SUNY Oswego College Republicans Sec. Antonio Perito WHAT THE SAFE ACT INTRODUCES Confiscation of +10 round magazine Purchasing ammunition requires a background check. Requires registration of all assault weapons. Bans the internet sale of assault weapons Allows police to seize a citizen’s weapon if the police have probable cause. WHAT AN ASSAULT WEAPON IS ACCORDING TO THE SAFE ACT Be semi-automatic, plus anyone one of the following: Detachable magazine Bayonet mount Flash suppressors Pistol grip Grenade launcher Weighs more that 50 ounces unloaded Forward grip Folding telescope -or- detachable stock Barrel shroud Threaded barrel Bullet buttons Thumbhole stock Slide fire stock "Gun Reforms 2013 Initiatives - Frequently Asked Questions | Governor Andrew M. Cuomo." Governor Andrew M. Cuomo. http://www.governor.ny.gov/2013/gun-reforms-faq (accessed April 2, 2013). Hartman, Margaret. "What Makes a Gun an Assault Weapon? -- Daily Intelligencer." New York Magazine -- NYC Guide to Restaurants, Fashion, Nightlife, Shopping, Politics, Movies. http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2013/01/what-makes-a-gun-anassault-weapon.html (accessed April 2, 2013). "Both the oligarch and Tyrant mistrust the people, and therefore deprive them of arms." -- Aristotle Soviet Union 1929-1945, Licensing of Owners, ban on possession, severe penalties, government killed 20 million civilians Nazi Germany and Occupied Europe 1933-1945, Registration and Licensing, stricter handgun laws, ban on possession, killed 20 million civilians Red China 1951-1976, Prison or death to anyone resisting government programs, death penalty for those who supply guns. killed 20-35 million citizens Guatemala 1960-1981, Register gun owners, licensing with high fees, prohibit carrying guns, ban guns, confiscation powers, killed 200 thousand citizens Uganda 1971-1979, Register all guns and owners, license for transactions, warrantless searches, confiscation powers, killed 300 thousand citizens. Cambodia 1975-1979, License for guns,owners,ammunition and transactions, photo id with fingerprints, license inspected quarterly, Killed 2 million citizens (66% of pop.) Rwanda 1994, Register guns, owners and ammunition, owners must justify need, concealable guns illegal, confiscation powers, killed 800000 citizens Cutting Edge. "US SUPREME COURT SILENTLY STRIPS INDIVIDUAL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT TO BEAR ARMS. GUN CONTROL IS THE ISSUE AS WE ARE BEING LED INTO THE GLOBAL DICTATORSHIP - Part 2 of 2. " The Cutting Edge - Spiritual Insights Into The New World Order So Startling You'll Never Look At The News The Same Way Again. . http://www.cuttingedge.org/News/n1877b.cfm (accessed April 2, 2013). Private firearm Ownership, 2010 Low Estimates • 55 to 80 thousand successful DGU’s yearly Households Adults Adults owning handguns Percentage 40-45% 30-34% 17-19% Number 47-53 mil 70-80 mil 40-45 mil High Estimates • 1 to 2.5 million successful DGUs yearly Stated Reasons for firearm ownership Protection Target Shooting Hunting 67% 66% 58% "[s]ince in many defensive cases a handgun is simply brandished, and no one is harmed, many defensive uses are never even reported to the police". --- John Lott "Gun Control - Just Facts." Just Facts. http://www.justfacts.com/guncontrol.asp (accessed April 2, 2013). GUN LAWS Pistol Act of 1903 • Introduced Pistol Permits • Introduced requirement of firearm certificates to purchase and own a firearm No longer ruled self-defense as a reason to own a firearm. Outlawed automatic firearms with 2 semi-automatic weapons and a pistol. Firearms Amendment Act 1988 • Outlawed Semi-Automatic Weapons • Outlawed the private possession of handguns. 1997 Firearms Act Dunblane Scotland Shooting, 1996 • Thomas Hamilton killed 16 1968 Firearms Act Added the firearm certificate program to the use of shotguns. Banned gun ownership of former criminals. Hungerford England shooting, 1987 • Michael Ryan killed 16 people 1937 Firearms Act • 1920 Firearms Act • GUN CRIMES children and an adult with 2 pistols and a revolver. Cumbria England Shooting, 2010 • Derek Bird killed 12 and injured 11 people with a shotgun and rifle. MALCOLM, JOYCE LEE. "Joyce Lee Malcolm: Two Cautionary Tales of Gun Control - WSJ.com." The Wall Street Journal - Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News & Video – Wall Street Journal - Wsj.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Apr. 2013. <http://online.wsj.com/article/SB100014241 Even though the Great Britain has had numerable and strong gun control laws they still suffer from homicides. Violence has actually risen with the introduction of gun control. "Gun Control - Just Facts." Just Facts. http://www.justfacts.com/guncontrol.asp (accessed April 2, 2013). Washington DC City Council in 1976 passed a law that all firearms in private homes be kept unloaded and rendered temporally inoperable via disassembly or installation of a trigger lock. During the gun control law murder rate averaged 73% higher before the law was passed. In contrast murder rate rose 11% nationwide. The Law was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 2008, with a 5-4 ruling. "Gun Control - Just Facts." Just Facts. http://www.justfacts.com/guncontrol.asp (accessed April 2, 2013). REPUBLICANS We uphold the right of individual Americans to own firearms, a right which antedated the Constitution and was solemnly confirmed by the Second Amendment. We applaud the Supreme Court's decision in Heller affirming that right, and we assert the individual responsibility to safely use and store firearms. We call on the next president to appoint judges who will similarly respect the Constitution. Gun ownership is responsible citizenship, enabling Americans to defend themselves, their property, and communities. DEMOCRATS We recognize that the right to bear arms is an important part of the American tradition, and we will preserve Americans' Second Amendment right to own and use firearms. We believe that the right to own firearms is subject to reasonable regulation, but we know that what works in Chicago may not work in Cheyenne. We can work together to enact and enforce common-sense laws and improvements – like closing the gun show loophole, improving our background check system, and reinstating the assault weapons ban, so that guns do not fall into the hands of terrorists or criminals. Acting responsibly and with respect for differing views on this issue, we can both protect the constitutional right to bear arms and keep our communities and our children safe. "Gun Control - Just Facts." Just Facts. http://www.justfacts.com/guncontrol.asp (accessed April 2, 2013).