Mass Notification Systems

Report
Kirk Thordobson
Mass Notification Systems (MNS):
What’s the “BUZZ”?
Industrial Settings have had it for
years!
Today’s Agenda
•What is Mass Notification?
•Historical Events
•Codes
•Examples of System Configurations
Definition – Unified Facilities
Criteria UFC 4-021-01
The capability to provide real-time
information to all building occupants or
personnel in the immediate vicinity of a
building during emergency situations
Definition – NFPA 72 -2007
A system used to provide
information and instructions to
people, in a building, area site, or
other space.
Definition – NFPA 72 -2010
Emergency Communications System
(ECS)
A system for the protection of life by
indicating the existence of an
emergency situation and
communicating information
necessary to facilitate an
appropriate response and action.
Historical Events
Not just abroad,
In Canada also.
Montreal Massacre, École
Polytechnique
Dec 6, 1989
14 Deaths, 27 women shot
“War on Terror”
Shocked the world!
World Trade Centre
Sept 11, 2001
2,752 Deaths, including
343 firefighters and 60 police
The US military influence
Khobar Towers, Saudi
Arabia
June 25, 1996
20 Deaths / 372 Injured
Any Terrorist attack is Prominent!
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Nuclear
Biological
Chemical
Shootings
Sabotage
Background to Mass Notification
• July 2002 - Unified Facilities
Criteria (UFC) 4-010-01
Design: DoD Minimum
Antiterrorism Standards for
Buildings
• Goal: All inhabited buildings
to have terror resistant
construction
• Includes requirement for
Mass Notification
Mass Notification in NFPA 72
• December 2002 - UFC 4-021-01
Design and Operation &
Maintenance of Mass Notification
Systems
• Mass Notification System
Guidelines, UFC 4-021-01, Design
and O&M: Mass Notification
Systems
Natural Dangers
•Weather
•Fire
•Vapour Clouds
Edmonton, Alberta
July 31, 1987
Tornadoes
27 deaths
Pine Lake, Alberta
July 14, 2000
12 deaths
EXPECT THE UNEXPECTED!
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Prior Planning
Prevents
Poor
Performance
Changes to NFPA 72
• June 2003 Air Force Civil Engineering Support
Agency petitioned NFPA to develop a standard for
Mass Notification.
• National Fire Alarm Code Technical Correlating
Committee (NFAC TCC) was charged with the task
of reviewing this request.
Changes to NFPA 72
• NFAC TCC Task Group was formed February 2004.
• Subsequent meetings 2004 and 2005 led to the
development of Annex “E” in the 2007 edition
(originally identified as Annex “G”).
Scope of Changes to NFPA 72 - 2007
• 7.12 Mass Notification Systems. See Annex E.
• New Annex E to provide guidance for the application,
installation, location, performance, and maintenance
of Mass Notification Systems
NFPA 72 Annex E
Preface:
Annex E is not part of the requirements of this NFPA
document, but is included for informational purposes
only.
Review of Annex E
The use of a single integrated combination system
might offer both economic and technical advantages.
In any case, coordination between system functions
is essential.
Virginia Tech massacre
•Highlighted need for
communicating to large
groups.
•MNS forefront.
•NFPA address of
Emergency
Communication Systems
in the NFPA 2010.
Blacksburg Virginia, US
April 16th, 2007
32 Deaths, 61 injured
NFPA 72 -2010 Chapter 24 Emergency
Communication Systems (ECS)
Purpose –
• Protection of life, Indicate an emergency situation and
Communicate information to facilitate an appropriate
response and action.
• Includes:
• Multi-threats
NFPA 72 -2010 Chapter 24 Emergency
Communication Systems (ECS)
Performance based design, seen in the ABC 2006.
Requires “intelligible” voice messages
Emphasizes - Integrity and Survivability – Something
the CAN/ULC fire alarm Standards have required for
a long time.
NFPA 72 -2010 Chapter 24 Emergency
Communication Systems (ECS)
Allows Ancillary functions including fire alarm (FA) for
general paging, background music, or other nonemergency functions.
However, must not interfere with the FA or MNS.
Must be constantly attended by trained personnel in
the fire command centre, or equipment is installed to
resist tampering and the system is
Monitored for integrity.
