Data needs - Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics

Report
VIII
The Environmental Sector Strategy of Qatar:
Objectives, Targets, Proposed Indicators and
Data Needs
Managing the implementation and measuring the progress with
Environment Statistics
You can only manage what you measure!
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
Page 1
Outline
Policy targets
Indicators
Data needs (Env. Stat.)
Data sources and shortcomings
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
Page 2
Green Growth
QNDS 2011 - 2016
State of Environment Reports
(UNEP-ROWA, Arab League)
Ecological Footprint
MDG Goals
Etc.
UNSD Environment
Questionnaire
.
Indicators
.
SNA
Analytical & monitoring
frameworks (DPSIR, MDG,
thematic or issue based
Accounting Systems
(SEEA)
.
Environment Statistics of Qatar
(Qatari Framework QFES)
Environmental data from different sources
(statistical and non-statistical)
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
Page 3
QNDS 2011 - 2016
POLICY OBJECTIVES
Headline Indicators
Environmental Sector
Strategy
Specific Indicators
.
Indicators
.
SNA
Analytical & monitoring
frameworks (DPSIR, MDG,
thematic or issue based
Organized
Data
(Environment
Statistics of Qatar)
Primary data from
various sources
Accounting Systems
(SEEA)
.
Environment Statistics of Qatar
(Qatari Framework QFES)
Environmental data from different sources
(statistical and non-statistical)
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
Page 4
Sector Outcome 1: Cleaner Water and Sustainable Usage
Policy objectives and targets

Policy objective: To ensure sustainable access to clean water and safe sanitation,
whilst protecting the integrity of natural ecosystems.

Related output and 2016 targets:
 Expanding of wastewater treatment facilities
 Cut network losses (to 0 net artificial inflow to Doha water table)
 Improvements in sewage networks
 Shifts in tariff structures
 More infrastructure to deliver reused water to users and greater use of excess flow for
irrigation, wetland habitats and recycling




Regulation of water discharge with standards for industrial, domestic and agricultural users
Management of groundwater quantity and quality
(More storage capacity)
Public awareness raising
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
Page 5
Sector Outcome 1: Cleaner Water and Sustainable Usage
Proposed Indicators for Qatar 1/2

Cut network losses
 % of water losses in water supply
 % of water losses in sewerage

Expanding of wastewater treatment facilities
 Treatment capacity per treatment type (primary, secondary, tertiary) in terms of volume and
population equivalents (UNEP/LAS)

Connection rate of population to different treatment types (UNEP/LAS)

Improvements in sewage network
 Connection rate of population to sewage network
 Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility (MDG)

More infrastructure to deliver reused water to users and greater use of excess flow for
irrigation, wetland habitats and recycling
 % of unused excess flow from wastewater treatment
 % of excess flow for different types of uses: irrigation in agriculture, irrigation of public areas,
wetland habitats, other
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
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Sector Outcome 1: Cleaner Water and Sustainable Usage
Proposed Indicators for Qatar 2/2
 Management of groundwater quantity and quality
 Proportion of total water resources used (WEI, UNEP/LAS, MDG)
 Salinity of aquifers
 Concentration of typical pollutants (e.g. nitrates, hydrocarbons)
 Level of groundwater table
 Regulation of water discharge with standards
 Net emissions per economic sector (N-total, P-total, BOD5, COD, hydrocarbons…)
 Releases of Nitrogen and Phosphorus to coastal waters (UNEP/LAS)
 More storage capacity
 Storage capacity in terms of days
 Public awareness raising




Renewable water resource per capita per year
Household water use per capita per year
Water use and water consumption per Gross Value Added per Industry
Water use and water consumption per GDP
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
Page 7
Sector Outcome 2: Cleaner Air and Effective Climate
Change Responses
Policy objectives and targets

Policy objective: To reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions for healthier
ecosystems and human well-being

Related output and 2016 targets:
 Reduction of health risks created by NOx, VOCs and O3, zero O3 exceedances
 50% reduction of 2008 flaring intensity
 Reduction of total CO2 emissions by 5.5% (compared to 2008)
Proposed Indicators for Qatar
 Reduction of health risks created by air pollution
 Exceedance of air quality limit values in urban areas (UNEP/LAS)
 Reduction of flaring intensity:
 Megatonnes CO2 equivalents per year from flaring
 Bcm flared gas / MM tonnes energy produced
 Reduction of total CO2 emissions:
 Greenhousegas emissions total, per capita and per GDP (UNEP/ LAS, MDG)
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
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Sector Outcome 3: Reduced Waste, More Recycling and
Efficient Reuse
Policy objectives and targets

Policy objective: To reduce the volume of waste at source, encourage a recycling
culture and promote innovative reuse of waste for more efficient use of resources and
healthier ecosystems.

