Situation C

Report
The Coming of the War
North or South?
North
or
South?
New Lands after Polk and the
Mexican War…
By 1850, what problems were Americans facing? Solutions?
Compromise of 1850
Presidents: Taylor and Fillmore
1) California is free
2) New Mexico and Utah territories open to popular
sovereignty– residents vote to decide an issue
3) DC outlaws slave trade but keeps slavery
4) Strict enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Laws
“Mexico will poison us” – Emerson
“Mexico is the forbidden fruit” -- Calhoun
This visually represents The Compromise of 1850 - testable
Fugitive Slaves
Underground Railroad - testable
4 years after the Compromise of 1850, slavery was now possible in areas that used to outlaw it. Popular Sovereignty
would be used to decide. So, pro and anti slavery people poured into KS ready for a fight; and fight they do. It gets so
bad that it winds up being called “Bleeding Kansas.”
Actual size
"Admit Me Free" flags showed support for a free-state Kansas.
This flag was originally used in a Republican campaign rally for
Frémont in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1856. Four years later it
was used at a rally for Lincoln.
Lawrence Kansas = anti-slavery
people are murdered
Pottawatomie Creek (1856) =
pro-slavery supporters
murdered by John Brown
Lecompton Const. (1857)
= pro-slavery constitution
proposed in KS
- Supported by
Buchanan (POTUS)
Bleeding Kansas
Situation A
plantation owners sitting together in
the local tavern discussing the
Kansas-Nebraska Act and
Situation B
politicians sitting on the steps of the
town hall, realizing the urgency of the
slave issue and feeling hopeless
Situation C
two pro-slavery whites from Missouri,
two free-soilers, one mayor of
Lawrence
Issues: the "election process" in
Kansas and the violence in Lawrence
Situation D
John Brown, one free soiler, two
proslaveryites (5 extras: for John
Brown to kill, to vote for the L.C.,, to
vote against the L.C.), James
Buchanan, Stephen Douglas
Issues: Popular sovereignty
• Situation E
• Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts, Senator Andrew Butler
of South Carolina, Congressman Preston Brooks of South Carolina,
any senator that witnessed the attack
Brooks-Sumner incident 1856
The
Infamous
Caning!
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
1. A black slave cannot sue,
not a citizen
2. Slaves are private property
protected by 5th Amend.
3. Overturned Missouri
Comp.
4. Slaves can be taken
anywhere
5. Abolitionists, northerners,
and Republicans were not
happy!
Lincoln-Douglas Debate (1858)
• After Dred Scott,
Republicans said
the Southern
Dems wanted
slavery
everywhere in the
US!
• Lincoln went after
Douglas because
the KS-NE Act was
his idea.
• This is how Lincoln
1st became known
in American politics,
that’s why you need
to know about the
debates.
John Brown and
Harper’s Ferry,
VA 1859
Pottawatomie Creek and Harper’s Ferry.
Harper’s Ferry was were the US arsenal
(guns) were in VA. Brown wanted to arm
the slaves in VA so there could be a huge
revolt. Notice the date, right before the
election of Lincoln, and less than two
years before the first battle of the Civil
War
*What do
you notice
about the
two pictures
of John
Brown?
Painting by Thomas Hovenden
Painting of a vengeful John Brown at the
museum at Harper’s Ferry
John Brown’s Body Written By?
12th Massachusetts Regiment as a spoof, to
tease their sergeant, also named John Brown.
The melody of the song was written as a
hymn tune by William Steffe, in 1856.
In 1861, poet Julia Ward Howe (1819–1910),
and her husband Samuel, visited a Union
Army camp near Washington, D.C.
They heard the soldiers singing "John Brown’s
Body," which starts out, "John Brown’s body
lies a’molderin’ in the grave"
James Freeman Clarke, a minister, suggested
that Julia write a new set of words for the
tune.
Her poem, called "Battle Hymn of the
Republic," was published in the February
1862 Atlantic Monthly magazine.
Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord
He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored,
He has loosed the fateful lightening of His terrible swift sword
His truth is marching on.
Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
His truth is marching on.
I have seen Him in the watch-fires of a hundred circling camps
They have builded Him an altar in the evening dews and damps
I can read His righteous sentence by the dim and flaring lamps
His day is marching on.
Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
His truth is marching on.
Republican Platform
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
No extension of slavery!
Higher tariff
Transcontinental R.R.
Free Homesteads
Immigrant Rights
PS – The whole John Brown thing proved to the South that the
North had no ‘sympathy’ when it came to returning their
‘property.’
1860 Election – How does this map prove the elction
caused secession?
SECESSION Begins…
Ghosts of the
Civil War
"Slavery is the real issue, the single bone of contention between all parties and sections."
-Frederick Douglass
-
Cause of Disunity and Discord
Constitution
States’
Rights
Expansion
SLAVERY
Fugitive
Slave Law
Compromises
"Slavery is the real issue, the single bone of
contention between all parties and
sections." --Frederick Douglass
How have we seen each fail in its ability to keep the union
together?
The Citizens
‘A’
The Courts
‘B’
The Congress
‘C’
The President
‘D’
Situation A
plantation owners sitting together in
the local tavern discussing the
Kansas-Nebraska Act and
Situation B
politicians sitting on the steps of the
town hall, realizing the urgency of the
slave issue and feeling hopeless
Situation C
two pro-slavery whites from Missouri,
two free-soilers, one mayor of
Lawrence
Issues: the "election process" in
Kansas and the violence in Lawrence
Situation D
Patrons at a bar in Boston,
Massachusetts that have knowledge
of 3 underground RR “depots”
Issues: Reward money

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