENCE
ELECTION OUTCOMES
D. THE UNWILLINGNESS OF JUDGES TO REMOVE
THEMSELVES FROM CASES IN WHICH THEY
HAVE A PERSONAL INTEREST
E. THE TENDENCY OF JUDGES TO INTERPRET THE
CONSTITUTION ACCORDING TO THEIR OWN VIEWS
• A PRESIDENT MAY PERSUADE RECALCITRANT
MEMBERS OF CONGERESS TO VOTE FOR A
PARTICULAR BILL BY
A. HAVING MEMBERS WHO OPPOSE THE BILL
TRANSFERRED TO UNPOPULAR COMMITTEES
B. DENYING CAMPAIGN FUNDS TO MEMBERS
WHO OPPOSE THE BILL
C. THREATENING TO DENY RENOVATION TO
MEMBERS WHO OPPOSE THE BILL
D. THREATENING TO ITEM VETO PART OF A
DIFFERENT BILL THAT ENJOYS BIPARTISIAN
SUPPORT IN CONGRESS
E. MAKING A DIRECT APPEAL TO THE PUBLIC
THROUGH THE MASS MEDIA
• IN GENERAL, INDEPENDENT REGULATORY
COMMISSIONS ARE CREATED PRIMARILY FOR THE
PURPOSE OF
A. SUPPORTING AND HELPING CABINET-LEVEL
DEPARTMENTS
B. PROPOSING POLICY ALTERNATIVES DURING PERIODS OF
CRISIS
C. REGULATING THE ACTIVITIES OF OTHER BUREAUCRATIC
AGENCIES TO ENSURE THAT THEY ACT IN A FAIR AND
OBJECTIVE MANNER
D. REGULATING CERTAIN INDUSTRIES TO PROTECT THE
PUBLIC INTEREST
E. INCREASING THE PRESIDENT’S PATRONAGE POWERS
• THE PRESIDENT’S VETO POWER IS ACCURATELY DESCRIBED
BY WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATESMENTS?
I. A PRESIDENT SOMETIMES THREATENS TO VETO A
BILL THAT IS UNDER DISCUSSION IN ORDER TO
INFLUENCE CONGRESSIONAL DECISION-MAKING.
II. A PRESIDENT TYPICALLY VETEOS ABOUT A THIRD OF
THE BILLS PASSED BY CONGRESS.
III. CONGRESS IS USUALLY UNABLE TO OVERRIDE A
PRESIDENT’S VETO.
A. I ONLY
B. III ONLY
C. I AND III ONLY
D. II AND III ONLY
E. I, II, AND III
• INVOCATION OF THE WAR POWERS ACT OF 1973 WOULD BE
MOST IMPORTANT IN DETERMINING WHICH OF THE
FOLLOWING?
A. THE NATURE OF THE COMMITMENT OF UNITED
STATES MARINES TO A PEACE-KEEPING ROLE IN
LEBANON
B. THE AMOUNT OF FINANCIAL AID TO CONTRAS OF
NICARAGUA
C. THE TIMING OF NAVAL MANEUVERS OFF THE COAST
OF LIBYA
D. THE APPOINTMENT OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF
E. THE LEGALITY OF EXTRADITING FOREIGN AGENTS
RESPONSIBLE FOR ACTS OF TERRORISM AGAISNT
UNITED STATES CITIZENS ABROAD
• AMERICAN POLITICAL CULTURE IS
CHARACTERIZED BY STRONG POPULAR
SUPPORT FOR ALL OF THE FOLLOWING EXCEPT
A. THE RULE OF LAW
B. LIMITED GOVERNMENT
C. INDIVIDUAL LIBERTY
D. EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY
E. ECONOMIC EQUALITY
• ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE COMMONLY
USED BY INTEREST GROUPS TO INFLUENCE THE
POLITICAL PROCESS EXCEPT
A.LOBBYING
B. CONTRIBUTING MONEY TO CANDIDATES
C. NOMINATING CANDIDATES
D. FILING LAWSUITS
E. APPEALING TO PUBLIC OPINION
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING BEST DEFINES THE
CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION OF FEDERALISM?
A. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND THE STATES EACH
HAVE SEPARATE AND MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE ROLES
AND RESPONSIBILITIES: NEITHER CONTROLS THE
OTHER.
B. THE STATES HAVE SOME POWERS RESERVED TO
WHICH THEY MAY EXERCISE IF THE SUPREME COURT
PERMITS.
C. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND THE STATES HAVE
SEPARATE BUT OVERLAPPING POWERS. IF THERE IS
A CONFLICT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PREVAILS
D. THE STATES MAY ONLY EXERCISE THOSE POWERS
DELEGATED TO THEM BY CONGRESS
E. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT MAY EXERCISE ONLY
THOSE POWERS SPECIFICALLY ENUMERATED IN THE
CONSTITUTION.
• ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ISSUES WERE DECIDED
AT THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION EXCEPT
A. REPRESENTATION IN LEGISLATURE
B. VOTING QUALIFICATIONS OF THE
ELECTORATE
C. METHOD OF ELECTING THE PRESIDENT
D. CONGRESSIONAL POWER TO OVERRIDE A
PRESIDENTIAL VETO
E. QUALIFICATIONS FOR MEMBERS OF THE
HOUSE AND SENATE
• THE USEFULNESS TO THE PRESIDENT OF HAVING CABINET
MEMBERS AS POLITICAL ADVISERS IS UNDERMINED BY THE
FACT THAT
A. THE PRESIDENT HAS LITTLE LATITUDE IN CHOOSING
CABINET MEMBERS
B. CABINET MEMBERS HAVE NO POLITICAL SUPPORT
INDEPENDENT OF THE PRESIDENT
C. CABINET MEMBERS ARE USUALLY DRAWN FROM
CONGRESS AND RETAIN LOYALTIES TO CONGRESS
D. THE LOYALTIES OF CABINET MEMBERS ARE OFTEN
DIVIDED BETWEEN LOYALTY TO THE PRESIDENT AND
LOYALTY TO THEIR OWN EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS
E. THE CABINET OPERATES AS A COLLECTIVE UNIT
AND INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS HAVE NO ACCESS TO THE
PRESIDENT
• CONGRESS HAS EXERTED THE GREATEST
INFLUENCE ON THE OPERATION OF A FEDERAL
AGENCY BY DOING WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?
A. REQURING THE AGENCY TO PARTICIPATE IN
INTERAGENCY TASK FORCES
B. DISMISSING AN AGENCY HEAD WHO DISAGREES
WITH CONGRESSIONAL PRIORITIES
C. REVIEWING THE ANNUAL BUDGET APPROPRIATIONS
FOR THE AGENCY
D. PASSING “SUNSET” LEGISLATION THAT TEMINATES
PROGRAMS AFTER A CERTAIN PERIOD
E. ASKING THE SUPREME COURT FOR ADVISORY
OPINIONS ON AGENCY REGULATIONS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN ACCURATE
STATEMENT ABOUT POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN
THE UNITED STATES TODAY?
