ProGED LVGermany_FINAL Report

Documentation of Insights and Findings
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Purpose of the Learning Visit
 Enabling the Philippian experts to better understand and appreciate how
innovation and green technologies support strategies towards green economic
development as well as mitigation and adaptation to climate change
 Getting to know the forces that drove Germany to follow a strong green
economic development approach
 Understanding the systemic approach of how Germany is implementing the
“Energy Revolution” (Energiewende): Who is involved and who takes over
which role?
 Understanding the importance of setting right policy incentives, developing
decentralized strategies and having professional support organizations for
 Getting insights about the competitiveness of Germany in the field of green
innovations and environmental technology development as a driving element
to realize this energy change
 Not presenting Germany as a best practice but as an example to strengthen
our system perspective
Overview of German Hosts
The Philippine Delegation
 22 Participants from the following organizations
Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)
Promotion of Green Economic Development
(ProGED), GIZ Philippines
Department of Tourism (DOT)
Department of Energy (DoE)
Philippine House of Representatives
Provincial Governments
Provincial MSME Development Councils
Cebu Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Toyota Motor Philippines Foundation
Echostore/Echosi Foundation
Development Bank of the Philippines (DBP)
CTU – Affiliated Renewable Energy Center
Structure of
the presentation
Why is Germany worth visiting? Some facts and figures
Green economic development requires a system perspective: Why?
Explanation of the Approach of the Learning visit
Overview about visit insights from policy institutions, support
organisations and business networks
Documentation of the final reflection workshop and further steps for
planned activities
Why Germany? World leader
in environmental technologies
Germany is one of the most competitive environmental technology
suppliers in regard to
– Renewable technology innovations (windpower, biogas, solar energy)
– Energy efficiency (Export of machinery and energy efficiency technology)
Why Germany?
Political and societal decision to promote the energy revolution
– From coal and atom-based supply towards renewable energy supply
– Setting of concrete binding targets for 2020 and 2050
– A very decentralised approach for the realization of the energy revolution
targets: 50% of investments in RE in Germany made by private households
(see graphic)
– The majority of the
German society
supports the political
decision of the
energy change
Why Germany ?
System Approach
• Promotion with a system approach
Policy incentives, targets and funding mechanisms have been set at national
level: city adminsitrations have the obligation to realize the national targets
Supporting institutions (public and private) offer services for businesses and
private households
Green businesses opportunities are supported as well as cluster and value
chain networks
A complex and supporting network has emerged which is very much
interwoven and supports each other (system perspective)
Systemic “Green”
Competitiveness in Germany
Energy objectives
in Germany 2011
• Past growth of RE in Germany
– From 3,6% 1990 to 19,9% 2011
• 22,9 bn Euro investments in 2011
– PV 15 bn, WP 2,95bn, 2 bn Biomass
• Future objectives
2020: 35% energy supply from RE, 2050: 80%
• Current energy mix:
40% coal plants, 50% decommissioned in 2022,
18% nuclear energy (ends 2022)
Source: Renweable Energy Focus, August 2012
Future challenges for
greening Germany I
• Realising the targets
– 50% of coal plants will be decommissioned by 2022
– All nuclear plants will be decommissioned by 2022
– More than 20 new and more efficient coal plants under construction/planned
Overcoming the energy supply risk
– Renewables need to substitute nuclear energy
– Focus at present on extension of coal plants but
politically less accepted
– Gas as alternative? (more flexible, more environmental friendly,
but expensive)
• Cost estimations for doubling RE share estimations
– 200bn Euro for the next decade
– 122 bn Euro in next 10 years (BMU)
– +25bn Euro grid expansion (next 15 years)
+ 15bn for new gas power plants
+ 3,5 bn for subsidies in energy efficient housing
Challenges for
greening Germany II
• Who to finance it?
