Boundations Grief Humiliation Pain Blood Struggle Sufferings Tears Terror WHAT IS EDUCATION??? A better safeguard of liberty than a standing army. A progressive discovery of our own ignorance. An ornament in prosperity and a refuge in adversity. Simply the soul of a society as it passes from one generation to another. The ability to listen to almost anything without losing your temper or your self confidence . The movement from darkness to light. Not preparation for life but ita is life itself. Bitter Truth of Education in India:Less than half of India's children between the age 6 and 14 go to school. More than 50 per cent of girls fail to enrol in school; those that do are likely to drop out by the age of 12. At least 35 million children aged 6 - 14 years do not attend school. 53% of girls in the age group of 5 to 9 years are illiterate. In nearly 60% of schools, there are less than two teachers to teach Classes I to V. High cost of private education and need to work to support their families and little interest in studies are the reasons given by 3 in every four drop-outs as the reason they leave. Various Points of Concern:Population Dowry Casteism Child Labour Poverty Population:According to 1981 census our population is about 68.5 crore , which is about three times in USA, having three fold size. Compared to the natural and human resources of the country India is definitely overpopulated. The reason of overpopulation may be defined as lack of awareness among the uneducated class of the society which binds the nation from being developed. According to U.N. projections, India’s population certainly cuts much of the fruits of development. Factors Responsible:• Lack of proper education • Being superstitious by nature, Indians regard children as the gift of nature. • They know very little about the modern methods of population control. • They do not realise the importance of better standards of living. Suggestions for Population control: Social Legislation prohibiting early marriage. Improvement in the percentage of literacy. Family norms should be implemented so that they are made aware of the consequences of large families and that is possible only because of EDUCATION. Dowry:- India has made a remarkable progress almost in every field after independence. But she is still in the grip of various socials evils. The dowry system is one of them. It is a curse to the society on the whole. Poor and lower class parents find it very difficult to select a good match for their daughters. They have to borrow money from money lenders to meet the high demands of dowry which makes their life a hell. Another serious aspect of the dowry is that lack of dowry leads brides to undergo all sorts of sufferings. They are insulted, abused and beaten. Suggestion to cope up:The only power which can eradicate this devilish act from its root is only and only education as this is the sword which fights with leaden points. The spread of education among the rural class will help them understand the feelings of women and the circumstances they go through. Not only this it will also prevent female foeticide and empower women. Casteism:-• Caste system is based on the principle of inequality. It believes that some people are higher than others. They are not fit to live with the high caste people. • They are to be deprived of all privileges and facilities. • They are denied high posts and positions they can’t man these. • Their educational backwardness stood on the way of their consciousness, on the way of social justice. • Once backward in educational field they had least share in bureaucracy and decision making process,to their own advantage. Caste and community profile people below poverty line in India CASTE & COMMUNITY GROUPS RURAL URBAN Schedule Tribes 45.8 35.6 Schedule Caste 35.9 38.3 Other Backward Castes 27.0 29.5 Muslim Upper Castes 26.8 34.2 Hindu Upper Castes 11.7 09.9 Christian Upper Castes 09.6 05.4 Upper Castes Sikhs 00.0 04.9 Other Upper Castes 16.0 02.7 All group 27.0 23.4 Child Labour:Child labour refers to the employment of children under 18 years at regular and sustained labour. Childhood is considered to be the golden period of one’s life. As every coin has two side, there are several children who are tormented and wish to quit their childhood. To escape the torture they suffer persistently they would go for anything under the sky. Some manage to get out and get a better life, but many continue to be where they are, not out of choice, but force. This is the true story of child labour. Measures to Cope Up:• Getting a child educated • Teaching children around you. • Being more active to the happenings around, can make a big difference in the current situation and condition of children of India. "You have to love your children unselfishly. That is hard. But it is the only way." Poverty:Poverty is the prime source of practically all evils , whether political , social or economic . a poverty – stricken land is an easy prey to its greedy and jealous neighbours . Poverty has brought about political revolutions, moral degeneration and economic upheavals. A nation of hungry and starving millions cannot preserve its integrity and independence for long. • Milton Friedman rightly said ‘’ My major problem with the world is a problem of scarcity in the midst of plenty ... of people starving while there are unused resources ... people having skills which are not being used.’’ • "There are people in the world so hungry that God cannot appear to them except in the form of bread." Suggestions:• Education is the only means by which all such problems can be sorted. The pros and cons of this plight are the government continues to introduce the policies which remain merely on papers and are exempted from being implemented. • If “education for all” prevails in the country to the zenith, then the development trap which is created can be eradicated. But being used to spoon feeding will not work what makes a difference is we at individual level join hands and pull up our socks so that we overcome the problems in the race of life. “This would require huge investments both from the private sector as well as the public sector to keep a stumbled block in the path of such holocaust to avoid great peril.” Our Efforts may include:• Help a poor child to acquire proficiency in language • Monthly support for a Village Tuition Centre that provides supplementary learning to school going children • Provide Rehabilitation of the socially retarded and the youth • Sponsor the education of a girl for one year • Support 1 month tuition expenses for 20 poor Grade students. • Sponsor a 2 month Functional literacy program through Computer for poor Dalit women • Educate a disabled child for a year • Sponsor a child's education (inclusive of fees, books, uniforms, supplementary nutrition and medical check up) • Donate a bicycle to a poor school going child • Education, transportation and medical expenses can be provided. • Part sponsor a year’s college education of a needy student • 1 month Computer Training expenses for 48 Poor Tribal students “An educational system isn't worth a great deal if it teaches young people how to make a living but doesn't teach them how to make a life.” "Education's purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one."