Slide 1

Report
Rewayat Hafs 'An 'Aasim
by the way of Shaatibiyyah
Muslla altaqwa
18th lecture
24 Rajab 1434
Ahkam Noon Sakina and Tanween
Noon Sakina and Tanween has four rulings thy are
1. Izhar (The Making Clear)
2. Idgham ( The Merging)
3. Iqlab ( The changing )
4. Ikhfaa ( The Hiding )
 The rule that is applied depends on the letter that
immediately follows the saakinah or tanween
Ahkam Noon Sakina and Tanween
 1st :Izhar (The Making Clear) ( ‫ خ‬،‫ غ‬،‫ ح‬،‫ ع‬،‫ هـ‬،‫ ) أ‬in one
word or in two words .
 2nd : Idgham ( The Merging) ( ‫) يرملون‬. with ghunnah .
( ‫ ) ينمو‬and without ghunnah . ( ‫ ر‬،‫) ل‬
 Idgham has to be in two words so it is not applicable
to (
‫ بنيان‬، ‫ الدنيا‬، ‫ صنوان‬،‫) قنوان‬
 There are three exemptions for Idgham where Idgham
is not applicable where it should be applicable
)‫ يس والقرآن الحكيم‬،‫ ن والقلم‬،‫) وقيل من راق‬
rd
3
: Changing (Iqlaab)
 Definition : The changing of noon saakinah
or the tanween into a Meem when it followed by a
Baa with ghunnah on the letter Meem.
 Iqlaab can be applicable in one word or in two
words. So if the letter Baa follows a Noon saakinah
in the same word, or Noon sakina or Twnween
between two words, then the Noon saakinah or
tanween will be changed into a hidden Meem, with
a ghunnah. .
‫)‪Examples on Changing (iqlaab‬‬
‫التنوين‬
‫النون الساكنة النون الساكنة حرف‬
‫اإلقالب‬
‫من كلمة‬
‫من كلمتين‬
‫الباء‬
‫ليـنـبـذن‬
‫من بين يديه‬
‫علي ٌم بذات‬
‫الصدور‬
‫لنسفعا ً بالناصية من قبل ومن بعد أنبئوني‬
4th : Hiding (ikhfa')
 The last of the four rules for the Noon saakinah and
tanween is Ikhfa.
 Definition of Ikhfaa is : The pronunciation of a Noon
saakinah and the tanween in a way between Idhar and
Idgham with a ghunnah
 The letters of the Ikhfa for the Noon saakinah and tanween
are all the remaining letters in the Arabic alphabet after we
remove the letters of Idhar, Idgham and Iqlab. There are 15
letters left in the Arabic alphabet, all causing Ikhfaa for
the Noon saakinah and tanween.
 The Ikhfaa can take place between two words or in one a
word.
Notes on Hiding (ikhfa')
 To hide the Noon our tongue does not touch the teeth
or gum, instead our tongue moves close to, but not at,
the articulation point of the next letter, which is the
letter causing the Ikhfaa (hiding).
 During that we apply the ghunnah, so the letter
follows the Noon Sakina or Tanween is pronounced
without Ghunna.
‫)'‪Examples on Hiding (ikhfa‬‬
‫التنوين‬
‫النون الساكنة من كلمتين‬
‫النون الساكنة من كلمة‬
‫حرف اإلخفاء‬
‫ريحا ً صرصرا‬
‫سراعا ً ذلك‬
‫أن صدوكم‬
‫ينصركم‬
‫من ذا الذي‬
‫لينذر‬
‫ذ‬
‫ما ًء ثجاجا‬
‫من ثمرة‬
‫منثورا‬
‫ث‬
‫يوم كان‬
‫في ٍ‬
‫أن كان‬
‫أنكاال‬
‫ك‬
‫فصب ٌر جميل‬
‫ومن جاهد‬
‫أنجيناه‬
‫ج‬
‫ص‬
‫)'‪Examples on Hiding (ikhfa‬‬
‫التنوين‬
‫النون الساكنة من كلمتين‬
‫النون الساكنة من‬
‫كلمة‬
‫حرف اإلخفاء‬
‫ٌ‬
‫بأس شديد‬
‫إن شاء‬
‫منشورا‬
‫ش‬
‫شي ٍء قدير‬
‫فإن قاتلوكم‬
‫فأنقذكم‬
‫ق‬
‫قوالً سديدا‬
‫من سوء‬
‫منسأته‬
‫س‬
‫ٌ‬
‫قنوان دانية‬
‫من دون‬
‫عند‬
‫د‬
‫قوما ً طاغين‬
‫فإن طبن‬
‫ينطقون‬
‫ط‬
‫)'‪Examples on Hiding (ikhfa‬‬
‫التنوين‬
‫يومئ ٍذ زرقا‬
‫عُم ٌي فهم‬
‫جنا ٍ‬
‫ت تجري‬
‫قوما ً ضالين‬
‫ً‬
‫قرى ظاهرة‬
‫النون الساكنة من النون‬
‫الساكنة‬
‫كلمتين‬
‫من كلمة‬
‫منزال‬
‫فإن زللتم‬
‫انفروا‬
‫وإن فاتكم‬
‫منتهون‬
‫من تراب‬
‫منضود‬
‫من ضل‬
‫ينظرون‬
‫من ظهير‬
‫حرف‬
‫اإلخفاء‬
‫ز‬
‫ف‬
‫ت‬
‫ض‬
‫ظ‬

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