Stanzas: The sections of a poem (kind of like paragraphs) "I cannot go to school today," Said little Peggy Ann McKay. "I have the measles and the mumps, A gash, a rash and purple bumps. My mouth is wet, my throat is dry, I'm going blind in my right eye. My tonsils are as big as rocks, I've counted sixteen chicken pox I cough and sneeze and gasp and choke, I'm sure that my left leg is broke– My neck is stiff, my voice is weak, I hardly whisper when I speak. What's that? What's that you say? You say today is. . .Saturday? G'bye, I'm going out to play!" Rhyme Scheme: Identifies which lines in a poem rhyme AABB ABAB ABBA ABAC ABCB Twinkle twinkle little star How I wonder what you are Up above the world so high Like a diamond in the sky AABB Twinkle twinkle little star A How I wonder what you are A Up above the world so high B Like a diamond in the sky B The colors up high Make something new The clouds in the sky Provide a beautiful view ABAB The colors up high A Make something new B The clouds in the sky A Provide a beautiful view B Roses are red Violets are blue Sugar is sweet And so are you ABCB Roses are red A Violets are blue B Sugar is sweet C And so are you B I am happy to see You so filled with joy The happiness of a boy That fills you with glee ABBA I am happy to see A You so filled with joy B The happiness of a boy B That fills you with glee A Internal Rhyme: Words on the same line rhyme Ex: Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary I had a cat who wore a hat. He looked cool but felt the fool. Alliteration: Repetition of the same consonant at the beginning of a word. Ex: She sang sad songs on Saturday. Her beautiful blue dress billowed in the wind. Onomatopoeia: Words that make a sound Ex: Crackle, whoosh, bang, bam, pop Not all poetry has to rhyme. Poetry that does not rhyme is called Free Verse.