Regulatory project management

Report
Regulatory project management
VN/RA/01 Task 1&2 Workshop
Hanoi, October 2012
Confidential
Ilari Aro
Ref. to Kirsi Alm-Lytz
STUK
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Outline
• Regulatory oversight projects
– Procedures developed at STUK
– Typical oversight projects
• Examples of regulatory project management in new build
projects
– OL3 - STUK’s role and organisation in licensing steps
– Summary of STUK’s competences and resources needed for OL3
project oversight
– Preparation for regulatory oversight of upcoming new build
projects
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2
Regulatory oversight projects
• Regulatory oversight is defined in the legislation and
regulations
• New plant projects and plant modifications are initiated by the
licensees
-> STUK can’t decide whether the regulatory work should be done
or not but choice can be made whether the oversight work is
performed as projects or within line organisation
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3
Projects office at STUK/NRR
(Department of Nuclear Reactor Regulation)
Nuclear Reactor Regulation
Director Petteri Tiippana
Projects office (PMO) founded in 2002 for
the oversight of the OL3 licensing
Deputy director
Marja-Leena Järvinen
Oversight support
Nuclear Security
Department services
Nuclear facilities and
systems
Co-ordinates the regulatory oversight in
new NPP licensing process, in NPP
operating license renewals and in some
larger plant modifications
Develops the project management
procedures for oversight projects
Assistant director
Keijo Valtonen
Assistant director
Martti Vilpas
Projects and operational
safety
Assistant director
Kirsi Alm-Lytz
Reactor and safety
systems
Section head
Risto Sairanen
Mechanical engineering
Section head
Petri Vuorio
Operational safety
Section head
Jukka Kupila
Risk analysis
Section head
Jorma Sandberg
Civil engineering
Section head
Pekka Välikangas
Projects
Section head
Janne Nevalainen
Electrical and
automation systems
Section head
Kim Wahlström
Manufacturing
technology
Section head
Juhani Hinttala
Radiation protection
Section head
Olli Vilkamo
Supports the project managers in project
planning and prepares quarterly collective
report on projects’ progress
Provides resident inspectors for new NPPs
under construction
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Structures and components
4
Project managers:
OL 3: Tapani Virolainen
VALVE: Janne Nevalainen
LARA: Kaj Söderholm
Development of the project management
procedures at STUK/NRR
•
•
•
After foundation of Projects unit in 2002 also other oversight
works have been co-ordinated as projects
The detailed guidance for the regulatory project management
was finalised in 2010
STUK/NRR project model is based on generic project
management practices, references e.g.,
–
A guide to the project management body of knowledge (PMBOK
guide), ANSI/PMI 99-001-2008
– ABC project model, Finnish Project Institute
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5
STUK/NRR project model
Portfolio management
G1
G0
Project idea
Preparation
phase
PE
Planning
phase
Execution
phase
Closing
phase
Evaluation
phase
Project management
Initiating
Project planning
Management and control
Closing
Project execution
MS
MS
End product
of project
Project documents
Project charter
Project management plan
Project meeting memos
Progress reports
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Assessment report
List of follow-up items
6
Regulatory oversight projects
Guidance for a single project
•
•
•
•
•
•
Decision of project start, G0 (criteria, project charter template)
Project organisation (steering group, project manager, project group,
resident inspectors)
Project planning (project management plan templates)
Project management and control (meeting practices, communication with
licensee and other stakeholders, resource management, progress
reporting and template)
Closing project (closing meeting, assessment report and follow-up list
templates)
Documentation (record keeping)
Project management in STUK/NRR
•
•
•
Project classification (ABC model, classification principles and procedures
in different classes)
Project portfolio management (excel table used by PMO, quarterly project
progress reports and portfolio reporting)
Engagement in the department’s yearly planning process (resource
planning)
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Typical oversight projects
•
•
•
New build projects
Operating licence renewals and periodic safety reviews
Extensive plant modifications involving
–
–
–
–
several technical areas
high safety significance
long time schedules (several years)
large resource need (several person-months of oversight work)
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Oversight projects of nuclear facilities
•
new nuclear facilities
– FIN5 (2002-2014, oversight of OL3 licensing and
construction)
– PAP (2008-2009, DiPs for new NPPs)
– VALVE (2010-2014, preparations for FIN6/7 CL appl.
