Tajweed PPT - Universal School of Buffalo

Tajweed Class
University at Buffalo
-MSATeacher: Shaykh Ahmad Al-Quqa
Zahir Lewis
What is Tajweed?
• Tajweed means to recite every letter correctly, i.e. from its
proper origin of pronunciation coupled with its stipulated
• Example Haa and Haa
• Do you use your mouth or throat for these letters?
Why Attend This Class?
• To recite the Book of Allah Most High with the proper
articulation and pronunciation.
• To recite the Book of Allah Most High as it was revealed.
• To recite Quran like our Prophet
Waste of time?!?
• “Brother, what is the point of memorizing and reading Quran
if you don’t even understand the meaning?”….. Reply: Are
you serious?!
• Each letter is a Nur.
• Hadiths on virtues of Quran.
• 1st step
The Tajweed Class of the Sahabah
• Our Beloved Prophet
was the teacher of the Sahabah.
• No “Tajweed” classes back then.
• Tajweed in modern times.
Before Alif, Baa, Taa
• Before one seeks out to learn a single letter from The Quran,
one must first establish his/her proper intention for doing so.
• Check ourselves: what is our intention for learning Quran.
Because Allah gifted us with a nice voice, to lead prayers, etc.
The Next Step
• After our intention is pure, we must go to the next step.
• Aadaab al Quran: Proper Etiquettes we must have for The
Book of Allah Most High.
• In order for us to attain the maximum benefit from Allah’s
Book, we will have to have true respect for It internally as
well as externally
Some Aadaab
Sitting at a clean place/Clean clothes.
Refraining from eating, drinking, talking, etc while reading.
Refraining from holding the Mushaf with the left hand.
Putting the Mushaf on a raised place.
Never putting It on the floor, even Masjid al Haraam.
Avoid slouching while reading.
• Please bare with me. There is no ending point in Quran. We
can always increase our knowledge in this field and keep on
learning new things each time!
• With this in mind, lets review our letters and make sure we’re
pronouncing them correctly. This is the foundational step in
learning Quran.
• Our duty: Continuous studies.
1st Lesson: Arabic Alphabet
Lesson 2: Surah Al Fatiha
• Common errors in Surah Al Fatiha:
Incomplete dhamma or kasra
Merging of 2 letters i.e. A’udhu
Taa instead of Taa
Seen instead of Sad
Switching Haa and Haa
Switching up the heavy and light aspects of a letter i.e. noon with kasra
“na” “naw”
Lesson 3: Surah An Nas
• 1st Rule: Harf Ghunna Mushaddad- letters of
ghunna that have shaddah
– Occurs when noon and meem have shaddah.
– Hold for 2 counts.
– Ghunnah- Nasalization sound that must come from
Lesson 4: Surah Al Falaq
• 2nd Rule: Al Ikhfaa Haqeeqi- hiding or concealment
– Occurs when there is a noon saakin or tanween followed
by 15 letters:
– Taa Thaa Jeem….
– Hold for 2 counts
– Ghunna
– Can occur on 1 or 2 words i.e. “antum”, “in kuntum”
– Light letters: The Ikhfaa will be said with a light sound:
Taa, Thaa, Daal, Dhaal, Jeem, Zaa, Seen, Sheen, Faa,
– Heavy Letters: The Ikhfaa will be said with a heavy sound:
Saad, Daad, Taa, Thaa, Qaaf
Lesson 5: Surah Al
• 3rd Rule: Qalqalah- echo or bouncing sound.
 Occurs with the letters: Qaaf, Taa, Baa, Jeem, &
– 1. Qalqalah Sughraa- end of word, in middle of
– 2. Qalqalah Wustaa- middle of word whether at
beginning or middle
– 3. Qalqalah Kubraa- end of ayah
Lesson 6: Review Surah An Nasr
• Apply the rules you learned to Surah An Nasr.
Al Mudood
Al Madd- Lenghthing of the sound with the letters of the Madd letters
-Letters of madd are: Alif, Yaa, and Waaw
– Alif saakinah preceded by fatha
– Yaa saakinah precedd by kasra
– Waaw saakinah preceded by dhamma
Al Leen
• Waaw preceded by fatha
• Yaa preceded by fatha

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