A. A MAJORITY OF AMERICANS CAMPAIGN FOR A
CANDIDATE IN EACH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION.
B. OVER 75% OF AMERICANS VOTE IN PRESIDENTIAL
ELECTIONS.
C. PEOPLE WHO PARTICIPATE IN THE POLITICAL
PROCESS ARE USUALLY ANGRY AT GOVERNMENT
D. SIMILAR PROPORTIONS OF ELIGIBLE MEN AND
WOMEN VOTE IN PRESIDENTION ELECTIONS.
E. PEOPLE IN THEIR THIRTIES OR FORTIES ARE LESS
LIKELY TO BE ACTIVE IN POLITICS THAN ARE THOSE
AGED 18-21.
• THE AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION THAT
WERE RATIFIED DURING RECONSTRUCTION WERE
PRIMARILY DESIGNED TO
A. PROTECT THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN AGAINST
INFRINGEMENT BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
B. PROTECT THE RIGHTS OF BLACK CITIZENS AGAINST
INFRINGEMENT BY STATE GOVERNMENTS
C. ENSURE EQUAL ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY FOR
BLACK CITIZENS
D. FACILITATE THE REBUILDING OF THE SOUTHERN
ECONOMY
E. LIMIT THE POWER THE PRESIDENT HAD GAINED
DURING THE CIVIL WAR
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING SURPREME
COURT CASES INVOLVED THE PRINCIPLE OF
“ONE PERSON, ONE VOTE”?
A. BAKER V. CARR
B. ROE V. WADE
C. MAPP V. OHIO
D. KOREMATSU V. UNITED STATES
E. GIDEON V. WAINWRIGHT
• DEBATE OF A BILL IN THE HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES UNDER A “CLOSED RULE”
MEANS THAT
A. THE BILL CAN ONLY BE AMENDED BY SECTION
B. DEBATE ON THE BILL WILL CONSIST OF FIVEMINUTE SPEECHED, PRO AND CON
C. ONLY SENIOR MEMBERS ARE ALLOWED TO
PARTICIPATE
D. AMENDMENTS TO THE BILL CANNOT BE OFFERED
E. THE BILL MUST BE APPROVED BY TWO-THIRDS OF
THE HOUSE
• THE CONSTITUTION AS RATIFIED IN 1788
CLEARLY REFLECTS THE FRAMERS’
COMMITMENT TO
A. THE IDEA OF DIRECT DEMOCRACY
B. THE PRINCIPLE OF LIMITED GOVERNMENT
C. THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY
D. PROTECTING THE RIGHTS OF THE ACCUSED
E. MAINTAINING THE PRIMACY OF THE STATES
• A SUPREME COURT THAT DEMONSTRATES A
WILLINGNESS TO CHANGE PUBLIC POLICY AND
ALTER JUDICIAL PRECEDENT IS SAID TO BE
ENGAGING IN
A. JUDICIAL ACTIVISM
B. DUE PROCESS
C. JUDICIAL RESTRAINT
D. EX POST FACTO LAWMAKING
E. JUDICIAL REVIEW
“WE CONCLUDE THAT IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION THE
DOCTRINE OF ‘SEPARATE BUT EQUAL’ HAS NO PLACE.
SEPARATE EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES ARE INHERENTLY
UNEQUAL”
THE SUPREME COURT ISSUED THIS OPINION IN ITS RULING
ON WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CASES?
A. GIDEON V. WAINWRIGHT
B. MARBURY V. MADISON
C. ENGEL V. VITALE
D. REGENTS OF UNIVERSITY OF CALIF. V. BAKKE
E. BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION OF TOPEKA
• THE RULES COMMITTEE IS CONSIDERED AMONG
THE MOST POWERFUL IN THE HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES BECAUSE IT HAS GREAT POWER
OVER THE
A. ETHICAL CONDUCT OF HOUSE MEMBERS
B. SELECTION OF FEDERAL JUDGES
C. NUMBER OF SUBCOMMITTEES THAT A STANDING
COMMITTEE MAY ESTABLISH AT ANY GIVEN TIME
D. SCHEDULING OF VOTES AND THE CONDITIONS
UNDER WHICH BILLS ARE DEBATED AND AMENDED
E. REGULATIONS GOVERNING FEDERAL ELECTIONS
• THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF POLITICAL ACTION
COMMITTEES (PACs) IS TO
A. CONTRIBUTE MONEY TO CANDIDATES FOR
ELECTIONS
B. COORDINATE LOCAL GET-OUT-THE-VOTE
CAMPAIGNS
C. PROMOTE THE DEFEAT OF INCUMBENTS IN THE
FEDERAL AND STATE LEGISLATURES
D. ORGANIZE PROTEST DEMONSTRATIONS AND
OTHER ACTS OF CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE
E. CONTAC CONGRESS TO SUGGEST LEGISLATION
• ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE SPECIFICALLY
MENTIONED IN THE CONSTITUTION EXCEPT
A. JUDICIAL REVIEW
B. THE NATIONAL CENSUS
C. RULES OF IMPEACHMENT
D. THE STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS
E. LENGTH OF TERM OF FEDERAL JUDGESHIPS
• AMONG THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH’S CHECKS ON
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH IS THE PRESIDENT’S
POWER TO
A. CALL A SPECIAL SESSION OF CONGRESS
B. INTRODUCE BILLS TO THE FLOOR OF CONGRESS
C. ADDRESS CONGRESS DURING ITS DEBATE ON
BILLS
D. VOTE ON ACTS OF CONGRESS
E. DISBAND CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING GENERALLY RESULTS
WHEN THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
PASS DIFFERENT VERSIONS OF THE SAME BILL?
A. THE PRESIDENT SIGNS THE VERSION HE PREFERS
B. THE BILL GOES BACK TO EACH HOUSE’S COMMITTEE
AND RESTARTS THE LEGISLATIVE PROCESS
C. ALL AMENDMENTS TO THE BILL ARE INVALIDATED, AND
THE ORIGINAL VERSION OF THE BILL IS SENT TO THE
PRESIDENT TO SIGN
D. THE SENATE’S VERSION OF THE BILL IS SENT TO THE
PRESIDENT, BECAUSE THE SENATE IS THE HIGHER
LEGISLATIVE BODY
E. THE TWO LEGISLATIVE BODIES FORM A CONFERENCE
COMMITTEE
• A MEMBER OF WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS IS MOST LIKELY TO
SUPPORT A REPUBICAN PRESIDENTIAL
CANDIDATE?
