SOLVAY - Indicators for cross-sectorial sustainability

Report
SPIRE
Brokerage event
October 22nd
2013
SUSTAINABLE PROCESS
INDUSTRY
EUROPEAN INDUSTRIAL
COMPETTIVENESS TROUGH
RESOURCE AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY
Project Idea Presentation
Solvay
Asking more from Chemistry €12.4bn
NET SALES
INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS TO ANSWER
MEGATRENDS CHALLENGES
€2.1bn
Adjusted REBITDA
Megatrends driving
growth in Chemicals
Major Solvay
innovation fields
Renewable
Chemistry
Climate Change
29,100
EMPLOYEES
55 COUNTRIES
Advanced Materials
& Formulations
Scarce Resources
Sustainable
Energy
€261m
R&I spending
Organic
Electronics
Over 1bn new consumers
Eco-processes
Consumer
Chemicals
Health & Well-being
13
MAJOR R&I
CENTERS
>100
Collaborative
innovation projects
WWW.SPIRE2030.EU
2
Idea: Indicators for cross-sectorial
sustainability assessment
SPIRE-4 call – KA 5.2
• Build on internal experience of members to define a
common set of indicators
• Consistent with life cycle thinking
• Simplified in order to be used by non-practioners of LCA
• Based on a limited number of impacts
• Usable in the early stages of projects
• Solvay proposal for Suschem, being currently discussed…
WWW.SPIRE2030.EU
3
Sustainability Index for Projects (1/2)
Quotation of Project vs. Reference through a set of questions
General Guide
Results
Answer the questions below for the production steps (including
manufacture of the raw materials) using the following advices:
1) answer the questions with your current knowledge (at the date of evaluation);
major improvement versus reference
Climate change
-1,25
-1,05
2) use the table beside for selecting the adequate quotation ;
significant improvement versus reference
-1
Non-Renewable Resource
consumption
3) the quotation has to be given by comparison to the reference identified in sheet
"data & summary"
no change versus reference
0
Human health
-1,30
4) if the information is unknown to date, the answer should be 0;
significant degradation versus reference
1
Ecosystem quality
-0,95
5) you should take into account potential opportunities and risks.
major degradation versus reference
2
Water management
-0,65
QUESTIONS
-2
-1
0
1
-2
2 quantity of pollutents in aqueous effluents
0
-2
0
0
0
0
0
0
induced deforestation, due to cultivation of bio-sourced
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
classified raw materials (toxic to the environment : eco-
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-1
x
7 toxic)
0
A more intense use of bio-sourced raw materials is an improvement ; negative effects
are taken into account in the matrix distributing the answers over the environmental
impact components
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
x
0
0
0
0
0
x
11 valorization of by-products
x
12 number of steps to access the product (cradle-to-gate)
0
-1
x
-2
0
0
0
Does the project aim at proposing a new product for replacing a toxic product for the
same application ? (-2) Or is a decreasing use of toxic product induced effect of the
project ? (-1). Is the developed product toxic to human ? (+2)
-1
Does the project aim at proposing a new product for replacing an ecotoxic product for
the same application ? (-2) Or is a decreasing use of ecotoxic product induced effect
of the project ? (-1). Is the developed product ecotoxic ? (+2)
0
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
x
15 use of water in regions with a high water stress
0
x
16 need for intense cooling steps
0
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-1
0
0
-2
0
0
0
-1
0
0
more intense washing steps is a degradation
In this question, it is the volume of water used for washing that has to be considered.
0
In this question, improvements have to be considered only if the projects aims at
valorizing by-products (then, the reference is the traditional process without
valorization). In other cases, quotation should be "0".
a higher level of valorization (production of energy or recycling) is an
improvement
-1
The total number of steps from cradle-to-gate has to be compared between the
reference and the product developed within the project.
a higher number of steps is a degradation (a more complex process generally
has a higher environmental impact)
-2
the use of coal instead of another fossil source for energy production is a degradation
-1
In addition to energy consumption considered at question 1, intense drying steps lead
to an extra energy consumption.
need for intense drying steps (especially by evaporation) is a degradation
projet
projet
2
-2
major improvement versus reference
-2
significant improvement versus reference
-1
no change versus reference
0
significant degradation versus reference
1
major degradation versus reference
2
projet
0
a production site situated in a zone with a high water stress is a degradation
see : http://rbis.sr.unh.edu for checking water stress index of the considered region
-1
In this question, only usage of cooling water is considered
high temperature syntheses needing intense cooling lead to a degradation
0
In this question, the quotation should "0" if the quotation at question 11 is different to
"0"
otherwise, a higher generation of landfilled wastes is a degradation
projet
projet
projet
-1
In this question, the quotation should be "0" if the quotation at question 11 is different
to "0"
otherwise, a higher generation of incinerated wastes is a degradation
-2
Is the process based on a recycled product as a raw material ?
a higher use of recycled raw materials is an improvement
-1
In this question, only the use of water is considered. If the dilution leads to a high
energy consumption, make sure it was taken into account at question 1.
a higher use of process water is a degradation.
projet
projet
0
x
0
0
0
x
20 synthesis in an aqueous medium
1
For each question, project management team has
to quote the new product versus its reference
according to the following grid:
a higher consumption of renewable energy (replacing a fossil energy), is an
improvement
typical example : burning of vegetable residues of the process for generating energy
0
x
18 waste incineration without energy recovery
0
X
Emissions due to residue burning should not be considered here
a higher quantity of GHG emission is a degradation.