review)
– ONKALO (2005 ->, construction of research tunnels and
final repository for spent fuel)
•
operating licence renewals/ periodic safety reviews
– KLUPA (Loviisa licence renewal, ended 2007)
– OLMATA (Olkiluoto periodic safety review, ended 2009)
– FLUPA (Research reactor licence renewal, ended 2012)
•
large plant modifications
– LARA (Loviisa I&C renewal, 2004-2016)
– LOKIT (Loviisa liquid waste solidification plant
construction, 2002-2013)
– KOPLA (enlargement of Olkiluoto interim storage for
spent fuel, 2009-2013)
– LAMO (modernisation of Loviisa refueling machine,
2010 ->)
– DiGU (modernisation of Olkiluoto diesel generators,
2010 ->)
– LoPolar (modernisation of Loviisa Polar crane, 2010 ->)
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Project portfolio
Name
Description
e.g. FIN5 Olkiluoto 3 ...
•
•
•
•
Class
A
Owner Manager Group
N.N.
N.N.
Schedule
Project
phase
N.N.,
Project initiated Planning/
… – predicted end Execution/
Closing
Estimated project progress (traffic
lights)
-Resources available
-Use of resources compared
to the planned
-deviations in the submitting schedule
of documents for review
-deviations in the quality of submitted
documents for review
Excel table collecting information on different projects
Includes also links to the project charter, project management
plan and the latest progress report
Project managers report quarterly on the progress of their
projects
Office head of PMO updates the project portfolio and reports
quarterly in the operative and management meetings on the
progress of projects and possible resource problems
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Example – Olkiluoto 3, resources for
licensing and regulatory oversight
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OL3 Project generally 1/2
•
•
OL3 is the first EPR being
constructed
OL3 is a turn key project
–
–
•
Owner and operator (Licensee) is
TVO
Constructed by Consortium of
Areva and Siemens
Project is progressing but is more
than five years behind the original
schedule
Photos: TVO
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OL3 Project generally 2/2
• Main civil construction
activities finished at the
site
• Current issues
– Installation activities
ongoing
– Design of instrumentation
and control system
(independence, testing,
qualification)
• Operating licence
application expected
during 2013
• Schedule for Commercial
operation under
elaboration
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OL3, CL phase - organization, competences
and resources 1/4
• STUK started preparations for regulatory oversight of OL3 project in
2002 after DIP
– Establishment of a
• project office and project group to plan and coordinate work
• project plan for the oversight (steps, goals, resources, risks, reporting)
– Discussions with
• the utility on the project schedule, content of documents for construction
licence
• Technical Support Organisations to establish analysis capabilities needed for
independent comparison analyses
• Regulators with recent licensing and construction experience
• Regulators and TSO’s with knowledge on EPR design
• Inspection Organisations possibly needed in the project
– Resource planning
• to plan the work of subprojects (technical disciplines)
• to find out possible expertise gaps.
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OL3, CL phase - organization, competences
and resources 2/4
• Conclusions of the planning were
– STUK mainly had a core competences to review technical issues
presented in PSAR and other documents of CL application
• on the other hand, resources to oversee existing plants was too
small - recruiting was necessary.
– Technical support of TSOs was needed
• for new features like airplane crashes, severe accidents (melt
retention in core catcher), digital I&C and primary system materials
and components
• to perform independent assessments and analyses of design to
support STUK’s decision making.
– co-operation with French regulatory body (ASN) to share
experiences of EPR design.
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OL3, CL phase - organization, competences
and resources 3/4
STUK´s project
group Layout, Auxiliary systems
Reactor, safety functions,
systems and analyses
Turbine systems
Radiation safety and emergency
preparedness
Nuclear materials
and Waste
Probabilistic risk
assessment
Commissioning and
operational safety
Civil construction, Structures,
Fire protection
Mechanical
equipment
Quality Management
and organisation
Automation systems
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Electrical systems
16
OL3, CL phase - organization, competences
and resources 4/4
OL 3 technical support areas in CL phase
Design basis accidents
Severe accidents
External threats & airplane
crash
Building & construction
Primary system and
components mechanical
design
Water chemistry
Digital I & C
Nuclear fuel
Radiological consequences
PSA
Other
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OL3, construction - STUK objectives 1/2
•
Review and approval of detailed design documentation for
systems, structures and components (SSCs)
– Before start of construction or manufacturing
•
Oversight of and inspections on manufacturing and construction to
verify QA and QC activities of manufacturer, vendor and licensee
– Resident inspectors on site (complemented with staff from HQ)
– Regular visits at the component manufacturing sites
•
Assessment of licensee´s performance to verify the adequacy of
project management, safety assessment, QA/QC programmes,
etc.
