Executive Department

Report
THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH
The President
The Administration
Executive Office of the President
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White House Office
National Security Council
Office of Management and Budget
Office of the VP
The Executive Departments
• HEAD OF EACH DEPARTMENT IS THE
SECRETARY – except 1 (Justice)
• AGENCIES RUN BY DIRECTOR WHO ANSWERS
TO THE SECRETARY
• 15 Executive Departments
State Department (1789)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• 3 Original Executive
Departments
• Hires experts on foreign
policy
• Issues passports and visas
AGENCIES
• Sets up embassies run by
ambassadors
Treasury Department (1789)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• 3 Original Executive
Departments
• Prints nations money
AGENCIES
• Internal Revenue Service
(IRS)
• ATF ( Bureau of Alcohol,
tobacco and Firearms)
Defense Department (1789)
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FUNCTIONS/JOBS
Dept. of War and Dept. of
Navy combined
Joint Chiefs of Staff are
most important advisors
3 Original Executive
Departments
Largest department
AGENCIES
Justice Department (1870)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• Enforces federal law
• Headed by attorney general
AGENCIES
• FBI – Fed. Bureau of
Investigation
• DEA (Drug Enforcement
Agency)
Interior Department (1849)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• Manages and preserves the
nation’s public lands and
natural resources
• Manages and conserves
natural resources
AGENCIES
• US Fish and Wildlife
• National Park Service
• Soil Conservation Service
Agriculture Department (1889)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• Helps farmers produce
better crops and helps
maintain meat and poultry
quality
AGENCIES
• Food Safety and Inspection
Service
• USDA
Commerce Department (1903)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• Supervises international
trade, promotes business,
and collect economic
information
• Supervised tourism, trade
AGENCIES
• Census Bureau
• Patent and Trademark
Agency
Labor Department (1913)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• Enforces laws to protect
workers
AGENCIES
• OSHA
• (Occupational Safety and
Health Admin.
Health and Human Service
Department (1953)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• Provides financial support
for needy people and works
to fight illness
AGENCIES
• Food and Drug Admin (FDA)
• CDC (Center for Disease
Control)
Housing and Urban development
(HUD) Department (1965)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• Works with cities to rebuild
slums and improve
neighborhoods
• Deals with special needs
and problems of cities
AGENCIES
Transportation Department (1967)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• Manages the country’s
highways, railroads, airlines,
and sea traffic
AGENCIES
• FAA (Federal Aviation
Admin.) regulates airlines
Veterans Affairs (1988)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• Directs services for military
veterans
AGENCIES
• VA Hospitals
Education Department (1979)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• Funds bilingual education,
health and drug education ,
and vocational training
AGENCIES
• “No child Left behind”
• Head Start
Energy Department (1977)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• Regulates development and
use of oil and gas reserves
and nuclear power
AGENCIES
Homeland Security (2002)
FUNCTIONS/JOBS
• Oversees national strategy
to safeguard our country
form terrorism
• Established after 9/11
attacks
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AGENCIES
US Customs
Secret Service
Coast Guard
Citizenship and
Immigration Service (old
INS)
FEMA
Independent Agencies
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CIA -Central Intelligence Agency
EPA – Environmental Protection Agency
Federal Reserve System
FDIC
Federal Communication Commission (FCC)
Social Security Admin.
FTC – Fed. Trade Commission

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