A. WHITE MALE
B. WHITE FEMALE
C. AFRICAN AMERICAN
D. YOUTH BELOW THE AGE OF 25
E. INDIVIDUALS EARNING BELOW THE POVERTY
LEVEL
• THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 WAS PASSED
IN ORDER TO REINFORCE THE
A. PRESIDENTIAL VETO
B. SYSTEM OF CHECKS AND BALANCES
C. STATES’ POWER TO CHALLENGE FEDERAL
REGULATIONS
D. FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT
E. TAFT-HARTLY ACT OF 1947
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS IS TRUE OF
CONGRESSIONAL INCUMBENTS WHO RUN FOR
REELECTION?
A. INCUMBENT SENATORS ARE MORE LIKELY TO BE
REELECTED THAN ARE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE
B. INCUMBENTS ARE PROHIBITED BY LAW FROM SPENDING
MORE ON THEIR REELECTION CAMPAIGNS THAN THEIR
CHALLENGERS
C. INCUMBENTS HAVE A GREAT ADVANTAGE OVER
CHALLENGERS BECAUSE THEY ARE BETTER KNOWN AND
CAN RAISE CAMPAIGN FUNDS MORE EASILY
D. EVER SINCE THE 1994 ELECTION, THE MAJORITY OF
CONGRESSIONAL INCUMBENTS HAVE FAILED IN THEIR
REELECTION ATTEMPTS
E. MOST INCUMBENTS WHO RUN FOR REELECTION ARE
UNOPPOSED IN THE GENERAL ELECTION
• THE SPOILS SYSTEM OF AWARDING CIVIL
SERVICE JOBS WAS REPLACED BY THE MERIT
SYSTEM AS A RESULT OF THE
A. TRUMAN DOCTRINE
B. FAIR ALBOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1961
C. NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY ACT
D. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964
E. PENDLETON ACT OF 1883
• THE BOUNDARY LINES OF CONGRESSIONAL
DISTRICTS MUST BE REDRAWN EVERY TEN YEARS
IN ORDER TO
A. REFLECT POPULATION SHIFTS INDICATED BY THE
NATIONAL CENSUS
B. GUARANTEE THE TURNOVER OF THE MAJORITY OF
CONGRESSIONAL SEATS
C. MAKE SURE THAT EACH STATE’S CONGRESIONAL
DELEGATION EXACTLY MIRRORS ITS RESIDENTS’
PARTY AFFILIATIONS
D. DETERMINE WHICH PARTY’S LEADER WILL BE
NAMED SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE
E. INCREASE THE NUMBER OF FEMALE AND
MINORITY MEMBERS OF CONGRESS
• THE SUPREME COURT HAS USED THE
PRACTICE OF SELECTIVE INCORPORATION TO
A. LIMIT THE NUMBER OF APPEALS FILED BY
DEFENDANTS IN STATE COURTS
B. EXTEND VOTING RIGHTS TO RACIAL MINORITIES
AND WOMEN
C. APPLY MOST BILL OF RIGHTS PROTECTIONS TO
STATE LAW
D. HASTEN THE INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
E. PREVENT THE STATES FROM CALLING A
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION
• THE PRIMARY GOAL OF THE GRAMMRUDMAN ACTS OF 1985 AND 1987 WAS TO
A. STRENGTHEN THE MILITARY
B. INCREASE FUNDING FOR SOCIAL PROGRAMS
C. REDUCE THE FEDERAL DEFICIT
D. LIMIT THE PRESIDENT’S ABILITY TO CONDUCT
FOREIGN POLICY
E. ALLOW CITIZENS EASIER ACCESS TO
GOVERNMENT RECORDS
• THE TERM “IRON TRIANGLE” REFERS TO THE
INTERRELATIONSHIP OF THE
A. PRESIDENT, CONGRESS, AND THE SUPREME
COURT
B. ELECTORATE, CONGRESS, AND POLITICAL
ACTION COMMITTEES’
C. LOCAL, STATE, AND FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS
D. STATE DEPARTMENT, THE PENTAGON, AND THE
NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL
E. FEDERAL BUREAUCRACY, CONGRESSIONAL
COMMITTEES, AND LOBBYISTS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MOST ACCURATELY
DESCRIBES THE RIGHT OF AMERICAN CITIZENS TO
PRIVACY?
A. THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY IS DETERMINED ENTIRELY BY
THE STATES ON A CASE-BY-CASE BASIS
B. THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY IS EXPLICITLY GRANTED IN THE
PREAMBLE TO THE CONSTITUTION
C. THE SUPREME COURT HAS RULED THAT THE RIGHT TO
PRIVACY IS IMPLIED BY THE BILL OF RIGHTS
D. COMMON LAW REQUIRES THE GOVERNMENT TO
RESPECT CITIZENS’ RIGHT TO PRIVACY
E. AMERICANS HAVE NO RIGHT TO PRIVACY, BUT THE
GOVERNMENT RARELY VIOLATES INDIVIDUALS’ PRIVACY
BECAUSE TO DO SO IS NOT IN THE GOVERNMENT’S
INTEREST
• THE GOVERNMENT PROMOTES PREFERENTIAL
TREATMENT FOR MEMBERS OF GROUPS THAT
HAVE HISTORICALLYSUFFERED FROM
DISCRIMINATION BY MEANS OF
A. THE NEW FEDERALISM
B. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAMS
C. SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS
D. BILLS OF ATTAINDER
E. GERRYMANDERING
• THE EXCLUSIONARY RULE WAS ESTABLISHED TO
A. CREATE “SEPARATE BUT EQUAL” FACILITIES TO
FACILITATE RACIAL SEGREGATION
B. ALLOW PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS TO RESTRICT
THEIR MEMBERSHIP
C. LIMIT THE GOVERNMENT’S ABILITY TO USE
ILLEGALLY OBTAINED EVIDENCE
D. DENY CONTROL OF INTERSTATE COMMERCE TO THE
STATES
E. PROVIDE THE PRESIDENT WITH GREATER
INDEPENDENCE IN NEGOTIATING FOREIGN POLICY
• JUDICIAL REVIEW WAS FIRST RECOGNIZED AS
A JUDICIAL POWER BY
A. McCULLOCH V. MARYLAND
B. MARBURY V. MADISON
C. GIBBONS V. OGDEN
D. GIDEON V WAINWRIGHT
E. MIRANDA V. ARIZONA
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING RIGHTS/LIBERTIES
IS NOT SPECIFICALLY MENTIONED IN THE BILL
OF RIGHTS?
