GRAMMAR REVIEW

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GRAMMAR REVIEW
VERBS, ADVERBS, PREPOSITIONS,
CONJUNCTIONS, & INTERJECTIONS
DEFINITION OF A VERB
A verb is a word that expresses
action or state of being.
An action verb expresses
either physical or mental
activity.
I memorized the definitions and then
wrote them perfectly on the test.
Choose the action verbs in the
following sentences.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Tony sings in the school choir.
I dreamed vividly last night.
The giraffe munched on fresh leaves.
Reddish brown splotches highlight
their pale brown coats.
5. Some people call them glass lizards.
ANSWER KEY FOR SLIDE 4
(ACTION VERBS)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
SINGS
DREAMED
MUNCHED
HIGHLIGHT
CALL
A linking verb is a verb that
expresses a state of being.
She has become quite famous.
Identify the linking verb in each of
the sentences. Then, choose which
words are joined by the linking verb.
1. The huge diamond mine is now a museum.
2. The computerized voice sounds human to
me.
3. The farm animals looked quite content.
4. Burr and Alexander Hamilton were longtime
enemies.
5. Those vegetables tasted fresh.
ANSWER KEY FOR SLIDE 7
(LINKING VERBS)
1. IS LINKS MINE TO MUSEUM
2. SOUNDS LINKS VOICE TO HUMAN
3. LOOKED LINKS ANIMAL TO
CONTENT
4. WERE LINKS BURR, ALEXANDER
HAMILTON TO ENEMIES
5. TASTED LINKS VEGETABLES TO
FRESH
Helping verbs help the main verb
express action or state of being.
Ms. Mandell will grade the tests
tonight.
In the following sentences, choose
the verb phrase. Then, identify the
helping verb.
1. Mexicans will sometimes buy a piñata for a
birthday party.
2. This traditional celebration is called a
quinceanera.
3. Scientists can explain the causes of thunder.
4. Some people do not like birthday celebrations.
5. They might not tell you their age.
ANSWER KEY TO SLIDE 10
(HELPING & MAIN VERBS)
1. Verb phrase [will buy]; helping verb {will}
2. Verb phrase [is called]; helping verb {is}
3. Verb phrase [can explain]; helping verb {can}
4. Verb phrase [do like]; helping verb {do}
5. Verb phrase [might tell]; helping verb {might}
TRANSITIVE VERBS
A transitive verb expresses action
toward a person, place, thing, or idea. A
transitive verb has a direct object (DOT).
Mrs. Mandell wrote the answers (direct
object) on the board.
Identify the transitive verbs in
the following sentences.
1. Ira finished his homework.
2. My sister and I planted tomatoes and onions.
3. Of all the contestants, Ming Chin caught the
largest fish.
4. This weekend we will build a bird feeder.
5. Sammy threw the football.
ANSWER KEY FOR SLIDE 13
(TRANSITIVE VERBS)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
FINISHED [DO---HOMEWORK]
PLANTED [DO----TOMATOES, ONIONS]
CAUGHT [DO-----FISH]
WILL BUILD [DO-----BIRD FEEDER]
THREW
[DO------FOOTBALL]
INTRANSITIVE VERBS
An intransitive verb expresses action
without the action passing to a
receiver, or object.
I have traveled to Scotland twice.
Identify the intransitive verbs in
the following sentences.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Erin will not forget to study for the quiz.
Today we will draw pictures with charcoal.
While one partner works, the other watches.
Michael, can you cook oatmeal.
Everyone ran quickly toward the exit.
At this airport, no planes land after dark.
ANSWER KEY FOR SLIDE 16
(INTRANSITIVE VERBS)
(# 1) INTRANSITIVE [WILL FORGET]
(# 3) INTRANSITIVE [WORKS, WATCHES]
(# 5) INTRANSITIVE [RAN]
(# 6) INTRANSITIVE [LAND]
DEFINITION OF THE ADVERB
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or
another adverb. It answers the questions: where, when,
how, how often, how long, to what extent, or how much.
EXAMPLE:
Yesterday, my next-door neighbor was extremely kind
[Yesterday modifies the verb was, and extremely modifies
the adjective kind.]
Choose the adverb in each of the following
sentences. Then, identify the word or words that
each adverb modifies.
1. Most of the kids we know are spending money
frivolously.
2. Mowing the lawn isn’t very practical for me
because I live in an apartment building.
3. I am wisely saving my earnings in a bank account.
4. I carefully tested the heat of the water.
5. They get their allowance weekly.
ANSWER KEY FOR SLIDE 20 (ADVERBS)
1. Frivolously (adverb) modifies are spending,
a verb.
2. Very (adverb) modifies practical, an
adjective.
3. Wisely (adverb) modifies am saving, a verb.
4. Carefully (adverb) modifies tested, a verb.
5. Weekly modifies get, a verb.
DEFINITION OF A PREPOSITION
A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun
or pronoun to another word. A preposition is only a
preposition if it has an object (noun or pronoun). This is
referred to as a prepositional phrase.
A prepositional phrase includes a preposition, a noun or
pronoun called the object of the preposition, and any
modifiers of that object.
EXAMPLE:
The dog jumped through the hoop. [through is the
preposition and hoop is the object.]
Choose the prepositional phrases in each of
the following sentences.
1. The bottom of the ocean is very dark.
2. The heat was rising from the earth.
3. During a crisis David sometimes loses his
temper.
4. The newscaster slipped on the ice as he
hurried along.
5. Both cats came racing around the corner.
ANSWER KEY TO SLIDE 22
(THE PREPOSITION)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
OF THE OCEAN
FROM THE EARTH
DURING A CRISIS
ON THE ICE
AROUND THE CORNER
DEFINITION OF A CONJUNCTION
A conjunction is a word that joins words or word
groups.
COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS: FANBOYS
[for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so]
CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS: OCCUR IN PAIRS
(both, and); (not, only); (either, or); (neither, nor);
(whether, or)
Choose the conjunction in the following
sentences. Then tell whether the conjunction is
correlative or coordinating.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
I pressed the button, but the elevator did not stop.
Either Eddie or Pang will deliver the furniture.
Jennifer repeated the caller’s number and wrote it on the pad.
Leo wondered whether he should go or stay home.
I do not want a cat, nor do I want a dog.
Both the actor and the director were exhausted by the end of the play.
Not only did she win the election, but she also won it by a huge margin.
Carrie knows this area better than anyone else, so she will lead the
expedition.
ANSWER KEY TO SLIDE 25
(CONJUNCTIONS)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
BUT (COORDINATING)
EITHER, OR (CORRELATIVE)
AND (COORDINATING)
WHETHER, OR (CORRELATIVE)
NOR (COORDINATING)
BOTH, AND (CORRELATIVE)
NOT ONLY, BUT ALSO (CORRELATIVE)
SO (COORDINATING)
DEFINITION OF THE INTERJECTION
An interjection is a word that expresses emotion.
Usually, an interjection is followed by an exclamation
point. Sometimes an interjection is set off by a
comma or by two commas.
EXAMPLES: Well, you could try a lighter bat.
I’d guess, oh, twenty pounds.
Hey! Come back here!
Identify the interjections in the
following sentences.
1. Ouch! I stubbed my toe.
2. Oh, maybe we should wait.
3. She swung the bat and, bam, the ball flew out
of the park.
4. After it started raining, well, we went home.
5. Aha! So you’re the mysterious good Samaritan!
ANSWER TO SLIDE 28
(THE INTERJECTION)
THE END
STUDY HARD AND YOU WILL
SEE AMAZING RESULTS!

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