– Quality of the submitted regulatory documentation
– Inspections within the construction inspection programme
– Resident inspectors at site
•
Assessment of the performance of the parties responsible for
design, construction and manufacturing
– participation as an observer in audits, inspection visits, manufacturing
and construction oversight, meetings
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OL3, construction - STUK objectives 2/2
• Inspections during construction can be divided to two
categories
– Inspections during construction on
structures and components
• To verify QA and QC results and
activities of manufacturer, vendor
and licensee - product conformity
• Defined in regulatory guides
• Inspection organizations used in
lower safety classes
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– Inspections on licensee’s performance
within the Construction Inspection
Program
• To verify the adequacy of project
management, safety assessment,
QA/QC programmes, etc. performance conformity
19
OL3, Construction phase - organisation,
competences and resources
• Oversight during construction needs
– same core competences than during CL phase but also
– much new know-how (e.g. materials, concreting, welding, QA/QC
inspections to manufacturers, site supervision...) and human resources
when the amount of work is much larger.
• STUK has continued recruiting as well as using of TSOs and IOs
– technical experts recruited from expert organisations, utilities or from
“conventional” industry - background from nuclear side not necessarily
needed in all tasks
– IOs are “extension” of STUK - they take STUK’s role as a regulator in
lower safety classes.
– TSOs participate more in STUK’s reviews than make independent
analyses.
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20
Regulatory Oversight (man-years/NPP)
40
35
Regulatory oversight [man years]
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
LO1/LO2
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2006
LO3
OL1/OL2
2007
OL3
2008
OL4
FV1
2009
2010
2011
1-3 2012
Oversight OL3 - mechanical engineering and
time equivalents on oversight of OL3 manufacturing technology Full
mechanical components and manufacturing
Core competences for
mechanical engineering, red
colour indicates remarkable
increase of resources
– Nuclear fuel and control rods
– Mechanical equipment
– Nuclear power plant pressure
vessels
– Strength analysis
– Manufacturing technology
– Material technology and ageing
– NDI
– Ageing management
– Assessment of QMS
– Utilization of PRA in inspections
– Maintenance
– Assessment of inspection
organisations.
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technology
manyears
12.0
10.0
8.0
6.0
4.0
2.0
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005 2006
year
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Number of staff - mechanical components
30
25
20
number
•
14.0
15
10
5
0
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
year
22
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Oversight OL3 - reactor and safety systems
Full time equivalents on oversight of OL3 - reactor
and safety systems
Core competences for reactor
and safety systems
6.0
5.0
number
– Safety Principles and Design
Basis of NPP
– Deterministic safety analysis
– NPP Technology and system
design, thermal hydraulics
– Reactor technology and physics,
criticality safety
– Nuclear fuel technology
– Containment functions
– I&C functions
– Severe accidents
– Technical specifications
– Emergency response
– Operational safety
manyears
•
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
year
Number of staff - reactor and safety systems
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
year
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23
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Oversight OL3 - radiation protection
– Radiation protection - dose
control
– Radiation protection - dose
calculations
– Radioactive release (normal
operation)
– Emergency preparedness and
rescue services at NPP
– Dispersion of radioactive
releases in accidents – source
term
– Meteorology - dispersion of
radioactive releases
– Monitoring environment of NPP
– Research reactors
– Nuclear waste management.
manyears
Core competences for radiation
protection
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
year
Number of staff - radiation protection
7
6
5
number
•
Full time equivalents on oversight of OL3 - radiation
protection
4
3
2
1
0
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
year
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24
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Oversight OL3 - risk analysis
– PRA in risk informed regulation
– Fire protection
– Meteorological and
environmental risks
– Seismic risks
– PRA-methods (level 1 and 2)
– PRA software (user skills and
development)
– Operation, Maintenance
– Reliability of human
performance
– Theoretical basis of risk
analysis.
manyears
Core competences for risk
analysis
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
year
Number of staff - risk analysis
number
•
Full time equivalents on oversight of OL3 - risk
analysis
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
year
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25
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Oversight OL3 - electrical and automation systems
Full time equivalents on oversight of OL3 - electrical
and automation systems
– Electrical systems and
components
– Embedded automation of
electrical components
– Protection automation
– Accident instrumentation and
accident management systems
– Software based automation
systems
– QA & QC, verification and
validation
– Operational automation
– Control room
– Ageing of I&C components.