– Public support capacity limited
– Bulk needs to come from private sector
– Energy price increase vs. public resistance
• Infrastructure challenges
– Expansion of electrical grids, infrastructure and smart grids
– Expansion of storage facilities
• Decentralised approaches
– Support of cities, rural areas and businesses in applying and supporting energy efficient
measures in buildings and production processes
– Finding technological solutions to combine bio gas with solar panels, wind power, energy storage
e.g. for cars and district heating networks
– Development of local and decentralised self-sufficient energy supply systems
• Promotion of green competitiveness
Promoting green businesses
Promoting Germany as a green business location
Providing a support framework that enables companies to walk the change
Promoting learning networks between businesses, R&D and support organisations
Content approach of
the Learning Visit
• Visits to important policy-supporting and network institutions to get a
system insight into the green promotion system in Germany
Visit overview from
a systemic perspective
Regional focus
of the Learning visit
• The focus of the learning visit was in Berlin City and
the Brandenburg region with its capital city Potsdam
• Berlin is located in the centre of Brandenburg, but
Some data information:
• Region Brandenburg
• Area total
• Population:
• Density 83/km2
29,478.63 km2
• Berlin:
• Area total
• Population
• Density
891.85 km2
• Area
• Population
• Density
187.28 km2
Visit insights from
policy institutions
Policy level institutions
Visit insights at
national policy level
Visit to the Federal Ministry of Economy
Political incentives
since 2000 and before
The Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) since 2000 as a decisive step to
promote RE
Ministry of Economy
Guaranteed grid access for RE; priority transmission and distribution
Fixed price (“tariff”) for every kWh produced for 20 years:assures return of
Distribution of costs for subsidization through all electricity
users - independence from public budget
 Private households, farmer networks and industries invested
intensively in RE technologies
 Villages as well as cities had the opportunity to
invest in self-sufficient RE promotion
Decision for
Energy Revolution in 2011
The decision for the Energy Revolution after Fukushima accident in Japan
Society and many RE industries supported
the energy change
Ministry of Economy
Green awareness in the society and in political
Benefits of individual households through EEG
in the past
Awareness of competitiveness potentials: “first mover advantage”
The setting of targets with the political backing of all parties
2020 and 2050 targets
Development of strategies for implementation at national and local level
Design of further support programs and measures
Visit insights at
city policy level
Visit to the Urban Development Department Berlin
Visit to Climate Office of the City of Potsdam
Urban Development Department Berlin
Design of strategies and
action plans in Berlin
Berlin City wants to become the Green City in Germany
Targets: Reduction of Co2 emissions 2020 (40%) and 2050 (energy neutral)
studies, strategies and plans have been designed
Key areas of promotion are energy supply, increase of solar
power on roofs, reduction of Co2 emissions through improving mobility
concepts,energy efficiency in buildings, energy consumption behaviour in
private households
 The targets set at city level provides a positive pressure for coordination
between the different departments
 The image of the „Green City“ requires concrete implementation projects
 Creation of awareness and integration of businesses in the process is a key
challenge and of key importance
Climate Office Potsdam
Potsdam: Climate office for the
promotion of awareness
and concrete projects
Like Berlin, Potsdam targets to become energy neutral in 2050.
The climate office is integrated into the City Administration of Potsdam city
Main task: implementation of projects to create awareness and networking
Services: An annual climate award, information events and conferences, a sun
roof register and online information service for all households to promote
photovoltaic energy, promotion of suburb building renovation
Foundation of a Climate partner platform in the city with businesses, support
organisations and associations to promote transparency of information and
Visit insights at
village level
Visit to the the energy self-sufficient village Feldheim
Climate village Feldheim
Feldheim: Decentralised opportunities
based on the EEG and local innovation
• Feldheim is one of the very few eneregy-self sufficient villages in Germany
with 135 inhabitants
• It has made use of the EEG law at national level: using the feed-in tariff to
invest in renewable energies for the village
• Participants visited Wind turbines, biogas, wood heating and photovoltaic
power areas who jointly provide self-sufficient energy supply
• The village had leading politicians, experts and change agents who
cooperated with a wind park company to develop a village concept
 The village has become a tourism location for local innovation and
decentralised renewable energy solutions
 New employment has been generated in the village
 The networking between the stakeholders has increased the attractiveness of
the place: they developed a unique advantage based on a bottom-up