CAN/ULC-S524-01 4.5
Voice Communication Systems
4.5.1 C
Fault detection and indication shall be
maintained during the time a circuit is used
for purposes not related to fire safety
(i.e. general paging)
Underwriters Laboratory
UL2572
Control and Communication
Units for Mass Notification
Systems
Underwriters Laboratory
•Standard first issued as interim listing. (August
2008).
•Started as a set of requirements for connecting an
external audio input to a Fire Alarm System.
•Addresses testing, construction, product markings,
and installation requirements as well as
Confirmation of operation.
•Target for End of 2011.
Underwriters Laboratories Canada
•ULC invited to appoint a “guest” (non-voting) member
with a goal of following up with a Canadian version.
•Formed new ULC Working Group under ULC
Subcommittee on Control Units
Underwriters Laboratories Canada
•Working Group Chair of the ULC –S576
Committee, appointed as representative to UL
2572 (Mass Notification System
Communication & Control Units)
•Scheduled to start after
completion of the UL 2572
System Equipment and
configurations
Signals
Fire and MNEC
speaker strobe
Remote VOIP
Fire and MNEC
speaker strobe
Wide Area Paging
PDA w/Event
Mgmt Data
Direct connect or
LAN/WAN/Internet
Telephones
Dynamic Signs
Fire and MNEC
speaker strobe
EST3 Audio and
Detection Capability
Event Mgmt Software
EST3 Audio and
Detection Capability
Overview –
Mass Notification
Requirements:
• Fast response times
• May be local or global
• Notify occupants that an emergency exists
• Trigger large scale alert to reduce risk of
injury or casualties
• Pre-recorded and live emergency messages
should be available
• Operate from one or more locations
• Capable of interfacing to wide area systems
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System Configurations
Voice Only
Mass Notification System Types
Indoor Voice
System
High Power
Speaker Array
Interior
Speakers
Exterior Building
Mounted Speakers
Amber Strobes
Wired
Communication
Path
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System Configurations
Wide Area Notification
Mass Notification System Types
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Example: Mass Notification
1.
Mass Notification System
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Fire Central Command Station (CCS) with Building Voice
Evacuation & Emergency Communication System
Graphical User Interface workstation
Workstation’s local Uninterruptible Power Supply;
Emergency Power Sub-panel
Security Intruder Detection System Interface
Duress Activators
Indoor/Outdoor camera systems
Weather System Interface
Nuclear, biological, chemical, radiological, explotion
sensors
Interior wall and ceiling mount amber visual signal Strobes
Audio Player Recorder (APR)
Example: Mass Notification
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Automated dialing systems
Internet Protocol Server Interface (IPSI)
Private Branch Exchange Telephone Interface (ITP)
Wireless Cell phone interface
Hand held Radio Network Interface, VHF,UHF
Fax
Email
Instant Message (IM) Alerts, text
Personal Alert System –PAS
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Pager type
Vibration
Bed shaker
Example: Mass Notification
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Regional alerting System Interface
Elevator Cab Paging Interface (ECPI-TP)
Lighting Controller Interface (LCI-TP)
Elevator Cab Paging Interface (ECPI-TP)
Lighting Controller Interface (LCI-TP)
Display signs
Flat panel Video Displays
Bollards, gates, contact closures
Exterior weather proof combination amber visual and
audible (Speaker Strobe units)
Exterior weather proof High Power “Giant Voice” speaker
arrays
FireWorks™
Global Event Workstation
• Event monitoring workstation.
Fire
Security/Intrusion
Other emergency inputs
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Mass Notification
Graphical Interface
Single or Multiple Workstations
Video Control Interface
Multi-Screen Displays
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Event Management System
Signals
Fire and MNEC
speaker strobe
Remote VOIP
Wide Area Paging
PDA w/Event
Mgmt Data
Telephones
Direct connect or
LAN/WAN/Internet
Fire and MNEC
speaker strobe
Dynamic Signs
Fire and MNEC
speaker strobe
Event Mgmt Software
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EST3 Audio and
Detection Capability
Tying It All Together!
EST3 Audio and
Detection Capability
Thank You
Kirk Thordobson
[email protected]

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