manyears
Core competences for electrical
and automation systems
9.0
8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
year
Number of staff - electrical and automation
systems
16
14
12
number
•
10
8
6
4
2
0
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
year
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26
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Oversight OL3 - civil engineering
Full time equivalents on oversight of OL3 - civil
engineering
Core competences for civil
engineering
–
–
–
–
–
–
Civil engineering
Construction technology
Strength analyses
Fire protection
Lay-out
Risk analysis.
manyears
•
4.0
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
year
Number of staff - civil engineering
6
5
number
4
3
2
1
0
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
year
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27
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Oversight OL3 - project office
Full time equivalents on oversight of OL3 - project
office
Core competences for project
office
5.0
manyears
– Handling of license
applications
– Regulatory control of plant
projects
– Project management
– Management systems / QA &
QA, safety culture issues
– Modification projects
– Interfaces between technical
areas
– Safety analysis
– PRA
– Oversight at site during
construction (resident
inspectors).
6.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
year
Number of staff - project office
number
•
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
year
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28
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Oversight OL3 - operational safety
Full time equivalents on oversight of OL3 operational safety
– Technical specification and
basis
– Operation
– Maintenance
– Operational experiences
– Operating organisation
– Safety culture
– Management systems
– Personnel resources, training
– Emergency preparedness
– Resident inspectors
manyears
Core competences for
operational safety
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
year
Number of staff - organisations and operation
16
14
12
number
•
10
8
6
4
2
0
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
year
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29
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Oversight OL3 - using of TSOs
Annual costs of the technical support contracted for OL 3
2,000,000.00
1,800,000.00
1,600,000.00
1,400,000.00
Euro
1,200,000.00
1,000,000.00
800,000.00
600,000.00
400,000.00
200,000.00
0.00
2004
2005
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2006
PVM/NN
2007
2008
30
2009
2010
2011
YVL 1.1:
Construction Inspection Programme
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YVL 1.1:
Construction Inspection Programme
The purpose of STUK’s Construction Inspection Programme
is to verify that the operations of the construction licensee
ensure high-quality construction and implementation in
accordance with the approved designs while complying with
the regulations and official decisions concerned. In
particular, the Construction Inspection Programme
assesses and controls the following issues:
• the licensee’s general operations with a view to
constructing the facility
• detailed procedures in the various fields of technology
implemented for constructing the facility
• dealing with safety matters and consideration of safety in
management procedures
• the licensee’s expertise and use of expertise
• quality management and quality control.
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Construction Inspection Programme
The Construction Inspection Programme is divided into two main levels:
the upper level assesses the licensee’s main operations, such as project
management and resources management, project control, dealing with
safety issues and project quality management.
The next level, known as the operation level, assesses, e.g., project quality
assurance, training of the operating personnel, inspection procedures,
utilization of the PSA, document management, radiation safety, and
structure and component-specific inspections in the various fields of
technology. Furthermore, the emergency response arrangements during
construction, physical protection, fire protection and nuclear waste
treatment are included in the Construction Inspection Programme within
the scope STUK considers necessary.
In addition to the above-mentioned inspections, of which the licensee is
informed in advance, STUK carries out inspections without prior notice at
its discretion.
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Inspections and regulatory control required
by YVL Guides
STUK controls the construction project, quality management
of the construction and the licensee’s safety work with the aid
of inspections at its discretion. The inspections pertain, e.g.,
to the following issues:
• project management and control
• organization; training, competence and adequacy of the
personnel
dealing with safety matters
• implementation of quality management as a whole and in
the different sectors
• control exercised by the licensee concerning the
implementation of quality management by the licensee itself,
the facility contractor and their subcontractors.
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Buildings and concrete and steel structures
STUK controls the design, manufacture and installation of the buildings
and concrete and steel structures important to safety. The control includes
• pre-inspection of structures
• inspections at the construction site concerning the readiness to begin
work
• inspections concerning manufacture
• construction inspections of steel structures
• commissioning inspections.
The safety class of structures is taken into account when determining the
scope of control and setting the requirements. The requirements for and
control of concrete and steel structures have been described in Guides
YVL 4.1 and YVL 4.2. Fire protection at nuclear facilities is discussed in
Guide YVL 4.3.
Only organizations and persons in their employ that have been granted
approval by STUK are allowed to carry out inspections and expert duties
subject to licence relating to concrete and steel structures. Guides YVL 1.3
and YVL 4.1 deal with these duties and the approval procedures.
