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A figure of speech involving the
comparison of one thing with another,
using some connective word such as
like, as, so, than, or a verb such as
resembles. It is used to make a
description more emphatic or vivid.
The soul in the body is like a bird in
a cage.
He fights like a lion
She is fragrant like a rose
Yes, he is a cute puppy, but when he
grows up he will be as big as a house
He was as hungry as a lion.
That spider was as fat as an elephant
Metaphor is a figure of speech that
makes an implicit, implied or hidden
comparison between two things or
objects that are different from each other
but have some characteristics common
between them.
A metaphor develops a comparison
which is different from a simile, in
that we do not use words such as
“like” or “as” to develop the
This is a metaphor because “He” is
not a sheep and may not even black.
However, this comparison is used to
describe an association between the
black sheep with that person. Black
sheep are unusual and typically stay
away from the herd, and appear as
an outcast. In this way, the person
shares a similar characteristics.
The eyes are the windows of the soul
Life is but a stage
He was boiling mad
The job was a breeze
I Am the bread of life
An analogy is a comparison of an
idea or a thing with something that
is quite different from it. It’s purpose
is to explain a potentially difficult
idea or thing by comparing it to
something that is familiar
“The structure of an atom is like a
solar system. The nucleus is the sun
and the electrons are the planets
revolving around the sun.”
In the example, an atomic structure is
compared to a solar system by using
“like”. Therefore, it is a simile. Metaphor
is used to relate the nucleus to the sun
and the electrons to the planets without
using words “like” or “as’. In this
example then, similes and metaphors are
employed to develop an analogy.
The importance here is that the
concept of a solar system is easy to
understand and visualize, and we
therefore can us it to explain the
structure of an atom. Another
example would be the use of a
mouse trap to explain irreducible
complexity as it relates to intelligent
A short, informal reference to a
person, place, thing, event or idea, of
historical, cultural, literary or
political importance.
If you take his parking place, you can
expect World War II all over again.
Plan ahead: it wasn't raining when Noah
built the ark.
I can’t do that because I am not
This game is going to be David vs.
Alliteration is derived from Latin’s
“Latira”. It means “letters of
alphabet”. It is a rhetorical device in
which a number of words, having
the same first consonant sound,
occur close together in a series.
An important point to remember
here is that alliteration does not
depend on letters but on sounds. So
the phrase not knotty is alliterative,
but cigarette chase is not.
But a better butter makes a batter
A big bully beats a baby boy.
Ah, what a delicious day!
Done well, alliteration is a satisfying
Dunkin’ Donuts
Best Buy
Chuckee Cheese’s
Bed Bath & Beyond
Krispy Kreme
Life Lock
Ronald Reagan
Sammy Sosa
Jesse Jackson
William Wordsworth
Mickey Mouse
Porky Pig
Lois Lane
Marilyn Monroe
Fred Flintstone
Donald Duck
Casey Kasem
Mark McGuire
Personification is a figure of speech
in which a thing, an idea or an
animal is given human attributes.
These include attributes of form,
character, feelings, behavior, and so
The sky weeps
Look at my car, she is a beauty
The wind whispered through the trees
The flowers danced in the gentle breeze.
Time and tide waits for none.
The fire swallowed the entire forest.
Pain’s crushing blow
That book spoke to me.
Anaphora is the repetition of the
same word or words at the
beginning of successive phrases,
clauses, or sentences.
You cannot bring about prosperity by discouraging thrift.
You cannot strengthen the weak by weakening the strong.
You cannot help little men by tearing down big men.
You cannot lift the wage earner by pulling down the wage payer.
You cannot help the poor by destroying the rich.
You cannot establish sound security on borrowed money.
You cannot further the brotherhood of man by inciting class
You cannot keep out of trouble by spending more than you earn.
You cannot build character and courage by destroying men's
initiative and independence.
And you cannot help men permanently by doing for them what
they can and should do for themselves.
~ William John Henry Boetcker
In books I find the dead as if they were alive; in
books I foresee things to come; in books
warlike affairs are set forth; from books come
forth the laws of peace. ~Richard de Bury
My life is my purpose. My life is my goal. My
life is my inspiration.
Epiphora, also known as Epistrophe,
is a stylistic device in which a word
or a phrase is repeated at the end of
successive sentences, phrases or
Five percent of the people think; ten percent of
the people think they think; and the other
eighty-five percent would rather die than think
~ Thomas Edison
The world as we have created it is a process of
our thinking. It cannot be changed without
changing our thinking. ~ Albert Einstein
Hyperbole is a figure of speech,
which involves an exaggeration of
ideas for the sake of emphasis. It is
derived from a Greek word meaning
“over-casting”. Do not however,
exaggerate everything, but treat
hyperbole like an exclamation point,
to be used sparingly.
My grandmother is as old as dirt!
This package weighs a ton!
I feel like I have the world on my shoulders!
I am dying of shame!
You have a thousand excuses!
We have done it this way since Jesus was
A word, which imitates the natural
sounds of a thing, which it describes.
Its pronunciation imitates the sound
the word describes. It creates a
sound effect that makes the thing
being described more expressive
and interesting.
The gushing stream flows in the
The buzzing bee flew away.
The sack fell into the river with a
The books fell on the table with a
loud thump.
Snap, Crackle, and Pop

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