USA: USDOE`s Public Access Plan

US DOE’s Public Access Plan:
A vision reaching fruition
Ms. Deborah Cutler
Alt. US INIS Liaison Officer
Office of Scientific and Technical Information
U.S. Department of Energy
37th Consultative Meeting of the INIS Liaison Officers
14-15 October 2014
Vienna, Austria
Speech Outline
• Why public access is important/Historical perspective
• Public access policy milestones in the U.S.
• DOE’s response, Public Access Plan
• PAGES implementation/examples
• Conclusion
Why Public Access is Important
• DOE philosophy: obligation to taxpayers to ensure access to what
they have helped fund: R&D investment results
• OSTI role for almost 70 years has been to facilitate making this
• OSTI current Mission Statement: “To advance science and sustain
technological creativity by making R&D findings available and useful
to DOE researchers and the public”
• DOE Office of Science Former Director Bill Brinkman summarized
concept well in 2013: "Collaboration, transparency and open access to
scientific findings accelerate discovery and innovation”
Historical Perspective
• OSTI role: decades of public sharing of full text on primarily
report literature; citations on the rest
• Mid-90’s, extreme budget challenges shifted OSTI focus to
DOE-centric coverage, rather than country of publication-centric
• Recent year developments added videos, data as ‘types’
laboratories asked to provide – Science Cinema demonstrated
last ILO meeting
• Still, public missing free access to a critical portion of DOE R&D
results – peer-reviewed journal articles
Direction of Public Access Policy in the United States
• 2008: National Institutes of Health (NIH) mandate, PubMed
• Since 2008: Numerous legislative bills drafted to extend
concept to other agencies
• Specifically impacting DOE: The White House Office of Science
and Technology Policy (OSTP) Directive – February 22, 2013
Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP)
Requirement, February 2013
• Landmark policy on “Increasing Access to the Results of Federally
Funded Scientific Research” that calls on federal science agencies to
develop and implement public access plans that provide for making
peer-reviewed scientific journal articles and scientific data in digital
formats resulting from agency research investments publicly available
in a timely fashion.
• Agencies with over $100M in annual R&D have to comply
• For publications:
• Provide for free public access within 12 months of publication (or
tailor embargo period as appropriate)
• Encourage private-public collaboration
• Ensure long-term preservation
• For data:
• Maximize access while using a cost-benefit approach
• Ensure that researchers develop data management plans
• Encourage cooperation with private sector
DOE’s Response Finalized, 4 Aug 2014
OSTI assigned lead for developing DOE’s response to OSTP in the
publications portion; Office of Science, had the lead on the data
sharing portion, with OSTI participation
DOE’s Public Access Plan approved 4 Aug 2014
DOE was first (and so far, only) Federal agency to have plan approved
PAGESBeta is live at
The DOE Public Access Model:
Public Access Gateway for Energy and Science (PAGES)
• Centralized metadata
• Decentralized full-text articles and manuscripts, using
DOE/institutional and publisher repositories
• Introduced in “beta” form:
• Beta version consists of initial collection of DOE
accepted manuscripts and publisher content
(~6,500 records).
• Anticipate 25,000-30,000 manuscripts/articles per
year after embargo period.
The DOE Public Access Model:
Public Access Gateway for Energy and Science (PAGES)
Features (cont’d):
• Long-term free access by the public to the “best
available version” of peer-reviewed scholarly
publications sponsored by DOE.
DOE Ingest Stream
Collaboration with
publishers via CHORUS
and CrossRef
Best Available Version
We are collaborating with publishers to take advantage of their public
access offerings.
*CHORUS is the Clearinghouse for the Open Research of the United States – a
publisher consortium.
The DOE Public Access Model:
Public Access Gateway for Energy and Science (PAGES)
Features (cont’d):
• A dark archive to ensure long-term preservation and
• “Live” access will link to distributed articles and
manuscripts at publisher sites and DOE institutional
• Dark archive serves as a “backup” if any link or access is
broken or discontinued.
• 12-month administrative interval or embargo period, with
established mechanisms for stakeholders to petition for
changing the interval.
CHORUS/Publisher Participation
Complements DOE’s Existing Infrastructure
Top Publishers of DOE Research
American Chemical Society
American Physical Society
American Institute of Physics
Institute of Physics
Royal Society of Chemistry
Institute of
American Institute
of Physics
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Nature Publishing Group
American Geophysical Union
National Academy of Sciences
Public Library of Science
American Meteorological Society
American Physical
Optical Society
PAGESBeta Released August 4, 2014
Two Pathways of PAGES search
Path 1 – From query to accepted manuscripts
1) Search query
2) Citation page
3) Full-text access to accepted
At a DOE lab repository
Two Pathways of PAGES search (cont.)
Path 2 – From query to article
1) Search query
2) Citation page
3) Full-text access to article
At publisher website
• Implementing public access is by no means an easy effort
and will take time for sites to integrate new policies
• Mandate for the DOE sites begins with submissions after 1
October 2014
• Expect that initiative will positively impact OSTI US
submission totals to INIS and number should grow over time
• ILOs/Secretariat should be aware that many of the articles
the US will provide may be published in other countries’
• PAGES will evolve, based on stakeholder feedback

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