The Punjab Free and Compulsory Education Bill 2013

Report
The Punjab Free and
Compulsory Education
Bill 2013
School Education Department
16.01.2014
2
Background
• Article 25-A of the Constitution requires that “the
state shall provide free and compulsory
education to all children of the age of five to
sixteen years”.
• Article 37 of the Constitution stipulates that the
State shall remove illiteracy and provide free and
compulsory secondary education.
• The Bill after Preparation is with the Provincial
Cabinet for approval to be put up before
Provincial assembly.
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Definitions




“capitation fee” means any kind of donation or contribution or payment, by
whatever name, other than the fee notified by the Government or the local
authority;
“free education” implies that the Government or a local authority shall not
charge any fee or expense for providing education and shall endeavour to
remove financial barriers that may prevent a child from completing ten years’
education;
“school” means an educational institution imparting elementary or secondary
education to the children and includes:
 a school owned or controlled by the Government or a local authority;
 a school receiving aid or grant to meet whole or part of its expenses from
the Government, Federal Government or a local authority;
 an un-aided school not receiving any kind of aid or grant to meet its
expenses from the Government, Federal Government or a local authority;
 a Deeni Madrassa or any school providing religious education recognized
by the Government;
“screening procedure” means the method of selection for admission of a child,
in preference to another, other than a random method;
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Salient Features
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Right to Free & Compulsory Education
• Every child shall have a right to Education
from Class-1 to Class10, Non-formal
education, vocational Education or both.
• A child or parent shall not be liable to pay
any fee in public schools.
• The Government shall provide suitable
education to a child suffering from
disability.
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Duties of the Govt.
To Provide free and
compulsory Education to
every Child
Special Training facility to
a child
Government
Ensure good quality of
Education
Prepare annual Statement
of the Children admitted
and Retained
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Duties of the Local Govt.
To Establish the Requisite
No. of Schools and Ensure
admission of each child in a
school according to his age
Maintain a Record of the
Children up to age 16 in
their Jurisdiction
Local
Government
Ensure and Monitor
admission attendance and
completion of every child
Prepare annual Statement
of the Children admitted
and Retained
8
Concurrent Responsibilities of Govt. & Local Govt.
Provision of Required Funds
Provide rebates and incentives
to private entrepreneur to fulfill
the purpose
Govt. and
Local Government
To provide grand and aid to
promote admission and
attendance of disadvantaged
child
To Establish a school
management body and Farooqe-Taleem Fund
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Duties of the Parents
Admission of Child in the
school allocated
Ensure attendance of school
Parents
In case of failure without
reasonable excuse no
subsidy or support from the
Govt.
10
Responsibilities of Private Schools
To provide free education
according to grant –in-aid
To provide free and compulsory
education to the 10% children
Private Schools
Shall provide information of
students admitted
Shall not require a parent to
purchase text books, uniforms
and other material from
particular Provider or any fee
other than tuition fee
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Duties of Head Teacher and Teachers
• The in-charge of the school shall ensure that a
child studying in the school is not subjected to
corporal punishment or harassment.
• shall effectively carry out his functions and
enforced discipline.
• Maintained the Regularity and Punctuality in
attending the school.
• Complete the curriculum within time.
• Assess the learning ability of every child .
• Try for all round development of the Child.
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Duties of Head Teacher and Teachers
• Build child knowledge potentiality and
talent
• Adopted learning processes in
friendly and child centre manners
child
• Keep the child free of fear and anxiety
• To hold regular meetings with the parents
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Responsibilities of The Govt. Related to the Teachers
• To maintain the pupil teacher ratio within two
years.
• To ensure that teachers vacancies are not more
than 10% within four months.
• Introduce the system of reward to the teachers.
• To prescribe the mandatory courses and training
for low performing teachers.
• Teachers shall not be deployed for noneducational purposes except population censes
disaster relief and elections.
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Legal Liabilities
• Parents without reasonable excuse will keep the child in
school.
• Private schools shall admitted in class one and then in
each class up till class ten 10% children free.
• School shall not require a parent to purchase Textbooks
Uniforms or other martial from a particular provider.
• No Capitation fee by Private school and no screening test
by Public Schools.
• School shall not expel a child from school without
reasons.
• No corporal punishment to the students.
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Penalties
• In case of Capitation fee 20 times the capitation fee
charge in the first instance and 50,000 rupees for each
subsequent contravention.
• In case of putting child to screening test Rs. 50,000 in the
first instance and Rs. 1,00000 for each subsequent
contravention.
• For other contravention, imprisonment of six month or
fine up to Rs. 50,000 or both.
