Joan miro - cartervilleushistory

Report
By: Cassidy Reno
2nd hour
Humanities
 Born
April 20, 1893 in Barcelona, Spain
Died Dec. 25, 1893 (at age 90) in Palma, Majorca, Spain
 Father,
Miguel, was a gold smith and watch maker
 Grandfathers
were cabinet makers and
blacksmiths.
 Joan
showed a strong passion for art at an early
age, he did not excel otherwise in academics.
 Miró
pursued art-making and studied landscape
and decorative art at the School of Industrial
and Fine Arts (the Llotja) in Barcelona.
 At his parents requests, Miró began to attend the
School of Commerce from 1907-1910.
 His short business schooling years instilled hard
working ethics but pushed him away from the
business world.

“nervous breakdown” caused him to drop out of the
school and focus on his art.
 In
1912 Miró enrolled in an art academy in
Barcelona


Taught Miró about modern art movements in Western
Europe
Miró was also encouraged to go out into the
countryside in the midst of the landscapes he wished
to paint and to study the artistic practices of his
contemporaries.
 Between
1912 and 1920, Miró painted still-life's,
nudes, and landscapes.

Style during this period in his early career has been
referred to as "poetic realism."
•Oil
on cardboard
•Shows a subtle tendency
towards Fauvism.
•
Movement in French painting that
revolutionized the concept of color
in modern art.
 In
1919, Miró moved to Paris to continue his
artistic development.


His life was difficult due to financial hardships.
Met Pablo Picasso
 Divided
his time between Paris and Montroig, Spain
 He associated with the poets Max Jacob, Pierre
Reverdy, and Tristan Tzara.
 Participated in dada activities
 Miró received early encouragement from the
dealer José Dalmau.

Organized Miró’s first solo show in Paris, at the Galerie
la Licorne in 1921.
 In
1924 Miró joined the Surrealist group.
 His solo show at the Galerie Pierre, Paris, in 1925
was a major Surrealist event.

Painted fantastic and bizarre interpretations of his
dreams.
The White Glove
•1925; oil on canvas
•Selection of the
elements and their
balanced arrangement on
an undefined background
place them on a more
general level,
representing ideas rather
than concrete objects.
 Miró
 She
married Pilar Juncosa Iglesias in 1929.
gave birth to their only daughter, María
Dolors, in 1931.
 In
1934, Miró's art began to be exhibited in both
France and the United States.
 He was still residing in Paris when war broke out
in Europe.

1941 Miró was forced to flee to Mallorca with his
family
 Warfare
and political tension were prominent
themes in his art during this period

His canvases became increasingly grotesque and
brutal.
•Gouache,
oil and pastel on
paper.
•
•Miró
A method of painting using opaque
pigments ground in water and
thickened with a glue-like
substance.
felt a need to escape from
the surrounding reality.

In the 1950s, Miró began dividing his time between Spain and
France.

By the mid-1950s, Miró had begun working on a much larger
scale, both on canvas and in ceramics.

In 1959, Miró along with Salvador Dalí, Enrique Tabara, and
Eugenio Granell participated in Homage to Surrealism
 Exhibition in Spain organized by Andre Breton

During the 1960s he continued to break away from his own
patterns, in some instances revisiting and reinterpreting some
of his older works.

His later work is recognized as more mature, distilled, and
refined in terms of form.
•1937-1960
•Painted
in oil/pencil
•Demonstrates
that Miro thought
of himself as an ever changing
and evolving person that had a
very humble opinion of himself.
 As
Miró aged, he continued to receive many
awards and public commissions.
 In
1974, he was commissioned to create a
tapestry for New York's World Trade Center.
 He
received an honorary degree from the
University of Barcelona in 1979.
 Miró
died at his home in 1983, a year after
completing Woman and Bird.

Heart disease
 http://www.theartstory.org/artist-miro-
joan.htm
 http://www.fundaciomirobcn.org/colecciojm_pintures.php?idioma=2
 http://www.guggenheim.org/newyork/collections/collection-online/showfull/bio/?artist_name=Joan%20Mir%C3%B3
 http://www.findagrave.com/cgibin/fg.cgi?page=pv&GRid=32393100&PIpi=146
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