0
x
17 generation of non-valorized wastes (landfilling)
-1
All GHG by-products of the reactions have to be considered.
GHGs (Greenhouse Gases) are : CO2, N2O, CH4, HFCs, PFCs, SF6
0
x
14 intense drying steps
-2
deforestation has to be considered when the increasing use of a bio-sourced product
due to the project will significantly increase the cultivated area inducing deforestation.
a higher level of induced deforestation is a degradation
-1
answered
10 need for intense washing steps in the process
19 use of recycled raw materials
0
To be
9 consumption of renewable energy
13 use of coal for energy production
-2
all potential gaseous by-products (excepted greenhouse gases, considered in
question 8) of the reactions have to be considered
a higher quantity of air emissions is a degradation
-2
x
-2
note : the quantity of waste water is not considered in this question, only the quality
of waste water
processes likely to generate high quantities of pollutents in aqueous affluents :
neutralisation steps generating salts, intense washings with high material loss
a higher quantity of pollutents in aqueous effluents is a degradation
0
x
6 classified raw materials (toxic to humans)
-2
comments
0
x
0
-2
processes likely to require high amounts of energy : diluted processes, high
temperature reactions, processes involving intense distillation or stripping
processes likely to require low amounts of energy : low temperature processes,
reactions with high exothermicity
a higher consumption is a degradation
0
x
5 raw material
emission of by-products with a GreenHouse Gas(GHG)
0
x
4 Use of bio-sourced raw materials
8 effect
0
x
-2
3 Air emissions (VOC, Toxic et Ecotoxic gases)
0
GUIDE
2
X
1 Consumption of fossil energy
0,00
Social impacts
6) Only light green cells can be modified or filled-in
Questions are written for project
management team and do not
require any LCA expertise
New Product
versus
REFERENCE
-2
0
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… or the reverse
projet
4
Sustainability Index for Projects (2/2)
From quotation to comparative positioning on 6 axes
General Guide
Results
Answer the questions below for the production steps (including
manufacture of the raw materials) using the following advices:
-2
-1,25
-1
Non-Renewable Resource
consumption
-1,05
0
Human health
-1,30
significant degradation versus reference
1
Ecosystem quality
-0,95
major degradation versus reference
2
Water management
-0,65
major improvement versus reference
2) use the table beside for selecting the adequate quotation ;
significant improvement versus reference
3) the quotation has to be given by comparison to the reference identified in sheet
"data & summary"
no change versus reference
4) if the information is unknown to date, the answer should be 0;
5) you should take into account potential opportunities and risks.
-2
-1
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
X
1 Consumption of fossil energy
-2
2 quantity of pollutents in aqueous effluents
x
-2
3 Air emissions (VOC, Toxic et Ecotoxic gases)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
induced deforestation, due to cultivation of bio-sourced
0
0
0
0
0
0
classified raw materials (toxic to the environment : eco-
-1
0
0
-1
0
0
1
-2
4
3
-2
all potential gaseous by-products (excepted greenhouse gases, considered in
question 8) of the reactions have to be considered
a higher quantity of air emissions is a degradation
4
4
0
A more intense use of bio-sourced raw materials is an improvement ; negative effects
are taken into account in the matrix distributing the answers over the environmental
impact components
-2
-5
-3
1
2
1
0
0
0
-1
-1
Does the project aim at proposing a new product for replacing an ecotoxic product for
the same application ? (-2) Or is a decreasing use of ecotoxic product induced effect
of the project ? (-1). Is the developed product ecotoxic ? (+2)
answered
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
x
13 use of coal for energy production
-2
x
14 intense drying steps
0
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-1
0
0
-2
0
0
0
0
5
-1
0
0
-1
In addition to energy consumption considered at question 1, intense drying steps lead
to an extra energy consumption.
need for intense drying steps (especially by evaporation) is a degradation
1
1
0
a production site situated in a zone with a high water stress is a degradation
see : http://rbis.sr.unh.edu for checking water stress index of the considered region
-1
In this question, only usage of cooling water is considered
high temperature syntheses needing intense cooling lead to a degradation
0
In this question, the quotation should "0" if the quotation at question 11 is different to
"0"
otherwise, a higher generation of landfilled wastes is a degradation
-1
In this question, the quotation should be "0" if the quotation at question 11 is different
to "0"
otherwise, a higher generation of incinerated wastes is a degradation
-2
Is the process based on a recycled product as a raw material ?
a higher use of recycled raw materials is an improvement
-1
In this question, only the use of water is considered. If the dilution leads to a high
energy consumption, make sure it was taken into account at question 1.
a higher use of process water is a degradation.