A. FREEDOM OF SPEECH
B. THE RIGHT TO BEAR ARMS
C. PROTECTION FROM CRUEL AND UNUSUAL
PUNISHMENT
D. RIGHT TO ASSEMBLE PEACEABLY
E. RIGHT TO PRIVACY
• SINCE THE MOTOR VOTER LEGISLATION WAS PASSED IN
1993
A. VOTER TURNOUT IN NATIONAL ELECTIONS HAS
NEITHER INCREASED NOR DECREASED SIGNIFICANTLY
B. VOTER TURNOUT IN NATIONAL ELECTIONS HAS
INCREASED SIGNIFICANTLY
C. VOTER TURNOUT IN STATE AND LOCAL ELECTIONS HAS
INCREASED SIGNIFICANTLY, BUT TURNOUT IN NATIONAL
ELECTIONS HAS ACTUALLY DECREASED
D. VOTER TURNOUT IN NATIONAL ELECTIONS HAS DE
CREASED SIGNIFICANTLY
E. VOTER TURNOUT IN NATIONAL ELECTIONS HAS
INCREASED SIGNIFICANTLY IN THE NORTHEAST, BUT HAS
DECREASED SLIGHTLY IN THE REST OF THE COUNTRY
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS ALWAYS A
COURT OF ORIGINAL JURISDICTION?
A. U.S. SUPREME COURT
B. U.S. DISTRICT COURT
C. U.S. COURT OF APPEALS
D. STATE SUPREME COURTS
E. LEGISLATIVE COURTS
• WHEN DOES REDISTRICTING OF
CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OCCUR?
A. AFTER EACH NATIONAL ELECTION
B. WHEN THE PRESIDENT ORDERS IT
C. EVERY TEN YEARS AFTER THE CENSUS IS TAKEN
D. WHENEVER A STATE BELIEVES IT TO BE
NECESSARY
E. WHEN BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS VOTE ON IT
• THE WAR POWERS ACT OF 1973 WAS INTENDED
TO
A. LIMIT THE ABILITY OF CONGRESS TO RESTRICT
THE PRESIDENT’S MILITARY POWERS
B. ENHANCE THE POWERS OF INDIVIDUAL
MILITARY LEADERS IN DETERMINING THEIR
OWN WAR TACTICS
C. GIVE THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES A
BIGGER ROLE IN DETERMINING MILITARY
POLICIES
D. REBALANCE AND EQUALIZE POWERS AMONG THE
MILITARY BRANCHES – ARMY, NAVY, AIR FORCE,
MARINES, AND COAST GUARD
E. LIMIT THE PRESIDENT’S POWER AS COMMANDERIN-CHIEF
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING COURT DECISIONS
WAS BASED ON THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY?
A. GIDEON V. WAINWRIGHT
B. SCHENCK V. THE UNITED STATES
C. BAKKE V. CALIFORNIA
D. ROE V. WADE
E. ENGLE V. VITALE
• WHAT SIGNIFICANT POLITICAL CHANGE
MANIFESTS ITSELF IN A CRITICAL ELECTION?
A. GROUPS OF VOTERS CHANGE THEIR PARTY
LOYALTIES AND BEGIN VOTING FOR THE OTHER
PARTY
B. A PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT ARE EECTED
FROM THE OPPOSITE PARTY TO THAT OF THE
INCUMBENTS
C. MORE THAN 5O% OF THE ELIGIBLE ELECTORATE
ACTUALLY VOTE
D. THE SAME PARTY THAT WINS THE WHITE HOUSE
ALSO WINS BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS
E. ONE PARTY SWEEPS THE NATIONAL CONGRESS AS
WELL AS MOST STATE LEGISLATURES
• SOFT MONEY IS BEST DEFINED AS
A. CONTRIBUTIONS TO POLITICAL PARTIES FOR “PARTY
BUILDING ACTIVITIES”
B. FUNDS RAISED BY THIRD PARTY CANDIDATES THAT
QUALIFY THEM FOR FEDERAL MATCHING MONEY
C. CONTRIBUTIONS TO A PARTY’S CANDIDATE BY
PEOPLE WHO TRADITIONALLY SUPPORT THE OTHER
PARTY
D. FUNDS RAISED FOR INDIVIDUAL CANDIDATES’
CAMPAIGNS THAT THE PARTIES CANNOT ACCESS
E. CONTIBUTIONS TO A CANDIDATE THAT PARTY
OFFICIALS KNOW HAS VIRTUALLY NO CHANCE OF
WINNING
• THE POWER OF EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE
A. IS SPECIFICALLY GRANTED TO THE PRESIDENT BY
THE CONSTITUTION
B. HAS BEEN LIMITED BY THE SUPREME COURT
C. WAS DECLARED UNCONSTITUTIONAL BY THE
SUPREME COURT IN 1974
D. IS CLAIMED BY THE PRESIDENT, VICE-PRESIDENT,
CABINET MEMBERS, AND MANY HEADS OF
AGENCIES IN THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH
E. HAS ONLY BEEN CLAIMED BY PRESIDENTS OVER
THE PAST 30 YEARS OR SO.
• THE PROCESS BY WHICH POLITICAL VALUES
ARE PASSED FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE
NEXT IS CALLED
A. LEGITIMIZATION OF THE POLITICAL SYSTEM
B. POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION
C. POLITICAL RECRUITMENT
D. CITIZEN PARTICIPATION
E. DIFFUSION
• WHAT IS THE JUDICIAL IMPORTANCE OF STARE DECISIS?
A. IT ENCOURAGES JUDGES TO OVERTURN PREVIOUS
DECISIONS IF THEY BELIEVE THEM TO BE INADEQUATE OR
WRONG
B. IT GOVERNS THE PROCESS THE SUPREME COURT
JUSTICES USE IN SELECTING CASES THAT THEY WANT TO
CONSIDER
C. IT HELPS JUDGES TO IMPLEMENT THEIR DECISIONS,
ESPECIALLY ON POLITICAL QUESTIONS
D. IT SETS THE PRINCIPLE THAT PRESIDENTS USE IN ORDER
TO DECIDE WHICH OF THE NINE SUPREME COURT
JUSTICES WILL BECOME THE CHIEF JUSTICE
E. IT ESTABLISHED THE PRACTICE OF BASING LEGAL
DECISIONS ON SUPREME COURT PRECEDENTS FROM
PREVIOUS SIMILAR CASES
• THE THREE-FIFTHS COMPROMISE AT THE CONSTITUTIONAL
CONVENTION ESTABLISHED WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
PRINCIPLES?
A. IN ORDER TO DETERMINE REPRESENTATION AND TAXATION,
EACH STATE WAS TO COUNT THREE-FIFTHS OF ALL ITS SLAVES
B. THE SIZE OF THE SENATE WAS TO BE KEPT IN A THREE-FIFTHS
PROPORTION TO THE SIZE OF THE HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES.
