CHOI-GLORIAD-HARNET-012012

Report
An Overview of
HARNET
Hong Kong Academic &
Research Network
David Choi
NTF - JUCC
HARNET
• Established in 1985; connect to Internet in 1991
• The wide area network which links up the campus networks of
the 8 tertiary institutions in Hong Kong.
• HARNET also provides network connectivity to its affiliate
members and network members
• Gateway for connecting to overseas Academic and Research
networks
• Funded, Planed, Managed and Operated by Joint Universities
Computer Centre (JUCC)
JUCC
• A consortium of Computing and IT Services Centers of all the
Government-Funded Universities in Hong Kong
• Founded in 1970, initially for
– Operating the scarce and shared computer resources
– Supporting the member institutions on computation needs
• Has established to be an IT lead organization
– Fostering deep collaborations among higher education
institutions in Hong Kong
– Providing up-to-date IT facilities and support services for
academic and research excellence
JUCC Members
• 8 full members, funded by University Grants Committee (UGC)
The University of Hong Kong (www.hku.hk)
The Chinese University of Hong Kong (www.cuhk.edu.hk )
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (www.polyu.edu.hk)
City University of Hong Kong (www.cityu.edu.hk )
Hong Kong Baptist University (www.hkbu.edu.hk)
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
(www.ust.hk)
– Lingnan University (www.ln.edu.hk )
– The Hong Kong Institute of Education (www.ied.edu.hk)
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–
JUCC Members
• 3 affiliate members
– The Open University of Hong Kong (www.ouhk.edu.hk)
– Vocational Training Council (www.vtc.edu.hk)
– University of Macau (www.umac.mo)
• 2 network members
– Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority
(www.hkeaa.edu.hk)
– Hong Kong Science & Technology Parks (www.hkstp.org)
Working Groups
• Task Forces
– Network Task Force
– Information Security Task Force
– Ad-hoc groups on special projects (e.g. Wi-Fi
Technical Group, Anti-virus Software Evaluation Group)
• Special Interest Groups
– SIG on User Services
Additional Information
Current JUCC Officers:
Board Chairman:
Being nominated
Director of JUCC:
Mr Gerrit Bahlman, Director of IT, PolyU
&
Chairman of
(Since Jul 2010, for a term of 2 years)
Steering Committee
NTF Chairman:
Mr David Choi, Senior Computer Officer, CUHK
ISTF Chairman:
Mr Gerrit Bahlman, Director of IT, PolyU
Cisco
7603
HKIEd
OME6500
GE
OME6500
17km
2 GE
2G
FC
Cisco
7603
CUHK
GE
2G
FC
Media Converter Shelf
32.68km
Cisco
7603
2 GE
2G
FC
OME6500
GE
13.8km
2 GE
2G
FC
Cisco
7603
HKBU
OME6500
2 GE
2G
FC
10Gbps
MSSPRing
19.48km
Cisco
7603
PolyU
HKU
Cisco
7603
17.5km
OME6500
32.3km
2 GE
2G
FC
OME6500
9.66km
15.6km
2G
FC 3 GE
OME6500
12.7km
Internet2 GE
Cisco
7603
CityU
GE
GE
GE
GE
17.78km
LU
OME6500
15.7km
26.3km
3 GE
Cisco
7603
HKUST
GE
2 GE
2G
FC
Media Converter Shelf
One GE each for
CUHK, HKIEd, LU
and PolyU
International
connections
Media Converter Shelf
ONE GE each for HKUST, HKBU,
CityU and HKU
OMEA
The 1st Optical HARNET
The 1st Optical HARNET
The 1st Optical HARNET started in 2006
Consists of 2x10G Rings
Based on Nortel OME 6500
CUHK, HKU, PolyU & HKUST connected with 2 rings
Aimed at
– Enhancing HARNET Resilience
– Connecting to CNGI and CERNET2
– Connection to HKLight/GLORIAD
– Connection TEIN2
• It still exist but without Maint. & Support
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The Current HARNET
The Current Optical HARNET
• A DWDM backbone with 40 Lambdas connecting 8
member institutions
• HKU and CUHK serve as Hub Data Centers
• Each institution with 2x10G connecting to layer-2 10GE
switches at the 2 Hub Sites
• 5x10G & 3xGE between the 2 Hub Sites
The Current Optical HARNET
• Based on ADVA multi-degree ROADM optical technology,
up to 40 Lambdas (only used 17)
• Multi-ring topology to allow high fault tolerance and high
flexibility for connecting new nodes and incremental
upgrades
• With Multi-degree ROADM Point to Point 10G any-to-any
is possible
• Unfortunately it is a managed (not owned) DWDM
services
• 3-year managed wavelength service contract
The Current Optical HARNET
The Current Optical HARNET Targets
• A high-speed multi-gigabit optical network
infrastructure for the Next Generation HARNET
• Provides on-demand lambda bandwidth between
institutions for research applications
• Connecting advanced International R&E Optical
networks
Optical HARNET
prospective applications
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High Performance and GRID computing applications
Multi-party high-quality high-definition videoconferencing
VOIP (Voice Over IP) deployment
Off-site disaster recovery data centers
Remote SAN through fibre-channel connections
Tele-medicine, digital libraries, virtual classrooms, etc.