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Components
STUK controls the design, manufacture and installation of pressure
equipment and other mechanical components of nuclear facilities. The
control includes
• inspection of the construction plans for components
• approval of the manufacturers and testing organizations
• inspections concerning manufacture
• construction inspections
• installation inspections
• commissioning inspections.
The safety class of components is taken into account when determining
the scope of control and setting the requirements. On the licensee’s
application, STUK may approve a separate testing organization to carry
out specified control duties. The requirements for and control of
mechanical components have been described in Guides YVL 1.3, YVL
1.14 and YVL 1.15 and in YVL Guides of series 3 and 5. Guide YVL 3.0
describes the principles of pressure equipment control. Guide YVL 3.4
presents the requirements for the approval of manufacturers. Guide YVL
1.3 deals with the duties and the approval procedure for inspection and
testing duties subject to licence relating to mechanical components.
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RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AUTHORITY
36
Components
STUK controls the design, manufacture and installation of
electrical and instrumentation and control equipment of nuclear
facilities. The control includes review of the suitability
assessment, inspections concerning manufacture and
installation to be conducted at STUK’s discretion, and
commissioning inspections.
The safety significance of the component concerned is taken
into account when determining the scope of control and setting
the requirements. The requirements for and control of electrical
and instrumentation and control equipment have been described
in Guides YVL 5.2 and YVL 5.5. Guides YVL 7.9 and YVL 7.10
give the requirements for radiation protection of nuclear facility
workers and monitoring of occupational exposure. Other
requirements and control concerning the radiation protection
and environmental monitoring of a nuclear facility are discussed
in guides of the YVL 7 Guide series.
SÄTEILYTURVAKESKUS • STRÅLSÄKERHETSCENTRALEN
RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AUTHORITY
37
Nuclear fuel
In accordance with Sections 114 and 115 of the Nuclear
Energy Decree, STUK controls that the nuclear fuel is
designed, manufactured, transported, stored, handled and
used in compliance with the valid regulations.
The nuclear fuel licensing procedure and STUK’s regulatory
control measures for nuclear power plants have been
described in Guide YVL 6.1.
Guides YVL 6.2, YVL 6.3, YVL 6.4, YVL 6.5, YVL 6.7 and YVL
6.8 give the requirements for the design, manufacture,
transport, handling, storage and use of nuclear fuel.
SÄTEILYTURVAKESKUS • STRÅLSÄKERHETSCENTRALEN
RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AUTHORITY
38
Preparations for operation; organization and
training
In accordance with Section 119 of the Nuclear Energy Decree, STUK
controls that the organization operating the facility is appropriate and
adequate and that the persons involved in the use of nuclear energy meet
the competence requirements and that they are given proper training.
Development and training of the operating organization shall begin early
enough during the construction of the nuclear power plant (YVL 2.5).
When reviewing the administrative rules and organization manual referred
to in Section 4.2 above, STUK assesses the appropriateness and
adequacy of the licence applicant’s organization and the qualifications
required.
In accordance with Section 128 of the Nuclear Energy Decree, the
operator of the facility systems in the main control room of a nuclear facility
shall have STUK’s approval for this job. The requirements for the nuclear
power plant operator licensing and the training of personnel have been
defined in Guides YVL 1.6 and YVL 1.7.
SÄTEILYTURVAKESKUS • STRÅLSÄKERHETSCENTRALEN
RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AUTHORITY
39
Pre-operational testing
The purpose of the pre-operational testing of a nuclear facility is to
demonstrate that the facility has been constructed and operates as
designed. The testing consists of the following stages:
• system performance tests
• fuel loading and pre-criticality tests of the reactor systems
• making the reactor critical and low-power tests
• power tests.
STUK controls the testing of a nuclear facility by reviewing the general
testing plans and programmes, by watching the tests at the nuclear facility
and by reviewing the documents of test results.
The operation of a nuclear power plant is considered to begin when the
loading of nuclear fuel into the reactor begins. The reactor loading requires
that the Government has granted an operating licence and that STUK has
approved the application concerning fuel loading and the reports on the
reactor and fuel behaviour in the first operating cycle.
