Recommended system - City of Thunder Bay

Solid Waste Management
Strategy – Draft for Discussion
City of Thunder Bay
Monday , February 3, 2014
1. Recommended system – Phase 1
2. Recommended system – Phase 2
3. Financial considerations
4. Waste diversion implications
5. Administering the strategy
6. Next steps
Recommended System - Phase 1
Enhanced Waste, Reuse, & Recycling
Programs & New Recycling Infrastructure
• Within the City’s mandate from a
regulatory perspective
• Includes those that are relatively easy to
• Programs proposed are strongly
supported by residents as indicated
through the public consultation process
Phase 1- Enhanced Waste, Reuse,
& Recycling Program Highlights
• Enhanced leaf & yard waste
• Bulky waste collection
• Enhance recycling depots –
including access to small
commercial generators
• Landfill ban on cardboard
• Reuse centre and Take-it-Back
• Additional Household Hazardous
Waste collection events
Phase 1- New Recycling
• A need for processing capacity to
support the collection and
processing of Additional Recyclable
• Options include: retrofit existing
Material Recycling Facility (MRF) or
construct a new regional MRF
• Transfer option evaluated but not
viable by comparison
• indicated
residents have a
strong desire for
an expanded
recycling program
• residents want to
recycle more
plastics (this
option was
selected by
residents as the
first preference
the City should
Phase 1- New Recycling
Single-stream vs. continued dual–
stream recycling:
• Convenient - can result in additional
material capture
• Appropriate for automated cart
• Greater efficiencies in collection
• Accommodates co-collection
• Greater participation in multi-residential
and commercial sectors
• Accommodates a regional recycling
Focus Groups:
• Single stream
recycling was
identified as the
preferred system
for multi-family
stakeholders who
have material
segregation and
storage issues
Phase 1- Enhanced Waste Reuse &
Recycling Programs
Clear Garbage Bag Program
Clear bags cost the same as conventional garbage bags and
are less expensive than the cost of a bag tag
No limit to the number of bags that can be placed at the
curb. This addresses issues raised during consultation with
respect to young families (diapers etc.) and larger families
who can generate higher volumes of garbage than average
Program is highly complementary to many other programs
recommended to be implemented as part of this Solid Waste
Management Strategy (SWMS)
Based on the Satisfaction Survey results, 67% supported some
kind of enforcement program to provide incentives to reduce
garbage set out at the curb. The remaining 33% wanted no
reduction in limits from the status quo. The clear garbage bag
program achieves both objectives.
Phase 1- Enhanced Waste Reuse &
Recycling Programs
Automated Garbage & Recycling Collection
• Public support for collection of recyclables in
• The benefits of a cart-based
program outweigh a blue box
collection program
• Weekly collection of recyclables
• Surveys indicate residents have a strong desire for
recycling collected in containers or carts
• 69% of residents favour either a cart or box for
collection as opposed to the current blue bag
Recommended System - Phase 2
Expanded Waste Reduction & Diversion
Programs & Additional Infrastructure
• Initiatives that raise the bar beyond
currently mandated programs
• Can be phased in over the lifetime of
the SWMS
• Require more rigorous planning and
• Prepares the City for regulatory change
Phase 2 – Expanded Waste Reduction
& Diversion Program Highlights
Additional Landfill Bans
Differential tipping fees
Expanded multi-residential diversion programs
Construction & demolition waste diversion for IC&I
• Green Park – entrepreneurial opportunities at
bricks & concrete
Phase 2 – Additional Infrastructure
• Consideration for processing capacity to
support a Source Separated Organic (SSO)
Waste collection program
• Implementation of this
program requires
investment in collection
containers, promotion &
education, and
processing infrastructure
• Takes programming to
estimated 68% waste
Financial Considerations
Waste and recycling programs are currently funded
by landfill tipping fees, Provincial funding & tax base
Implementation of the SWMS will require additional
• Tipping fee revenue will decrease with
increased waste diversion
• Additional capital and operating costs
System Financing Options:
• Flat rate per household to support Phase 1 & 2
programs (possible utility based option)
• Tax based
Summary of Larger System Cost Impacts
New Municipal Regional MRF – Single Stream
Capital - $9,388,000; Operating - $2,300,000 annually
Retro-fit Existing MRF – Single Stream
Capital - $5,000,000; Operating - $1,858,000 annually
Transtor System
Capital - $2,548,000; Operating - $2,749,000 annually
Komar System
Capital - $3,238,000; Operating – $2,577,860 annually
MRF Infrastructure Options
New Municipal Regional MRF
Retrofit Existing MRF
Transtor System
Komar System
Gross Cost Per Tonne
14,500 TPY
Summary of Larger System Cost Impacts
Automated Cart Program
Garbage ~ $234,000 annually (amortized over 10 years)
Recycling ~ $212,500 annually (amortized over 10 years)
Garbage ~ ($575,000) annually
Recycling ~$1,573,600 annually
Recycling ~ $1,160,000 annually
SSO Collection
Carts ~ $130,000 annually (amortized over 10 years)
Collection ~ $1,640,000 annually
Composting Operations ~$1,280,000 annually
Processing Facility - $2.5 million capital (~ $300,000 amortized over 15
Would result in decreased garbage collection costs with move to biweekly garbage collection ~ $902,800 annually
Utility Based Model (garbage collection &
waste diversion programs only)
Equivalent Flat Rate
Base Program Costs (2014 draft budget):
Recycling Programs = $1,523,600
Garbage Collection = $3,222,800
Recycling Capital = $60,000
Total Programs = $4,806,400
Total Single Family Households = 34,765
Cost per household per year = $138
Equivalent Flat Rate Charge per Single Family
Dwellings: $12 per month
Utility Based Model (garbage collection &
waste diversion programs only)
Equivalent Flat Rate
Base Program Costs (2014 draft budget):
Single Family Dwellings: $12 per month
Addition of Phase 1 programs:
Single Family Dwelling: increase $4-10/month
Flat fee $16-22/month
Addition of Phase 2 programs:
Single Family Dwellings: increase $4-22/month
Flat fee $16-34/month
Programming Impacts on Residential Diversion
Phase 1 Implementation Schedule
Phase 2 Implementation Schedule
Administering the Strategy
Administering the Strategy
• Complete waste audits – 2014 as first benchmark
• Report progress on a regular basis
• Stakeholder engagement
• SWMS review and update
Proper monitoring & measuring serves a number of functions,
including the ability to:
• Adhere to currently accepted best practices;
• Identify issues with the system & effectively mitigate these
• Adjust implementation schedules if necessary;
• Secure highest degree of external funding; and,
• Identify opportunities for cost savings & increased
effectiveness of the system.
Next Steps
• Engineering assessment of existing MRF
• Issue Expression of Interest for processing &
• Discussion with Waste Diversion Ontario &
Continuous Improvement Fund regarding
program funding
• Incorporate comments/feedback from Council,
any additional public feedback into final SWMS
document for presentation to Council in April

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