approach and national incentives
Visit insights from support
institutions at national
and local level
Visit insights on (green)
innovation system promotion
Visit to VDI/VDE Innovation und Technik GmbH,
a project management agency for
(green) innovation promotion
VDI/VDE Innovation and Technik
VDI/VDE-IT: Innovation
promoting organisation
• It is a support project management agency embedded in the Association of
German Engineers
• Includes around 300 scientists to develop studies,
design, implement and monitor innovation support
programs for the Government
• They play an important initiating and intermediate
role e.g. in realising innovation policies and
identifying implementing organisations to e.g. support applied R&D projects,
clusters on renewable energy energy efficiency, environmental technologies,
innovation voucher programs for SMEs etc
 Close to the government and R&D and business actors they put policies into
 Intermediating institutions like VDI/VDE Technik support th decentralisation
of supporting programs
 One of their key role: promotion of the German (green) innovation system
and linkages between the stakeholders
Visit insights on (green) applied
R&D and start-up promotion in Berlin
Visit to one of the largest technology
parks in Germany in Berlin: Adlershof
Linking R&D and SMEs to
develop innovative technologies
Technology Park Adlershof
The park was reconverted from the science centre of the former socialist German
Democratic Republic and reconverted/extended into a technology park
More than 1000 start-ups and SMEs are located in the park employing around 15.000
It includes five technology centres related to Photonics/Optics,
Microsystems/Materials, IT/Media, Biotechnology/Environment and Renewable
The cenbtre for renewable energy and photovoltaics integrates companies
based in the field thin-film solar technologies, new energy storage systems, electromobility and smart
 High investments at the initial stage were necessary to create an attractive business
and infrastructure environment – sustainability through later private
reinvestments and attraction of new companies and start-ups
 creation of a locational knowledge-intensive competitive advantage in Berlin
 The technology park has become a hub for linking R&D institutes with SMEs and
university faculties to create innovative products
Technology Park Adlershof Berlin
Approach of creating
synergies in Adlershof
Professional Climate research to
apply necessary measures for the future
Meeting with the Potsdam Institute
for Climate Impact Research (PIK)
Developing local strategies based
on professional climate research data
Potsdam Climate Institute (PIK)
one of the leading research institutes in the fields of climate impacts and
sustainable development worldwide
PIK is also strongly involved in supporting German cities and regions to define
their future climate strategy
The speaker Dr. Reusswig gave an impressive talk: “Cities need to take action now
to mitigate and adopt to climate change.”
 The targets of Germany are reachable in 2020 and 2050 but it requires
professional institutions with relevant data to design real change initiatives
 The PIK is not only looking at the national mitigation and adaptation
requirements but approaches Germany and ist cities from an international
 Working on professional organisations like the PIK provides science-based backing
for future action
Business institutions provide
important services
Visit to the Chamber of Commerce
and Industry Potsdam
Business institutions
promoting green businesses
Chamber of Potsdam
Chambers can be active in promoting green businesses
every year they conduct the Green Venture Forum, a business meeting platform
with more than 180 businesses from around 30 countries
It initiated a regional energy technology initiative in the region Brandenburg as an
information and communication platform to promote networking between small
and medium enterprises around the topics of energy efficiency and renewable
Working groups with businesses and support organisations were initiated to
promote technological innovations in the fields solid biofuels, climate protection,
efficient buildings, biogas, mobility, and market development
 Chambers can play an active role in promoting green economic development if
they are convinced that this increases their reliability
 Business institutions are close to their members and can encourage business
networks active in renewable energies and energy efficiency
Capacity Building on green
technologies as a key advantage
Visit to the RENAC, a capacity building service
provider on promoting renewable energies
Using an integrated CP approach
as key success factor
RENAC Academy
The Renewables Academy (RENAC) is a private German training provider for
renewable energy and energy efficiency worldwide (also in the Philippines)
includes trainings in e.g. grid integration of renewables, biogas production, agrofood waste, decentralized solar energy and wind park models in developing
RENAC offers capacity building as a system approach. Trainings are oriented
towards different target groups like policy providers, engineers, workers, and
service providers
 Promoting renewable energies and energy efficiency requires an integrative
approach and new capacities for different target groups and at different levels.