HARNET/Internet Connections
• 3 x Gbps links to an ISP for International/Commodity
Internet;
• Bandwidth subscription - Currently at 2Gbps; will upgrade to
4Gbps
• Will upgrade to dual-stack during March 2012
• QoS – 95%
• 2 Gbps links to HKIX for Local Internet
• Collocation connections to NRENs:
– 155 Mbps link to CERNET
– 90 Mbps link to TEIN3
• Private Peering via HKIX
– Hurricane Electric, APAN-JP, ASGCNet, KREONET
– ASNET, TANET, Google
Mega-I Advantage
• Located in Chai Wan in Eastern part of HK Island
• Important Carrier Hotel in HK
• Essentially all submarine / terrestrial cable operators have
presence there
• Good for physical interconnections
• But colo space is running out
– Colo and Cross Connect charges increasing
• CUHK/HKIX has a small POP there to serve R&E networks
only
– One 10GE link back to HKIX should serve multiple
interconnection requirements
18
R&E Networks in Mega-i
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ASCC/ASNET: 5/F
ASGC: 12/F inside PACNET
CERNET/CERNET2/CNGI-6IX: 8/F
CSTNET/GLORIAD: 32/F Meet-Me Room
CUHK/HKIX: 32/F Open Farm
KISTI/KREONET2: 12/F inside PACNET
NICT: 10/F
TEIN3: 8/F
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Fiber Cross Connect Inside Mega-i
• Same charge for MMF & SMF
• Ordering may be complicated if more than one party is
involved
• iAdvantage now have monthly charge even for Fiber
Cross Connect within the same floor
• If not a lot of traffic, HKIX switch at Mega-i can be used
for interconnections among R&E networks to avoid
managing and paying multiple fiber cross connect cables
Wharf T&T
AS9381
…..
NTT
AS2914
ASCC
AS9264
CERNET
AS4538
CERNET2
AS23910
CNGI-6IX
AS23911
Other
Universities
in HK
at CUHK
at HKU
HARNET
AS3662
at CUHK
HKIX Layer 2
(MLPA:AS4635)
at Mega-i
NUS
AS7610
CUHK
AS3661
APAN-JP
AS7660
TEIN3
AS24489
ASGC
AS24167
CSTNET
AS7497
KREONET2
AS17579
Traffic Analysis
Internet
HKIX
CERNET
TEIN3
HARNET Internet B/W Growth since Year 2000
4500
4000
Mbps
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Collaboration over HARNET
• Video Network Services
– Riding on Optical HARNET
– HD video-conferencing through a Polycom RMX 2000
HD MCU
– Joint Webcasting of Lectures, Seminars through a
Central web-casting facilities
– On-demand video archives
Collaboration over HARNET
HD Video Broadcast over Optical HARNET
HKBU
HD Camera
VLC Server
HD MPEG2 encoder
Optical HARNET
1-to-7 broadcast setup
HKUST
Other 6 universities
VLC client
LCD TV
VLC client
LCD TV
Collaboration over HARNET – Universities Wi-Fi
Collaboration over HARNET – Universities Wi-Fi
• Enables inter-operable and fast Wi-Fi network
communication among all JUCC institutions
• Common authentication framework
– IEEE 802.1x
– Radius authentication
• SSID: “Universities WiFi”.
• Project cost: HK$7.49 million
• Launched in September 2009
Current R&E Network Applications
• Video Conferencing
– DVTS-plus (CUHK- Tsinghua University)
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Remote Machinery real-time control (PolyU-Singapore)
Collaborative teaching
Distant learning
DNA Database
Weathering information - HKUST
Grid Computing - HKU
Medical Imaging Sharing / Tele-Medicine – CUHK
P2P Streaming - CUHK- Tsinghua University
Tele-Medicine
Future HARNET Collaborations / Projects
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IPv6
Library & Medical Applications
Telepresence
Disaster & Recovery via Optical HARNET
Cloud Services
HPC
Shared e-learning
ERP
SAN etc.
Thank You

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