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Objectives of the School Education
Sector Plan
• Provide a systemic overview
• Identify gaps
•Strategies for improvement
• Determine resource requirement
• Harmonize and align donor support
• Synergize reforms within the framework of the
Roadmap to
• Optimize returns on investment
• Improve efficiency and sustainability
Guiding Principles for
PSESP
It is guided by the “Chief Minister’s School Reforms Road Map”
(Govt.of Punjab year 2011), which has identified the following
initiatives:
• 100 % enrolment of all children of school-going age
• 100 % retention of all enrolled students up to the age of 16
• Free, compulsory and internationally competitive education
for all
• Merit-based recruitment and management of staff
• Targets for officers and ranking of districts on targets
• Transparent selection of officers and their retention linked
with targets; and
• Incentives for good performance
Strategic Framework for
PSESP
PSESP development has been guided by the:
• National Education Policy 2009
• Millennium Development Goals
• Punjab Education Sector Reforms Programme
• Article 25-A (18th Constitutional Amendment)
• “Chief Minister’s School Reforms Road Map” (Govt. of Punjab
year 2011)
…and focusing on:
• Differing roles of various service delivery modes-public: private
etc.
• Balancing quality, relevance, access, equity and governance
Challenges
Current
Target
NER Primary
70
≈100
NER Middle
37
≈100
NER Secondary
25
≈100
Survival Rate Primary
57
≈100
Survival Rate Middle
86
≈100
Survival Rate Secondary
59
≈100
Transition Rate Katchi to
Primary
62
≈100
Transition Rate Primary
to Middle
91
≈100
Transition Rate Middle
to Secondary
106
≈100
Access (NFE)
Quality
Equity
Indicator
ECE
Source: EMIS 2011and PSLM 2011
Costing
• Estimates of Out of School population based on:
– Population Projections of National Institute of Population Studies
(NIPS)
– NER trend from PSLMs
• Ratios: Classroom 1:50; Teachers 1:50, 3:50 and 4:50 for primary, middle
and secondary
• Use of official Unit costs
• Estimates for public sector and PPP approach
• Costing of the 5 year plan is an estimate
• Financing component will be reviewed on an ongoing basis
• It is a cyclical process- a few additional costs will emerge from
implementation itself
Enrolment Shares in Private, PPP and Public
Level
Primary
Middle
Secondary
Categor
y
Base Year
2011-12
%ages
Planned Years
Public
56%
57%
58%
59%
60%
61%
PPP
11%
15%
18%
23%
25%
28%
Private
33%
28%
24%
18%
15%
11%
Enrol:
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
Public
60%
64%
66%
68%
70%
72%
PPP
07%
09%
11%
13%
15%
17%
Private
31%
27%
23%
19%
13%
11%
Enrol:
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
Public
67%
67%
75%
77%
79%
80%
PPP
04%
04%
06%
09%
11%
13%
Private
30%
30%
19%
14%
10%
07%
Enrol:
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
Estimated Additional Costing for
Sector Plan (2013-18)
Components
Recurrent Cost
(in Rs. Million)
Year
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16
2016-17
2017-18
Est. Routine Budget 205.15 bn
245.07 bn
308.06 bn
393.01 bn
496.22 bn
Teacher Salary
18020.34
24187.75
30262.18
37894.42
46683.80
PEC (additional
assessment cost)
624.71
695.79
920.02
942.55
975.69
Textbooks
(additional
enrollment)
102.92
210.31
193.24
124.65
130.21
Teachers’ Training
(new teachers)
407.3
949.07
986.94
641.15
618.19
Estimated Additional Costing for
Sector Plan (2013-18)
Components Development
Cost
2013-14
(in Rs. Million)
Year
2014-15
2015-16
2016-17
2017-18
New Schools/ Up
gradation
0.00
8,500.00
14,535.00
14,535.00 9,690.00
Additional Classroom
1,767.82
1,824.92
1,824.92
1,824.92
1,824.92
Quality (Develop
Standards, Assessment
Tools/Reforms, Teacher
Learning Development)
1,179.47
1,105.62
0.00
0.00
0.00
Relevance (Tracer Study,
Review of Curriculum
Syllabus, Linkages b/w HE
and SE & TVET)
32.88
5,63
0.00
0.00
0.00
Estimated Additional Costing for
Sector Plan (2013-18)
Components Development
Cost
(in Rs. Million)
Year
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16
2016-17
2017-18
Governance (HRM,
Performance Appraisal
System, Recruitment
Process, Capacity
Development Plan - CD)
63.25
1.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
Improved Management
(Recruitment Policy, CD
plan developed, Training
Needs Assessment tools)
23.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Monitoring & Evaluation
(Performance Assessment
Framework, Existing
Capacity Assessment)
48.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Total Budget in Billions
22.30
37.481
48.722
55.963
59.923
THANKS
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