C. THREE-FIFTHS OF BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS WERE
NECESSARY IN ORDER TO PROPOSE AN AMENDMENT TO THE
CONSTITUTION.
D. MINIMUM PROPERTY REQUIREMENTS FOR VOTING WERE SET
AT THREE-FIFTHS OF AN ACRE OF LAND.
E. THREE-FIFTHS OF THE PRESIDENT’S APPOINTEES IN THE
EXECUTIVE BRANCH WERE TO COME FROM THE CIVIL SERVICE
• IN COMPARISON TO MEN, WOMEN VOTERS
TODAY ARE
A. MORE LIKELY TO VOTE IN LOCAL, STATE, AND
NATIONAL ELECTIONS.
B. MORE LIKELY TO VOTE DEMOCRATIC.
C. LESS LIKELY TO SUPPORT ETHNIC MINORITIES FOR
PUBLIC OFFICE.
D. MORE LIKELY TO VOTE IN LOCAL ELECTIONS, BUT
LESS LIKELY TO VOTE IN STATE AND NATIONAL
ELECTIONS.
E. LESS LIKELY TO STRONGLY AFFILIATE WITH A
POLITICAL PARTY.
• “YOU SCRATCH MY BACK, I’LL SCRATCH
YOURS” MOST ACCURATELY DESCRIBES THE
CONGRESSIONAL PRACTICE OF
A. LOGROLLING
B. GRIDLOCKING
C. FILIBUSTERING
D. FRANKING
E. CENSURING
• THE THEORY THAT “SUB-GOVERNMENTS”
MAKE POLICY THROUGH MUTUALLY
ADVANTAGEOUS RELATIONSHIPS AMONG
CONGRESSIONAL SUBCOMMITTEES, INTERST
GROUPS, AND GOVERNMENT AGENCIES IS
CALLED
A. SENATORIAL COURTESY
B. GERRYMANDERING
C. THE EQUAL TIME DOCTRINE
D. THE IRON TRIANGLE
E. EXTRADITION
• IN INTERPRETING THE EQUAL PROTECTION
CLAUSE OF THE 14TH AMENDMENT, THE
SURPREME COURT HAS APPLIED THE
“REASONABLENESS STANDARD” MOST
FREQUENTLY TO WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
GROUPS?
A. AFRICAN AMERICANS
B. WOMEN
C. THE DISABLED
D. LATINOS
E. NATIVE AMERICANS
“CONGRESS SHALL MAKE NO LAW RESPECTING
AN ESTABLISHMENT OF RELIGION, OR
PROHIBITING THE FREE EXERCISE THEREOF…”
THE QUOTE IS EXCERPTED FROM
A. THE FEDERALIST PAPERS
B. THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
C. ARTICLE I, SECTION 8 OF THE CONSTITUTION
D. THE 1st AMENDMENT
E. THE 14th AMENDMENT
• “SENATORIAL COURTESY” IS AN INFORMAL
RULE THAT APPLIES TO
A. RELATIONSHIP BETTEN SENATORS FROM
OPPOSITE POLITICAL PARTIES
B. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SENATORS AND
REPRESENTATIVES
C. THE TREATMENT OF THE PRESIDENT WHEN HE
DELIVERS HIS STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE
TO THE SENANTE
D. FAVOR THAT CONSTITUENTS GRANT TO THEIR
SENATORS
E. A PRESIDENT’S JUDICIAL NOMINATIONS
• THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT USUALLY SPENDS
THE LARGEST PORTION OF ITS REVENUE ON
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
DIRECT BENEFIT PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIVUALS
GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVENMERNTS
INTEREST PAYMENTS ON THE NATIONAL DEBT
NATIONAL DEFENSE
OPERATING COSTS FOR THE FEDERAL
BUREAUCRACY
• WHEN A PRESIDENT REFUSES TO SPEND
MONEY THAT CONGRESS HAS APPROPIATED,
HIS LACK OF ACTION IS REFERRED TO AS
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE
OVERSIGHT
WINNER-TAKE-ALL
EXTRADITION
IMPOUNDMENT
• MADE DISCRIMINATION IN PUBLIC PLACES
ILLEGAL AND PROTECTED EQUAL
OPPORTUNITIES FOR EMPLOYMENT,
REGARDLESS OF RACE, RELIGION, COLOR, OR
NATIONAL ORIGIN.
A. DISCRIMINATION AND EMPLOYMENT ACT OF
1954
B. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1957
C. CIVIL RIHTS ACT OF 1964
D. WAGNER ACT F 1935
E. THE FAIR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
ORGANIZATIONS/GROUPS SPONSORS THE
LARGEST NUMBER OF LOBBYISTS IN
WASHINGTON?
A. LABOR UNIONS
B. EQUALITY GROUPS WITH LARGE MEMBERSHIPS
C. ENVIORNMENTAL GROUPS
D. BUSINESS CORPORATIONS
E. PUBLIC INTEREST GROUPS, SUCH AS CONSUMER
ADVOCATES
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS MOST LIKELY TO
INFLUENCE A VOTER’S CHOICE IN A PRESIDENTIAL
ELECTION?
A. THE DEMOCRATIC AND REPUBLICAN NOMINEES’
ACCEPTANCE SPEECHES AT THEIR PARTY
CONVENTION
B. THE AMOUNT OF SOFT MONEY THAT THE PARTIES
ARE ABLE TO RAISE
C. THE VOTER’SLEVEL OF SATISFACTION WITH THE
PERFORMANCE OF THE INCUMBENT PRESIDENT
D. THE VOTER’S POLITICAL PARTY IDENTIFICATION
E. THE PROPOSAL OF THE CANDIDATES FOR NEW
ECONOMIC POLICIES
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CHARACTERISTICS
IS THE BEST PREDICTOR OF THE POSSIBILITY
THAT A CITIZEN WILL ACTUALLY VOTE IN A
POPULAR ELECTION?
A. LEVEL OF EDUCATION
B. GENDER
C. ETHNICITY
D. REGION OF RESIDENCE
E. AREA FO RESIDENCE (RURAL V. URBAN)
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE EXAMPLES
OF LINKAGE INSTITUTIONS?
I. POLITICAL PARTIES
II. INTEREST GROUPS
III. THE MEDIA
IV. THE SUPREME COURT
A. I AND II
B. II AND III
C. I, II, AND III
D. IV
E. I, II, III, IV
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENTS
DIRECTS AN OFFICIAL TO BRING A PRISONER
TO COURT AND GIVE REASON WHY HE IS
BEING HELD?
A. AN EX POST FACTO LAW
B. A WRIT OF HABEUS CORPUS
C. A BILL OF ATTAINDER
D. AMICUS CURIAE BRIEF
E. A WRIT OF CERTIORARI
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CHIEF JUSTICES
OF THE SUPREME COURT IS BEST KNOWN FOR
LEADING A COURT THAT WAS CHARACTERIZED
BY BOTH LIBERALISM AND ACTIVISM?