Related output and 2016 targets:
 Solid waste management plans, including hazardous waste; development of a private sector
recycling industry and recycling “quick wins”:

Less waste disposal on landfills (3-5% of domestic waste disposed of in landfills)

waste generation of 1.6 kg/capita/day

More recycling (38% of waste recycled)
Proposed Indicators for Qatar
 Solid waste management plans:




Share of domestic waste disposed in landfills
Waste treatment and disposal by method of treatment (UNEP/LAS)
Generation of waste by sector (UNEP/LAS)
Generation of hazardous waste (e.g per unit of GDP) (UNEP/LAS)
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
Page 9
Sector Outcome 4: Nature and Natural Heritage
Conserved, Protected and Sustainably Managed
Policy objectives and targets

Policy objective: To protect, conserve and sustainably manage Qatar’s nature areas
and natural heritage

Related output and 2016 targets:
 Establish a comprehensive electronic biodiversity database
 Expand actively managed protected areas
Proposed Indicators for Qatar
 No measurable targets formulated, but recommended are:
 Protected area as percent of total area (UNEP/LAS, MDG)
 Abundance of selected key species (UNEP/LAS)
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
Page 10
Sector Outcome 5: More Sustainable Urbanisation and a
Healthier Living Environment
Policy objectives and targets

Policy objective: To encourage sustainable urban planning and develop creative urban
spaces for improved quality of life

Related output and 2016 targets:
 Three shaded greenspace urban corridors, each stretching for at least three blocks and designed
and managed to encourage car-free travel
Proposed Indicators for Qatar
 Greenspace urban corridors:
 Number and area of urban greenspace corridors
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
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Sector Outcome 6: An Increasingly Environmentally Aware
Population
Policy objectives and targets

Policy objective: To increase the populations’ understanding and concern for
environmental issues

Related output and 2016 targets:
 An increasingly aware population

Influential Qatari leader as the national champion for the environment

Establish and ambitious schools and environment programme

Target particular industries for awareness-raising
Proposed Indicators for Qatar
 No measurable targets formulated:
 …let’s collect ideas!
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
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Sector Outcome 7: Improved Governance and Regional
and International Cooperation
Policy objectives and targets

Policy objective: To strengthen institutional and human capacities, and enhance
national, regional and international coordination for addressing environmental
priorities

Related output and 2016 targets:
 Environmental information database:


Improved documentation and access to data and information through creation of searchable information
database at MoE
Strategic partnerships with industry and bilateral, regional and multi-lateral partners

Regional leadership on at least 1 environmental project

At least 2 projects implemented with the private sector
Proposed Indicators for Qatar
 Environmental information database:
 Annual number of visits/users of specific environmental information
 Strategic partnerships:
 Number and budget of environmental projects implemented with the private sector
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
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Data Needs (Environment Statistics)
Policy targets
Indicators
Data needs (Env. Stat.)
Data sources and shortcomings
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
Page 14
Data Needs
 Cleaner Water and Sustainable Usage:
 Data needed: hydrometeorological, abstraction, use, treatment, discharge, pollution,
investments, economic output of water industry
 Data sources: QSA, MoE, Ashghal, QEWC, MMAA, PWRC, Ministry of Public Health
 Cleaner air and effective climate change responses
 Data needed: Air Emissions by Industry, Agriculture, Households, Traffic,…; air quality
monitoring results
 Data sources: QSA industry and energy statistics, MoE, QP, Industrial cities,…
 Reduced Waste, More Recycling and Efficient Use
 Data needed: Generation of different waste types by sector (household waste, hazardous waste
etc), waste treatment and disposal, recycling
 Data sources: MoE
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
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Data Needs
 Nature and Natural Heritage Conserved, Protected and Sustainably Managed
 Data needed: Flora and Fauna, Protected Areas (type, number, size)
 Data sources: MoE
 More Sustainable Urbanization and a Healthier Living Environment
 Data needed: number and size of urban greenspace corridors
 Data sources: ?
 An Increasingly Environmentally Aware Population
 Data needed: Use of environmental information databases, …?
 Data sources: MoE
 Improved Governance and Regional and International Cooperation
 Data needed: Number and types of projects with private sector
 Data source: MoE?
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
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Finally….
A lot is already available – e.g. at QSA!
Concentration of air pollutants in urban
areas(2007-2008) in ug/m3 of air.
Arable lands (2001-2008) hectares
Emission of CO2 as a result of industrial operations
(2001-2008) tons annually
Ozone depleting substances (2001-2007)
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
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Finally….
A lot is already available – e.g. at QSA!
Use of agricultural fertilizers (2001-2008) Kg/hectares
Annual Fishing (2001-2008) tons yearly.
Use of agricultural pesticides
The ratio of preserved areas to the total area (2003-2008)
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
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Finally….
A lot is already available – e.g. at Kahramaa!
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
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Conclusions
 Proposed indicators were selected on the basis of




Information needs derived from Environmental Sector Strategy and QNDS
SDI Guidance of UNEP/ROWA and League of Arab States
Millennium Development Goals
Other international recommendations (e.g. IRWS)
 Data for some indicators are available, but




They are generated and stored at different places
They use different definitions and classifications
Not collected on a regular basis
Vary significantly in quality and coverage
 What is needed?
 An agreed list of environmental indicators for Env.Sect.Str. and other purposes (e.g. MDG,
UNFCCC)
 Data collection strategy for each environmental topic
 Environment Statistics can even be developed without indicators and a clear policy
context, but then it might miss the target!
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
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Thank you for your attention!
[email protected]
Environment Statistics Training Workshop, Doha, 23-25 September 2012
Page 21

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