SÄTEILYTURVAKESKUS • STRÅLSÄKERHETSCENTRALEN
RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AUTHORITY
40
Pre-operational testing
To ensure that the nuclear facility complies with the regulations applied to it, STUK verifies, in
accordance with Section 20 of the Nuclear Energy Act, before the fuel loading that
•the documents linked with operation of the facility, referred to in Section 36 of the Nuclear
Energy Decree, are acceptable in all respects
•the instruction manuals concerning operation of the facility, including instructions for accidents
and transients, are adequate
•the organization operating the nuclear facility is appropriate and adequate
•the persons involved in the use of nuclear energy meet the competence requirements
•the persons designated as responsible manager for the facility operation and as his/her deputy
have received STUK’s approval
•there is a sufficient number of licensed operators at the facility
•for operation of the facility, persons who have received STUK’s approval have been appointed
to see to the emergency response arrangements, physical protection and safeguards of nuclear
materials
•the commissioning inspections of the facility systems, structures and components have been
carried out with acceptable results
•the results of system performance tests are acceptable insofar as it has been possible to
perform the testing without the reactor
•pre-service inspections of the structures and components have been completed
•physical protection and emergency response arrangements are sufficient
•the necessary control to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons has been arranged
appropriately
•the licensee of the nuclear facility has arranged indemnification regarding liability in the case of
nuclear damage as prescribed.
SÄTEILYTURVAKESKUS • STRÅLSÄKERHETSCENTRALEN
RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AUTHORITY
41
Pre-operational testing
The reactor may be made critical and brought to a higher
power level in accordance with the decisions taken by
STUK.
When the testing has finished, the holder of the operating
licence shall assess the results of the testing as a whole.
The testing results shall be used to assess, for instance,
whether any changes in the Final Safety Analysis Report
and in the operational limits and conditions are needed. On
the basis of this assessment, the licensee shall make the
necessary changes in the operational limits and conditions
and in the Final Safety Analysis Report, and submit them to
STUK for approval.
Guide YVL 2.5 deals with regulatory control of the testing of
nuclear power plants.
SÄTEILYTURVAKESKUS • STRÅLSÄKERHETSCENTRALEN
RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AUTHORITY
42
Preparation for regulatory oversight of
upcoming new build projects
SÄTEILYTURVAKESKUS • STRÅLSÄKERHETSCENTRALEN
RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AUTHORITY
STUK’s preparation tasks for new projects (1/2)
• Collecting and analysing OL3 experience and lessons
learned
– Collecting OL3 experience by interviewing project key
persons
– Collection, classification and analyse of OL3 lessons
from different sources
• Presenting targets for construction licence review
according to the new STUK YVL guides
• Influencing to licence applicants preparation activities
and organisational preparedness
• Possible meetings with licence applicants and
vendors concerning plant design, design maturity and
siting
SÄTEILYTURVAKESKUS • STRÅLSÄKERHETSCENTRALEN
RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AUTHORITY
STUK’s preparation tasks for new projects (2/2)
• Coordinate possible applications, e.g. for material
manufacturing before granting the construction
license
• Advancing STUK’s oversight activities
• Producing specifications for project and requirement
management tools
• Planning competence and personnel resources for
new oversight projects
• Cooperate with national and international regulatory
bodies and organisations
SÄTEILYTURVAKESKUS • STRÅLSÄKERHETSCENTRALEN
RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AUTHORITY
Summary, project management
•
Oversight of new build, licence renewals and plant modifications
can be organised as projects, beneficial when includes
–
–
–
–
•
Generic project management models are applicable for also regulatory
oversight projects
–
–
•
several technical areas
high safety significance
long time schedules (several years)
large amount of resources (several person-months)
Project management processes: initiating, planning, executing, monitoring
and control, and closing
Cost management is reduced to human resource management
Good planning of use of inspection resources is important but
sometimes it is difficult to predict the submitted documents and
their schedule
-> licensing plan
SÄTEILYTURVAKESKUS • STRÅLSÄKERHETSCENTRALEN
RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AUTHORITY
46
Lessons to be learned for New Build
•
Regulator need to be well prepared for the project and licensing
phases
– regulations need to be up-to-date - requirements need to be managed
– licensing steps, licensing documentation and regulatory hold points
need to be commonly understood by project parties as well as project
schedule and expectations to design completion
– competences and human resources for safety evaluations need to be
evaluated and ensured
•
TSO support was indispensable for STUK. It was profitable to:
– use a limited number of experienced organisations
– use organisations that were familiar with design of the plant - but
independent from vendor
– focus on the new features.
•
Co-operation with other regulators is a good possibility to
benchmark requirements, findings and coverage of the review and
inspection work.
SÄTEILYTURVAKESKUS • STRÅLSÄKERHETSCENTRALEN
RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AUTHORITY
PVM/NN
47

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