A. JOHN MARSHALL
B. ROGER B. TANEY
C. EARL WARREN
D. WARREN BURGER
E. WILLIAM REHNQUIST
• WHAT POLITICAL PRACTICE WAS THE
PENDLETON ACT OF 1883 MEANT TO
CURTAIL?
A. PATRONAGE
B. GERRYMANDERING
C. MALAPPORTIONMENT
D. COATTAILING
E. FILIBUSTERING
• THE “DEVOLUTION REVOLUTION” IS A
REFERENCE TO A RECENT TREND TOWARD
A. STATES RELYING ON THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
TO FINANCE THEIR MOST IMPORTANT PROJECTS
B. THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT RETURNING
RESPONSIBILITY FOR MANY FUNCTIONS TO THE
STATES
C. SENATE AND HOUSE COMMITTEE CHAIRMEN
DELEGATING MORE WORK TO THE
SUBCOMMITTEES
D. FEDERAL COURTS REFUSING TO TAKE ALMOST NO
CASES FROM STATE COURTS
E. STATE GOVERNORS ALLOWING LOCAL OFFICIALS TO
CONDUCT STATEWIDE ELECTIONS
• THE “REVOLVING DOOR” REFERS TO THE
POLITICAL PRACTICE OF
A. MOVING TO A GOVERNMENT JOB TO ONE
WITH AN INTEREST GROUP
B. SUPPORTING JUDICIAL CANDIDATES FROM
ONE’S HOME STATE OVER OTHERS
C. CHANGING PARTY ALLEGIANCES IN ORDER TO GAIN
POWER IN CONGRESS
D. MOVING FROM STATE-LEVEL GOVERNMENT
POSITIONS TO THOSE ON A NATIONAL LEVEL.
E. RUNNING FOR PUBLIC OFFICE IN MORE THAN ONE
STATE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING PRESIDNTIAL
POWERS HAS THE FEWEST RESTRICTIONS
PLACED ON IT BY CONGRESS AND/OR THE
COURTS?
A. PARDONS
B. LINE-ITEM VETOES
C. EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE
D. IMPOUNDMENT
E. TROOP DEPLOYMENT TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES
• THE SENIORITY RULE GOVERNS
A. WHICH MEMBERS OF CONGRESS EACH PARTY
ENCOURAGES TO RETIRE AND NOT SEEK PUBLIC
OFFICE AGAIN
B. THE ORDER OF SEATING AT THE PRESIDENT’S
CABINET MEETINGS
C. WHICH CANDIDATES ARE SELECTED FOR CIVIL
SERVICE JOBS
D. THE SELECTION OF A VICE-PRESIDENTIAL RUNNING
MATE FOR A PARTY’S PRESIDENTIAL NOMINEE
E. WHO BECOMES CHAIR OF A COMMITTEE OR
SUBCOMMITTEE WHEN THE POSITION IS VACANT
OR WHEN THE MAJORITY PARTY CHANGES
• ACCORDING TO THE 1993 REVISIONS OF THE
HATCH ACT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES MAY
PARTICIPATE IN POLITIC IN ALL OF THE
FOLLOWING WAYS EXCEPT
A. THEY MAY HOLD POSITIONS OF RESPONSIBILITY
WITHIN A POLITICAL PARTY
B. THEY MAY RAISE FUNDS FOR A PARTIES AS LONG AS
THEY ARE NOT ON GOVERNMENT PROPERTY
C. THE MAY RUN AS CANDIDATES FOR PUBLIC OFFICE
D. THEY MAY CAMPAIGN FOR CANDIDATES FOR PUBLIC
OFFICE
E. THEY MAY SERVE AS DELEGATES TO A PARTY
CONVENTION
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE MOST
IMPORTANT SINGLE REASON THAT THE UNITED
STATES HAS ALWAYS HAD A TWO-PARTY SYSTEM?
A. WINNER-TAKE-ALL ELECTIONS
B. PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION
C. THE EXISTENCE OF A CONSENSUAL POLITICAL
CULTURE
D. STRONG PARTY LOYALTY AMONG DEMOCRATS AND
REPUBLICANS
E. WEAK WILL POWER OF MOST THIRD PARTY
CHALLENGERS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF
ELECTIONS IS MEANT TO ELIMINATE CROSSOVER VOTING BETWEEN POLITICAL PARTIES?
A. A GENERAL ELECTION
B. A RUNOFF PRIMARY
C. AN OPEN PRIMARY
D. A CLOSED PRIMARY
E. A BLANKET PRIMARY
• “TO MAKE ALL LAWS WHICH SHALL BE
NECESSARY AND PROPER FOR CARRYING INTO
EXECUTION THE FOREGOING POWERS, AND
ALL OTHER POWERS VESTED BY THE
CONSTITUTION IN THE GOVERNEMNT OF THE
UNITED STATES…”
• THE QUOTE IS FOUND IN THE
A. CONSTITUTION, ARTICLE I
B. BILL OF RIGHTS
C. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCEE
D. THE FEDERALIST PAPERS
E. FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT
• DIVIDED GOVERNMENT HAS CHARACTERIZED
AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
A. SINCE ITS BEGINNINGS
B. ONLY DURING THE 19TH CENTURY
C. PRIMARY DURING TIMES OF WAR AND
ECONOMIC DEPRESSION
D. DURING MOST OF THE 20TH CENTURY
E. SINCE THE LATE 1960S
• WHAT PROCEDURE MAY BE FOLLOWED IN THE HOUSE
OF REPRESENTATIVES IN ORDER TO FORCE A BILL OUT
OF COMMITTEE FOR FLOOR ACTION?
A. THE RULES COMMITTEE MAY ORDER THE BILL OUT OF
COMMITTEE.
B. THE SPEAKER MAY BRING A BILL OUT OF COMMITTEE IN
THE HOUSE
C. A DISCHARGE PETITION SIGNED BY 218 MEMBERS IS
NECESSARY TO BRING THE BILL TO THE FLOOR.
D. BOTH THE COMMITTEE AND SUBCOMMITTEE
CHAIRMEN MUST AGREE BEFORE A MEMBER MAY
MOVE TO BRING A BILL TO THE FLOOR
E. THE BILL’S SPONSER MAY PROPOSE IT BEFORE THE FULL
HOUSE, AND IF THE SPEAKER AGREES, THE BILL WILL BE
BROUGHT TO FLOOR.
• WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FUNCTION OF A
WRIT OF CERTIORARI?
A. IT REQUIRES OFFICIALS TO BRING A PRISONER
BEFORE THE JUDGE IN A PROMPT FASHION.