Following a system approach requires also going beyond only a technical capacity
building approach
 It also involves a further education (short term), vocational training (mediumterm) and university training (long-term)
 See graphic on next slide
RENAC Academy
An integrated knowledge
approach to promote RE
Visit insights from businesses,
-networks and -centres
Cooperation between businesses
to reach common goals
The Energy Business Network Berlin-Brandenburg
and BAE Battery Company as member of network
A business network that
makes use of the change
Business Energy Network
The Energy network Berlin-Brandenburg is a network of businesses active in the
energy sector
The network management is financially supported by public funds but the activities
are organized by the businesses themselves
The network contributes to the design of support programs for the “green industry”
linking itself to other sector associations and organisations
The network wants to increase the linkages of the private sector together with
support and research organisations based on concrete opportunities like the initiation
of skills programs, technology development activities, product innovation business
potential analyses
 Businesses started to organize themselves to support and proactively influence the
energy revolution and to increse their competitiveness in Germany
 The public sector supports this network with staff, but thenetwork depends on
bottom-up motivation from the business side
Green business infrastructure
to increase industrialisation
Visit to the Cleantech Business
Park in Berlin Marzahn
as future local project
Clean Tech Business Park
The CleanTech-Park in the Berlin suburb Mahrzahn is planned to be completed in
2015 as the largest industrial park with 90 specifically for companies active in the field
of renewable energies
• It is co-funded by EU funds and city funds
• It has to be seen as a structural change project to increase the green competitive
advantages of berlin and the suburb and to increase the location of innovative
• The CleanTech sector in Berlin is seen as the future potential of the city and the region
 The clean tech park is already well known in the business world of Berlin and the
region due to a professional and business-oriented marketing
 Developing a green sector-based business park is strongly supported and initiated by
the local suburb government representation with a clear business mindset for its
Photo impressions from
final visit at GIZ office
Final visits were held in the
GIZ Berlin Representation Office
Impressions in between …
Final reflection workshop
and planning of steps forward
 xx
Use of the World Café method
for learning reflection
Final reflection workshop
The study tour demonstrated that the promotion of
green economic development requires not only a
systemic approach at business, institutional and
policy level.
It also requires initiatives that
push the system and its parts into a concrete direction
That enable the stakeholders involved in the system
And that also pull and support certain challenging
circumstances (see graphic on the right)
The final workshop had the objective to reflect with
the participating experts of the learning visit on
Main helpful insights from the visits
Reflection on what is already existing in the Philippines to
promote green economic development and how to build on
Identification of concrete projects that the participants can
start directly in their own work environment to promote
green initiatives
Final reflection workshop
Reflection on main helpful
insights from the visit
Identifcation of concrete
initiatives and steps forward
Final reflection workshop
 Organize green business sector
 Create a core group of green development
advocates, professors and experts
 Application of EE programs to SMEs
 Organize a green stakeholder network
 DTI/NEDA as driving “warriors” to promote
green initiatives
 Neg.Oce
 Advocate RE benefits in the RDC, Chamber,
and other forum
 Albay
 Organize Albay GED team
 Conduct I.E.C. on GED
 Pool resources on GED
 Pampanga
 Conduct GED sensitization training
 Network with SUC on green technology
 Palawan
 Mainstream green development to the LGU
plans and investment plans
 Aqusan del Norte
 Bohol
 Target setting with local stakeholders
 Designing green standards (Localvorism,
restaurant associations peer rating)
 Together with CEBU to form a working group
to identify concrete green projects
 Laguna
 Rally massive support for forest city 2020
 SME-RE potential survey to identify RE use
in SMEs and the related potential
 Sensitization forum for SMEs
 Introducing fast track implementation of RE
 Match the AREC academy with energy
producers with the RENAC Academy
 Organizing regional field trip to Toyota to see
how to green the supply chain
 Doing a training needs assessment in 7 pilot
Final impressions
from the workshop
Online-Exchange Platform for the
Participants of this Learning Visit
• We would like to continue our joint learning. Please share your insights,
questions, projects and challenges on the Learning Visit-Blog:
Thank you for the exciting joint
time in Berlin/Brandenburg!

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