1
projet
3
1
1
1
3
1
2
1
3
1
1
projet
3
projet
3
projet
1
1
projet
1
1
projet
1
1
projet
0
x
20 synthesis in an aqueous medium
the use of coal instead of another fossil source for energy production is a degradation
0
x
19 use of recycled raw materials
-2
Distribution
Matrix
of the
quotations
over the
6
indicators
1
projet
0
x
18 waste incineration without energy recovery
-1
The total number of steps from cradle-to-gate has to be compared between the
reference and the product developed within the project.
a higher number of steps is a degradation (a more complex process generally
has a higher environmental impact)
0
x
17 generation of non-valorized wastes (landfilling)
0
In this question, improvements have to be considered only if the projects aims at
valorizing by-products (then, the reference is the traditional process without
valorization). In other cases, quotation should be "0".
a higher level of valorization (production of energy or recycling) is an
improvement
0
x
16 need for intense cooling steps
1
X
0
more intense washing steps is a degradation
In this question, it is the volume of water used for washing that has to be considered.
0
x
15 use of water in regions with a high water stress
a higher consumption of renewable energy (replacing a fossil energy), is an
improvement
typical example : burning of vegetable residues of the process for generating energy
0
x
12 number of steps to access the product (cradle-to-gate)
3
Emissions due to residue burning should not be considered here
a higher quantity of GHG emission is a degradation.
0
x
11 valorization of by-products
2
2
All GHG by-products of the reactions have to be considered.
GHGs (Greenhouse Gases) are : CO2, N2O, CH4, HFCs, PFCs, SF6
0
x
10 need for intense washing steps in the process
3
5
0
9 consumption of renewable energy
0
7
1
0
To be
0
2
deforestation has to be considered when the increasing use of a bio-sourced product
due to the project will significantly increase the cultivated area inducing deforestation.
a higher level of induced deforestation is a degradation
Does the project aim at proposing a new product for replacing a toxic product for the
same application ? (-2) Or is a decreasing use of toxic product induced effect of the
project ? (-1). Is the developed product toxic to human ? (+2)
-2
0
6
0
x
-2
1
note : the quantity of waste water is not considered in this question, only the quality
of waste water
processes likely to generate high quantities of pollutents in aqueous affluents :
neutralisation steps generating salts, intense washings with high material loss
a higher quantity of pollutents in aqueous effluents is a degradation
0
x
7 toxic)
processes likely to require high amounts of energy : diluted processes, high
temperature reactions, processes involving intense distillation or stripping
processes likely to require low amounts of energy : low temperature processes,
reactions with high exothermicity
a higher consumption is a degradation
0
x
6 classified raw materials (toxic to humans)
-2
0
0
comments
0
x
5 raw material
GUIDE
0
x
4 Use of bio-sourced raw materials
8
0
x
-2
emission of by-products with a GreenHouse Gas(GHG)
effect
0,00
Social impacts
6) Only light green cells can be modified or filled-in
QUESTIONS
New Product
versus
REFERENCE
Climate change
1) answer the questions with your current knowledge (at the date of evaluation);
0
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3
projet
5
=
Idea Impact
The proposal strongly supports the SPIRE roadmap principles:
1. Life Cycle and Cost thinking, monitoring and steering
 consistency with LCA approach
2.
Systemic analyses of alternative resource streams
 Assessment will induce appropriate questions
3.
Identification and cross-sectorial development or transfer of
resource and energy efficiency solutions and practices
 Assessment will induce relevant connexions
4.
A staged approach
 From qualitative to quantitative
5.
Creating the right skills, knowledge, standards and mechanisms
 Can be considered as a 1st step towards standardization
WWW.SPIRE2030.EU
6
Existing Project Consortium
WBCSD*: Life Cycle Metrics for Chemical Products
•
•
The objective is to ensure the consistent and credible communication of
product environmental footprints by the chemical sector
The Guidance Principles are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Relevance *
Completeness
Consistency *
Transparency *
Accuracy
Feasibility *
*
Strong Connexion
with SPIRE Project
The Partners engaged in the Project are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AKZO: Carmen Alvarado
BASF: Anahi Grosse-Sommer
DSM: Henk Bosch et Gaelle Nicolle
EASTMAN: Jason Pierce
EVONIK: Guido Vornholt
SABIC: Sreepadaraj Karanam (Sreepad)
SOLVAY: Jean-François Viot
*WBCSD: World Business Coucil for Sustainable Development
WWW.SPIRE2030.EU
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Looking for partners…
Starting from a simplified approach, we would like to
partner with other industrial companies / technical
centers / institutes in order to:
• test relevance and robustness of the approach on
different types of projects/products
• refine the environmental indicators
• potentially enlarge the assessment to social domain
All sectors are welcome!
WWW.SPIRE2030.EU
8
Contact details
Guy-Noël SAUVION
Eco-Efficiency Evaluations
+33 (0)6 07 94 79 32
mailto:[email protected]
Jean-François VIOT
Environmental Evaluations
+33 (0)6 87 69 77 85
mailto:[email protected]
WWW.SPIRE2030.EU
9

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