B. IT SERVES AS A COMMAND TO A MEMBER OF THE
EXECUTIVE BRANCH OR A LEGISLATOR TO OBEY A
DECISION OF A FEDERAL COURT.
C. IT PROVIDES ARGUMENTS BEYOND THE IMMEDIATE
PARTIES THAT SUPPORT ONE SIDE OR THE OTHER IN
A CASE BEFORE THE SUPREME COURT.
D. IT SERVES AS A FORMAL ORDER TO BRING A CASE
UP FROM A LOWER COURT TO THE SUPREME
COURT.
E. IT IMPOSES REQUIREMENTS ON STATES AS
CONDITIONS FOR RECEIPT OF FEDERAL FUNDS
• ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE FEDERAL
REGULATORY AGENCIES EXCEPT
A. FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION
B. FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
C. NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE
ADMINISTRATION
D. BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, AND
FIREARMS
E. FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING RIGHTS WERE
PROTECTED IN THE ORIGINAL CONSTITUTION,
BEFORE THE ADDITION OF THE BILL OF RIGHTS?
I. GUARANTEE OF THE WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS
II. PROTECTION FROM EX POST FACTO LAWS
III. PROTECTION FROM BILLS OF ATTAINDER
IV. FREEDOM OF SPEECH
A. I ONLY
B. I AND II ONLY
C. I, II, AND III
D. I AND IV ONLY
E. IV ONLY
• THE CONGRESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY TO
QUESTION EXECUTIVE BRANCH OFFICIALS TO
SEE WHETHER THEIR AGENCIES ARE
COMPLYING WITH THE WISHES OF CONGRESS
IS CALLED
A. THE OVERSIGHT FUNCTION
B. SENIORITY RULE
C. THE FRANKING PRIVILEGE
D. SENATORIAL COURTESY
E. POWER TO OVERRIDE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF
PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTMENTS IS MOST LIKELY
TO HAVE A LONG REACHING EFFECT ON
POLICYMAKING AFTER THE PRESIDENT’S LAST
TERM OF OFFICE IS COMPLETED?
A. CABINET MEMBERS
B. VICE-PRESIDENT
C. INDEPENDENT AGENCY HEADS
D. FEDERAL JUDGES
E. AMBASSADORS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS GENERALLY
CONSIDERED TO BE AN ABUSE OF AN INDIVIDUAL’S
FREEDOM FROM UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND
SEIZURES?
A. AN ARREST OF A PERSON IN A PUBLIC PLACE,
PROVIDED THE POLICE HAVE PROBABLE CAUSE
B. A WARRANTLESS ARREST OF A INDIVIDUAL IN HIS/HER
OWN HOME
C. A POLICE SEARCH OF A BUS PASSENGER’S LUGGAGE,
WITH THE CONSENT OF THE PASSENGER
D. A WARRANTLESS POLICE SEARCH OF AN AUTOMOBILE
SUSPECTED OF BEING USED IN A CRIME
E. A LIMITED SEARCH THAT POLICE BELIEVE IS NECESSARY
AT THE MOMENT TO PRESERVE EASILY DISPOSED OF
EVIDENCE
• UNDER WHICH CIRCUMSTANCES MAY A BILL BECOME
LAW WITHOUT THE PRESIDENT’S SIGNATURE?
I. IF THE PRESIDENT DOES NOT VETO A BILL
WITHIN TEN DAYS OF ITS PRESENTATION TO HIM
DURING A REGULAR SESSION OF CONGRESS
II. IF CONGRESS HAS ADJOURNED AND THE
PRESIDENT WAITS TEN DAYS WITHOUT
VETOING THE BILL
III. IF CONGRESS OVERRIDES A VETO WITH A TWOTHIRDS VOTE IN EACH HOUSE
A. I ONLY
B. I AND III ONLY
C. I, II, AND III ONLY
D. I AND II ONLY
E. III ONLY
• ACCORDING TO THE 25TH AMENDMENT, WHAT
HAPPENDS IF THE VICE-PRESIDENT’S OFFICE IS
VACATED DURING A PRESIDENT’S TERM OF OFFICE ?
A. THE SPEAKEAR OF THE HOUSE BECOMES THE
VICE-PRESIDENT
B. THE PRESINDENT PRO TEMPORE OF THE
BECOMES VICE-PRESIDENT
C. THE SECRETARY OF STATE BECOMES VICEPRESIDENT
D. THE PRESIDENT APPOINTS A VICE-PRESIDENT WITH
CONFIRMATION BY A MAJORITY OF BOTH HOUSES
OF CONGRESS
E. THE OFFICE REMAINS VACANT UNTIL THE NEXT
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, WHEN THE PRESIDENT NAMES
A NEW VICE-PRESIDENT CANDIDATE
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE MOST IMPORTANT
ELEMENT IN A COURT’S RECOGNITION OF AN INDIVIDUAL’S
‘STANDING’ TO SUE?
A. THE INDIVIDUAL MUST HAVE A SINCERE
INTEREST IN THE ISSUE UNDER THE
CONSIDERSATION
B. THE INDIVIDUAL MUST HAVE A STRONG
ARGUMENT THAT A LAW IS
UNCONSTITUTIONAL
C. THE INDIVIDUAL MUST HAVE SUSTAINED OR BE IN
IMMEDIATE DANGER OF SUSTAINING A DIRECT
INJURY
D. THE INDIVIDUAL MUST SHOW THAT HE/SHE IS A
PROPER REPRESENTATIVE FOR THE CLASS OF THE
PEOPLE THAT HAS BEEN INJURED
E. THE INDIVIDUAL MUST EITHER BE PRESONALLY AFFECTED OR
HAVE A RELATIVE OR CLOSE FRIEND NEGATIVELY AFFECTED
BY THE ISSUE IN CONSIDERATION
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING POLITICAL
PARTIES IS MOST CLOSELY FORMED AROUND
AN IDEOLOGY THAT VALUES INDIVIDUAL
LIBERTY AND INSISTS ON A SHARPLY LIMITED
GOVERNMENT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY
THE GREEN PARTY
THE REFORM PARTY
THE LIBERTARIAN PARTY
• WHAT IS THE MAIN PURPOSE OF A FILIBUSTER IN
THE SENATE
A. TO FORCE A COMMITTEE TO RELEASE A BILL TO
THE SENATE FLOOR
B. TO SEND A MESSAGE TO THE PRESIDENT THAT
THE SENATE WILL NOT TOLERATE A VETO TO A
PARTICULAR BILL
C. TO DELAY OR PREVENT A VOTE ON A BILL
D. TO PROMOTE THE SENATE VERSION OF A MAJOR
BILL OVER THE VERSION PRESENTED BY THE
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
E. TO HELP DEFEND THE REASONS WHY THE SENATE
REFUSES TO SUPPORT A PARTICULAR BILL
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING GOVERNMENT
REGULATIONS OF MEDIA HAS THE SUPREME
COURT BARRED, EXCEPT IN EXTREME CASES OF
NATIONAL SECURITY?
