Athletic Contributions of Ancient Greece Ancient Olympic Race http://static.guim.co.uk/sysimages/Admin/BkFill/Default_image_group/2012/6/21/1340291 467431/Ancient-Greece-race-illus-008.jpg Origins○ ○ The Ancient Greek Olympics most of our knowledge from the early games is from the greek historians Strabo(64 BC - 24 AD) and Pausanias(110 - 180 AD) dedicated to the gods ■ specifically to Zeus ■ there were many rituals and times of sacrifice during the games ■ the dominant competitors gained possession of the sanctuary which was a political asset ○ Accounts of the first games ■ took place in Olympia in 776 BC ■ was thought that a breed of human like creatures raced in order to entertain Zeus ● Zeus awarded them metals based on their performance https://encryptedtbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR77U1SlUZ6xRjQy4g KTnENaVoMzCwUw7toHhL-odaGp594xCmq The Ancient Greek Olympics Origins Continued ■ other sources claim that the dactyls never raced but instead a cook from Elis named Koroibos was the first champion of the games ○ it is assumed that many greeks put this event in higher regard than other religious ones ■ The other main festival being the Eleusinian Mysteries ○ the games settle disputes between city-states ○ games demonstrated a balance between spirituality and physical strength ○ the ancient olympic games slowly died out due to the influence of Roman culture and religion The Ancient Greek Olympics Main Events● the stadion was the main event until 724 BC - it was a race that lasted for the length of a stadium (192 m) - typically lasted for around a day ● Chariot racing(Equestrian) was first introduced in 680 BC - the games were extended by a day to accommodate for the duration of the new event - a chariot team was said to have cost 5 talents ● Eventually other events such as Javelin, discus and wrestling were officially added Equestrian http://schoolworkhelper.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/greek-chariot-race.jpg The Ancient Greek Olympics Impact on Modern Society● The first modern Olympics was held in 1896 in Athens, Greece ● Many attributes of the new games differ from the original ○ religion is less emphasized ○ many new games were added ○ the games now focus on humanity and our collective achievements rather than the earlier competition The Greek Gymnasium Origins● The Greek Gymnasium was a place that young men came to study many things. ● It was a training facility. ● Inside the Gymnasium the young men were usually naked while wrestling. ● Most important cities in Greece had one. ● Olympians would usually travel in xystos. ● At the gym the boys trained and the men relaxed. ● The competitions that occurred were usually for a person like the gods. The Greek Gymnasium Impact on the world● They didn’t become popular. ● In the middle ages a revival of sorts came by again. ● The gym is no longer for one purpose. ● Several cultures did eventually use it. ● It started in the US around the 1820s. ● Around 1900 the gyms became the modern day ones we know now. Famous Greek Athletes ● Astylos of Croton from southern Italy. - 6 victory olive wreaths in 3 Olympiad. -In his first 2 he took part as a member of Syracuse. -The people of Croton did not like this. ● Milon of Croton. -6 time olympic champ. -Wrestler -He was the best wrestler until his 7th try. ● Kyniska of Sparta -Daughter of King Archidamus. -First woman in the Olympics. -She participated in the chariot races and equestrian events. BibliographyAndronicos, Manolis. "The Games Of The Gods." Humanities 17.3 (1996): 27-29. ERIC. Web. 25 Aug. 2013. Shelden, Miriam F. Greek Athletics In The Writings Of The Greek Historians. n.p.: 1975. ERIC. Web. 25 Aug. 2013. Gribble, David. "Gold, Silver And Bronze." History Today 62.8 (2012): 18. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 29 Aug. 2013. Baker, Rosalie F. "5 Days At Olympia." Calliope 18.2 (2007): 10. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 29 Aug. 2013. Yalouris, Nicolaos. "A Brief History." Humanities 17.3 (1996): 30. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 29 Aug. 2013. Picture Ciations Tomkin, Dave, Mr. Pompei Gymnasium. N.d. Photograph. Grecce. Flickr.com. Dave Tomkin. Web. 25 Aug. 2013. <http://www.flickr.com/groups/pompeii/pool/with/7442651186/lightbox/>. Planet Fitness Opens 500th Location. N.d. Photograph. Illinois. Clubsolutionsmagazine. Web. 25 Aug. 2013. <http://clubsolutionsmagazine.com/2012/01/planet-fitness-opens-500th-location/>. N.d. Photograph. Hubpages. Hubpages Inc(R), 2010. Web. 25 Aug. 2013. <http://epsilon5.hubpages.com/hub/A-Chronology-ofGames-2>. Greek Chariot Race. N.d. Photograph. School Work Helper. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://schoolworkhelper.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/greek-chariot-race.jpg>. Ancient Greek Race. N.d. Photograph. Static Guim. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://static.guim.co.uk/sysimages/Admin/BkFill/Default_image_group/2012/6/21/1340291467431/Ancient-Greecerace-illus-008.jpg>.