A. FORCED DIVULGENCE OF NAMES OF SOURCES FOR
MEDIA STORIES
B. RESTRICTED ACCESS TO COURTROOMS AND OTHER
GOVERNEMENT OUTLETS
C. REQUIREMENTS TO DEVOTE A CERTAIN
PERCENTAGE OF BROADCAST TIME TO PUBLIC
SERVICE INFORMATION
D. PRIOR RESTRAINT
E. THE EQUAL TIME DOCTRINE
• THE PROCESS OF DIVIDING VOTING DISTRICTS
TO GIVE AN UNFAIR ADVANTAGE TO ONE
CANDIDATE OR PARTY IS KNOWN AS
A. PORKBARREL POLITICS
B. LOGROLLING
C. CLOTURE
D. GERRYMANDERING
E. ELECTIONEERING
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ACCOMPANY
EVERY DECISION THAT THE SUPREME COURT
MAKES?
I. MAJORITY OPINION
II. DISSENTING OPINION
III. CONCURRING OPINION
A. I ONLY
B. I AND II ONLY
C. I AND III ONLY
D. II AND III ONLY
E. I, II, AND III
• THE INFORMAL RULE OF JUDICIAL POLICY
MAKING THAT COURT CASES SHOULD BE
SETTLED IN ACCORDANCE WITH EARLIER
DECISIONS ON SIMULAR CASES IS KNOWN AS
A. CERTIORARI
B. STARE DECISIS
C. JUDICIAL ACTIVISM
D. THE “RULE OF FOUR”
E. THE LITMUS TEST
• WHAT DO THE ELECTIONS OF 1824, 1875,
1888, AND 2000 ALL HAVE IN COMMON?
A. THE DEMOCRATS DEFEATED THE REPUBLICANS
B. THE REPUBLICANS DEFEATED THE DEMOCRATS
C. ALL WERE CHARACTERIZED BY WIDESPREAD
FRAUD
D. IN ALL FOUR CASES, THE EASTERN PART OF THE
COUNTRY SQUARED OFF AGAINST THE
WESTERN PART
E. THE CANDIDATE WHO WON THE POPULAR
VOTE DID NOT WIN THE ELECTORAL VOTE.
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING LAWS IS
INTENDED TO RESTRICT POLITICAL
PARTICIPATION OF FEDERAL BUREAUCRATS?
A. PENDLETON ACT
B. TAFT-HARTLEY ACT
C. HATCH ACT
D. INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT
E. SOCIAL SECURITY ACT
• WHAT PORTION OF THE FEDERAL ELECTION
CAMPAIGN ACT DID THE SUPREME COURT
DECLARE UNCONSTITUTIONAL IN BUCKLEY V.
VALEO?
A. PUBLIC FINANCING FOR PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES
B. THE AMOUNT INDIVIDUALS MAY CONTRIBUTE TO
THEIR OWN CAMPAIGNS
C. DISCLOSURE OF CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES FOR ALL
CANDIDATES FOR FEDERAL OFFICE
D. LIMITATIONS ON OVERALL CONTRIBUTIONS TO A
PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN
E. LIMITATIONS THAT AN INDIVIDUAL MAY
CONTRIBUTE TO EACH CANDIDATE FOR FEDERAL
OFFICE
• WHICH FAMOUS SUPREME COURT CASE
ADDRESSED THE ISSUE OF REVERSE
DISCRIMINATION?
A. BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION
B. TINKER V. DES MOINES
C. HARRIS V. FORKLIFT SYSTEMS
D. KOREMATSU V. UNITED STATES
E. REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA V.
BAKKE
• ALL OF THE FOLLOWING INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS
ARE EXPLICITLY GUARANTEED IN THE BILL OF
RIGHTS EXCEPT
A. FREE SPEECH
B. PRIVACY
C. FREEDOM OF RELIGION
D. PROTECTION FROM SEARCH AND SEIZURE
E. A SPEEDY AND PUBLIC TRIAL
• WHICH GROUP THAT FORMED THE NEW DEAL
COALITION BEGAN TO FALL AWAY FROM SOLID
SUPPORT OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY DURING
THE 1950s AND 60s?
A. URBAN DWELLERS
B. LABOR UNIONS
C. JEWS
D. WHITE SOUTHERNERS
E. AFRICAN AMERICANS
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING GAINED THE
RIGHT TO VOTE FIRST?
A. 18-21 YEAR OLDS
B. WOMEN
C. AFRICAN AMERICANS
D. NON-CITIZENS
E. NON-PROPERTIED MALES
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING BEST EXPLAINS THE
PROCESS BY WHICH A PRESIDENT MAY BE
REMOVED FROM OFFICE?
A. THE CABINET IMPEACHES THE OFFICIAL, AND THE
SUPREME COURT CONVICTS
B. THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES IMPEACHES THE
OFFICIAL AND THE SENATE CONVICTS
C. THE SENATE IMPEACHES THE OFFICIAL, AND THE
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES CONVICTS
D. THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES IMPEACHES THE
OFFICIAL, AND THE SUPREME COURT CONVICTS
E. 2/3 OF BOTH HOUSES IMPEACH THE OFFICIAL, AND
¾ OF THE STATE LEGISLATURES MUST RATIFY
• WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE BEST
PREDICTOR OF HOW A MEMBER OF
CONGRESS WILL VOTE ON A PROPOSED BILL?
A. LENGTH OF TIME IN OFFICE
B. REGION REPRESENTED
C. NUMBER OF CALLS/LETTERS FROM
CONSTITUENTS ON THE ISSUE
D. POLITICAL PARTY MEMBERSHIP
E. THE FLOOR DEBATE ON THE BILL
• IMPLIED POWERS OF CONGRESS EMANATE
PRIMARILY FROM
A. FEDERALIST PAPERS
B. THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
C. THE DUE PROCESS CLAUSE OF THE 5th
AMENDMENT
D. THE FULL FAITH AND CREDIT CLAUSE OF THE
CONSTITUTION
E. THE “NECESSARY AND PROPER” CLAUSE OF THE
CONSTITUTION
• COURT DECISIONS ON SCHOOL PRAYER ARE
USUALLY GROUNDED IN THE
A. ELASTIC CLAUSE
B. FULL-FAITH-AND-CREDIT CLAUSE
C. ESTABLISHMENT CLAUSE
D. FREE EXERCISE CLAUSE
E. DUE PROCESS CLAUSE

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